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March 20, 2023: Orbit
Tyler J Etheridge, Jordan Jones, Lilian Werner, Nick Mamilas, Bhupendra C K Patel
Intraorbital foreign bodies (IOrFBs) are a significant cause of ocular morbidity. Although plastic IOrFBs are rare, the increasing use of plastic and polymer composites in motor vehicles will increase their prevalence. Although challenging to identify, plastic IOrFBs have unique radiographic characteristics. The authors describe a case of an 18-year-old man with a history of a motor vehicle accident and a left upper eyelid laceration. In retrospect, imaging suggested a plastic IOrFB, which was initially overlooked...
March 9, 2023: Orbit
Liane O Dallalzadeh, Lilangi S Ediriwickrema, Sammie E Fung, Clara J Men, Andrea L Kossler, Anna C Kupcha, Louise A Mawn, Cat N Burkat, Suzanne W van Landingham, Jordan R Conger, Brittany Simmons, Chau Pham, Sruti S Akella, Pete Setabutr, Tiffany Ho, Steven M Couch, Jane S Kim, Hakan Demirci, Bobby S Korn, Don O Kikkawa, Catherine Y Liu
PURPOSE: To assess whether transcutaneous retrobulbar amphotericin B injections (TRAMB) reduce exenteration rate without increasing mortality in rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis (ROCM). METHODS: In this retrospective case-control study, 46 patients (51 eyes) with biopsy-proven ROCM were evaluated at 9 tertiary care institutions from 1998 to 2021. Patients were stratified by radiographic evidence of local orbital versus extensive involvement at presentation. Extensive involvement was defined by MRI or CT evidence of abnormal or loss of contrast enhancement of the orbital apex with or without cavernous sinus, bilateral orbital, or intracranial extension...
March 7, 2023: Orbit
Ashley S Shirriff, Pamela S Tauchi-Nishi, Karin M Hayashida, Adam R Sweeney
A 37-year-old, previously healthy woman presented during her first trimester of pregnancy with a two-week history of rapidly progressive proptosis in the left eye. Clinical examination revealed limited left supraduction and diplopia in upward gaze. Orbital magnetic resonance imaging showed a medial orbital mass adjacent to the globe with secondary proptosis. Pathologic examination of a biopsied specimen of the orbital mass and subsequent immunophenotyping by flow cytometry revealed an extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma...
March 6, 2023: Orbit
Francesco M Quaranta-Leoni, Claudia Quaranta-Leoni, Matteo Di Marino
PURPOSE: To identify a rationale for treatment of patients with Marcus Gunn jaw winking syndrome (MGJWS). METHODS: Retrospective review of 38 consecutive patients with MGJWS referred to a single tertiary institution. Clinical data included visual acuity, ocular motility, side of jaw-wink, presence or absence of ptosis, levator function, clinical photographs, and management undertaken. Thirty-two patients were operated on with customized surgery by a senior surgeon (FQL)...
March 1, 2023: Orbit
Mohammad Alali, Noura Saleh Alkulaib, Ahmed Alkhars, Khadija Albadri, Sultan Al Hassan, Mustafa Elewa, Walaa Aldairi, Saja Khalifah Alsaqer, Rawan Anwer Al-Abdulqader, Fatimah Alhammad
PURPOSE: To obtain clinical data about disease activity and severity of thyroid eye disease (TED) in a tertiary eye hospital in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia and to correlate this data with vitamin D levels. METHODS: A clinical observational study was conducted in a specialized eye hospital in Saudi Arabia. It included prospective enrollment of Saudi patients with confirmed TED to evaluate activity and severity according to Clinical Activity Score (CAS) and European Group on Graves' Orbitopathy (EUGOGO), respectively, and also for blood investigation, including thyroid profile and vitamin D levels...
March 1, 2023: Orbit
Richard L Arceneaux, Kasey M Cooper, Matthew G Vicinanzo
A 37-year-old scuba diver developed sudden severe headache, mid-facial pressure/pain and diplopia while diving. Upon examination, he had signs and symptoms consistent with silent sinus syndrome (SSS), including bilateral enophthalmos, hypoglobus, and diplopia/strabismus in conjunction with CT findings of occluded maxillary sinus ostia, atrophic/collapsed maxillary sinuses, and bilateral orbital floor fractures with fat herniation. As there was no history of trauma or chronic sinusitis, this rare case of bilateral SSS was deemed the cause of the spontaneous fractures (i...
February 28, 2023: Orbit
Alexis S Kassotis, Joseph Grimes, Faramarz H Samie, Jesse M Lewin, Jon A Levenson, Lora R Dagi Glass
PURPOSE: Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is a highly efficacious, tissue sparing method of skin cancer removal. Nevertheless, in the months to years after MMS, psychosocial distress has been described. The present study addressed the immediate period after MMS and assessed the frequency and risk factors for development of depressive symptoms. METHODS: Subjects undergoing MMS at two physician practices (JL, FS) were included in this prospective cohort study. Preoperatively, a standardized depression screening, the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8), was administered...
February 27, 2023: Orbit
Arian Ghanouni, Sarah A Avila, Adam G de la Garza, Duaa Sharfi, Heather Singiser, Samuel D Stampfer, George Marshall Lyon, Ahmed Babiker
A 75-year-old immunocompetent male presented with a right orbital cellulitis after a foreign body penetrating injury. He was taken for orbitotomy with foreign body removal and started on broad-spectrum antibiotics. Intra-operative cultures were positive for Cladophialophora bantiana , a mold known for causing brain abscesses with no prior reports of orbital invasion in the literature. Following culture results, the patient was managed with voriconazole and required multiple orbitotomies and washouts for infection control...
February 27, 2023: Orbit
Cem Evereklioglu, Hidayet Sener, Osman Ahmet Polat, Duygu Gulmez Sevim, Hatice Arda, Fatih Horozoglu
Large congenital lid colobomas are traditionally repaired using 1- or 2-step vascularized flap-graft combinations. However, visual axis occlusion for weeks is a severe problem in small children and recent reports suggest that the flap pedicle does not contribute to blood perfusion. A "one-step" substitute for large lid defects has recently been reported in animals and humans, demonstrating the viability of a bilamellar autograft alone. We present an alternative "one-step" reconstructive approach in a 6-month-old infant who had a centrally-located large upper eyelid defect resulting from a congenital coloboma...
February 22, 2023: Orbit
James Bapty, Christopher B Schulz, Sarith Makuloluwe, Hunter MacLean
PURPOSE: To present an alternative evisceration technique with long-term follow-up data. This technique involves the insertion of an acrylic implant into a modified scleral shell which is closed using an autologous scleral graft. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of eviscerations performed in a district-general hospital in the UK. All patients underwent conventional ocular evisceration after total keratectomy. A full thickness scleral graft is harvested from the posterior sclera, using an internal approach, with an 8 mm dermatological punch...
February 16, 2023: Orbit
Ahmad A Awad, Rawda A Awad, Abd El-Nasser A Mohammad
PURPOSE: To present a simplified technique in management of complete ptosis secondary to neurofibromatosis. METHODS: This prospective, non-comparative, clinical interventional study included 13 patients with complete ptosis secondary to histologically proved plexiform neurofibromas. It was conducted at the Orbital Unit of Assiut University Hospital, the referral center of Upper Egypt in the period between June 2013 and October 2021. In all cases, a simplified technique of 5 surgical steps was applied: (A) Division of the involved eyelid surgically into three parts by drawing 2 curvilinear lines, the superior line 11 mm below and parallel to the lower eyebrow hairline and the inferior one 10 mm above the lid margin, (B) Resection (full-thickness) of the large middle part which involves the main pathology and lies between the 2 lines, (C) Preservation of the upper part with identification, dissection and clamping of the levator muscle, (D) Refinement of the lower part by removal of any tissue between the skin and the debulked tarsus and (E) Re-suturing of the upper and lower parts in layers; conjunctiva to conjunctiva, levator to tarsus (after resection of a part that corrects the ptosis) and skin to skin...
February 15, 2023: Orbit
Tomas Mickevicius, Christoph Holtmann, Jutta Draganov, Jennifer Prues-Hoelscher, Gerd Geerling, Maria Borrelli
Congenital erythropoietic porphyria (CEP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder in which the activity of uroporphyrinogen III synthase (UROS) is decreased. This results in the accumulation of photoreactive porphyrinogens, primarily in the skin and bone marrow. We describe a case of a patient with CEP who initially presented with scarring and shortening of the anterior and posterior lid lamella, which led to the development of lagophthalmos. Vascularized hyperkeratotic plaques in both corneas were also present...
February 3, 2023: Orbit
Wenqin Xu, Rui Ma, Yueyue Li, Zhicha Hu, Guolu Zhang, Jian Hu, Yan Hei, Xinji Yang
A 33-year-old lady was referred to our clinic with a history of left upper eyelid swelling and difficulty to open her left eye for more than 4 years. Her globe was in infero-nasal displacement, and ocular movement was not full, with restriction to every direction. No clinical sign including eye redness, pain or visual loss was found on examination. Exophthalmometry confirmed 2 mm of left-sided proptosis. Computed tomography (CT) imaging of the orbit obtained in axial and coronal planes depicted an irregular and heterogeneous soft-tissue density mass in the left lacrimal gland, measuring 25 × 17 mm...
February 3, 2023: Orbit
Ghazal Valizadeh, Alexandra I Manta, Diana Conrad, David Schlect, Timothy J Sullivan
We describe the first reported case of granulomatosis polyangiitis (GPA)-associated sclerokeratitis in a patient with treated ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL). The patient presented with pain and decreased vision in the left eye over several weeks. Past medical history was significant for recent bilateral relapsing OAL that was treated successfully with radiotherapy. Examination of the eyes revealed sectoral scleritis and peripheral ulcerative keratitis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the orbits excluded recurrence of OAL and serum antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA) titres confirmed the diagnosis of GPA...
January 30, 2023: Orbit
S L Roohé, S Helsen, D Paridaens
PURPOSE: The external dacryocystorhinostomy (Ex-DCR) is a reliable but surgically challenging procedure to overcome a nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO). The aim of this study is to describe the outcomes of a modified technique of lacrimal sac opening and to compare it with the conventional Ex-DCR. METHODS: This comparative cohort study included adult patients undergoing Ex-DCR for primary acquired NLDO by or under supervision of one surgeon. Group 1 (conventional Ex-DCR including H-shaped incision, anastomosis of the anterior mucosal flap to nasal mucosal flap and resection of the posterior sac flap) was compared with Group 2 (modified Ex-DCR including excision of the medial lacrimal sac and anastomosis of remaining anterior sac flap to nasal mucosal flap)...
January 26, 2023: Orbit
Susan M Tucker, Tasneem Zaihra
PURPOSE: To describe cytogenetic abnormalities in five patients with orbital involvement of multiple myeloma (MM) and to determine if high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities were more prevalent in patients with extramedullary disease (EMD). The final goal was to determine predictors of poor survival in the entire cohort. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 315 patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma over a 9-year period at a single institution. RESULTS: Males comprised 61% of the 315 patients and the majority (54...
January 25, 2023: Orbit
Philip L Custer, M Laurin Council
PURPOSE: Acquired melanocytic nevi are common eyelid lesions; however, their clinical presentation is not well documented. METHODS: In this retrospective study, clinical records were reviewed in patients evaluated between 2005 and 2022. RESULTS: Eyelid margin nevi ( n  = 150) were more commonly excised in female (78%) and Caucasian (86%) patients. Change in appearance/size were frequent presenting complaints, and 17% experienced ocular symptoms...
January 23, 2023: Orbit
Tiffany Cheng, Michael Curley, Anne Barmettler
PURPOSE: Unexpected anesthesia-related complications are among the most feared outcomes of ambulatory surgery. One potential culprit is pseudocholinesterase deficiency, which most commonly presents with protracted apnea, necessitating prolonged mechanical ventilation. We report the first case of pseudocholinesterase deficiency in a Bengali person and the first systematic review of pseudocholinesterase deficiency in ophthalmology. This review analyzed the epidemiology, etiologies, presentation, evaluation, and treatment of pseudocholinesterase deficiency...
January 20, 2023: Orbit
Manpreet Singh, Manpreet Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2023: Orbit
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