Hui-Lin Lin, Fung-Chang Sung, Chih-Hsin Muo, Pei-Chun Chen
INTRODUCTION: Depression and aphasia impair the quality of life after a stroke. Studies linking depression risk to post-stroke aphasia (PSA) lacked confirmation using a large database. METHODS: Using Taiwan's National Health Insurance claims data, we identified ≥18 years old patients hospitalized for stroke from 2005 to 2009, and those diagnosed with aphasia during hospitalization or within three months after discharge were selected to form the aphasic group...
March 27, 2023: Neuroepidemiology
Hannes Wartmann, Sarah Hoffmann, Tobias Ruck, Christopher Nelke, Barthold Deiters, Timm Volmer
BACKGROUND: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare chronic autoimmune disease caused by autoantibodies directed against postsynaptic antigens of the neuromuscular junction. Over the last decades, increasing incidence and prevalence rates have been reported. Epidemiological data on prevalence and incidence in Germany are lacking. Furthermore, the MG treatment landscape is rapidly changing due to the continued approval of novel monoclonal antibodies. METHOD: This is a retrospective study assessing incidence, prevalence, and hospitalization rates of MG as well as treatment patterns in Germany over 10 years based on medical claims data covering 6...
February 20, 2023: Neuroepidemiology
Yannick Béjot
BACKGROUND: The ongoing aging population in high-income countries is responsible for a dramatic rise in the number of elderly stroke patients in whom many questions remain regarding the use of acute revascularization therapy. This review aimed to compare stroke patients from population-based studies to those included in RCTs in terms of age. SUMMARY: Population-based incidence studies conducted in high income that complied with the defined quality criteria were reviewed (period 1985-2020)...
February 15, 2023: Neuroepidemiology
Rabea Iris Pantelatos, Shavin Rahim, Anne Vik, Vidar Rao, Tomm Brostrup Müller, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Toril Skandsen
INTRODUCTION: Few studies account for prehospital deaths when estimating incidence and mortality rates of moderate and severe traumatic brain injury (msTBI). In a population-based study, covering both urban and rural areas, including also prehospital deaths, the aim was to estimate incidence and mortality rates of msTBI. Further, we studied the 30-day and 6-month case-fatality proportion of severe TBI in relation to age. METHODS: All patients aged ≥17 years who sustained a msTBI in Central Norway were identified by three sources: 1) the regional trauma center, 2) the general hospitals, and 3) the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry...
January 20, 2023: Neuroepidemiology
Joshua R Mann, Yanan Zhang, Suzanne McDermott, Yinding Wang, Bo Cai, Kristin M Conway, Pangaja Paramsothy, Julie Royer, Swamy Venkatesh, James F Howard, Emma Ciafaloni
INTRODUCTION: Racial/ethnic differences in diagnostic and treatment services have been identified for a range of health conditions and outcomes. The current study aimed to analyze whether there are racial/ethnic differences in the timing of diagnostic testing and treatments for males with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). METHODS: Diagnostic and clinical data for male individuals with DMD born during 1990-2010 were analyzed from eight sites (Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Iowa, Piedmont Region of North Carolina, western New York, South Carolina, Utah) of the Muscular Dystrophy Surveillance Tracking and Research Network (MD STARnet)...
January 9, 2023: Neuroepidemiology
Haomiao Jin, Eileen Crimmins, Kenneth M Langa, A B Dey, Jinkook Lee
INTRODUCTION: Accurate estimation of dementia prevalence is essential for making effective public and social care policy to support individuals and families suffering from the disease. The purpose of this paper is to estimate the prevalence of dementia in India using a semi-supervised machine learning approach based on a large nationally representative sample. METHODS: The sample of this study is adults 60 years or older in the wave 1 (2017-2019) of the Longitudinal Aging Study in India (LASI)...
January 6, 2023: Neuroepidemiology
Ren-Long Jan, Chung-Han Ho, Jhi-Joung Wang, Yuh-Shin Chang
AIMS: To investigate the socio-demographic factors and systemic conditions associated with non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION). METHODS: This was a nationwide population-based retrospective case-controlled study that recruited 9,261 NAION patients selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. The control group consisted of 9,261 age-, sex-, and index date-matched non-NAION patients recruited from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, 2000...
December 28, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Hoda S Abdel Magid, Barbara Topol, Valerie McGuire, Jessica A Hinman, Edward J Kasarskis, Lorene M Nelson
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the associations between antecedent all-cause CVD diagnoses, cause-specific CVD diagnosis, and CVD medication prescriptions with the risk of developing amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a population-based case-control study of U.S. Medicare enrollees from 2006 to 2013. The final sample included 3,714 incident ALS cases and 18,570 controls (matched on age, sex, enrollment length, and county). Information was collected from Medicare Parts A, B, and D administrative claims data on hypertension, ischemic heart disease, heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, prescriptions of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptors blockers, calcium channel blockers, beta blockers, and antiarrhythmics...
December 8, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Junchao Bao, Carlos Nunez, Elizabeth Elliott, Nicole Dinsmore, Jocelynne McRae, Anne Morris, Christopher C Blyth, Nigel Crawford, Anne Kynaston, Helen Marshall, Bruce Thorley, Peter McIntyre, Philip N Britton
INTRODUCTION: Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance continues globally as part of the World Health Organization's goal to eradicate poliomyelitis. The Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit (APSU), Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) network, and National Enterovirus Reference Laboratory (NERL) collaborate in acute flaccid paralysis surveillance in Australia, capturing and reviewing cases of AFP for all etiologies in order to exclude poliovirus. . We aimed to describe the AFP epidemiology in childhood over an eleven year period...
December 7, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Silvan Licher, Frank J Wolters, Jelena Pavlović, Maryam Kavousi, Maarten J G Leening, M Kamran Ikram, M Arfan Ikram
INTRODUCTION: Dementia prevention trials have so far shown little benefit of multidomain interventions against cognitive decline. Recruitment strategies in these trials often centre around dementia risk or cardiovascular risk profile, but it is uncertain whether this leads to inclusion of individuals who may benefit most from the intervention. We determined effects of eligibility criteria on recruitment of potential trial participants in the general population. METHODS: In a systematic search until January 1, 2022, we identified all published and ongoing large (≥500 participants), phase-3 multidomain trials for the prevention of cognitive decline or dementia...
November 17, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Giancarlo Logroscino, Michael Brainin, Valery Feigin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Brynhildur Hafsteinsdóttir, Ellen Dalemo, Ólöf Elíasdóttir, Elías Ólafsson, Markus Axelsson
BACKGROUND: Guillain-Barré syndrome is an immune-mediated acute inflammatory polyneuropathy that is associated with various triggers, including certain infections and vaccines. It has been suggested that both SARS-CoV2 infection and vaccination may be triggering factors for Guillain-Barré syndrome, but evidence remain equivocal. Here we conducted a population-based incidence study of Guillain-Barré syndrome spanning the three years immediately prior to and the two years during the pandemic...
November 10, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Elan D Louis, Diep Nguyen, Ali Ghanem
BACKGROUND: Essential tremor (ET) is a highly prevalent neurological disease. Age of onset can occur anytime between childhood and advanced age. Tremor generally starts insidiously. Age of onset is a particularly important data item in clinical and epidemiological research. In general, these data are self-reported by ET cases. A fundamental question is whether ET cases reliably report their age of onset. METHODS: In this prospective, epidemiological study of 125 ET cases, self-reported age of onset data were collected at regular 18 months intervals over four time points...
November 1, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Julie Brix Bindslev, Urszula Maria Ciochon, Klaus Hansen, Christina Engel Hoei-Hansen, Thomas Truelsen
Background and aim Administrative healthcare data are frequently used for studying incidence, prevalence, risk factors and outcome of pediatric stroke. However, the accuracy of these data sources is uncertain. The aim of this study was to systematically analyze published data on the positive predictive value(PPV) and sensitivity of diagnoses used to identify pediatric stroke patients in administrative data. Methods This systematic review was performed in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
November 1, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Julie Woodfield, Simon Lammy, Aimun Ab Jamjoom, Mohammed Ag Fadelalla, Phillip C Copley, Mohit Arora, Stella A Glasmacher, Mohamed Abdelsadg, Gabrielle Scicluna, Michael Tc Poon, Savva Pronin, Andraay Hc Leung, Stacey Darwish, Andreas K Demetriades, Jennifer Brown, Niall Eames, Patrick Fx Statham, Ingrid Hoeritzauer
Introduction Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) has significant medical, social and legal consequences. Understanding the number of people presenting with CES and their demographic features is essential for planning healthcare services to ensure timely and appropriate management. We aimed to establish the incidence of CES in a single country and stratify incidence by age, gender, and socioeconomic status. As no consensus clinical definition of CES exists, we compared incidence using different diagnostic criteria. Methods All patients presenting with radiological compression of the cauda equina due to degenerative disc disease and clinical CES requiring emergency surgical decompression during a one-year period were identified at all centers performing emergency spinal surgery across Scotland...
October 31, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Emmanuel Delmas, Abderrahmane Bourredjem, Mathieu Nacher, André Cabie, Emmanuelle Mimeau, Claire Bonithon-Kopp, Devi Rochemont, Marie-Laure Lalanne-Mistrih, Caroline Misslin-Tritsch, Julien Joux, Annie Lannuzel, Isabelle Fournel, Yannick Béjot
BACKGROUND: Smoking influence on poststroke prognosis remains controversial. These conflicting results could be due to some residual confounding factors not fully considered in previous studies, including social deprivation. This study aimed to assess the joint impact of deprivation and smoking on functional outcomes after ischemic stroke. METHODS: Between 2011 and 2014, 1,573 patients with a first-ever stroke were prospectively included in the French multicenter INDIA ("Inegalites sociales et pronostic des accidents vasculaires cerebraux à Dijon et Antilles-Guyane") cohort study...
October 27, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Zhilin Zheng, Zeyu Zhu, Chen Zhou, Lanxiao Cao, Guohua Zhao
INTRODUCTION: China has the most people with Parkinson disease (PD) in the world, and is estimated to have over half of the worldwide PD population. The objective of this study is to analyze the corresponding burden of PD in China for the past decades. METHOD: Data on disease burden related to PD in China were retrieved from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2019 study. The estimated annual percentage changes (EAPCs) were calculated to assess temporal trends, and the ratio of years lived with disability (YLDs) to disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) was used as an index to evaluate the healthcare system...
October 26, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Kasper Mahlamäki, Ilari Rautalin, Miikka Korja
BACKGROUND: The declining prevalence of smoking and hypertension has been associated with the decrease of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) incidence in the 21st century. Since these same risk factors are linked to SAH mortality, the case fatality rate (CFR) of SAH has potentially also decreased during recent decades. Thus, we conducted a systematic review to address SAH CFR changes over the last 40 years. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature search in OVID Medline, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases...
October 25, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Yubo Wang, Ziqian Wang, Cong Hua, Ying Xu, Yunqian Li, Gang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Several reports have described glioma following different cancers. We assessed the prevalence of primary malignant brain tumors afterwards systemic malignancies in patients in the United States based on SEER program data. METHODS: The detailed data of patients with primary malignant brain tumors following an initial malignant tumor outside the central nervous system were extracted from SEER. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze patient demographic and clinical characteristics...
October 14, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
Suhang Shang, Ziyu Liu, Liangjun Dang, Binyan Zhang, Jin Wang, Wenhui Lu, Yu Jiang, Chen Chen, Yulang Fei, Ling Gao, Shan Wei, Yi Zhao, Ningwei Hu, Fude Liu, Jingyi Wang, Erlei Zhang, Baibing Mi, Qiumin Qu
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between obesity and cognitive impairment (CI) is highly heterogeneous in previous studies, which may be due to insufficient consideration of anthropometric indicators and sex. This study compared the cross-sectional relationships among body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and CI among people aged ≥40 years, and sex-specific relationships were also considered. METHODS: This was a population-based cross-sectional study with a cluster sampling design...
October 13, 2022: Neuroepidemiology
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