Journals Archives of Gerontology and Ge...

Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Yuka Misu, Osamu Katayama, Sangyoon Lee, Keitaro Makino, Kenji Harada, Kouki Tomida, Masanori Morikawa, Ryo Yamaguchi, Chiharu Nishijima, Kazuya Fujii, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVE: Both physical and social frailty are risk factors for major adverse health-related outcomes and influence each other. However, the longitudinal causal relationship between physical and social frailty has not been clarified. This study aimed to determine the reciprocal relationship between physical and social frailty by age group. METHODS: This study analyzed longitudinal data from a cohort study of older adults aged 65 years or older living in Obu City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan...
May 26, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Y Selvamani, P Arokiasamy, Mamta Chaudhary
Food insecurity is a key social determinant of health and nutrition. However, very few studies have examined the association of food insecurity and quality of life outcomes among older adults in low and middle-income settings. In this study, we examine the association of food insecurity with self-rated poor quality of life, low life satisfaction, and WHO quality of life (WHOQol). Nationally representative data from WHO's Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE) consisting of 20,026 older adults were analyzed...
May 24, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Shahrukh Farrukh, Shagufta Habib, Amna Rafaqat, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Hira Tariq
This systematic review and meta-analysis explored the effects of structured exercise regimens on brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels, a proxy for cognitive function, in older women. In this study, we collated evidence from the available clinical trials that reported BDNF levels and other outcomes following structured exercise regimens. Adhering to PRISMA Statement 2020 guidelines. PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, CINAHL Plus, and Cochrane were systematically searched using a combination of the following keywords: brain-derived neurotrophic factor, women, exercise, older, cognition, and/or cognitive...
May 23, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Samantha S Yoo, Suzanne L Tyas, Colleen J Maxwell, Mark Oremus
BACKGROUND: Functional social support (FSS) impacts memory function through biological and psychological pathways. In a national sample of middle-aged and older adults in Canada, we explored the association between FSS and changes in memory over three years and investigated effect modification by age group and sex. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Comprehensive Cohort of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA). FSS was measured with the Medical Outcomes Study - Social Support Survey; memory was measured with combined z-scores from immediate and delayed recall administrations of a modified version of the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test...
May 23, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Dennis Rosenberg, Sharon Shiovitz-Ezra, Liat Ayalon
PURPOSE: To examine the association between provision of instrumental and personal care, and loneliness in adults aged 50 years and older during the COVID-19 pandemic. Instrumental care referred to the provision of assistance with obtaining necessary or essential products and/or services, whereas personal care referred to the assistance with daily life activities or the provision of emotional support. Social capital and caregiver stress theories served as the study's theoretical framework...
May 20, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Massuma Amirzada, Elżbieta Buczak-Stec, Hans-Helmut König, André Hajek
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify and describe multimorbidity patterns among middle-aged and older community-dwelling individuals in Germany. Moreover, we aimed to determine potential gender differences in multimorbidity patterns. METHODS: We analysed data from the most recent (sixth) wave (2017) of the large nationally representative German Ageing Survey (DEAS). Altogether n = 6,554 individuals participated, mean age was 62.0 (ranging from 43 to 92 years)...
May 19, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Bongjeong Kim
PURPOSE: The importance of environmental influences on successful aging has recently been emphasized. However, existing studies that investigated environmental factors related to successful aging in older adults did not apply multi-level analysis while simultaneously examining individual and environmental factors related to successful aging. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the level of successful aging in older adults and the individual and environmental factors related to successful aging...
May 17, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Donghong Xie, Jiwen Wang
OBJECTIVE: As the longstanding culture of respecting for older adults and filial piety norms is diminishing in China, how older Chinese perceive their health loss becomes a significant question. Based on the biological-psycho-social model of successful aging, the present study combines physiological and subjective indicators into a complete framework of successful aging, and examines the influence of disease and disability situation on multidimensional perceptions of senescence during the aging process among Chinese older adults...
May 16, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Xin Yan, Ruining Xie, Lihua Ding, Xiaoyu Cheng, Jiaqian Xu, Li Lin, Li Bai, Huaiyuan Li, Yi Qiao
BACKGROUND: The relationship among gut microbiota, sarcopenia components, and influencing factors in female sarcopenic patients has been poorly investigated. METHODS: Female participants completed questionnaires of physical activity and dietary frequency and were assessed for the presence of sarcopenia by the Asian Working Group of Sarcopenia 2019 (AWGS 2019) criteria. Fecal samples were collected from 17 sarcopenia and 30 non-sarcopenia subjects for 16S sequencing and short chain fatty acid (SCFA) detection...
May 16, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Liang-Kung Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Mariam Hebishy, Cabirou Mounchili Shintouo, Ines Dufait, Florence Debacq-Chainiaux, Ivan Bautmans, Rose Njemini
Cellular senescence (CS) is a permanent arrest of cell growth and exit of the cell cycle. It is an important tumor suppression mechanism and has a key role in wound healing, tissue regeneration, and prevention of tissue fibrosis. Despite the short-term benefits of CS, accumulation of senescent cells has deleterious effects and is associated with several pathological age-related phenotypes. As Heat Shock Proteins (HSP) are associated with cyto-protection, their role in longevity and CS became a research interest...
May 11, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Fatih Özden, Zübeyir Sarı
OBJECTIVE: Mobile applications have been used frequently in post-operative orthopedic rehabilitation in recent years. However, no systematic review has emphasized the importance of mobile applications in the rehabilitation process after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of mobile application-based rehabilitation practices in patients with TKA. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PubMed, Web-of-Science, Scopus, ScienceDirect and Cochrane databases were searched...
May 8, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Ping Wang, Zhixiang Wang, Xia Liu, Yao Zhu, Junyong Wang, Jiancheng Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the gender differences of the association between sensory impairment (SI) and the risk of cognitive decline and possible cognitive impairment, no dementia (CIND). METHOD: Data were drawn from three waves of the nationally representative survey of China Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) between 2011/12-2018 surveys, involving 6138 participants aged 65 or older who had no CIND at the baseline. Multivariate linear or logistic regression models were employed to examine the effect of SI on cognitive decline and CIND risk by gender stratification, respectively...
May 6, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Shamatree Shakya, Susan G Silva, Eleanor S McConnell, Sara J McLaughlin, Michael P Cary
OBJECTIVE: Frailty is a leading predictor of adverse outcomes in older adults. Although disparities in frailty are well-documented, it is unclear whether psychosocial stressors explain these disparities. This study aimed to examine the potential mediating role of psychosocial stress. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 7,679 community-dwelling older adults (≥ 65) from Health and Retirement Study in the US (2006 and 2008). We used six dichotomized psychosocial stressors: a) loneliness, b) discrimination, c) financial strain, d) low subjective status, e) poor neighborhood cohesion, and f) traumatic life events to compute cumulative psychosocial stress...
May 6, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Sophie Hogeveen, Megan Donaghy-Hughes, Amanda Nova, Margaret Saari, Chi-Ling Joanna Sinn, Melissa Northwood, George Heckman, Leon Geffen, John P Hirdes
During the pandemic, the interRAI COVID-19 Vulnerability Screener (CVS) was used to identify community-dwelling older adults or adults with disabilities at risk of negative outcomes and facilitate triage for follow-up with health/social services. The interRAI CVS, a standardized self-report instrument administered virtually by a lay-person, includes COVID-19-related items and psychosocial and physical vulnerability. Our objective was to describe those assessed and identify sub-groups at highest risk of adverse outcomes...
May 5, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Yukai Lu, Yumi Sugawara, Shiori Inomata, Ichiro Tsuji
BACKGROUND: The role of reverse causation in the association between psychological distress and incident dementia remains unclear. We investigated whether psychological distress is a risk factor for, or prodromal symptom of, dementia. METHODS: A longitudinal analysis of psychological distress with incident dementia was conducted among 12,076 Japanese individuals (age ≥65 years) followed for 5.7 years. Psychological distress was measured using the Kessler 6-item psychological distress scale (0-24 points) at baseline, with participants categorized into four psychological distress groups: no (0-4), mild (5-9), moderate (10-12), and serious (13-24)...
May 3, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Yi Wei, Liyu Huang, Chao Liu, Ming Qi
OBJECTIVE: Although observational studies have identified relations between gut microbiota and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), their causal links remain elusive. Hence, we aimed to investigate this causal relation using the Mendelian randomization (MR) approach. METHODS: Summary-level gut microbiota data were acquired using the maximum available genome-wide association study (GWAS) from the MiBioGen consortium while obtaining summary-level OSA data using publicly available GWAS from the FinnGen Consortium...
May 1, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Wei Hu, Qiang Han, Jiadong Chu, Na Sun, Tongxing Li, Zhaolong Feng, Qida He, Ze Ma, Yu Wang, Yueping Shen
BACKGROUND: Although sleep quality is known to be associated with mortality, how poor sleep quality contributes to an increased risk of mortality is still unknown. We aimed to examine whether lifestyle, psychosocial and biological factors mediate the association. METHODS: 205,654 participants from UK Biobank were used for the analysis. The outcome was all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer mortality by February 2022. Exposure was assessed by a sleep score consisting of five sleep behaviors at baseline...
April 30, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Ittay Mannheim, Dana Weiss, Yvonne van Zaalen, Eveline J M Wouters
AIM: There is often a gap between the ideal of involving older persons iteratively throughout the design process of digital technology, and actual practice. Until now, the lens of ageism has not been applied to address this gap. The goals of this study were: to voice the perspectives and experiences of older persons who participated in co-designing regarding the design process; their perceived role in co-designing and intergenerational interaction with the designers; and apparent manifestations of ageism that potentially influence the design of digital technology...
April 25, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Priscilla Ming Yi Lee, Gengze Liao, Chun Yuk Jason Tsang, Chi Chiu Leung, Mei-Po Kwan, Lap Ah Tse
BACKGROUND: Sex differences exist in sleep characteristics, circadian rhythm and body composition but the evidence on their associations with obesity risk remains unclear. We aimed to examine sex differences in the associations of sleep-wake cycle and rest-activity circadian rhythm with specific obesity types among aged Chinese population. METHODS: This report pooled data from 2 population-based surveys conducted during 4/2018-9/2018 and 7/2019-9/2020. All participants wore actigraphy on wrists for 7 days to measure their objective sleep patterns and rest-activity circadian rhythm...
April 25, 2023: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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