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Kodai Hatta, Kazunori Ikebe, Yusuke Mihara, Yasuyuki Gondo, Kei Kamide, Yukie Masui, Ken Sugimoto, Ken-Ichi Matsuda, Motoyoshi Fukutake, Mai Kabayama, Ayumi Shintani, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Yasumichi Arai, Hiromi Rakugi, Yoshinobu Maeda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between posterior occlusal support by residual teeth and the reduction in walking speed in 80-year-old Japanese adults using propensity score matching. BACKGROUND DATA DISCUSSING THE PRESENT STATUS OF THE FIELD: Previous studies have demonstrated an association between oral status and motor function; however, most of these studies had a cross-sectional design. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This study included 353 community-dwelling Japanese people aged 79-81 years...
February 6, 2019: Gerodontology
Xi Chen, Violet D'Souza, Lixi Yu
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to describe the oral health status of persons with different cognition and dental-related functions (DRFs). METHODS: The present study was a secondary analysis of data collected for a cross-sectional study of residents in three assisted living facilities in North Carolina. The participants were aged 50 years or older, had normal to severely impaired cognition and spoke English. Upon obtaining informed consent, an oral assessment was completed by a trained geriatric dentist...
February 6, 2019: Gerodontology
Patrick Finbarr Allen, Cristiane Da Mata, Martina Hayes
BACKGROUND: Chronic dental and oral diseases, such as dental caries and periodontal disease, continue to be a significant health problem among older adults. Given the rapidly changing profile of the ageing population, and their complex health needs, there is a need to develop new evidence-based approaches to oral health care. Recently, care philosophies have been developed that take a minimally invasive, functionally oriented, approach to oral health care with a focus on providing a reduced, but healthy, natural dentition which can be maintained with support of better oral hygiene...
February 1, 2019: Gerodontology
Shinsuke Mizutani, Hisae Aoki, Satoru Haresaku, Kaoru Shimada, Michio Ueno, Keiko Kubota, Toru Naito
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the relationships between subjective well-being and the existence of primary care dentists in community-dwelling elderly people. BACKGROUND: Some studies have reported subjective well-being focusing on oral health, but no studies have examined the relationship between subjective well-being and primary care dentists. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from community-dwelling elderly people aged ≥70 years (n = 624)...
January 30, 2019: Gerodontology
Anoop Gopalakrishnan, Ella Kahu, Linda Jones, Paul Brunton
AIM: To report New Zealand rest home (rest home is the New Zealand term for residential aged care facilities where dependent, institutionalised, elderly people reside.) managers' opinions on access and barriers to oral health care for rest home residents. METHODS: An exploratory study using qualitative descriptive methods. Eleven rest home managers in a region of New Zealand were interviewed about admission assessments for new residents, oral health care, availability of dental facilities, staff training in oral hygiene, residents' nutritional needs and oral hygiene aids...
January 24, 2019: Gerodontology
Murali Srinivasan, Joris Delavy, Martin Schimmel, Stephan Duong, Dina Zekry, Veronique Trombert, Gabriel Gold, Frauke Müller
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of various oral hygiene tools amongst hospitalised elders and to associate their cognitive status with the prevalence of tools and oral hygiene status. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Elderly hospitalised participants were included in the study and underwent a brief clinical intra-oral examination. A semi-structured questionnaire evaluated the awareness and personal possession of the various oral hygiene tools. Participants' personal information and various clinical parameters including DMF (T) index, plaque index, CPITN index, denture plaque and calculus index were collected...
January 9, 2019: Gerodontology
Melisa A Münzenmayer, Rodrigo Mariño, Arthur Hsueh
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a model-based cost-effectiveness analysis, from a health care system perspective, of using oral health professionals to provide oral hygiene services at residential aged care facilities (RACFs) in Victoria, Australia, compared to current practice (CP). BACKGROUND: Increasingly dentate cohorts of older adults are entering RACFs, making urgent the need of further development and provision of oral health programmes in ageing dentitions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The model was based on 47 624 RACFs' places in Victoria over one year...
December 21, 2018: Gerodontology
Mariana S Echeverria, Isadora S Wünsch, Caroline O Langlois, Andreia M Cascaes, Alexandre E Ribeiro Silva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and determine associations with demographic, socio-economic and oral health variables at two evaluation times (2009 and 2015) among older adults assisted by Family Health Units in the Brazil. METHODS: A longitudinal study was conducted involving the evaluation (2009) and re-evaluation (2015) of 161 older adults (≥60 years of age). Demographic, socio-economic and general health variables were collected using a standardised questionnaire...
December 18, 2018: Gerodontology
Min-Jeong Cho, Eun-Kyong Kim
OBJECTIVE: Chewing ability may reflect the overall oral health, which affects the general health of the elderly. Therefore, we assessed the association between subjective chewing ability and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among the elderly. METHODS: We analysed the data of 3034 elderly people aged ≥65 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey that was conducted by the Korean government from 2013 to 2015 (KNHANES-VI). Subjective chewing ability was evaluated using a questionnaire, and HRQOL was assessed using EuroQol 5-dimension (EQ-5D) instrument by trained examiners...
December 18, 2018: Gerodontology
Michael I MacEntee, Sabrina T Wong, Iris Chi, Edward C M Lo, Victor Minichiello, Shimae Soheilipour, Rodrigo Mariño
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explain through the life-course and life-span perspectives of developmental regulation theory the controls on dental experiences and beliefs throughout the lives of older people in Guangzhou and Hong Kong. BACKGROUND: Dental diseases and disabilities among older people are serious public health concerns in China. METHODS: A facilitator conducted eight focus groups, three in Hong Kong and five in Guangzhou, involving a total of 51 participants...
December 14, 2018: Gerodontology
Cristiane da Mata, Patrick Finbar Allen, Gerald John McKenna, Martina Hayes, Ali Kashan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a cohort of Irish older patients and explore associations with overall health status. BACKGROUND: The impact of oral health conditions on older individuals' quality of life may be influenced by patients' general health status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper reports a cross-sectional study, which analysed baseline data from patients aged over 60 years. Patients were recruited from two different environments, namely Cork University Dental Hospital and St...
December 7, 2018: Gerodontology
Roxane A F Weijenberg, Suzanne Delwel, Bach Van Ho, Claar D van der Maarel-Wierink, Frank Lobbezoo
This article explores the multifactorial relationship between mastication and cognition, with a focus on dementia. Older persons, especially those with dementia, are at great risk of suffering from oral health problems such as orofacial pain and loss of natural teeth. A possible explanation could be that the cognitive and motor impairments resulting from dementia cause a decrease in self-care and as such, a worsening of oral health. An alternative explanation is that cognition and oral health influence each other...
November 27, 2018: Gerodontology
Fa-Chih Shen, Tadashi Ogasawara, Koichi Shinotsuka, Kohta Miyahara, Kazushige Isono, Noriyasu Mochiduki, Kouhei Matsumura, Katsumitsu Shimada, Takanaga Ochiai, Yasuaki Kakinoki, Hiromasa Hasegawa
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to clarify by histopathological examination the origin of oral membranous substances deposited on the palate, tongue, buccal mucosa and teeth. BACKGROUND: Several investigators have reported membranous substances deposited in the mouths of bedridden elderly persons requiring nursing care without oral intake. However, the precise nature and origin of the substances are poorly understood. METHODS: Sixty-nine specimens were taken from the oral cavity of bedridden patients, that is, the palate, dorsum of the tongue, the cheek and teeth...
November 20, 2018: Gerodontology
Takanori Eguchi, Akihiko Basugi, Ikuyo Kanai, Yukinaga Miyata, Yoshiki Hamada
It is not widely known that incorrect use of oral bisphosphonates (BPs), such as chewing the medication, can cause oral ulcers. An 83-year-old woman with dementia was referred to our clinic with multiple oral ulcers. Blood and histopathological examinations were inconclusive. Further questioning revealed that the patient chewed the oral BP, resulting in oral ulceration. Patients with loss of cognitive function, such as dementia, are at risk of oral ulcers caused by incorrect use of BPs.
November 20, 2018: Gerodontology
Linda Slack-Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Gerodontology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Gerodontology
Natsuki Kishimoto, Roxana Stegaroiu, Satoko Shibata, Hiromi Otsuka, Akitsugu Ohuchi
OBJECTIVE: To determine recent insurance claim rates for, facility income from, and the roles of professionals associated with management of nutrition, oral ingestion and oral health maintenance in long-term care insurance facilities (LTCIFs) in Niigata Prefecture. METHODS: A questionnaire on current staffing, oral health professional (OHP) utilisation, and claims for insured benefits for the investigated services was mailed to all LTCIFs in Niigata Prefecture, Japan (n = 304)...
October 23, 2018: Gerodontology
Philippe P Hujoel
The consensus of a leading scientific panel in 1930 was that oral hygiene products could not prevent dental caries. Their view was that dental caries prevention required the proper mineralisation of teeth and that vitamin D could achieve this goal. Over a hundred subsequent controlled trials, conducted over seven decades, largely confirmed that this scientific panel had made the right decisions. They had, in 1930, when it comes to dental caries, correctly endorsed vitamin D products as dental caries prophylactics and oral hygiene products as cosmetics...
October 14, 2018: Gerodontology
Ayaka Isobe, Maya Izumi, Sumio Akifusa
OBJECTIVE: In order to adequately care for patients with dementia, it is necessary for dental hygienists to develop unprejudiced attitudes towards and obtain sufficient knowledge of dementia. The aim of this study was to assess attitudes towards and knowledge of dementia among Japanese dental hygiene students and identify related factors to the attitude and the knowledge. We compared the attitude and the knowledge between dental hygiene students and practising dental hygienists. BACKGROUND: Dental hygienists are required to care for patients with dementia by developing appropriate attitudes towards dementia and gaining knowledge of dementia...
October 11, 2018: Gerodontology
Barry J Gibson, Jennifer E Kettle, Peter G Robinson, Angus Walls, Lorna Warren
OBJECTIVE: To report on a theory to explain the oral health of older people over the life course. BACKGROUND: The study of ageing has burgeoned into a complex interdisciplinary field of research, yet there are few studies in oral health from the perspective of older people that bridge the gap between sociology and oral health related research. METHODS: A grounded theory study involving a convenience sample of 15 men and 28 women aged between 65 and 91 years across different levels of education...
September 19, 2018: Gerodontology
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