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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30644777/suicides-of-male-portuguese-police-officers-10-years-of-national-data
#1
Tiago Costa, Fernando Passos, Cristina Queiros
BACKGROUND: Police officers, as first responders to difficult situations with ready access to firearms, are frequently considered to be at increased suicide risk. AIMS: We aimed to calculate the suicide rate for male officers of the Portuguese National Police (PSP) and compare it with the Portuguese general population. METHOD: Retrospective review of the PSP male officers' suicides between 2005 and 2014 and comparison with the suicide rate for the general Portuguese population, adjusted for sex and age...
January 15, 2019: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30644776/development-and-validity-of-the-personal-suicide-stigma-questionnaire-pssq
#2
Jurgita Rimkeviciene, John O'Gorman, Jacinta Hawgood, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: The detrimental consequences of stigma have been recognized in extensive research on mental illness stigma, but experiences of suicide-related stigmatization have not received sufficient research attention. The lack of a simple self-report assessment of personal suicide-related stigma led to the work reported here. AIM: To develop and assess the validity of the Personal Suicide Stigma Questionnaire (PSSQ). METHOD: The item pool for PSSQ was based on qualitative data and was tested in a community sample of 224 adults (mean age = 32...
January 15, 2019: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30644775/early-identification-of-youth-at-risk-for-suicidal-behavior
#3
Ivonne Andrea Florez, Devon LoParo, Nakia Valentine, Dorian A Lamis
BACKGROUND: Early identification and appropriate referral services are priorities to prevent suicide. AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe patterns of identification and referrals among three behavioral health centers and determine whether youth demographic factors and type of training received by providers were associated with identification and referral patterns. METHOD: The Early Identification Referral Forms were used to gather the data of interest among 820 youth aged 10-24 years who were screened for suicide risk (females = 53...
January 15, 2019: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30474411/toward-automatic-risk-assessment-to-support-suicide-prevention
#4
Marios Adamou, Grigoris Antoniou, Elissavet Greasidou, Vincenzo Lagani, Paulos Charonyktakis, Ioannis Tsamardinos, Michael Doyle
BACKGROUND: Suicide has been considered an important public health issue for years and is one of the main causes of death worldwide. Despite prevention strategies being applied, the rate of suicide has not changed substantially over the past decades. Suicide risk has proven extremely difficult to assess for medical specialists, and traditional methodologies deployed have been ineffective. Advances in machine learning make it possible to attempt to predict suicide with the analysis of relevant data aiming to inform clinical practice...
November 26, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30474410/types-of-stressors-on-nonprofessional-against-suicide-and-pro-suicide-message-boards
#5
Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Benedikt Till
BACKGROUND: Little is known about presenting problems of primary posters (i.e., posters opening the thread) and their responders in nonprofessional against-suicide and pro-suicide message boards. AIMS: We aimed to compare problems described in suicide message boards between different types of users (primary posters and respondents) and between against-suicide, neutral, and pro-suicide message boards. METHOD: In all, 1,182 archival threads with 20,499 individual postings from seven nonprofessional suicide message boards supporting an against-suicide, neutral, or pro-suicide attitude were randomly selected...
November 26, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30474409/analysis-of-the-effects-on-time-between-divorce-decree-and-suicide
#6
Ethan C Jamison, Kirk A Bol, Sasha N Mintz
BACKGROUND: Divorced individuals carry unique suicide risks, from both acute and chronic exposure to stressors from divorce. AIMS: Several statewide data sets were linked to assess the relationship between divorce and suicide. METHOD: Divorced suicide decedents in the Colorado Violent Death Reporting System, 2004-2015, were matched with divorce decree, using multiple identifiers. Statistically significant differences between the linked cohort and all divorced suicide decedents were assessed using chi-square statistics...
November 26, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30474408/examining-the-relationship-between-attitudes-toward-suicide-and-suicide-attempt-history
#7
Melanie A Hom, Ian H Stanley, Mary E Duffy, Lisa Davis, Thomas E Joiner
BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known regarding the relationship between attitudes toward suicide, suicide attempt (SA) history, and future suicidal behaviors. AIMS: Utilizing a sample of firefighters, this study compared attitudes toward suicide between individuals with/without a career SA history and evaluated whether certain attitudes toward suicide are associated with a greater self-reported likelihood of making a future SA. METHOD: US firefighters (N = 818) completed self-report measures...
November 26, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30474407/assessing-the-reliability-of-the-cams-rating-scale-using-a-generalizability-study
#8
Christopher D Corona, Peter M Gutierrez, Barry M Wagner, David A Jobes
BACKGROUND: An important consideration when conducting randomized controlled trials is treatment differentiation. Direct observation helps ensure that providers in different treatment groups are delivering distinct interventions. One direct observation method is the use of a measure to rate clinician performance when delivering an intervention. AIMS: This generalizability study evaluated the reliability of the CAMS Rating Scale (CRS), a measure used to assess delivery of the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS)...
November 26, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672322/sentinel-surveillance-for-self-harm
#9
Katrina Witt, Jo Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30465619/news-announcements-reviewers-and-iasp
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30465618/preventing-suicide-what-precedes-us-will-propel-us
#11
Caroline Daly, Carl-Maria Mörch, Olivia J Kirtley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29618267/a-multidimensional-theory-of-suicide
#12
Antoon A Leenaars, Gudrun Dieserud, Susanne Wenckstern, Kari Dyregrov, David Lester, Jennifer Lyke
BACKGROUND: Theory is the foundation of science; this is true in suicidology. Over decades of studies of suicide notes, Leenaars developed a multidimensional model of suicide, with international (crosscultural) studies and independent verification. AIM: To corroborate Leenaars's theory with a psychological autopsy (PA) study, examining age and sex of the decedent, and survivor's relationship to deceased. METHOD: A PA study in Norway, with 120 survivors/informants was undertaken...
November 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30375261/the-role-of-clinician-fear-in-interviewing-suicidal-patients
#13
Paul Quinnett
Researchers are increasingly interested in how clinicians should screen for suicide ideation in care settings and the merits of doing so. A common finding is that screening does no harm, and may do good, insofar as once the subject of suicide is broached clinicians can conduct a suicide risk assessment to determine the course of safe care. To date, little has been published about just how clinicians should ask "the ask" about suicidal ideation. The aim of this article is to suggest that the difficulty clinicians seem to have in initiating a verbal probe for suicidal ideation has less to do with patient characteristics than it does with clinician anticipatory anxiety about learning that a patient is positive for suicidal ideation...
October 30, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30375247/suicidal-ideation-and-behavior-among-youth-victims-of-sex-trafficking-in-kentuckiana
#14
Laura M Frey, Jennifer Middleton, Maurice N Gattis, Anthony Fulginiti
BACKGROUND: Youth experiencing homelessness are at risk for sex trafficking and mental health concerns. AIMS: More information is needed to elucidate the prevalence and characteristics of suicidal ideation and behavior among youth experiencing sex trafficking. METHOD: The present study examined suicidal ideation and behavior in a convenience sample of 128 youths experiencing homelessness aged 12-25 years in metropolitan Louisville, Kentucky, and southern Indiana...
October 30, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30375243/suicide-attempters-suicide-ideators-and-non-ideators
#15
Tobias Teismann, Laura Paashaus, Paula Siegmann, Peter Nyhuis, Marcus Wolter, Ulrike Willutzki
BACKGROUND: Suicide ideation is a prerequisite for suicide attempts. However, the majority of ideators will never act on their thoughts. It is therefore crucial to understand factors that differentiate those who consider suicide from those who make suicide attempts. AIM: Our aim was to investigate the role of protective factors in differentiating non-ideators, suicide ideators, and suicide attempters. METHOD: Inpatients without suicide ideation (n = 32) were compared with inpatients with current suicide ideation (n = 37) and with inpatients with current suicide ideation and a lifetime history of suicide attempts (n = 26) regarding positive mental health, self-esteem, trust in higher guidance, social support, and reasons for living...
October 30, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30375239/predictors-of-posttraumatic-growth-in-adults-bereaved-by-suicide
#16
Christopher W Drapeau, Jennifer D Lockman, Melinda M Moore, Julie Cerel
BACKGROUND: Although suicide loss has been associated with several negative outcomes, numerous studies have shown that loss survivors can experience posttraumatic growth (PTG) following the suicide loss of a significant other. However, few studies have explored the mechanisms of such growth. AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify predictors of PTG among a sample of adult suicide loss survivors and to explore whether the amount of time since the suicide loss moderated the relation between self-reported coping and PTG...
October 30, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30474406/family-health-and-poverty-factors-impacting-suicide-attempts-in-cambodian-women
#17
Desiree M Seponski, Charity M Somo, Sovandara Kao, Cindy J Lahar, Sareth Khann, Tanja Schunert
BACKGROUND: Our recent report demonstrates that 5.5% of Cambodian women have previously attempted suicide. Despite these high rates and critical need for intervention, research on suicide attempts in Cambodia is lacking, and life-saving information on suicide prevention is therefore unknown. AIMS: This study explores factors impacting Cambodian women suicide attempts. METHOD: A total of 1,801 women participated in the large national survey during which 100 of these women (5...
October 12, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30311801/family-health-and-poverty-factors-impacting-suicide-attempts-in-cambodian-women
#18
Desiree M Seponski, Charity M Somo, Sovandara Kao, Cindy J Lahar, Sareth Khann, Tanja Schunert
BACKGROUND: Our recent report demonstrates that 5.5% of Cambodian women have previously attempted suicide. Despite these high rates and critical need for intervention, research on suicide attempts in Cambodia is lacking, and life-saving information on suicide prevention is therefore unknown. AIMS: This study explores factors impacting Cambodian women suicide attempts. METHOD: A total of 1,801 women participated in the large national survey during which 100 of these women (5...
October 12, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30311800/trauma-related-shame-sexual-assault-severity-thwarted-belongingness-and-perceived-burdensomeness-among-female-undergraduate-survivors-of-sexual-assault
#19
Christopher R DeCou, Stephanie P Kaplan, Julie Spencer, Shannon M Lynch
BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study evaluated trauma-related shame as a mediator of the association between sexual assault severity and perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. METHOD: A total of 164 female undergraduates who reported attempted or completed sexual assault completed self-report measures of sexual assault, trauma-related shame, perceived burdensomeness, and thwarted belongingness. RESULTS: Using path analysis, trauma-related shame mediated the association between sexual assault severity and perceived burdensomeness, and between sexual assault severity and thwarted belongingness...
October 12, 2018: Crisis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30311799/attachment-styles-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-suicide-loss-survivors
#20
Yossi Levi-Belz, Lilac Lev-Ari
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The world loses approximately one million people to suicide every year, leaving behind many suicide-loss survivors, family members and friends, who are significantly affected by the traumatic loss. Yet some suicide-loss survivors not only manage to cope with the loss, but actually experience posttraumatic growth (PTG). To date, no studies have fully examined the psychological processes that underlie this personal positive change. We hypothesized that attachment style would predict PTG and this association would be mediated by self-disclosure and social support...
October 12, 2018: Crisis
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