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Journal of Primary Prevention

Erick G Guerrero, Howard Padwa, Veronica Serret, Melvin Rico, Sarah Hunter, Lillian Gelberg
Children whose parents have a history of substance use are at elevated risk of developing substance use disorders (SUDs) and related debilitating behaviors. Although specialty treatment programs are uniquely positioned to deliver prevention care to children of adult clients, these programs may have limited capacity to implement prevention and early intervention care services, particularly in racial and ethnic minority communities. We merged data from program surveys and client records collected in 2015 to examine the extent to which program capacity factors are associated with the odds of delivering prevention and early intervention services for children of adult clients attending outpatient SUD treatment in low-income minority communities in Los Angeles County, California...
May 15, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Yaofeng Han, Jiahui Yin, Yanbing Zeng, Cheng-I Chu, Yi-Chen Chiang, Ya Fang
Seasonal influenza epidemics occur almost every year, and children under 6 years of age constitute one of the most susceptible groups. While free vaccinations are offered to preschool children in some large cities in China, Xiamen lacks a free vaccination policy and other effective policies aimed at increasing parents' acceptance of the vaccine. Using the health belief model (HBM), we sought to: (1) investigate the determinants of parents' intentions to vaccinate their kindergarten children against seasonal influenza if the free policy were implemented, and (2) explore the possible interaction effects between "cues to action" and "perceived susceptibility" and/or "perceived severity...
May 10, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Melissa F Peskin, Karin K Coyle, Pamela M Anderson, B A Laris, Jill R Glassman, Heather M Franks, Melanie A Thiel, Susan C Potter, Tracy Unti, Sharon Edwards, Kimberly Johnson-Baker, Paula M Cuccaro, Pamela Diamond, Christine M Markham, Ross Shegog, Elizabeth R Baumler, Efrat K Gabay, Susan Tortolero Emery
Despite the recent efforts of the Office of Adolescent Health to replicate programs with demonstrated efficacy, there are still few evidence-based HIV, sexually transmitted infection (STI), and teen pregnancy prevention programs that have been replicated in "real-world" settings. To test the effectiveness of It's Your Game…Keep It Real! (IYG), an evidence-based STI and pregnancy prevention program for middle schools, the curriculum was implemented by teachers in urban and suburban middle schools in Southeast Texas from 2012 to 2015...
April 27, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Amber M Anthenien, Gereon Fredrickson, Nathaniel R Riggs, Bradley T Conner, John Jurica, Clayton Neighbors
Although a growing body of evidence suggests protective behavioral strategies are associated with lower alcohol use among college students, we know little about what contributes to students' decisions to use these strategies. Alcohol outcome expectancies have been associated with alcohol use among college students, and may contribute to their decisions to use protective behavioral strategies while drinking in contexts associated with an elevated risk for heavy alcohol use. University football game tailgating is one high-risk context that has received limited empirical attention with respect to identifying risk and protective factors for use...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Sandi Phibbs, Sheryl Thorburn, Adam J Branscum
Older adults (> 65) are less physically active than all other adult age groups. Although experiences of weight discrimination have been inversely associated with physical activity in several studies of middle-aged and older adults, the role of weight discrimination in this relationship has not been sufficiently explicated. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study (a longitudinal panel study of U.S. adults aged 50 and older), we hypothesized that, among middle aged and older adults, weight discrimination would (a) be inversely related to respondents' reported level of physical activity; and (b) partially mediate the relationship between BMI and physical activity...
March 20, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Anthony R Pisani, Peter A Wyman, Mariya Petrova, Emily Judd, Karen Schmeelk-Cone, Phyo Thiha, Kunali Gurditta
Training peer leaders (PLs) as implementation agents is a state-of-the-art approach in prevention, but the field lacks frameworks for providing support. Text messaging, a powerful tool for direct intervention, may be useful in this regard. We introduce a conceptual framework for engaging, retaining, and educating adolescent PLs and conduct a pilot test of this framework using text messages for delivery to middle school PLs in a new, peer-led substance use prevention program. Fifty eighth-graders were recruited as PLs...
March 2, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Angela K Henneberger, Scott D Gest, Kathleen M Zadzora
Universal school-based substance use prevention programs are widely disseminated and often include a focus on peer relationships. Network theory and social network analysis (SNA) have emerged as useful theoretical and methodological frameworks for examining the role of peer relationships in prevention and intervention research. We used content analysis to systematically code the peer processes targeted by three universal school based prevention programs. We found that programs focused on peer socialization more than peer selection, and programs focused about evenly on descriptive and injunctive norms...
March 1, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Hayley A Hamilton
We examined the associations between social media use (SMU) and school connectedness and academic performance among middle and high school students, and tested whether age, gender, and school type (i.e., middle school vs. high school) moderated these relationships. We obtained study data from the 2013 cycle of the Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, a representative province-wide cross-sectional survey of students in grades 7 through 12 (N = 10,076). We performed multiple linear regression analyses to examine the nature of the association between SMU and both school connectedness and academic performance...
February 22, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Pietro Muratori, Danilo Menicucci, Elisa Lai, Floriana Battaglia, Lucio Bontempelli, Natasha Chericoni, Angelo Gemignani
We examined the longitudinal relationship between sleep problems and behavioral problems at primary school in Italian children. We recruited a school-based sample of 227 children (age range 6-10 years) in schools located in Pisa (Italy). Parents completed the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC), and teachers completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to evaluate children's behavioral difficulties. We used a two-step robust regression approach to identify which aspects of sleep problems might affect children's behavior at school...
April 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Helena Duch, Maria Marti, William Wu, Robin Snow, Vanessa Garcia
CARING is a preventive, play-based, parent-child intervention designed to promote preschoolers' social-emotional development by strengthening their bonds with their parents. We describe the qualitative impact of the CARING Preschool program on Latino preschool children and their parents. One hundred and eleven Latino families participated in a larger study of the efficacy of the CARING preschool program. Of these families, 40 participated in this qualitative study. We invited families to participate in a focus group after completing the intervention...
February 18, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Ross Homel, Sara Branch, Kate Freiberg
The measurement and monitoring of implementation fidelity or of adaptations to interventions in the ways described by the innovative papers in this special issue implies the need for an 'implementation infrastructure' to help assure the quality and hence impact of prevention delivery systems. In our work in Australia through schools and government-funded community services in socially disadvantaged communities we have begun to build such an infrastructure, which we call a Prevention Translation and Support System (PTSS)...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Melissa E DeRosier
We are at a place in history where the prevention science literature has established a cadre of evidence-based programs and practices (EBPPs) that have been proven, under controlled efficacy and effectiveness trials, to significantly improve the well-being of those served. Research in implementation science has also repeatedly demonstrated the importance of fidelity for realizing the benefits of these EBPPs when applied in real-world contexts. However, as a field, while we have ever-increasing evidence of 'what' systems and supports are needed to take EBPPs to scale, we continue to struggle with 'how' to successfully bring them to scale with quality in real-world service settings...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Brian K Bumbarger, Suzanne E U Kerns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Cara C Lewis, Aaron R Lyon, Sacha A McBain, Sara J Landes
This commentary reflects on key challenges raised across the articles of this special issue, notably the tension between fidelity and adaptation, the importance of articulating core components and principles of evidence-based programs, the need for pragmatic measures, and the challenges associated with articulating and testing mechanisms of implementation strategies. These challenges are amplified in the context of prevention research where task shifting, or revising professional roles, is especially common...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Laura G Hill, Brittany Rhoades Cooper, Louise A Parker
The translation and scale-up of evidence-based programs require new methods to guide implementation decisions across varying contexts. As programs are translated to real-world settings, variability is introduced. Some program components may have minor roles to play in producing positive outcomes, and some may have major roles, but only if adapted to meet different contextual demands. While some sources of variability are likely to improve program outcomes, we currently lack methods that allow us to determine the critical components or combinations of components that serve as causal pathways to a desired outcome and then to advise practitioners accordingly...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Yolanda Anyon, Joe Roscoe, Kimberly Bender, Heather Kennedy, Jonah Dechants, Stephanie Begun, Christine Gallager
In the field of prevention science, some consider fidelity to manualized protocols to be a hallmark of successful implementation. A growing number of scholars agree that high-quality implementation should also include some adaptations to local context, particularly as prevention programs are scaled up, in order to strengthen their relevance and increase participant engagement. From this perspective, fidelity and adaptation can both be seen as necessary, albeit mutually exclusive, dimensions of implementation quality...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Cady Berkel, Carlos G Gallo, Irwin N Sandler, Anne M Mauricio, Justin D Smith, C Hendricks Brown
The field of prevention has established the potential to promote child adjustment across a wide array of outcomes. However, when evidence-based prevention programs have been delivered at scale in community settings, declines in implementation and outcomes have resulted. Maintaining high quality implementation is a critical challenge for the field. We describe steps towards the development of a practical system to monitor and support the high-quality implementation of evidence-based prevention programs in community settings...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Joseph N Roscoe, Valerie B Shapiro, Kelly Whitaker, B K Elizabeth Kim
High-quality implementation is important for preventive intervention effectiveness. Although this implies fidelity to a practice model, some adaptation may be inevitable or even advantageous in routine practice settings. In order to organize the study of adaptation and its effect on intervention outcomes, scholars have proposed various adaptation taxonomies. This paper examines how four published taxonomies retrospectively classify adaptations: the Ecological Validity Framework (EVF; Bernal et al. in J Abnorm Child Psychol 23(1):67-82, 1995), the Hybrid Prevention Program Model (HPPM; Castro et al...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
Anne Marie Mauricio, Jenna Rudo-Stern, Thomas J Dishion, Kirsten Letham, Monique Lopez
We used provider (n = 112) data that staff at the agency disseminating the Family Check-Up (FCU; REACH Institute) collected to profile provider diversity in community settings and to examine whether provider profiles are related to implementation fidelity. Prior to FCU training, REACH Institute staff administered the FCU Provider Readiness Assessment (PRA), a provider self-report measure that assesses provider characteristics previously linked with provider uptake of evidence-based interventions. We conducted a latent class analysis using PRA subscale scores as latent class indicators...
January 10, 2019: Journal of Primary Prevention
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