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Journal of Early Adolescence

Timothy F Piehler, Kadie Ausherbauer, Abigail Gewirtz, Kate Gliske
The current study investigated the mechanisms through which a parenting intervention for military families fosters positive peer adjustment in children. A sample of 336 families with a history of parental deployment enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of the After Deployment Adaptive Parenting Tools (ADAPT) preventive intervention. ADAPT is a 14-week preventive intervention designed to strengthen parenting in military families. The intervention was associated with improvements in mother's and father's parental locus of control (i...
November 2018: Journal of Early Adolescence
Dara M Steinberg, Barbara J Anderson, Maartje de Wit, Marisa E Hilliard
Developmental shifts during early adolescence relate to type 1 diabetes (T1D) self-management, increased risk of emotional distress, and worsening health status. Less is known about positive experiences related to T1D. This study evaluated associations of positive well-being (PWB) with diabetes burden, self-management, and glycemic control. Youth ( N = 55, age = 12-13 years; X̄ age = 12.75 + 0.56 years, 50.9% male, 38.2% non-Caucasian) reported PWB, depressive symptoms, and diabetes burden. Parents reported on overall T1D adherence...
November 2018: Journal of Early Adolescence
Nicholas Tarantino, Nada M Goodrum, Christina Salama, Rebecca H LeCroix, Karie Gaska, Sarah L Cook, Donald Skinner, Lisa P Armistead
This study examined South African early adolescent youth (aged 10 to 14) and their female caregivers ( N = 99 dyads) participating in an HIV prevention intervention over a period of eight months. We examined youth perceptions of neighborhood cohesion, safety, and collective monitoring as they related to concurrent and longitudinal associations with youth (externalizing behavior and hope about the future) and family (parent-youth relationship quality, parental involvement, and parental responsiveness to sex communication) functioning while controlling for baseline characteristics...
October 2018: Journal of Early Adolescence
Edward F Garrido, Lindsey M Weiler, Heather N Taussig
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with health-risk behaviors in general samples of adults and adolescents. The current study examined the association between ACEs and these behaviors among a high-risk sample of early adolescents. Five hundred and fifteen 9-11-year-old children placed in foster care due to maltreatment were interviewed about their engagement in violence, substance use, and delinquency. A multi-informant ACEs score was derived based on exposure to six adverse experiences. Regression analyses examined the relationship between ACEs and risk behaviors and the potential moderating effects of age, sex, and minority status...
May 2018: Journal of Early Adolescence
S Andrew Garbacz, Argero A Zerr, Thomas J Dishion, John R Seeley, Elizabeth A Stormshak
The present study examined influences of 6th grade student-reported parent educational involvement on early adolescent peer group affiliations at 7th and 8th grade. In addition, student gender and ethnicity were explored as possible moderators. Drawn from a large effectiveness trial, participants in this study were 5,802 early adolescents across twenty middle schools in the Northwest region of the United States. Findings suggested that specifically parent's educational involvement in 6th grade predicted increases in positive peer affiliation, when controlling for a general score of parent monitoring practices...
May 2018: Journal of Early Adolescence
Emily L Loeb, Joseph S Tan, Elenda T Hessel, Joseph P Allen
Adolescents' negative expectations of their peers were examined as predictors of their future selection of hostile partners, in a community sample of 184 adolescents followed from ages 13 to 24. Utilizing observational data, close friend- and self-reports, adolescents with more negative expectations at age 13 were found to be more likely to form relationships with observably hostile romantic partners and friends with hostile attitudes by age 18 even after accounting for baseline levels of friend hostile attitudes at age 13 and adolescents' own hostile behavior and attitudes...
April 2018: Journal of Early Adolescence
Catherine B Stroud, Effua E Sosoo, Sylia Wilson
Nolen-Hoeksema proposed that rumination increases stressful events and circumstances; however, few studies have examined this question. Thus, we explored whether (a) rumination predicted increases in the generation of chronic and acute stress, (b) excessive reassurance seeking (ERS) mediated links between rumination and stress generation, (c) rumination increased exposure to acute independent (uncontrollable) stress, and (d) rumination predicted chronic stress generation in certain domains, but not others. These questions were examined in a 1-year study of 126 early adolescent girls ( M age = 12...
February 2018: Journal of Early Adolescence
Kaylin M Greene, David Eitle, Tamela McNulty Eitle
This study examined the relationship between developmental assets during early and mid-adolescence and early adult sexual behaviors among American Indians using a subsample from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health ( N = 465). Grounded in an assets framework, the authors explored the protective role of personal, family, school, and community assets as well as cumulative assets for sexual behaviors including early sexual debut, number of sexual partners, and frequency of condom use. The results indicated that certain assets during early and mid-adolescence, such as self-control, family support, and school attachment were protective for various risky sexual behaviors in early adulthood...
January 2018: Journal of Early Adolescence
Lindsey B Stone, Jennifer S Silk, Caroline W Oppenheimer, Kristy Benoit Allen, Jennifer M Waller, Ronald E Dahl
Mounting research supports that co-rumination, the tendency to seek peer support by engaging in extensive negatively focused discussion, is a risk factor for adolescent psychopathology. It is unclear, though, how this interpersonal tendency develops. Parental responses to adolescents' negative affect likely shape how youth utilize peer relationships to regulate distress, as they shift to reliance on peer support during this developmental stage. For example, nonsupportive parental responses may fail to instill healthy regulation strategies, resulting in ineffective forms of peer support, such as co-rumination...
November 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
Sonja E Siennick, Alex O Widdowson, Daniel T Ragan
School moves during adolescence predict lower peer integration and higher exposure to delinquent peers. Yet mobility and peer problems have several common correlates, so differences in movers' and non-movers' social adjustment may be due to selection rather than to causal effects of school moves. Drawing on survey and social network data from a sample of 7th and 8th graders, this study compared the structure and behavioral content of new students' friendship networks to those of not only non-movers, but also of students about to move schools; the latter should resemble new students in both observed and unobserved ways...
November 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
Christopher J Holmes, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Although religiousness has been identified as a protective factor against adolescent substance use, processes through which these effects may operate are unclear. The current longitudinal study examined sequential mediation of afterlife beliefs and future orientation in the relation between adolescent religiousness and cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana use. Participants included 131 adolescents (mean age at Time 1 = 12 years) at three time points with approximately two year time intervals. Structural equation modeling indicated that higher religiousness at Time 1 was associated with higher afterlife beliefs at Time 2...
October 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
Lisa B Hurwitz, Alexis R Lauricella, Brianna Hightower, Iris Sroka, Teresa K Woodruff, Ellen Wartella
Basic knowledge of human reproduction can help youth prepare for puberty and make later classes focused on advanced reproductive health topics manageable. With the intention of potentially informing the creation of learning materials, we conducted a needs assessment among children ages 7 to 12 in our suburban Chicago community to ascertain their current understanding of, and beliefs and misconceptions about, human reproduction, and to determine their needs for additional reproductive health education. We held qualitative focus group interviews with local children...
August 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
Marcos J Martinez, Shi Huang, Yannine Estrada, Madeline Y Sutton, Guillermo Prado
Using structural equation modeling, we examined the relationship of Hispanicism on recent substance use and whether Americanism moderated the effect in a sample of 1,141 Hispanic adolescents. The Bicultural Involvement Questionnaire (BIQ) was used to determine the degree of individual comfort in both Hispanic (Hispanicism) and American (Americanism) cultures. Hispanicism was associated with greater family functioning ( β = 0.36, p < .05) and school bonding ( β = 0.31, p < .01); Americanism moderated the effect of Hispanicism on substance use ( β = 0...
August 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
Kari C Kugler, Sara A Vasilenko, Nicole M Butera, Donna L Coffman
Although early sexual initiation has been linked to negative outcomes, it is unknown whether these effects are causal. In this study, we use propensity score methods to estimate the causal effect of early sexual initiation on young adult sexual risk behaviors and health outcomes using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. We found that early sexual initiation predicted having 2 or more partners (for both males and females) and having a sexually transmitted infection in the past year (females only) but did not predict depressive symptoms in the past week (for either gender)...
May 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
Craig R Colder, Jennifer P Read, William F Wieczorek, Rina D Eiden, Liliana J Lengua, Larry W Hawk, Elisa M Trucco, Hector I Lopez-Vergara
Early adolescence is a dynamic period for the development of alcohol appraisals (expected outcomes of drinking and subjective evaluations of expected outcomes), yet the literature provides a limited understanding of psychosocial factors that shape these appraisals during this period. This study took a comprehensive view of alcohol appraisals and considered positive and negative alcohol outcome expectancies, as well as subjective evaluations of expected outcomes. Developmental-ecological theory guided examination of individual, peer, family, and neighborhood predictors of cognitive appraisals of alcohol and use...
April 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
Julee P Farley, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Using two waves of longitudinal data, we utilized the family stress model of economic hardship (Conger & Conger, 2002) to test whether family socioeconomic status is related to adolescent adjustment (substance use and academic achievement) through parental knowledge and adolescent self-regulation (behavioral self-control and delay discounting). Participants included 220 adolescent (55% male, mean age = 13 years at Wave 1, mean age = 15 years at Wave 2) and primary caregiver dyads. Results of Structural Equation Modeling revealed significant three-path mediation effects such that low family socioeconomic status at Wave 1 is associated with low parental knowledge at Wave 1, which in turn was related to low academic performance and high substance use at Wave 2 mediated through low adolescent behavioral self-control at Wave 2...
April 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
Allison J Jessar, Jessica L Hamilton, Megan Flynn, Lyn Y Abramson, Lauren B Alloy
The present study examined whether emotional abuse and neglect differentially predicted decreases in emotional clarity, and whether emotional clarity, in turn, predicted increases in depressive symptoms. Participants included 204 early adolescents (52% African-American; 54% female; Mean age= 12.85 years) who completed four assessments with measures of depressive symptoms, emotional clarity, and emotional abuse and neglect. Hierarchical linear regressions indicated that emotional neglect significantly predicted decreases in emotional clarity, whereas emotional abuse did not...
March 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
Tiarney D Ritchwood, Dolly Penn, Courtney Peasant, Tashuna Albritton, Giselle Corbie-Smith
This study examines the role of condom use knowledge and attitudes, and parent-teen communication about sex and relationship quality on reports of condom use self-efficacy among rural, African American youth. Participants were 465 North Carolinian youth (10-14 years). Results indicated that greater condom use self-efficacy was predicted by greater knowledge of condom use (β = .206; p < .001), more favorable attitudes toward condom use (β = -.20; p < .0001) and parent-teen communication about sex (β = ...
February 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
Clorinda E Vélez, Elizabeth D Krause, Allison McKinnon, Steven M Brunwasser, Derek R Freres, Rachel M Abenavoli, Jane E Gillham
This study examined how social support seeking and rumination interacted to predict depression and anxiety symptoms six months later in early adolescents (N = 118; 11 - 14 yrs at baseline). We expected social support seeking would be more helpful for adolescents engaging in low rather than high levels of rumination. Adolescents self-reported on all measures at baseline, and on depression and anxiety symptoms six months later. Social support seeking predicted fewer symptoms of depression and anxiety at low rumination levels, but lost its adaptive effects as rumination increased...
November 2016: Journal of Early Adolescence
Kate E Norwalk, Jill V Hamm, Thomas W Farmer, Kathryn Barnes
The present study examined the effects of teacher attunement to victimization on student perceptions of the bullying culture of their schools as a means of fostering a sense of belonging among early adolescents. Participants (n = 1,264) in sixth grade reported on the frequency that they had been bullied, and teachers were asked to report students who were "picked on." Teacher attunement represented the correspondence between self-identified and teacher-identified victims. Attunement at the beginning of the school year was related to positive changes in student reports that their peers would intervene in bullying; in turn, sense of belonging was greater when students perceived that their peers would intervene in bullying...
October 2016: Journal of Early Adolescence
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