Yue Yu, Yingjie Liang
Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) is a method of capturing the signal of water molecules diffusing in heterogeneous materials. Gaussian diffusion is interrupted when water mobility is hampered by obstructions in complex structures, and the dMRI signal decay does not match the single exponential decay in Brownian motion. In this study, a concise continuous time random-walk diffusion model is derived with less parameters than the continuous time random walk (CTRW) model and used to characterize the attenuation signal of brain tissue...
July 12, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Y Ju, Y Wang, R N Luo, N Wang, J Z Wang, L J Lin, Q W Song, A L Liu
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a long-term condition that affects >10% of the adult population worldwide. Noninvasive assessment of renal function has important clinical significance for disease diagnosis and prognosis evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of mDIXON-Quant combined with amide proton transfer weighted (APTw) imaging for accessing renal function in chronic kidney disease (CKD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two healthy volunteers (HVs) and 30 CKD patients were included in this study, and the CKD patients were divided into the mild CKD (mCKD) group (14 cases) and moderate-to-severe CKD (msCKD) group (16 cases) according to glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
July 12, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Yibing Chen, Benqi Zhao, Changhao Zhu, Chongxue Bie, Xiaowei He, Zhuozhao Zheng, Xiaolei Song
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In diffuse glioma patients, Lys-27-Met mutations in histone 3 genes (H3K27M) are associated with an aggravated prognosis and further decreased overall survival. By using frequency importance analysis on chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) MRI, this study aimed to assess the predictability of the H3K27M status in diffuse glioma patients. METHODS: Twenty-two patients diagnosed with diffuse glioma, with a known H3K27M status, were included in the present study...
July 11, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Artem Razumov, Oleg Rogov, Dmitry V Dylov
Compressed sensing is commonly concerned with optimizing the image quality after a partial undersampling of the measurable k-space to accelerate MRI. In this article, we propose to change the focus from the quality of the reconstructed image to the quality of the downstream image analysis outcome. Specifically, we propose to optimize the patterns according to how well a sought-after pathology could be detected or localized in the reconstructed images. We find the optimal undersampling patterns in k-space that maximize target value functions of interest in commonplace medical vision problems (reconstruction, segmentation, and classification) and propose a new iterative gradient sampling routine universally suitable for these tasks...
July 7, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Jie Zhu, Aiqun Chen, Jiayin Gao, Mingzhu Zou, Jun Du, Pu-Yeh Wu, Jintao Zhang, Yonghui Mao, Yan Song, Min Chen
OBJECTIVES: To probe the correlations of parameters derived from standard DWI and its extending models including intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) with the pathological and functional alterations in CKD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seventy-nine CKD patients with renal biopsy and 10 volunteers were performed with DWI, IVIM, diffusion kurtosis tensor imaging (DKTI) scanning. Correlations between imaging results and the pathological damage [glomerulosclerosis index (GSI) and tubulointerstitial fibrosis index (TBI)], as well as eGFR, 24 h urinary protein and Scr) were evaluated...
July 4, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Suphachart Leewiwatwong, Junlan Lu, Isabelle Dummer, Kevin Yarnall, David Mummy, Ziyi Wang, Bastiaan Driehuys
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Quantification of 129 Xe MRI relies on accurate segmentation of the thoracic cavity, typically performed manually using a combination of 1 H and 129 Xe scans. This can be accelerated by using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) that segment only the 129 Xe scan. However, this task is complicated by peripheral ventilation defects, which requires training CNNs with large, diverse datasets. Here, we accelerate the creation of training data by synthesizing 129 Xe images with a variety of defects...
July 3, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Kosuke Morita, Hiroyuki Uetani, Takeshi Nakaura, Masami Yoneyama, Yasunori Nagayama, Masafumi Kidoh, Naoki Shinojima, Tadashi Hamasaki, Akitake Mukasa, Toshinori Hirai
PURPOSE: To evaluate the image quality of the combined technique of compressed sensitivity encoding (CS) and spiral imaging in time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (TOF-MRA), which is approximately 2.5 times faster than conventional methods. METHODS: Twenty volunteers underwent four TOF-MRA sequences: sensitivity encoding (SENSE) with acceleration factor of 4 (acquisition time: 4:55 min), CS with acceleration factor of 10.9, and spiral and CS-spiral (both 1:55 min)...
July 3, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Tian Yu, Leon Y Cai, Salvatore Torrisi, An Thanh Vu, Victoria L Morgan, Sarah E Goodale, Karthik Ramadass, Steven L Meisler, Jinglei Lv, Aaron E L Warren, Dario J Englot, Laurie Cutting, Catie Chang, John C Gore, Bennett A Landman, Kurt G Schilling
Functional magnetic resonance images (fMRI) acquired using echo planar sequences typically suffer from spatial distortions due to susceptibility induced off-resonance fields, which may cause geometric mismatch with structural images and affect subsequent quantification and localization of brain function. State-of-the art distortion correction methods (for example, using FSL's topup or AFNI's 3dQwarp algorithms) require the collection of additional scans - either field maps or images with reverse phase encoding directions (i...
July 1, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Maria Fatima Falangola, Siddhartha Dhiman, Joshua Voltin, Jens H Jensen
Microglia (MØ) morphologies are closely related to their functional state and have a central role in the maintenance of brain homeostasis. It is well known that inflammation contributes to neurodegeneration at later stages of Alzheimer's Disease, but it is not clear which role MØ-mediated inflammation may play earlier in the disease pathogenesis. We have previously reported that diffusion MRI (dMRI) is able to detect early myelin abnormalities present in 2-month-old 3xTg-AD (TG) mice; since MØ actively participate in regulating myelination, the goal of this study was to assess quantitatively MØ morphological characteristics and its association with dMRI metrics patterns in 2-month-old 3xTg-AD mice...
June 29, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Seong-Eun Kim, J Scott McNally, Matthew D Alexander, Matthew S Zabriskie, Dennis L Parker, Ronald W Day
OBJECTIVE: Alternative contrast agents for MRI are needed for individuals who may respond adversely to gadolinium, and need an intravascular agent for specific indications. One potential contrast agent is intracellular methemoglobin, a paramagnetic molecule that is normally present in small amounts in red blood cells. An animal model was used to determine whether methemoglobin modulation with intravenous sodium nitrite transiently changes the T1 relaxation of blood. METHODS: Four adult New Zealand white rabbits were treated with 30 mg intravenous sodium nitrite...
June 29, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Maurizio Bergamino, Megan R Nelson, Asfia Numani, Matthew Scarpelli, Deborah Healey, Alberto Fuentes, Gregory Turner, Ashley M Stokes
Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been associated with amyloid and tau pathology, as well as neurodegeneration. Beyond these hallmark features, white matter microstructural abnormalities have been observed using MRI. The objective of this study was to assess grey matter atrophy and white matter microstructural changes in a preclinical mouse model of AD (3xTg-AD) using voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and free-water (FW) diffusion tensor imaging (FW-DTI). Compared to controls, lower grey matter density was observed in the 3xTg-AD model, corresponding to the small clusters in the caudate-putamen, hypothalamus, and cortex...
September 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Xiaopeng Zong, Jordan Jimenez, Tengfei Li, William J Powers
Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is responsible for primary intracerebral hemorrhages, lacunar infarcts and white matter hyperintensity in T2 weighted images. While the brain lesions attributed to small vessel disease can be characterized by conventional MRI, it remains challenging to noninvasively measure the early pathological changes of the small underlying vessels. We evaluated the feasibility of detecting alterations in white matter penetrating arterioles (PA) in patients with diabetes with ultra-high field 7 T MRI...
July 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Tim Schmidt, S Johanna Vannesjo, Stefan Sommer, Zoltán Nagy
Increasing the temporal resolution of the blood‑oxygen-dependent (BOLD) response is usually accompanied by a decrease in repetition time and therefore also a reduction of the magnetic resonance (MR) signal due to incomplete T1 relaxation and thus a loss of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). A previous data reordering method can achieve higher temporal sampling rate without the loss of SNR but at the cost of increased scan time. In this proof-of-principle work, we show that combining HiHi reshuffling with multiband acceleration allows us to measure the in vivo BOLD response with a 75-ms sampling rate that is decoupled from the acquisition repetition time (here 1...
June 27, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Yaotian Tian, Xinyang Li, Xiaonan Wang, Wen Su, Shuhua Li, Wenqi Wang, Yi Zhang, Chunmei Li, Min Chen
PURPOSE: Amide proton transfer (APT) imaging has shown its diagnostic and predictive superiority in Parkinson's disease (PD) in our previous studies using 2D APT imaging based on deep nuclei. We hypothesized that the pathophysiological abnormality of PD will change the APT-related parameters in the cerebral cortex, and the signal changes can contribute to accurate diagnosis of PD. METHODS: 34 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) and 29 age- and sex-matched normal controls (NC) were enrolled in this prospective study...
June 24, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Feiyang Lou, Xiaocui Tang, Zhiyan Quan, Meizhen Qian, Jianbao Wang, Shuxian Qu, Yang Gao, Yueming Wang, Gang Pan, Hsin-Yi Lai, Anna Wang Roe, Xiaotong Zhang
Combining multimodal approaches with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has catapulted the research on brain circuitries of non-human primates (NHPs) into a new era. However, many studies are constrained by a lack of appropriate RF coils. In this study,a single loop transmit and 16-channel receive array coil was constructed for brain imaging of macaques at 7 Tesla (7 T). The 16 receive channels were mounted on a 3D-printed helmet-shaped form closely fiting the macaque head, with fourteen openings arranged for multimodal devices around the cortical regions...
June 23, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Yanrong Zhang, Olivier Keunen, Anna Golebiewska, Marco Gerosa, Jing Wang, Sara Natasha Ghobadi, Ai Huang, Qingyi Hou, Frezghi G Habte, Ningrui Li, Gerry Grant, Ramasamy Paulmurugan, Kevin S Lee, Max Wintermark
Dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) can assess the integrity of the blood brain barrier (BBB) and has been used in GBM patients to determine glioma grade, predict prognosis, evaluate treatment response, and differentiate treatment-induced effect from recurrence. The volume transfer constant Ktrans is the most frequently used metric in tumor assessment. Based on previous studies that a higher WHO grade of brain tumor was associated with greater impairments of immunity and that Ktrans value was associated with the pathological grading, the relationship between differential composition of immune cells in GBM tissue and dynamic changes in Ktrans mapping was anticipated in this study...
June 21, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Phillip Zhe Sun
The CEST2022 workshop was held at the Emory Conference Center Hotel from August 7th to 10th, 2022, and attracted over a hundred international participants from North America, Europe, and Asia. The workshop consisted of four plenary talks, 10 scientific sessions, nine invited talks, and 40 talks selected from abstracts. Four discussion sessions were also conducted to build consensus on CEST imaging standardization and quantification. We thank Professors Peter van Zijl, Ravinder Reddy, and Dean Sherry for their Sunday afternoon education session and Professors Linda Knutsson, John Gore, Mortiz Zaiss, and Fahmeed Hyder for their plenary lectures...
June 21, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
D Tsivaka, S C R Williams, S Medina, O S Kowalczyk, J C W Brooks, M A Howard, D J Lythgoe, I Tsougos
PURPOSE: To develop a second-order and slice-specific linear shimming technique and investigate its efficiency in the mitigation of signal loss and distortions, and the increase of temporal signal-to-noise ratio (tSNR) within the spinal cord during functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) of the human cervical spinal cord. METHODS: All scans were performed on a General Electric Discovery MR750 3 T scanner, using a head, neck and spine coil and a neurovascular array...
June 21, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Valeria Stagno, Claudia Moricca, Laura Sadori, Emanuele Dell'Aglio, Rita Reale, Silvia Capuani
Light microscopy is the conventional method used to investigate wood anatomy, identify the wood taxon, and assess its conservation state. It generally requires the mechanical cut of thin sections from a sample to obtain informative images. When dealing with wooden artworks or ancient remains (e.g., archaeological waterlogged wood), it is important to avoid sample destruction. In this work the efficacy of micro-magnetic resonance imaging (μ-MRI) to investigate the anatomy of waterlogged wood is assessed in comparison with light microscopy...
June 20, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Khadijeh Alipanah-Poor, Roghayeh Sheervalilou, Rasoul Irajirad, Abolfazl Sarikhani, Zahed Tavangari, Zahra Alamzadeh, Habib Ghaznavi, Samideh Khoei
PURPOSE: In recent years, the use of nanoparticles has been developed to improve MRI contrast. To improve the contrast agents in image-guided therapy by Multifunctional nanoparticles, in this study, we synthesized a theranostic magneto-plasmonic nanocomplex based on magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and bovine serum albumin-modified gold nanorod (Au@BSA-Fe3O4@CMD). The purpose of synthesizing these nanoparticles was to use them as MRI contrast agent and photothermal agents in in vitro and in vivo experiments...
June 20, 2023: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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