journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38759501/exercise-enhances-hepatic-mitochondrial-structure-and-function-while-preventing-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-metabolic-dysfunction-associated-steatotic-liver-disease-in-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Henrique Souza-Tavares, Daiana Araujo Santana-Oliveira, Isabela Macedo Lopes Vasques-Monteiro, Flavia Maria Silva-Veiga, Carlos Alberto Mandarim-de-Lacerda, Vanessa Souza-Mello
Metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD) has attracted increasing attention from the scientific community because of its severe but silent progression and the lack of specific treatment. Glucolipotoxicity triggers endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress with decreased beta-oxidation and enhanced lipogenesis, promoting the onset of MASLD, whereas regular physical exercise can prevent MASLD by preserving ER and mitochondrial function. Thus, the hypothesis of this study was that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) could prevent the development of MASLD in high-fat (HF)-fed C57BL/6J mice by maintaining insulin sensitivity, preventing ER stress, and promoting beta-oxidation...
April 16, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38710123/low-serum-manganese-as-a-noninvasive-marker-predicting-the-presence-of-myosteatosis-among-hospitalized-patients-with-cirrhosis
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xuqian Zhang, Wanting Yang, Gaoyue Guo, Wetian Liu, Chao Sun
Emerging evidence expands on a close connection between trace elements and muscular abnormalities, mostly focusing on sarcopenia. We hypothesized an association between concentrations of serum trace elements and myosteatosis, given that myosteatosis has a more pronounced clinical implication relative to sarcopenia, but there is a paucity of data in patients with cirrhosis. Consecutive patients were hospitalized for cirrhosis-associated complications. Serum trace elements (zinc, copper, manganese [Mn], magnesium, calcium, and iron) were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry...
April 16, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38688104/plantago-consumption-significantly-reduces-total-cholesterol-and-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#23
REVIEW
Ruiting Zhu, Yangyang Lei, Saikun Wang, Jingyi Zhang, Mengjiao Lv, Ruixue Jiang, Jinjian Zhou, Tianshu Li, Lirong Guo
Plantago is rich in soluble fiber, known for its beneficial health effects. Given this, we hypothesized that Plantago consumption might positively influence blood lipid in adults. Researchers have conducted numerous randomized controlled trials (RCTs), revealing the impacts of Plantago consumption on various blood lipid parameters. However, findings regarding specific blood lipid parameters have shown variability. This study aimed to comprehensively assess the effect of Plantago consumption on blood lipid parameters...
April 3, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38718433/food-insecurity-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-among-us-adults-nhanes-2005-2016
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicole K Reeder, Jennifer C Reneker
The primary objective of this study was to examine the association between food security status and metabolic syndrome (MetS) using a nationally representative dataset. We hypothesized that food insecurity would be associated with an increased odds of having MetS. This was a cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2005-2006 to 2015-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data collection cycles. Food security was measured using the US Food Security Survey Module. Presence of MetS was determined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria...
April 1, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38696890/race-explains-substantial-variance-in-whole-blood-thiamine-diphosphate-concentrations
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Natalie M Zahr
Deficiency for thiamine (vitamin B1 ), traditionally assessed via the activity of the thiamine-dependent enzyme erythrocyte transketolase, has been reported in individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD) and in people with HIV; concentrations of the metabolically active diphosphate form, however, have yet to be reported in HIV cohorts and results in AUD are equivocal. In this cross-sectional study, samples from 170 AUD, 130 HIV, and 100 healthy control individuals were analyzed to test the hypothesis that AUD and HIV groups relative to healthy controls would show low whole blood thiamine diphosphate (TDP) concentrations related to peripheral neuropathy...
March 30, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38642420/higher-serum-carotenoid-concentrations-were-associated-with-the-lower-risk-of-cancer-related-death-evidence-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cheng Zhang, Ke Li, Shu-Ning Xu, Jia-Kui Zhang, Ming-Hui Ma, Ying Liu
The study focuses on the association between serum carotenoids and cancer-related death. Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2006 and 2017-2018), the study encompasses 10,277 participants older than age 20 years, with recorded baseline characteristics and serum carotenoid concentrations (including α-carotene, trans-β-carotene, cis-β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, trans-lycopene, and lutein/zeaxanthin). We hypothesized that serum carotenoid concentrations were negatively associated with cancer-related death...
March 30, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38669850/whole-milk-dairy-foods-and-cardiometabolic-health-dairy-fat-and-beyond
#27
REVIEW
Avinash Pokala, Jana Kraft, Victoria M Taormina, Marie-Caroline Michalski, Cécile Vors, Moises Torres-Gonzalez, Richard S Bruno
Bovine dairy milk is a nutrient-rich matrix, but consumption of full-fat dairy food varieties has been claimed historically to be associated with poorer cardiometabolic health, a notion often attributed to the saturated fat content. However, continued investigation that includes observational studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) provide evidence that favorably supports full-fat dairy foods and their bioactive components on cardiometabolic health. This review addresses this controversy by examining the evidence surrounding full-fat dairy foods and their implications for human health...
March 21, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38615632/dietary-patterns-and-carotenoid-intake-comparisons-of-mind-mediterranean-dash-and-healthy-eating-index
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tori A Holthaus, Shelby A Keye, Shreya Verma, Corinne N Cannavale, Nicholas A Burd, Hannah D Holscher, Naiman A Khan
The Mediterranean-Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) dietary pattern is associated with reduced cognitive decline and dementia risk. However, the nutrient features that distinguish the MIND from other patterns are unknown. We investigated the relationship between accordance to the MIND pattern and carotenoid intake (phytonutrients hypothesized to confer neuroprotection) relative to the Mediterranean, DASH, and Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2020). We hypothesized that MIND diet accordance would be a stronger predictor of carotenoid intake relative to other diet indices...
March 21, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613923/fostering-wellbeing-and-healthy-lifestyles-through-conviviality-and-commensality-underappreciated-benefits-of-the-mediterranean-diet
#29
REVIEW
Elisabetta Bernardi, Francesco Visioli
Among the often-neglected features of healthy diets, such as the Mediterranean diet, is the preparation and sharing of food, which is (or was) done in a social environment governed by social rules rather than by time constraints. The act of eating is a daily human practice that is not limited to meeting nutritional and energy needs but also involves a constructed social dimension of sharing meals that is part of the process of human civilization and food cultures around the world. In this narrative review, we outline the importance of conviviality in steering part of the health effects of healthful diets, with special reference to the Mediterranean diet...
March 21, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38583389/metabolic-dysfunction-associated-steatotic-liver-disease-time-to-get-familiar-with-the-new-name-for-nafld
#30
LETTER
Maren C Podszun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613922/what-factors-influence-sustainable-and-healthy-diet-consumption-a-review-and-synthesis-of-literature-within-the-university-setting-and-beyond
#31
REVIEW
Patrick S Elliott, Lauren D Devine, Eileen R Gibney, Aifric M O'Sullivan
Globally, typical dietary patterns are neither healthy nor sustainable. Recognizing the key role of dietary change in reducing noncommunicable disease risk and addressing environmental degradation, it is crucial to understand how to shift individuals toward a sustainable and healthy diet (SHD). In this literature review, we introduced the concept of a SHD and outlined the dietary behaviors necessary to transition toward SHD consumption; we reviewed the literature on factors that may influence sustainable (and unsustainable) dietary behaviors in adults; and we developed a novel scoring system to rank factors by priority for targeting in future research...
March 16, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38593657/cardamom-consumption-may-improve-cardiovascular-metabolic-biomarkers-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#32
REVIEW
Xiaofeng Zhang, Caixia Wang, Ruixue Min, Qilun Zhou, Yue Qi, Jianming Fan
The bioactive compounds in cardamom have been found to enhance cardiovascular health by improving blood lipids and inflammation. We hypothesized that cardamom consumption might ameliorate cardiovascular metabolic biomarkers in adults; however, there is still debate regarding its impact on cardiac metabolism. This research was therefore designed to determine if cardamom consumption had a favorable impact on lipid profiles, inflammatory markers, and oxidative stress indices as they related to cardiovascular diseases...
March 12, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38574579/advances-in-nutrition-approaches-to-support-vascular-and-gut-health-2023-david-kritchevsky-award-winners
#33
LETTER
Kaitlyn M Zamary, Richard S Bruno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38552503/association-between-dietary-inflammatory-potential-and-frailty-is-mediated-by-inflammation-among-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-a-cross-sectional-study
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shu-Fang Xia, Yuan Liu, Yue Chen, Zi-Yuan Li, Lan Cheng, Jian-Yun He, Ling Hang, Gusonghan Maitiniyazi, Xin-Xin Cheng, Shi-Ru Sun, Dan-Feng Gu
Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) are at high risk of frailty, leading to reduced quality of life and survival. Diet is associated with frailty in the elderly through regulating inflammation. Thus, we hypothesized that dietary inflammatory potential (as assessed by dietary inflammatory index [DII]) might be associated with frailty in patients with CRC through regulating inflammatory biomarkers. A total of 231 patients with CRC were included in this cross-sectional study. Dietary intake was evaluated by 3-day, 24-hour dietary recalls, and frailty status was assessed in accordance with the Fried frailty criteria...
March 11, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38555686/maternal-dietary-copper-deficiency-induces-cardiomyopathy-and-liver-injury-in-mice-by-activating-autophagy
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruixiang Hu, Yipu Huang, Xin Jiang, Yi Xu, Zhirui Zheng, Yuansen Shi, Yun Liu
Maternal nutritional deficiencies during pregnancy result in birth defects and elevate the risk of cardiovascular diseases and metabolic diseases. Accumulating evidence suggests that deficiency of copper, a fundamental trace element involved in several pivotal physiological processes, promotes the onset of multiple diseases, notably heart and liver diseases. Yet, exploration into the effects of maternal copper deficiency (CuD) on offspring is still limited. In this study, we hypothesized that maternal CuD induced cardiomyopathy and liver injury in offspring through the activation of autophagy...
March 1, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38306883/daily-olive-oil-intake-is-feasible-to-reduce-trigeminal-neuralgia-facial-pain-a-pilot-study
#36
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Melissa L Moreno, Susan S Percival, Debra Lynch Kelly, Wendy J Dahl
Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is thought to contribute to neuroprotection and, thus, may influence pain symptoms experienced by adults with demyelination-related trigeminal neuralgia (TN). This study aimed to determine the feasibility of daily intake of EVOO and its potential to alleviate facial pain of TN. Adults, self-reporting as female and affected by TN, were enrolled in a 16-week nonblinded, parallel study. After a 4-week baseline, participants were randomized to 60 mL/day EVOO or control (usual diet and no supplemental EVOO) for 12 weeks...
March 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38281319/glycemic-load-but-not-glycemic-index-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-ovarian-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#37
REVIEW
Lin Zhu, Yang Shu, Jing Ran, Chunxia Zhang
The association between glycemic index (GI),glycemic load (GL) and ovarian cancer risk remains unclear. Carbohydrate intake promotes insulin secretion, leading to cell proliferation and invasion. We hypothesized that high GI and GL intake may increase ovarian cancer risk. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis after systematically searching PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library from inception to December 2022. Fixed- or random-effect models calculated the pooled relative risks (RRs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
March 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38277907/postprandial-energy-metabolism-is-modulated-in-response-to-a-low-intensity-walking-exercise-in-fasted-healthy-individuals
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Léna Pélissier, Céline Lambert, Halim Moore, Duane Beraud, Bruno Pereira, Yves Boirie, Martine Duclos, David Thivel, Laurie Isacco
Postprandial metabolism is a relevant indicator of overall metabolic health, which can be influenced by a single bout of exercise before food consumption. The present study examined the effects of an acute, fasted, low-intensity exercise on postprandial metabolism and appetite sensations. We hypothesized that exercise would induce an increase in postprandial fat oxidation, associated with better satiety responses. Twenty-two healthy adults (16 females) attended the laboratory twice separated by a minimum of 3 days to perform 2 conditions: (1) a control condition and (2) an exercise condition (EX) with a 30-minute low-intensity walking exercise performed before the breakfast (500-kcal fixed meal)...
March 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38565002/carbohydrate-restriction-during-lactation-a-systematic-review
#39
REVIEW
Ana Laura Benevenuto de Amorim, Ester Ferreira Rodrigues, Elizandra Lopes Sussi, Lenycia de Cassya Lopes Neri
The quality of a mother's diet is important to ensure child growth and development and keep women healthy. This systematic review aimed to identify the outcomes of a carbohydrate-restricted diet during lactation. PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science, and LILACS were searched for studies published between 2012 and 2023; 16 studies were selected, all of them case reports or care series. The carbohydrate restriction described in the papers mainly was ketogenic, low-carb, low-carbohydrate and high-fat, and modified ketogenic diets...
February 29, 2024: Nutrition Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38518484/total-dietary-fiber-intake-is-inversely-associated-with-metabolically-unhealthy-status-in-adolescents-with-excess-weight
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Donya Poursalehi, Saeideh Mirzaei, Ali Asadi, Masoumeh Akhlaghi, Keyhan Lotfi, Parvane Saneei
Little is known about the relationship between dietary fiber and metabolic health status in adolescents. This study was performed to investigate total dietary fiber intake and metabolic health status in a sample of Iranian adolescents with overweight/obesity. We hypothesized that higher total dietary fiber intake would reduce odds of metabolically unhealthy status. In this cross-sectional study, 203 adolescents (aged 12-18 years) with overweight/obesity were randomly recruited from several educational areas with different socioeconomic statuses using a multistage cluster sampling approach...
February 29, 2024: Nutrition Research
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