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Nutrition and Health | Page 2

Julie Johannesson, Elisabet Rothenberg, Susanne Gustafsson, Frode Slinde
BACKGROUND: Frailty is considered highly prevalent among the aging population. Fruit and vegetable intake is associated with positive health outcomes across the life-span; however, the relationship with health benefits among older adults has received little attention. AIM: The aim was to examine if a relationship exists between meal frequency or frequency of vegetable intake and the development of frailty in a population of older adults. METHODS: A total of 371 individuals, 80 years or older, from the study 'Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone' were included...
December 5, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Angeline Jeyakumar, Vidhya Shinde
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency among adolescents is an emerging public health priority as adolescence marks a period of rapid growth and the onset of the reproductive phase. However, lack of national prevalence data and intervention strategies is of public health concern. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the pooled prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among adolescent girls in selected Indian states. METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed using three different search engines...
October 10, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Salam Vatandost, Marzieh Jahani, Ali Afshari, Mohammad Reza Amiri, Rashid Heidarimoghadam, Younes Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in the Iranian community is very high. Women and older people are at the higher risk of vitamin D deficiency. AIM: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Iran by combining the results of various studies. METHODS: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis. Separate strategies were developed for search in national databases (Irandoc, Magiran, SID) and international databases (Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus) using the keywords of "vitamin D deficiency," "Iran," and "prevalence...
October 8, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Samah R Albataineh, Eman F Badran, Reema F Tayyem
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a global epidemic that is related to environmental and genetic factors and has adverse consequences throughout life, being obese is a serious health problem in childhood and increases the risk of many co-morbidities. AIM: The purpose of this systematic review is to illustrate that dietary factors correlate with obesity among children studied in the Middle East area. METHODS: Studies were screened by searching two databases in August 2017 and considered as eligible for inclusion if they: (a) are observational studies, (b) define at least one dietary factor for obese children aged 6-12 years, (c) are undertaken in the Middle East area, and (d) are written in English...
October 3, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Apussanee Boonyavarakul, Rattana Leelawattana, Chatlert Pongchaiyakul, Supawan Buranapin, Pariya Phanachet, Pornpoj Pramyothin
BACKGROUND: A meal replacement (MR) with a low glycemic index (GI) is possibly beneficial for glycemic control. However, the effects of MR on diabetes mellitus have not been studied among Thai patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). AIM: To compare metabolic outcomes between T2DM patients receiving the new MR formula (ONCE PRO) and normal controlled diets. METHODS: A multicenter, open-labeled, randomized controlled trial was conducted. Eligible patients received either ONCE PRO for one meal daily with controlled diets or only controlled diets for 3 months...
October 1, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Sarah V Liu, Lori B Moore, Tanya M Halliday, A Hope Jahren, Jyoti Savla, Valisa E Hedrick, Elaina L Marinik, Brenda M Davy
BACKGROUND: Consumption of added sugars (AS) and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) may adversely affect adolescents' weight and cardiovascular disease risk. Reliance on self-reported dietary assessment methods is a common research limitation, which could be overcome by dietary intake biomarkers. AIM: The investigation was a proof-of-concept study to evaluate the proposed carbon isotope ratio (δ13 C) biomarker of AS intake in adolescents, using a controlled feeding design...
September 20, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Anthony Crimarco, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Michael D Wirth, Nitin Shivappa, Caroline Dunn, Shraddha Vyas, Trisha Mandes, Thomas G Hurley, Delia West, James R Hébert
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation is associated with numerous chronic diseases and can be managed with diet. AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine differences in baseline characteristics and plasma inflammation levels between two groups of participants that participated in an intensive, lifestyle intervention or a remotely delivered intervention. This work also assessed the association between Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII)® scores and participants' inflammatory and metabolic biomarkers at baseline...
September 19, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Ekavi N Georgousopoulou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Joseph M Bulmer, Thomas R McBain, Daniel J Peart
BACKGROUND: Exercise and green tea supplementation have been shown to have the potential to improve postprandial blood glucose concentrations, but past interventions have not often investigated attainable and time effective exercise protocols. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of interval walking exercise and acute green tea extract supplementation on the glycaemic response to an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). METHOD: Twelve physically inactive participants (nine male, three female, age: 22 ± 1 years; body mass: 81...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Sinead Tj McDonagh, Lee J Wylie, Paul T Morgan, Anni Vanhatalo, Andrew M Jones
BACKGROUND: Ingestion of nitrate (NO3 - )-containing vegetables, alcohol and polyphenols, separately, can reduce blood pressure (BP). However, the pharmacokinetic response to the combined ingestion of NO3 - and polyphenol-rich or low polyphenol alcoholic beverages is unknown. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate how the consumption of low and high polyphenolic alcoholic beverages combined with a NO3 - -rich meal can influence NO3 - metabolism and systemic BP...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Andrea M Brace, Fernanda Cd De Andrade, Bobbi Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Nutrition interventions are used to increase knowledge, change attitudes and beliefs about healthy eating, to increase skills, and promote healthy eating. AIMS: To review the effectiveness of published nutrition interventions implemented among college students to promote healthy behaviors. METHODS: The authors explored multiple electronic databases, such as ERIC, Science Direct, and EBSCOhost. Search criteria included nutritional interventions implemented among students attending US colleges, written in English, and published in peer-reviewed journals between 2000 and 2015...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Obidimma Ezezika, Jessica Oh, Ngozi Edeagu, Warami Boyo
BACKGROUND: In Nigeria and many parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the availability of foods that are high in salt, sugar, and saturated fat is steadily increasing. This has led to an increase in the consumption of such foods among Nigerians, particularly among adolescents. AIM: This pilot study was undertaken to understand whether, and how, gamification of nutrition can have an impact on addressing the problem of unhealthy eating among Nigerian adolescents. METHODS: Gamification of nutrition through board games, clubs and vouchers was introduced in three secondary schools in Abuja, Nigeria over a span of three to four months...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Deeptha Sukumar, Kendra B Becker, May Cheung, Samantha Diamond, Rittane Duszak, Abeer Aljahdali, Stella L Volpe, Jennifer A Nasser
BACKGROUND: Bone-regulating hormones and nutrients play an important role in influencing metabolic health. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether bone-regulating hormones and nutrients, such as parathyroid hormone (PTH), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), and magnesium (Mg) could be used to characterize the metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype. METHODS: This study included 27 overweight or obese participants (14 men/13 women) classified as MHO ( n = 14) or metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) ( n = 13) based on the presence or absence of metabolic abnormalities, determined by percentage body fat, percentage trunk fat, and waist circumference...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Wilma B Freire, William F Waters, Gabriela Rivas-Mariño, Philippe Belmont
BACKGROUND: The simultaneous presence of undernutrition and over-nutrition represents a paradox in global public health and is of increasing concern in Ecuador, where chronic malnutrition and overweight and obesity occur in the context of demographic and epidemiologic transitions. Two overlapping trends are present in Ecuador; while levels of stunting have decreased slowly in the past three decades, increasing proportions of children <5 years and women of reproductive age suffer from overweight and obesity...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Suliane Beatriz Rauber, Henrique de Oliveira Castro, Alcyane Marinho, Joyce Bomfim Vicente, Henrique Lima Ribeiro, Luciana Zaranza Monteiro, Isabella Reis Praça, Herbert Gustavo Simoes, Carmen Silvia Grubert Campbell
BACKGROUND: Educational camps have hosted millions of children around the world. However, few studies have described their benefits on weight control and health promotion for overweight and obese children. AIM: To investigate the impact of a health educational program for children composed of 5 days of camp and a 12-week follow up on the physical activity level, sedentary behaviour, anthropometric data and food intake in overweight and obese children. METHODS: 12 children attended the Health Educational Program for Children divided into two phases...
September 2018: Nutrition and Health
Áine O'Connor, Sophie Crosswaite
BACKGROUND: UK Government recommendations for dietary fibre intakes have recently increased to 30 g per day, well below current population intakes. AIM: This study aimed to explore whether the target for dietary fibre intake could be achieved and the effects on markers of cardiometabolic health. METHODS: In this 4-week high-fibre intervention study, 15 participants were instructed to achieve dietary fibre intakes of 30 g/day. RESULTS: Dietary fibre intakes significantly increased post intervention (16...
August 30, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Yichen Jin, Allison C Sylvetsky, Namratha R Kandula, Alka M Kanaya, Sameera A Talegawkar
BACKGROUND: Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) has increased in the US and is associated with cardiometabolic risk. No data exist on LCS consumption in South Asians. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of LCS use across socio-demographic characteristics, chronic disease status, and cardiometabolic risk factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted using data from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America study ( N = 892; 47% women; mean age = 55 (standard deviation = 9...
August 13, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Faith Agbozo, Prosper Atitto, Albrecht Jahn, Abdulai Abubakari
BACKGROUND: On-site lunch provided through the Ghana School Feeding Programme is expected to be nutritionally adequate thereby contributing to reducing hunger and malnutrition. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the dietary diversity and nutrient composition of on-site school lunch and estimate the extent to which it met the Food and Agriculture Organization Reference Nutrient Intakes for children aged 3-12 years. METHODS: In this cross-sectional food consumption survey, on-site lunch menus were reviewed, dietary diversity assessed and meal preparation/serving observed during a typical school week...
August 10, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Ayesha Aziz, Mehak Pervaiz, Ayesha Khalid, Ayesha Zahid Khan, Ghazala Rafique
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in Pakistan has remained an unresolved issue for decades. Data on nutrient intake and variety in children's diet is lacking. AIM: This paper describes the dietary practices of school children across eight districts of Sindh. METHODS: A school-based survey of dietary practices among 1109 students from classes 2-5 in 36 schools was conducted using a pre-tested interviewer-completed questionnaire. RESULTS: Descriptive and comparative analysis of data showed that more than 75% school children ate breakfast, lunch and dinner regularly...
August 8, 2018: Nutrition and Health
Jia Ying Ooi, Rachel Sutherland, Nicole Nathan, Sze Lin Yoong, Lisa Janssen, Jessica Wrigley, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: Due to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents, reducing childhood overweight and obesity rates is a public-health priority. A significant source of excess sugar and energy in children's diets comes from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), with adolescents having the highest intake of all age groups. However, existing interventions targeting SSB intake in adolescents have multiple limitations. Schools have proven to be an appropriate setting for improving student health...
August 2, 2018: Nutrition and Health
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