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Social Science & Medicine

Rob J M Alessie, Viola Angelini, Gerard J van den Berg, Jochen O Mierau, Laura Viluma
Much of the literature that studies long-run effects of early-life economic conditions on health outcomes is based on pre-1940 birth cohorts. Early in these individuals' lives, public social safety nets were at best rudimentary, and female labor force participation was relatively low. We complement the evidence by studying the effects of regional business cycle variations in the post-1950 Netherlands on cardiovascular disease risk in adulthood. We use data from Lifelines, a large cohort study that covers socio-economic, biological and health information from over 75,000 individuals aged between 20 and 63...
February 5, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Tess Thompson, Maria Pérez, Matthew Kreuter, Julie Margenthaler, Graham Colditz, Donna B Jeffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Sanjay K Mohanty, Basant Kumar Panda, Pijush Kanti Khan, Priyamadhaba Behera
Increasing caesarean births is a global trend and of recent origin in India. Besides its utility and disutility, increasing caesarean births exert higher economic burden on households and the nation. Using 148,746 births from the National Family Health Survey, 2015-16, this paper examines the correlates and provides comparable estimates of out of pocket expenditure (OOPE) on caesarean births in public and private health centres in India. The monthly state specific rural-urban consumer price index and the OOPE on births over seven years are used to derive comparable OOPE estimate at 2016 prices...
January 31, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Jonathan R Olsen, Richard Mitchell, Paul McCrorie, Anne Ellaway
Research into how the environment affects health and related behaviour is typically limited in at least two ways: it represents the environment to which people are exposed using fixed areal units, and, it focuses on one or two environmental characteristics only. This study developed a methodology for describing children's mobility and the complexity of their environmental exposure across a 1934 km2 study area, including urban, suburban and rural zones. It conceptualised and modelled this area as a landscape, comprised of spatially discrete amenities, infrastructure features, differing land covers/use and broader environmental contexts...
January 31, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Tyler J VanderWeele
This essay provides a discussion of the current state of, and future possibilities for, empirical research on the topic of suffering. Discussion is given to the concept of suffering itself; existing empirical measures are reviewed and critiqued and a new multi-item measure of suffering, for use in both clinical and non-clinical populations, is put forward. The existing empirical research on suffering is briefly reviewed with considerable discussion given to potential future research directions on understanding the distribution and determinants of suffering, potential responses to suffering and their effectiveness, and the role of caregiving in the alleviation of suffering...
January 30, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Jonathan Spiteri, Philip von Brockdorff
The impact of economic growth on health outcomes has generated various conflicting results in recent years, particularly with the emergence of cardiovascular disease as one of the most salient global health issues. This paper looks at the relationship between economic development and health outcomes. We first estimate an empirical model using data on annual cardiovascular disease mortality in a panel of 27 European countries, over the period 2003 to 2014, together with per capita GDP levels in each country...
January 30, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Laura S Richman, Alyssa N Zucker
BACKGROUND: Intersectionality is a powerful theoretical framework that is useful in describing the lived experiences of people with multiple marginalized statuses. By focusing on power and domination (e.g., racism, sexism), and the ways in which they are inextricably linked and mutually constructing, researchers can better understand experiences of all people, not just those with one or more master statuses. This framework is valuable in understanding how discrimination relates to health and in attempts to reduce health disparities...
January 30, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Gabriela Ksinan Jiskrova, Alexander T Vazsonyi
RATIONALE: Rates of adolescent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the United States remain high. Norms and beliefs about sex and the use of contraception have been identified as potential contributors to these. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined multi-contextual links between norms and beliefs about sex and contraception, and adolescent pregnancies and STIs. METHOD: Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was used to test the study questions in the historical data from Add Health dataset (Wave I, 1994-1995, and Wave II, 1995-1996)...
January 29, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Isabel Rossen, Mark J Hurlstone, Patrick D Dunlop, Carmen Lawrence
RATIONALE: Childhood vaccination is a safe and effective way of reducing infectious diseases. Yet, public confidence in vaccination is waning, driven in part by the 'manufacture of doubt' by anti-vaccination activists and websites. However, there is little research examining the psychological underpinnings of anti-vaccination rhetoric among parents. OBJECTIVES: Here, we examined the structure and moral roots of anti-vaccination attitudes amongst Australian parents active on social media parenting sites...
January 29, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Brea L Perry, Gabriele Ciciurkaite
Social influence is a key determinant of health behaviors and outcomes. Research in the social network tradition emphasizes social structural mechanisms like network content (i.e., the degree to which particular attitudes, attributes, or behaviors are present in the network) and social proximity (i.e., opportunities for social interaction). In contrast, psychologists are oriented toward the individual, identifying how personality traits like self-monitoring affect susceptibility to peer pressure. Here, we integrate social network and personality approaches, examining social influence on body size using surveys of 379 adults with dependent children...
January 28, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Catherine E Harnois, João L Bastos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Elisa G Liberati, Carolyn Tarrant, Janet Willars, Tim Draycott, Cathy Winter, Sarah Chew, Mary Dixon-Woods
Maternity care continues to be associated with avoidable harm that can result in serious disability and profound anguish for women, their children, and their families, and in high costs for healthcare systems. As in other areas of healthcare, improvement efforts have typically focused either on implementing and evaluating specific interventions, or on identifying the contextual features that may be generative of safety (e.g. structures, processes, behaviour, practices, and values), but the dialogue between these two approaches has remained limited...
January 24, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Atsushi Miyawaki, Hirokazu Tanaka, Yasuki Kobayashi, Ichiro Kawachi
Informal caregiving is linked to psychological stress. However, recent studies have suggested a protective association between informal caregiving and mortality among caregivers. We sought to test the association between caregiving and survival in the Komo-Ise study, a prospective cohort of community-dwelling residents aged 44-77 years living in two areas in Gunma prefecture, Japan. Caregiving status was assessed in 2000, and 8084 individuals were followed for ten years. All-cause mortality was ascertained from official registers...
January 24, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Claudia Chaufan, Daniel Saliba
Important insights have been gained from studying how corporate social actors -- such as Big Tobacco or Big Food -- influence how global health issues are framed, debated, and addressed, and in so doing contribute to reproducing health inequities. Less attention has been paid to the role of nonprofit organizations (NPOs), even when all too often NPOs actively contribute to these inequities through normalizing discourses and practices that legitimize establishment views, poor public policies and existing relations of power...
January 23, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Evi Verbeke, Stijn Vanheule, Joachim Cauwe, Femke Truijens, Brenda Froyen
OBJECTIVE: Coercion is a controversial issue in mental health care. Recent research highlights that coercion is a relational phenomenon, although, it remains unclear how this intersubjective context should be understood. The aim of this study is to propose an interactional model of the relational aspects of coercion that enhances theoretical understanding, based on the assumptions of patients. METHOD: The research question was studied by means of interpretative phenomenological analysis...
January 22, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Ryan J Petteway, Mahasin Mujahid, Amani Allen, Rachel Morello-Frosch
Research on place and health has grown rapidly in recent years, including examining the physiological embodiment of place-based exposures. While this research continues to improve understanding of why place matters, there is particular need for work capable of revealing: 1) which places matter, i.e. spatially-specific notions of "place"); 2) how these places matter-processes and mechanisms of the physiological embodiment of place; and 3) potential intergenerational and life stage differences in place-embodiment experiences/perceptions...
January 21, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Clare R Evans
BACKGROUND: The recent pair of studies by Bauer and Scheim make substantial contributions to the literature on intersectionality and health: a validation study of the Intersectional Discrimination Index and a study outlining a promising analytic approach to intersectionality that explicitly considers the roles of social processes in the production of health inequalities. RATIONALE: In this commentary, I situate Bauer and Scheim's contribution within the wider landscape of intersectional scholarship...
January 21, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Lindsay Sheehan, Nathalie Oexle, Silvia A Armas, Hoi Ting Wan, Michael Bushman, LaToya Glover, Stanley A Lewy
RATIONALE: Individuals who attempt suicide are often subject to stigma and may feel ashamed to talk openly about their experiences with suicide. However, failure to disclose could interfere with care-seeking, increase distress, and limit social support. While research on other concealable stigmatized conditions (e.g. mental illness and HIV) has identified the complexities of disclosure decisions, little is known about disclosure for suicide attempt survivors. OBJECTIVE: Given the lack of research in this area, this study aimed to explore suicide attempt survivor perspectives on risks and benefits of suicide disclosure...
January 21, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Viji Diane Kannan, Theodore M Brown, Stephen J Kunitz, Benjamin P Chapman
Previous research findings across a variety of nations show that affiliation with the conservative party is associated with greater longevity; however, it is thus far unclear what characteristics contribute to this relationship. We examine the political party/mortality relationship in the United States context. The goal of this paper is two-fold: first, we seek to replicate the mortality difference between Republicans and Democrats in two samples, controlling for demographic confounders. Second, we attempt to isolate and test two potential contributors to the relationship between political party affiliation and mortality: (1) socioeconomic status and (2) dispositional traits reflecting a personal responsibility ethos, as described by the Republican party...
January 21, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Mark R Joslyn, Donald P Haider-Markel
RATIONALE: Although obesity represents a potential public health crisis, our understanding of public perceptions of obesity, emotional responses to the obese, and related policy preferences is limited. OBJECTIVE: We employed Weiner's attribution theory of controllability (Weiner, 1988, 2011) to examine perceived causes of obesity, emotional responses, and related policy implications. If the perceived cause is controllable (eating and lifestyle habits), we expected less sympathy and greater anger toward obese people and support for prejudicial hiring policies based on weight...
January 19, 2019: Social Science & Medicine
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