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Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics

K Yamaguchi, H Tohara, K Hara, A Nakane, K Yoshimi, K Nakagawa, S Minakuchi
BACKGROUND: Associations between masseter muscle thickness(MMT) and limb muscle thickness, and between grip strength and MMT, as well as tooth-loss, have been reported previously. The previous study also showed that masseter muscle mass could be a better marker of sarcopenia than psoas muscle mass. Although the association between MMT and muscle strength is also known, the quality of the masseter muscle were not assessed in detail previously. We examined the relationship of masseter muscle echo intensity (MMEI) with skeletal muscle, physical function, and nutrition status, in order to determine whether MMEI could be a good indicator of these parameters...
February 12, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Boye Fang, Elsie Yan, Daniel W L Lai
OBJECTIVES: To identify risk and protective factors associated with elder abuse among older Chinese with cognitive and physical impairment in the People's Republic of China (PRC). METHODS: 1002 dyads of care recipients and family caregivers were interviewed. RESULTS: The mutually reported rates were 9.7%, 0.8%, 33.2%, and 39.7% for psychological abuse, physical abuse, financial exploitation, and caregiver neglect respectively. Caregiver burden, care recipient neuropsychiatric symptoms, and cognitive impairments are prominent risk factors, while protective factors associated with multiple abuse subtypes include caregiver's use of emotion-focused and solution-focused coping, perception of familism, and premorbid relationship rewards...
February 11, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Natalia Bustamante-Ara, Luis Villarroel, Fabio Paredes, Andrea Huidobro, Catterina Ferreccio
BACKGROUND: Aging presents an emerging health and social challenge. We report the prevalence of frailty, its association with chronic diseases and the risk of hospitalization or death within 29 months. METHODS: Cross-sectional and prospective study. From 2014 to 2017, we examined frailty in an agricultural population in Chile. We enrolled 619 individuals aged 60-74 years from the Maule Cohort. Measured frailty prevalence, based the presence of ≥3 of the five factors (unintentional weight loss, weakness, slowness, self-reported exhaustion, low physical activity)...
February 10, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Hsin-Jen Tsai, Fu-Kuei Chang
This study aimed to explore the long-term effects of exercise, smoking, and nutritional status on cognitive reserve and changes in cognitive function among Taiwanese adults aged ≥65 years. Data were obtained from the Taiwan Longitudinal Study of Aging, a national representative population-based cohort study. Results showed that the average baseline scores on the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ) and Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) were 9.07 and 26.01, respectively. The proportions of smoking and exercising at baseline were 24...
February 6, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Ruopeng Sun, Roberto G Aldunate, Vignesh R Paramathayalan, Rama Ratnam, Sanjiv Jain, Daniel G Morrow, Jacob J Sosnoff
Falls are a major health problem for older adults with significant physical and psychological consequences. The first step of successful fall prevention is to identify those at risk of falling. Recent technology advancement offers the possibility of objective, lowcost and self-guided fall risk assessment. The present work evaluated the preliminary validity and usability of a Kinect camera-based selfinitiated fall risk assessment system in a hospital setting. A convenience sample of 29 female participants (77...
January 31, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Sofia Altuna-Venegas, Raul Aliaga-Vega, Jorge L Maguiña, Jose F Parodi, Fernando M Runzer-Colmenares
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is a geriatric syndrome characterized by loss of muscle mass and strength. The prevalence in people between 60-70 years is about 5-13% and in adults over 80 years, between 11-50% in the USA. Sarcopenia increases the risk of mortality and nosocomial infections. Community-acquired pneumonia is the first infectious-related cause of death in elderly people. However, there is lack of evidence about the association between sarcopenia and pneumonia. The aim of our study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of community-acquired pneumonia in older adults with sarcopenia in a Peruvian hospital...
January 29, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Juan Carlos Meléndez, Encarna Satorres, Maria-Angelica Cujiño, Maria-Fernanda Reyes
The goal of the current study was to investigate the relationships between the Five Factor Model of personality and the dimensions of subjective well-being (positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction), and psychological well-being (self-acceptance, personal growth, environmental mastery, autonomy, positive relations with others, and purpose in life). Participants included 618 Colombian adults aged 60-92 years. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted. Regarding the subjective well-being, neuroticism was associated with lower scores on life satisfaction, and positively associated with negative affect, whereas extroversion and conscientiousness were associated with higher scores on life satisfaction and positive affect...
January 29, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Xiaoqian Hu, Shuyan Gu, Xueshan Sun, Yuxuan Gu, Xuemei Zhen, Yuanyuan Li, Minzhuo Huang, Jingming Wei, Hengjin Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify distinctive cognitive trajectories jointly with mortality probabilities and to explore factors related to the particular trajectories of cognitive ageing in China. METHOD: 6842 individuals aged 80 years and above from 7 waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey were assessed with the Mini-Mental State Examination for up to 16 years. A group-based trajectory model was used to jointly estimate cognitive ageing and mortality trajectories; and to explore the factors related to membership of the trajectory groups...
January 29, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Saliu Balogun, Tania Winzenberg, Karen Wills, David Scott, Michele Callisaya, Flavia Cicuttini, Graeme Jones, Dawn Aitken
AIM: To determine whether older adults with low muscle mass (sarcopenia) and strength (dynapenia), in the presence of osteoporosis/osteopenia, have an increased risk of fracture and mortality over 10 years, compared to those with low muscle or low bone mass alone or with neither condition. METHODS: 1032 participants (52% women; mean age 62.9 ± 7.4 years) were prospectively followed for 10 years. Mortality was ascertained from the death registry and fractures were self-reported...
January 29, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Sheri R Kiami, Rebecca Sky, Shelley Goodgold
The purpose of this cross-sectional survey study was to identify factors that increase the likelihood of enrolling in falls prevention programming among community dwelling older adults. A convenience sample of 369 participants completed a written, selfadministered questionnaire on history and beliefs related to falls, and facilitators and barriers associated with enrollment. History of falling, fear of falling, self-efficacy, and recognition of program benefits were all associated with a greatly likelihood to enroll in falls prevention programming...
January 28, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Nan Lu, Changmin Peng
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate the mediating role of cognitive social capital in the association between community-based structural social capital and depressive symptoms among older adults living in urban China. METHODS: Data were derived from a community survey conducted in Suzhou City, China, in late 2015 with 456 respondents aged 60 or older. Structural equation modeling was used to test the proposed hypothesis. RESULTS: The latent variables of cognitive and structural social capital were established...
January 28, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Teja Pristavec
Caregiving experiences matter for caregivers' own wellbeing, but few studies link caregivers' burden and benefit perceptions with recipient outcomes. Following the stress process model, I prospectively explore how caregivers' experiences shape recipients' mental health. I match US National Health and Aging Trends Study and National Study of Caregivers, employing logistic regression on 781 older adult-informal caregiver dyads. I examine how caregivers' appraisals shape recipients' subsequent depression and anxiety, with caregiver mental health and recipient unmet care need as key covariates...
January 28, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Katsuhiko Maezawa, Masahiko Nozawa, Takahito Yuasa, Motosi Gomi, Hironobu Sato, Munehiko Sugimoto, Kazuo Kaneko
BACKGROUND: Motor disorders are caused by orthopedic problems that are mainly related to aging. These disorders can lead to a decline of physical activity and impairment of ADL. When evaluating a patient's motor function after treatment, it is necessary to determine whether or not the level of function is age-appropriate. To investigate the influence of hip joint dysfunction on motor disorders, we determined the JHEQ and GLFS-25 scores and performed muscle strength testing in female patients with hip osteoarthritis...
January 28, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Mohamad El Haj, Karim Gallouj, Pascal Antoine
We investigated whether autobiographical retrieval would improve the sense of self in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Participants with AD and controls were asked to produce statements describing their self, i.e., statements to the question "Who am I?", after two conditions: after autobiographical retrieval and after a control verbal fluency task. The production of "Who am I?" statements was analyzed regarding three self-dimensions (i.e., physical self, social self, and psychological self). Results revealed better production of descriptions related to physical self, social self, and psychological self after autobiographical retrieval than after the control condition in AD patients and control participants...
January 28, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Joel Olayiwola Faronbi, Grace Oluwatoyin Faronbi, Sunday Joseph Ayamolowo, Adenine Ayobola Olaogun
BACKGROUND: Caregivers of the elderly with chronic illnesses are exposed to the burden associated with their caregiving activities. This study described the lived experience of caregivers of older adults in Nigeria. METHODS: A qualitative design guided by interpretive phenomenology informed the design of the research, whereby 15 in-depth interviews were conducted with caregivers of older adults with chronic illnesses. The interview sessions were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim and analysed using constant comparison analysis method...
January 25, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Lena Sandin Wranker, Sölve Elmståhl, Henrik Ekström
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Haibin Li, Dian He, Deqiang Zheng, Endawoke Amsalu, Anxin Wang, Lixin Tao, Jin Guo, Xia Li, Wei Wang, Xiuhua Guo
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence on metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk remains controversial. AIMS: We aim to examine the relationship between MHO and risk of CVD among the Chinese population. METHODS: The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study is a prospective cohort study of 7849 participants aged ≥45 years without CVD at baseline. Metabolic health status was assessed based on blood pressure, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, glycated hemoglobin, fasting glucose, and C-reactive protein...
January 25, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Meng-Ping Wu, Shu-Fang Vivienne Wu, Mei-Chen Lee, Li-Ning Peng, Lee-Ing Tsao, Wei-Ju Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether a community-based intervention program, based on self-efficacy theory, might improve older adults' self-care behaviors as well as health outcomes related to hypertension and dyslipidemia. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted in Taipei, Taiwan, From October 16, 2011 to July 31, 2014. Residents identified during community screening for the over 50 s were invited to participate if their blood pressure was 120-139/80-89 mmHg, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was <40 mg/dL (men) or <50 mg/dL (women), or low-density lipoprotein cholesterol was 130-159 mg/dL...
January 24, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Himanshu Himanshu, Perianayagam Arokiasamy, Bedanga Talukdar
BACKGROUND: Lacuna in contemporary Indian academic research highlights the need to investigate the component of social capital and health outcome among elderly individuals in Indian context. Study endeavors to investigate prevalence of health indicators: self-rated good health(SRH), functional limitation, depression and quality of life(QoL) and the illustrative effects of social capital on elderly health outcome and QoL. METHODS: Nationally representative cross-sectional data from WHO Study on global AGEing and adults health (SAGE) India 2007 is used...
January 24, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Gunilla Carstensen, Birgitta Rosberg, Kevin J Mc Kee, Anna Cristina Åberg
The late life experiences of men in the oldest-old age group have been under-researched, and their perspectives on ageing successfully neglected. This study explored the perspectives of oldest-old Swedish men on what a 'good old age' and ageing successfully meant to them. A purposive sample of 17 men, aged 85-90 years, was drawn from the Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men. An interview guide explored participants' perspectives on their ageing experiences and how they viewed ageing successfully. Participants were interviewed twice, with 1-2 weeks between interviews, and both interviews were recorded and transcribed...
January 19, 2019: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
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