Nutrition and Health | Page 2

Bjørn E Holstein, Mogens Trab Damsgaard, Pernille Due, Rikke Fredenslund Krølner, Trine Pagh Pedersen, Mette Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: Intake of sugar sweetened soft drinks (SSSD) has decreased among adolescents, but trends in social inequality in SSSD intake are unknown. AIM: Examine trends in social inequality in SSSD intake among adolescents in Denmark during 2002-2018. METHODS: Five Health Behaviour in School-aged Children surveys with data on SSSD intake and parents' occupational social class (OSC) from nationally representative samples of 11, 13 and 15 year olds, n =20,112...
January 22, 2020: Nutrition and Health
Gabriela E Leghi, Merryn Netting, Beverly S Muhlhausler
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is uniquely designed for the infant and contains the key nutrients and bioactive factors required to support optimal infant health and development. While previous studies have reported that maternal obesity can influence milk composition, whether this relationship is driven by maternal or dietary factors remains unclear. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the impact of test meals varying in fat and sugar content on post-prandial concentrations of macronutrients and metabolic hormones in the breast milk...
January 17, 2020: Nutrition and Health
Benjamin York, Mary Kujan, Casey Conneely, Namino Glantz, David Kerr
BACKGROUND: In the United States, Latino families have a disproportionate burden of diabetes and associated complications. AIM: This pilot study assessed the feasibility of using medical prescriptions of organic vegetables to improve health outcomes among Latinos with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Latino participants ( n = 21, 91% female, age 56 ± 11.1 years) with T2D received 12 weeks of medically prescribed organic vegetables. Weight, waist circumference, blood pressure, and HbA1c were measured pre and post-intervention...
January 9, 2020: Nutrition and Health
Maximilian Andreas Storz, Onno Küster
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions, including dietary modifications, play a key role in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. By the second half of the last century, dietary oatmeal interventions had frequently been used in patients with diabetes; however, with the widespread introduction of insulin, this practice gradually fell into disuse. Within the last decades, the original oatmeal intervention, first described in 1903, has been modified towards a hypocaloric, low-fat, and plant-based intervention...
December 2019: Nutrition and Health
Suzan Dijkink, Karien Meier, Pieta Krijnen, D Dante Yeh, George C Velmahos, M Sesmu Arbous, Ali Salim, Jochem M Hoogendoorn, Inger B Schipper
BACKGROUND: Polytrauma patients are at risk of considerable harm from malnutrition due to the metabolic response to trauma. However, there is little knowledge of (the risk of) malnutrition and its consequences in these patients. Recognition of sub-optimally nourished polytrauma patients and their nutritional needs is crucial to prevent complications and optimize their clinical outcomes. AIM: The primary objective is to investigate whether polytrauma patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) who have or develop malnutrition have a higher complication rate than patients who are and remain well nourished...
December 2019: Nutrition and Health
Rebecca Luong, Marcellinus Kim, Alice Lee, Sharon Carey
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition impairs prognosis in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC). There is limited research exploring the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with LC in an Australian population and in outpatient settings. AIMS: One aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with LC in an outpatient liver clinic at a tertiary metropolitan hospital in Sydney, Australia, and explore other factors that may be associated with malnutrition...
November 28, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Rebecca Keyte, Helen Egan, Michail Mantzios
BACKGROUND: Previous research acknowledges the impact mindfulness, mindful eating and self-compassion has upon weight regulation and motives to eat palatable foods, with mindful eating showing an increased impact of eating behaviours. Some research has identified that present moment awareness should be the primary focus of mindful eating. AIM: This research aimed to explore the relationship between mindfulness, self-compassion and mindful eating with motivations to eat palatable food...
November 28, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Nicole M Delimont, Brandi N Carlson
BACKGROUND: Dental caries are the most prominent chronic disease of children and adults worldwide, and facilitating evidence-based, preventative care for their prevention is critical. Caries are traditionally and successfully prevented by regular fluoride use, but there are opportunities to halt and restore caries with alternative agents in addition to fluoride use. Grape seed extract (GSE) is a readily available plant-based supplement that, due to its concentrated levels of proanthocyanidins, has promising characteristics that may assist in dental caries prevention...
November 24, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Tirin Babu, George Mathew Panachiyil, Juny Sebastian, Mandyam Dhati Ravi
BACKGROUND: Blueberry is a North American native fruit increasingly popular as a source of health-promoting bioactive compounds. However, there is evidence in the literature stating that blueberries should be avoided in individuals with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the first case of a G6PD deficient child who developed haemolysis approximately after half a day following the intake of fresh blueberry. He presented with the complaints of the passage of orange coloured urine and hurried breathing...
November 11, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Michele L Nicolo, Patricia A Shewokis, Joseph Boullata, Deeptha Sukumar, Sinclair Smith, Charlene Compher, Stella L Volpe
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior activities have been associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Aim: Our aim was to determine whether sedentary behavior time (SBT) is predictive of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) ≥ 6.5% (48 mmol/mol). METHODS: We used cross-sectional data, adults 40 to 59 years of age, from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for 2003 to 2004 and 2013 to 2014. Responses to questions on the Physical Activity Questionnaire regarding time watching television/videos, and time spent sitting in front of a computer per day were compiled into tertiles...
September 25, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Tomiyo Nakamura, Nobuko Amano
BACKGROUND: The energy and protein provided by texture-modified diets decreases dramatically as the stage increases. To prevent malnutrition in individuals on texture-modified diets, nutrition management detailing the amount of energy and protein required and consumed is needed; however, this has not yet progressed. AIM: To consider the factors responsible for the lack of progress in nutrition management. METHODS: We reviewed the work content of the registered dietitian in Japan...
September 13, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Trevor Simper, Molly Gilmartin, Daniel Allwood, Luke Taylor, Andrew Chappell
BACKGROUND: Concentrated cherry juice reportedly contains melatonin which, in turn, has been highlighted as an important regulator in initiating sleep. AIM: The present investigation aims to clarify whether Night Time Recharge (NTR), a marketed sleep aid containing cherry extract, improves key sleep parameters in young, active adults with mildly poor sleep. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over study design was employed...
September 12, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Lina Begdache, Rani Marhaba, Maher Chaar
BACKGROUND: The need for short and validated questionnaires to evaluate dietary patterns (DPs) and mental distress in clinical and research settings is increasing. AIM: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a Food-Mood Questionnaire (FMQ) to assess DPs in relation to mental distress. METHOD: A standard validation protocol that included item development, pilot-testing, test-retesting, and a series of statistical validation analyses was used...
September 10, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Duane Mellor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2019: Nutrition and Health
Faiza Kalam, Cynthia M Kroeger, John F Trepanowski, Kelsey Gabel, Jee Hee Song, Sofia Cienfuegos, Krista A Varady
BACKGROUND: Alternate-day fasting (ADF) involves a 'famine day' (25% energy intake) and a 'feast day' (ad libitum intake). This secondary analysis examined changes in beverage intake in relation to energy intake and body weight during 12 months of ADF versus daily calorie restriction (CR). METHODS: Obese subjects ( n = 100 enrolled, n = 69 completers) were randomized to one of three groups for 12 months: (a) ADF; (b) CR; or (c) control. RESULTS: At baseline, intakes of diet soda, caffeinated beverages, sugar-sweetened soda, alcohol, juice, and milk were similar between groups...
September 2019: Nutrition and Health
Srikanta Banerjee, Timothy Radak
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is known to be a major public health issue. There is limited data on food insecurity and chronic disease in the general population. AIM: We aimed to assess effect of food insecurity on mortality of individuals with chronic disease like cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). METHODS: The study was conducted on participants aged 20 years or older in the United States living below the 130% Federal Poverty Level. We assessed food insecurity utilizing the Household Food Security Survey Module in NHANES survey for the years 1999 to 2010 with mortality follow-up...
August 29, 2019: Nutrition and Health
F C Malcomson, S P Breininger, K ElGendy, A Joel, R M T K Ranathunga, T R Hill, D Michael Bradburn, D M Turnbull, L C Greaves, J C Mathers
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer worldwide. Age is the strongest non-modifiable risk factor but it is estimated that over half of CRC cases are linked with lifestyle factors such as diet. The Biomarkers Of RIsk of Colorectal Cancer (BORICC) Study recruited 363 participants in 2005 to investigate the effects of lifestyle factors on biomarkers of CRC risk. AIM: In the present BORICC Follow-Up (BFU) Study, we are using a longitudinal study design to investigate the effects of ageing (12+ years) and lifestyle factors on biomarkers of CRC risk and on healthy ageing...
August 2, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Julia Allan, David McMinn, Daniel Powell
BACKGROUND: Identifying when and where people overeat is important for intervention design, yet little is known about how unhealthy behaviours unfold in real life. AIM: To track the activities, social contexts and locations that co-occur with unhealthy snacking. METHODS: Sixty-four adults (49F, mean age = 38.6 years) used electronic diaries to record snacking, location, social context and current activity every waking hour over 7 days. The proportion of snacking episodes that co-occurred with each location/activity/context was calculated by group and individual...
July 26, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Eirini Bathrellou, Meropi D Kontogianni, Evaggelia Chrysanthopoulou, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
BACKGROUND: Recent findings suggest a protective role of the DASH dietary pattern on cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence and mortality. AIM: In this direction, we aimed at investigating the relationship between adherence to a DASH-style diet and CVD risk in a Greek cohort. METHODS: This sub-sample from the ATTICA epidemiological study consisted of 669 adults with a complete dietary profile at baseline, adequate to calculate DASH-diet score, and complete 10-year follow-up (2002-2012)...
July 18, 2019: Nutrition and Health
Yahya Pasdar, Shima Moradi, Behrooz Hamzeh, Farid Najafi, Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Roghayeh Mostafai, Hadi Abdollahzad, Michael Nelson
BACKGROUND: There are different equations for estimating Resting Energy Expenditure (REE). However, these equations were mainly developed based on populations of western countries. AIM: The present study was conducted to determine the validity of REE predictive equations in adults with central obesity. METHODS: This study was conducted with 129 adults with central obesity aged 35-65 years, a sub-sample from a large cohort study (Western Iran), Kurdish population...
June 17, 2019: Nutrition and Health
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