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Journal of Hypertension

Marta Rojek, Marek W Rajzer, Wiktoria Wojciechowska, Tomasz Drożdż, Paweł Skalski, Tomasz Pizoń, Andrzej Januszewicz, Danuta Czarnecka
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of long-term exposure to aircraft noise on blood pressure (BP), prevalence of arterial hypertension, and indices of asymptomatic organ damage. METHODS: Using acoustic maps, we selected and further compared people living (average 35 years) in areas exposed to high, more than 60 dB (n = 101), and low aircraft noise, less than 55 dB (n = 100). Medical history taking, office BP measurement, ambulatory BP monitoring, and echocardiographic and arterial stiffness measurements were performed...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Marie-Pier Desjardins, Aboubacar Sidibé, Catherine Fortier, Fabrice Mac-Way, Sacha De Serres, Richard Larivière, Bart Spronck, Rémi Goupil, Mohsen Agharazii
BACKGROUND: In chronic kidney disease, the enhanced aortic stiffness increases risk of cardiovascular events. Kidney transplantation (KTx) may improve aortic stiffness; however, it is unclear whether the improvement of aortic stiffness is merely the outcome of the reduction of blood pressure (BP) post-KTx. Furthermore, the long-term trajectory of aortic stiffness remains uncertain, as activation of the immune system may have a negative long-term impact on arterial wall property. METHOD: Using aortic stiffness β0 as a BP-independent stiffness parameter, and a statistical adjustment for BP, we aimed to examine the early vs...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Jueli Wu, Wenqing Tian, Lu Zhang, Jiao Zhang, Bo Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To review the validity and applicability of clinical guidelines on the management of primary aldosteronism and to list their discrepancies to allow health-care providers and guideline developers to make informed decisions. DESIGN AND METHODS: Primary aldosteronism management guidelines, including specialist, subgroup, general guidelines written in English, were obtained from electronic databases. Appraisers independently extracted the data, and used the Appraisal Guidelines Research and Evaluation II (AGREE-II) tool and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) criteria to independently evaluate the methodological quality of the guidelines...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Cristina Navarro-Soriano, Miguel-Angel Martínez-García, Gerard Torres, Ferrán Barbé, Candela Caballero-Eraso, Patricia Lloberes, Trinidad Diaz Cambriles, María Somoza, Juan F Masa, Mónica González, Eva Mañas, Mónica de la Peña, Francisco García-Río, Josep M Montserrat, Alfonso Muriel, Grace Oscullo, Laura Feced Olmos, Alberto García-Ortega, David Calhoun, Francisco Campos-Rodriguez
RATIONALE: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) can significantly reduce blood pressure (BP) levels in patients with resistant hypertension and sleep apnea (OSA); however, the effect on patients with refractory hypertension (RfH) is not known. This study seeks to evaluate the effect of CPAP treatment on BP levels in patients with OSA and RfH, compared with those with OSA and resistant hypertension. METHODS: Post-hoc analysis of the HIPARCO randomized clinical trial on the effect of CPAP treatment on BP levels in patients with resistant hypertension...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Monique S Tanna, Franz H Messerli, Sripal Bangalore
: A physiologically lower heart rate, such as that seen in athletes, has been associated with better survival in epidemiological studies. In patients with coronary artery disease, heart rate is considered an independent risk factor for adverse outcomes. Higher heart rate increases cardiac work load and oxygen demand and reduces coronary perfusion by decreasing the amount of time spent in diastole, which in patients with obstructive coronary artery disease can trigger angina and myocardial infarction. Whether pharmacological reduction in heart rate by using a beta-blocker or ivabradine improves prognosis has been debated...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Giuseppe Mancia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Long Zhou, Yang Feng, Yuxuan Yang, Xiaodan Zhao, Yameng Fan, Jie Rong, Dan Liu, Liancheng Zhao, Yan Yu
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to explore the association between ideal diet behaviours recommended by the American Heart Association (AHA) and hypertension in the United States (US) adults using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013-2014. METHODS: Whole grains, fruits and vegetables, fish, sodium and sugar-sweetened beverages at an ideal level were defined as the AHA's recommendation. Associations between number of ideal diet behaviours and hypertension were assessed through multivariate logistic regression models...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Zhe-Bin Yu, Die Li, Xue-Yu Chen, Hong-Bo Lin, Jian-Bing Wang, Kun Chen
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of visit-to-visit variability (VVV) of blood pressure on the risk of diabetic nephropathy and whether it provides additional predictive information among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in China. METHODS: We included 12 630 T2DM patients during January 2008-December 2012 using a retrospective cohort design. VVV of SBP was assessed as standard deviation, coefficient of variation and variation independent of mean of the blood pressure readings during the measurement period...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Akio Ishida, Kozen Kinjo, Toshiki Maeda, Yusuke Ohya
OBJECTIVES: Arterial stiffness is associated with longitudinal increases in blood pressure and hypertension development. A screened cohort was used to test whether increases in the ankle-brachial index (ABI) with age occur as a result of increasing arterial stiffness and wave reflection and is associated with hypertension incidence. METHODS: We analysed the data of 1344 participants without hypertension at baseline who underwent ABI measurements at least twice with an interval of at least 36 months...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Carmine Zoccali, Graziella D'Arrigo, Patrizia Pizzini, Maurizio Postorino, Giovanni Tripepi, Francesca Mallamaci
BACKGROUND: Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a multifaceted sympathetic neurotransmitter regulating reflex cardiovascular control, myocardial cell growth, inflammation and innate immunity. Circulating NPY levels predict cardiovascular mortality in patients with end stage kidney disease on dialysis but this relationship has never been tested in predialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. METHODS: We investigated the relationship between circulating NPY and the risk for cardiovascular events (Fine & Gray competing risks model) in a cohort of 753 stages 2-5 CKD patients over a median follow-up of 36 months...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Phillip E Melton, Matthew P Johnson, Dnyanada Gokhale-Agashe, Alexander J Rea, Amir Ariff, Gemma Cadby, Juan M Peralta, Tegan J Mcnab, Richard Jn Allcock, Lawrence J Abraham, John Blangero, Shaun P Brennecke, Eric K Moses
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia is a common and serious heritable disorder of human pregnancy. Although there have been notable successes in identification of maternal susceptibility genes a large proportion of the heritability of preeclampsia remains unaccounted for. It is has been postulated that rare variation may account for some of this missing heritability. In this study, we performed whole-exome sequencing (WES) in multiplex families to identify rare exonic risk variants. METHODS: We conducted WES in 244 individuals from 34 Australian/New Zealand multiplex preeclampsia families...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Brent M Egan, Sverre E Kjeldsen, Guido Grassi, Murray Esler, Guiseppe Mancia
: In 2010, 1.4 billion people globally had hypertension, with 14% controlled to systolic blood pressure (SBP, mmHg) below 140, which contributes to 18 million cardiovascular deaths annually. Recent hypertension guidelines endorsed SBP targets below 130 or lower for all or some hypertensive patients to reduce cardiovascular events (CVEs) more than the prior SBP target less than 140. In 2016, the Australian Guideline strongly recommended target SBP below 120 for adults at very high risk for CVE or aged above 75 years...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Alejandro López-Valenciano, Iñaki Ruiz-Pérez, Francisco Ayala, Julio Sánchez-Meca, Francisco José Vera-Garcia
BACKGROUND AND METHOD: This meta-analysis sought to: quantify the effects of isometric resistance training (IRT) on the magnitude of change in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and resting heart rate in adults; and examine whether the magnitude of change in SBP, DBP, MAP and heart rate was different with respect to the patient demographic characteristics and IRT parameters. To be included in the meta-analysis, studies had to be randomized controlled trials lasting 2 or more weeks, investigating the effects of IRT on blood pressure in adults...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Vasiliki Katsi, Nikolaos Magkas, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Eleni Athanasiadi, Agostino Virdis, Stefano Masi, Panagiotis Kliridis, Amalia Hatziyanni, Costas Tsioufis, Dimitrios Tousoulis
BACKGROUND: Cardio-oncology aims to mitigate adverse cardiovascular manifestations in cancer survivors, but treatment-induced hypertension or aggravated hypertension has received less attention in these high cardiovascular risk patients. METHODS: In this systematic review, we searched literature for contemporary data on the prevalence, pathophysiologic mechanisms, treatment implications and preventive strategies of hypertension in patients under antineoplastic therapy...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Luca Zanoli, Jean-Philippe Empana, Marie-Cecile Perier, Maureen Alivon, Hakim Ketthab, Pietro Castellino, Dominique Laude, Frederique Thomas, Bruno Pannier, Stephane Laurent, Xavier Jouven, Pierre Boutouyrie
OBJECTIVE: Increased carotid stiffness and remodelling is reported in patients with moderate and advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and is associated with cardiovascular events. Here, we tested the hypothesis that carotid artery alterations start earlier, during mild CKD. METHODS: Within the Paris Prospective Study 3, a large prospective observational survey of nonreferred people aged 50-75 who received an extensive health check-up, there were 294 participants with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of at least 45 and less than 60 ml/min per 1...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Noriaki Tabata, Daisuke Sueta, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Seiji Takashio, Yuichiro Arima, Satoshi Araki, Kenshi Yamanaga, Masanobu Ishii, Kenji Sakamoto, Hisanori Kanazawa, Koichiro Fujisue, Shinsuke Hanatani, Hirofumi Soejima, Seiji Hokimoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Sunao Kojima, Hiroshige Yamabe, Koichi Kaikita, Kunihiko Matsui, Kenichi Tsujita
OBJECTIVE: Increasing attention is being paid to the relationship between cancer and cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we examined arterial stenosis and stiffness in patients with malignant diseases requiring percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center, observational study. Participants (n = 1003) were divided into a malignant group, with current or past malignant disease, and a nonmalignant group. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) were evaluated...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Xue Han, Jeff McCombs, Michelle Chu, J Samantha Dougherty, D Steven Fox
OBJECTIVES: The 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association High Blood Pressure Guidelines lowered high blood pressure (BP) threshold, recommending earlier treatment to prevent cardiovascular disease. This study estimated the impact of initiating early antihypertensive medications on the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, death, and on healthcare costs in patients potentially qualifying for antihypertensive treatment under the 2017 guidelines. METHODS: High-risk patients qualifying for antihypertensive medications under the 2017 guidelines were identified using Optum data...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Francesca Viazzi, Barbara Bonino, Antonio Mirijello, Paola Fioretto, Carlo Giorda, Antonio Ceriello, Pietro Guida, Giuseppina T Russo, Salvatore De Cosmo, Roberto Pontremoli
OBJECTIVE: Long-term visit-to-visit SBP variability (VVV) has been shown to predict cerebro-cardiovascular events and end-stage renal disease in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Whether SBP VVV is also a predictor of CKD development in diabetes is currently uncertain. We assessed the role of SBP VVV on the development of CKD in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and hypertension in real life. METHODS: Clinical records from 30 851 patients with T2D and hypertension, with normal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and regular visits during a 4-year follow-up were analyzed...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Laure Rouch, Philippe Cestac, Olivier Hanon, Jean-Bernard Ruidavets, Virginie Ehlinger, Catherine Gentil, Charlène Cool, Catherine Helmer, Jean-François Dartigues, Béatrice Bouhanick, Bernard Chamontin, Brigitte Sallerin, Bruno Vellas, Jean-Claude Marquié, Yolande Esquirol, Sandrine Andrieu
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to investigate the impact of both prevalent and incident hypertension on cognition in middle-aged individuals followed up for 10 years and to explore the extent to which blood pressure control by antihypertensive drugs could modify this relationship. METHOD: Three thousand, two hundred and one participants from the Vieillissement Santé Travail (Aging, Health and Work) (VISAT) cohort study, aged 32, 42, 52 and 62 years at baseline were followed up 5 and 10 years later...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
Naomi Overgaauw, Jelmer Alsma, Anniek Brink, Edon Hameli, Soma Bahmany, Laura E J Peeters, Anton H Van Den Meiracker, Stephanie C E Schuit, Birgit C P Koch, Jorie Versmissen
OBJECTIVES: Over 70% of patients who visit the emergency department with a hypertensive emergency or a hypertensive urgency have previously been diagnosed with hypertension. Drug nonadherence is assumed to play an important role in development of hypertensive urgency and hypertensive emergency, but exact numbers are lacking. We aimed to retrospectively compare characteristics of patients with hypertensive urgency and hypertensive emergency and to prospectively quantify the attribution of drug nonadherence...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Hypertension
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