journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38583066/insights-into-breast-cancer-knowledge-among-female-adolescents-in-delta-state-nigeria-a-school-based-study
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
M O Akpo, E E Akpo, D O Akpo
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among female adolescents. It is usually aggressive in this age group with poor prognosis. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the general knowledge of breast cancer among secondary school adolescent females in Delta State, Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional, non-experiment design and a multistage sampling technique was employed in selecting 411 participants from a population of female senior secondary school two (SSS2) students in four public schools in Delta State, Nigeria...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38583065/knowledge-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-and-vaccination-status-of-theatre-personnel-at-atbuth-bauchi
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
K J Bwala, M M Muhammed, A Mohammed, Isa Sajo Mienda, H U Liman
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus infection affects millions of people worldwide and is transmitted vertically and through contact with infected blood or body fluids. Frontline Healthcare workers are at increased risk of contracting HBV infection and the HBV vaccine is a crucial preventive measure recommended by WHO to safeguard healthcare workers. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the awareness and knowledge of hepatitis B virus infection, to evaluate current vaccination status among theatre personnel, and to identify factors influencing vaccine uptake...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581697/profile-and-correlates-of-sleep-quality-and-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-among-young-persons-in-ibadan-southwestern-nigeria
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S O Oiwoh, O Adebayo, K K Kanmodi, J Agbogidi, O F Ojo, O Ogunsuji, A O Oyabambi, A P Wachinou
BACKGROUND: Sleep breathing disorders (SDB), especially obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), are poorly studied in the young population. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of OSA and its associated risk factors among young persons. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used, and participants aged 16-35 years were recruited from five tertiary institutions in Ibadan, South Western, Nigeria. The study used a structured questionnaire, stadiometer, weighing scale, tape measure, and digital blood pressure machine to collect data...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581696/infection-prevention-and-control-baseline-knowledge-and-practices-of-tbas-in-rural-kano-northwestern-nigeria
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
T G Amole, A K Ayaba, F I Tsiga-Ahmed, R I Jalo, U Bashir, A L Adamu, S M Abu, F M Mahmud, H S Galadanci
BACKGROUND: Maternal infections remain a significant contributor to maternal mortality worldwide. Majority of births in northern Nigeria occur at home and are attended by Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs). Little has been documented about their knowledge and practice on infection prevention and control practices in Kano, northern Nigeria. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the level as well as factors associated with TBAs' infection prevention and control knowledge and practices...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581692/covid-19-and-activities-of-daily-living-among-primary-health-care-workers-in-ekiti-state-south-west-nigeria
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
A Adeniran, O Q Bakare, E O Oluwole, F C Chieme, T Durojaiye, O Y Ojo, B Olujobi, M M Ilesanmi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Globally, COVID-19 has greatly impacted humans physically, socially, mentally, and economically. No doubt, healthcare workers seemed to bear the greatest impact. The study therefore assessed the impact of COVID- 19 on the primary healthcare workers' daily activities in Ekiti, Southwest, Nigeria. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional study using a quantitative data collection method among 716 primary healthcare workers. Respondents were selected using an online convenience sampling method via their social media platforms...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581690/morbidity-pattern-in-the-medical-wards-of-a-nigerian-teaching-hospital-during-the-covid-19-pandemic
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
O G Oriaifo, A O Opadeyi, A O Isah
BACKGROUND: Morbidity patterns change due to emerging and re-emerging infections. Information obtained from alteration in patterns of morbidity is vital in structuring and providing safe health care services. OBJECTIVES: To determine disease patterns and highlight the prevalent disease entity in the medical wards at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 430 patient case records recruited between January 1st to 31st December 2020...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581689/pattern-of-right-ventricular-changes-in-patients-with-uncomplicated-systemic-hypertension-at-a-tertiary-centre-in-southwest-nigeria
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
R K Moronkola, A C Mbakwem, A O Ajibare, O T Ojo, O M Oladimeji, C Amadi, Folasade Daniel, O Kushimo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hypertension is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular complications. The effect of systemic hypertension on the right ventricle (RV) has received less attention probably due to its complex structure and location. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of systemic hypertension on the structure and function of the right ventricle using transthoracic echocardiography. METHOD: One hundred hypertensives and 100 healthy controls were recruited into the study...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581684/functional-disability-and-social-support-in-older-patients-attending-chief-tony-anenih-geriatrics-center-ctagc-university-college-hospital-ibadan-southwestern-nigeria
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
M O Olawuyi, F A Olaniyan, O O Olowookere, A F Fagbamigbe
BACKGROUND: Beyond clinical evaluation, additional significant areas of well-being for older people include the emotional, social, material, and functional domains. OBJECTIVES: The study assessed the functional status and its relationship with social support of older patients attending the Geriatric Centre, UCH. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study of 396 randomly selected patients aged 65 years and above was undertaken to assess their functional status (by scoring their basic activities of daily living using the Barthel index) and social support (using the Multidimensional scale of perceived social support)...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581674/a-review-of-the-current-management-of-intracranial-infections-of-neurosurgical-importance
#29
REVIEW
Eghosa Morgan, John I Nwadiokwu, Samuel Olowo, Ezemwenghian Morgan, Edward Poluyi
Surgically treated intracranial infections are among the common disease entities seen in neurosurgical practice. Several microbiological agents such as bacteria and fungi have been identified as responsible for intracranial infection. It affects all age groups, though microbial agents and risk factors vary with age. Presentation is non-specific and it requires a high index of suspicion, especially with a background febrile illness such as in the setting of poorly-treated meningitis and immunosuppressive conditions such as retroviral illness...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581673/effect-of-motivational-interviewing-on-lifestyle-modification-among-patients-with-hypertension-attending-the-family-medicine-clinics-of-isth-irrua-nigeria-milmaph-study-a-randomised-control-trial-study-protocol
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
T I A Oseni, A O Oku, N E Udonwa, R E Duke
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Over a quarter of patients with hypertension have uncontrolled hypertension. Lifestyle modification has been shown to improve blood pressure control, thus measures that would help patients with hypertension achieve positive lifestyle modification would improve BP control. The study aims to determine the effect of motivational interviews on lifestyle modification and blood pressure control among patients with hypertension attending the Family Medicine Clinics of Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital (ISTH), Irrua, Nigeria...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581652/burden-of-thyroid-dysfunction-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-south-east-nigeria-with-emphasis-on-its-prevalence-and-pattern-of-presentation-a-case-controlled-study
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ignatius U Ezeani, Stanley U Ogbonna
BACKGROUND: Studies from different parts of the world on thyroid dysfunction have shown it to be widespread in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, there is insufficient local data to support this observation. AIM: To determine the burden of thyroid dysfunction among patients with T2DM at a Tertiary Hospital in Southeast Nigeria with emphasis on its prevalence and pattern of presentation. METHODS: Four hundred and seventy-two subjects were recruited for the study...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581647/inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-adults-experience-and-challenges-in-gastroenterology-practices-in-calabar-south-south-nigeria
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
M Kooffreh-Ada, E Chukwudike, T Ugbem, A E Itam-Eyo, O Uba-Mgbemena, I E Nwa, B A Eko, E I Effiong, A J Omotoso, G Kajogbola, U C Okonkwo, O E Ngim, R Ndoma-Egba
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract that is reported to be rare in Africans. The objective of this study is to share the experience of our Gastroenterology practice in Calabar, Cross River State on IBD. METHODS: This is a ten-year review of the records of patients visiting the Gastroenterology clinic of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital and two private gastroenterology clinics in Calabar Municipality...
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38581411/right-ventricular-dysfunction-in-hypertension-and-the-risk-and-remedies-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-among-young-persons
#33
EDITORIAL
G E Erhabor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 29, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38412559/beyond-the-shadows-strengthening-nigeria-s-health-system-in-the-wake-of-lassa-fever-and-covid-19-challenges
#34
LETTER
E A Tobin, O I Edeawe, S Abah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38412544/squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-supraglottis-presenting-as-hoarseness
#35
Tobe Momah, Olusegun Lijofi
Hoarseness is a well-known condition in primary care offices, with over 1% of primary care visits secondary to this ailment.1 The most common causes are acute laryngitis (40%), functional dysphonia (30%), benign and malignant tumors (2.2 to 30%), neurogenic factors such as vocal cord paralysis (8%), physiological aging (2%), and psychogenic factors (2.2%). Most of these cases are secondary to viral infections and do not require antibiotics on most occasions. These viral infections subside after 1 to 2 weeks, and in the case of persistent hoarseness (above 4 weeks) the American Academy of Otolaryngology recommends direct visualization with a laryngoscopy before treatment with proton pump inhibitors, antibiotics, or steroids...
January 31, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38412528/typhoid-fever-presenting-with-ileal-perforation-and-gastric-perforation
#36
M M Muhammed, K J Bwala, J O Okoruwa
Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi. It is a disease of developing countries and is seen among people of low socio-economic status. Patients can develop complications like typhoid intestinal perforation which is associated with higher mortality. A 15-year-old female presented to the emergency pediatric unit with fever, abdominal pain and abdominal distension. She was septic, in respiratory distress, and had marked generalized abdominal tenderness with guarding. An assessment of generalized peritonitis secondary to typhoid intestinal perforation was made...
January 31, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38412515/differential-clubbing-and-a-triad-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-ventricular-septal-defect-and-supravalvular-ring-mitral-stenosis-a-case-report
#37
C O Osagie, O S Ogah, A Aje, A A Adebiyi, A M Adeoye, O O Oladapo, B E Adebayo
It is not uncommon for congenital heart defects to occur in clusters. Those involving a right to left heart shunt commonly cause cyanosis and finger clubbing. Differential clubbing involving only the lower limb digits is a strong pointer to the presence of patent ductus arteriosus with reversal of shunt. We report a case of 25-year-old man with effort intolerance and differential clubbing. He was found to have the uncommon triad of patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect and supravalvular ring mitral stenosis...
January 31, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38412488/intrathoracic-transposition-of-a-pedicled-latissimus-dorsi-muscle-flap-for-complicated-chronic-empyema-thoracis-a-plea-for-its-popularity-in-our-subregion
#38
I I Alioke, V T Ayongo
INTRODUCTION: Empyema thoracis is a debilitating disease that still constitutes a significant burden among thoracic surgical diseases in our environment. It sometimes occurs secondary to ruptured lung abscess with varying degrees of lung destruction and bronchopleural fistula. CASE REPORT: A 65-year-old woman presented to our unit with a two-month history of cough which subsequently became productive of purulent sputum and posture-dependent, and fever, with progressive dyspnea on exertion...
January 31, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38412469/risk-factors-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-normal-weight-adolescents-in-lagos-nigeria
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
O A Moronkola, E E Oyenusi, A O Oduwole, U A Sanni
BACKGROUND: In the last few decades, the global disease epidemiology shift has resulted in the preponderance of noncommunicable diseases such as Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). Globally, an increasing prevalence is reported among children and adolescents in whom the condition was once rare. There is a dearth of data in Nigeria on MetS, especially among normal-weight adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors of MetS among normal-weight adolescents attending secondary schools at Mushin Local Government, Lagos...
January 31, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38412405/relationship-between-lifestyle-indicators-and-un-investigated-dyspepsia-among-adult-patients-in-a-primary-care-setting-in-northern-nigeria
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
B B Fatusin, A J Fatusin, B A Grema, O T Lewechi-Uke, A Abubarkar, S Apanisile, M Baura, Z Dannina
BACKGROUND: Un-investigated dyspepsia has remained a common encounter among patients seen in primary care in sub-Saharan Africa. A preventive approach through counselling patients on modifications of lifestyle factors related to dyspepsia could be a cost-effective approach to dyspepsia management in primary care in low- and middle-income settings. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to describe the sociodemographic patterns of adult patients with un-investigated dyspepsia in the Family Medicine Clinics, Federal Medical Centre, Gusau, Nigeria, to describe the pattern of lifestyle factors among adult patients with un-investigated dyspepsia, to determine the relationship between lifestyle patterns and un-investigated dyspepsia and to describe the specific food types that precipitate dyspepsia among the respondents...
January 31, 2024: West African Journal of Medicine
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