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Nutrition and Health | Page 3

Andrea M Brace, Fernanda Cd De Andrade, Bobbi Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Nutrition interventions are used to increase knowledge, change attitudes and beliefs about healthy eating, to increase skills, and promote healthy eating. AIMS: To review the effectiveness of published nutrition interventions implemented among college students to promote healthy behaviors. METHODS: The authors explored multiple electronic databases, such as ERIC, Science Direct, and EBSCOhost. Search criteria included nutritional interventions implemented among students attending US colleges, written in English, and published in peer-reviewed journals between 2000 and 2015...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Obidimma Ezezika, Jessica Oh, Ngozi Edeagu, Warami Boyo
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria and many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the availability of foods that are high in salt, sugar, and saturated fat is steadily increasing. This has led to an increase in the consumption of such foods among Nigerians, particularly among adolescents. AIM: This pilot study was undertaken to understand whether, and how, gamification of nutrition can have an impact on addressing the problem of unhealthy eating among Nigerian adolescents. METHODS: Gamification of nutrition through board games, clubs and vouchers was introduced in three secondary schools in Abuja, Nigeria over a span of three to four months...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Deeptha Sukumar, Kendra B Becker, May Cheung, Samantha Diamond, Rittane Duszak, Abeer Aljahdali, Stella L Volpe, Jennifer A Nasser
BACKGROUND: Bone-regulating hormones and nutrients play an important role in influencing metabolic health. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether bone-regulating hormones and nutrients, such as parathyroid hormone (PTH), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), and magnesium (Mg) could be used to characterize the metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype. METHODS: This study included 27 overweight or obese participants (14 men/13 women) classified as MHO ( n = 14) or metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) ( n = 13) based on the presence or absence of metabolic abnormalities, determined by percentage body fat, percentage trunk fat, and waist circumference...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Wilma B Freire, William F Waters, Gabriela Rivas-Mariño, Philippe Belmont
BACKGROUND: The simultaneous presence of undernutrition and over-nutrition represents a paradox in global public health and is of increasing concern in Ecuador, where chronic malnutrition and overweight and obesity occur in the context of demographic and epidemiologic transitions. Two overlapping trends are present in Ecuador; while levels of stunting have decreased slowly in the past three decades, increasing proportions of children <5 years and women of reproductive age suffer from overweight and obesity...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Suliane Beatriz Rauber, Henrique de Oliveira Castro, Alcyane Marinho, Joyce Bomfim Vicente, Henrique Lima Ribeiro, Luciana Zaranza Monteiro, Isabella Reis Praça, Herbert Gustavo Simoes, Carmen Silvia Grubert Campbell
BACKGROUND: Educational camps have hosted millions of children around the world. However, few studies have described their benefits on weight control and health promotion for overweight and obese children. AIM: To investigate the impact of a health educational program for children composed of 5 days of camp and a 12-week follow up on the physical activity level, sedentary behaviour, anthropometric data and food intake in overweight and obese children. METHODS: 12 children attended the Health Educational Program for Children divided into two phases...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Áine O'Connor, Sophie Crosswaite
BACKGROUND: UK Government recommendations for dietary fibre intakes have recently increased to 30 g per day, well below current population intakes. AIM: This study aimed to explore whether the target for dietary fibre intake could be achieved and the effects on markers of cardiometabolic health. METHODS: In this 4-week high-fibre intervention study, 15 participants were instructed to achieve dietary fibre intakes of 30 g/day. RESULTS: Dietary fibre intakes significantly increased post intervention (16...
August 30, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Yichen Jin, Allison C Sylvetsky, Namratha R Kandula, Alka M Kanaya, Sameera A Talegawkar
BACKGROUND: Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) has increased in the US and is associated with cardiometabolic risk. No data exist on LCS consumption in South Asians. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of LCS use across socio-demographic characteristics, chronic disease status, and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using data from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America study ( N = 892; 47% women; mean age = 55 (standard deviation = 9...
August 13, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Faith Agbozo, Prosper Atitto, Albrecht Jahn, Abdulai Abubakari
BACKGROUND: On-site lunch provided through the Ghana School Feeding Programme is expected to be nutritionally adequate thereby contributing to reducing hunger and malnutrition. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the dietary diversity and nutrient composition of on-site school lunch and estimate the extent to which it met the Food and Agriculture Organization Reference Nutrient Intakes for children aged 3-12 years. METHODS: In this cross-sectional food consumption survey, on-site lunch menus were reviewed, dietary diversity assessed and meal preparation/serving observed during a typical school week...
August 10, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Ayesha Aziz, Mehak Pervaiz, Ayesha Khalid, Ayesha Zahid Khan, Ghazala Rafique
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in Pakistan has remained an unresolved issue for decades. Data on nutrient intake and variety in children's diet is lacking. AIM: This paper describes the dietary practices of school children across eight districts of Sindh. METHODS: A school-based survey of dietary practices among 1109 students from classes 2-5 in 36 schools was conducted using a pre-tested interviewer-completed questionnaire. RESULTS: Descriptive and comparative analysis of data showed that more than 75% school children ate breakfast, lunch and dinner regularly...
August 8, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Jia Ying Ooi, Rachel Sutherland, Nicole Nathan, Sze Lin Yoong, Lisa Janssen, Jessica Wrigley, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Due to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, reducing childhood overweight and obesity rates is a public-health priority. A significant source of excess sugar and energy in children's diets comes from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), with adolescents having the highest intake of all age groups. However, existing interventions targeting SSB intake in adolescents have multiple limitations. Schools have proven to be an appropriate setting for improving student health...
August 2, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Duane Mellor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Nattawut Leelakanok, Ronilda R D'Cunha, Grerk Sutamtewagul, Marin L Schweizer
BACKGROUND: Previous evidence supports that vitamin A decreases the risk of several types of cancer. However, the association between vitamin A and liver cancer is inconclusive. AIM: This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes the existing literature, discussing the association between vitamin A intake, serum vitamin A, and liver cancer in adult populations. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed by searching the EMBASE, PubMed, Scopus and International Pharmaceutical Abstract databases using terms related to vitamin A (e...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Hui-Peng Liew
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity remains a major public health concern and there has been a significant increase in childhood obesity in the USA. AIM: This study seeks to uncover the major patterns of dietary habits in relation to physical activity, together with students' opinions about the quality of food in the school's cafeteria and vending machines. METHODS: The empirical work of this study is based on the 2011 Healthy School Program (HSP) Evaluation...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Nanette Stroebele-Benschop, Anastasia Dieze, Carolin Hilzendegen
BACKGROUND: Habitual behavior rather than intention has been linked to food intake patterns. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the adherence to dietary recommendations in university students and to analyze whether habit strength predicts food consumption. METHODS: A student sample of the University (University of Hohenheim) was recruited ( n = 103; age range 18-30 years). Habit strength for consuming the food groups fruits, vegetables, whole grains, milk, meat, convenience foods, sugary and savory snacks, water and sugar-sweetened beverages was measured using a questionnaire...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Majed M AbuKhader
AIM: To assess the suitability of iron content and the nutritional benefits of selected fortified food products marketed for 4-8 year old children in Oman. METHODS: Forty-five fortified foods, which are available in Omani markets, were classified into four groups based on food type and composition: ready-to-eat (RTE) breakfast cereals (two groups), malted milk drinks and milk powder formulas. The nutrition panel displayed on the products' outer package was used as a source of content values for iron and other nutrients...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Shilpa Patel, Narges Omid, Fatemeh V Zohoori, Anne Maguire, Kevin J Waldron, Ruth A Valentine
BACKGROUND: Tea is the second most consumed drink in the UK and a primary source of hydration; it is an important source of dietary fluoride (F) for consumers and also abundant in aluminium (Al). Varying ranges of F concentrations in teas have been reported worldwide which may be, in part, due to differences in analytical techniques used to measure this ion. AIM: The effect of using total ionic adjustment buffers (TISAB) III or IV when measuring F concentration of black teas available in the UK was investigated and compared...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Rainier Masa, Gina Chowa, Victor Nyirenda
BACKGROUND: The intersection of nutrition and HIV underscores the importance of adequate food and a diverse diet. In communities with high prevalence of food insecurity and HIV, there is a substantial co-occurrence of low dietary diversity, undernutrition, and adverse health outcomes. AIM: The aim of this study was to identify correlates of individual dietary diversity (IDD) and its association with health outcomes for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in rural Zambia...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Abigail Fisher, Megan L Hammersley, Rachel A Jones, Philip J Morgan, Clare E Collins, Anthony Okely
BACKGROUND: There is an absence of studies exploring different goal-setting appraches and none which have examined the use of proxy goal-setting by parents for their children. AIM: To explore how proficient parents are in setting health behaviour goals for their children according to SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-framed) goal principles. A secondary aim was to examine associations between goal setting and change in health behaviors...
June 2018: Nutrition and Health
Craig Sale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nutrition and Health
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