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Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762223/multiparametric-mri-and-radiomics-in-prostate-cancer-a-review
#1
Yu Sun, Hayley M Reynolds, Bimal Parameswaran, Darren Wraith, Mary E Finnegan, Scott Williams, Annette Haworth
Multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) is an imaging modality that combines anatomical MR imaging with one or more functional MRI sequences. It has become a versatile tool for detecting and characterising prostate cancer (PCa). The traditional role of mpMRI was confined to PCa staging, but due to the advanced imaging techniques, its role has expanded to various stages in clinical practises including tumour detection, disease monitor during active surveillance and sequential imaging for patient follow-up. Meanwhile, with the growing speed of data generation and the increasing volume of imaging data, it is highly demanded to apply computerised methods to process mpMRI data and extract useful information...
February 14, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762222/computational-study-on-hemodynamic-changes-in-patient-specific-proximal-neck-angulation-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-with-time-varying-velocity
#2
Yousif A Algabri, Sorracha Rookkapan, Vera Gramina, Daniel M Espino, Surapong Chatpun
Aneurysms are considered as a critical cardiovascular disease worldwide when they rupture. The clinical understanding of geometrical impact on the flow behaviour and biomechanics of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is progressively developing. Proximal neck angulations of AAAs are believed to influence the hemodynamic changes and wall shear stress (WSS) within AAAs. Our aim was to perform pulsatile simulations using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) for patient-specific geometry to investigate the influence of severe angular (≥ 60°) neck on AAA's hemodynamic and wall shear stress...
February 14, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762221/design-manufacture-and-deployment-of-a-low-cost-area-radiation-monitoring-system-using-raspberry-pi-computers-and-open-source-software
#3
Steve Crossley, Ian Bucklow, Jonathan Stafford
Monitoring of background radiation levels in radiopharmaceutical laboratories is a key tool in minimising dose to workers. Retrofitting area monitoring systems in an existing laboratory can be disruptive and prohibitively expensive. We set out to develop a flexible low-cost area monitoring system utilising the power of inexpensive single board computers and open-source software. A complete system has been developed which includes local and remote real-time display with local warning, dose rate logging and automated plotting and backup of results from over 20 individual monitors connected via wifi...
February 14, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734909/big-shoes-to-fill
#4
EDITORIAL
Jamie Trapp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30725439/second-malignant-neoplasm-risk-after-craniospinal-irradiation-in-x-ray-based-techniques-compared-to-proton-therapy
#5
Vasanthan Sakthivel, Kadirampatti M Ganesh, Craig McKenzie, Raghavendiran Boopathy, Jothybasu Selvaraj
Cranio-spinal irradiation (CSI) is widely used for treating medulloblastoma cases in children. Radiation-induced second malignancy is of grave concern; especially in children due to their long-life expectancy and higher radiosensitivity of tissues at young age. Several techniques can be employed for CSI including 3DCRT, IMRT, VMAT and tomotherapy. However, these techniques are associated with higher risk of second malignancy due to the physical characteristics of photon irradiation which deliver moderately higher doses to normal tissues...
February 6, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30725438/the-effect-of-fluorescence-on-surface-dose-with-superficial-x-rays-incident-on-tissue-with-underlying-lead
#6
John Baines, S Zawlodzka, T Markwell, M Chan
An Advanced Markus chamber on the surface of solid water phantom was used to determine surface dose reduction, with either a lead or air interface, as a function of surface-interface separation (t). The beam quality dependence of dose reduction was investigated using the 50 kV, 100 kV and 150 kV beams of an Xstrahl 150 superficial X-ray unit. For each beam the dose correction factor, DCF(t), namely the ratio of surface dose (t) to surface dose (t = 100 mm), was determined. Monte Carlo simulations of DCF(t) with a lead interface were compared with corresponding measured values...
February 6, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30707352/analysis-of-patient-breast-dose-from-a-mammographic-biopsy-unit
#7
Donald McLean, Lewis Ryan, Lisa Robertson
Further assessment of suspicious lesions found during asymptomatic breast cancer screening is critical and involves mammographic follow up with biopsy. The X-ray procedure is complex and variable in nature and until now there is little information on the radiation dose to the breast or associated risks. A survey of radiation doses from a Siemens MammoTest prone biopsy with the support of a Sectra L30 AIR mammographic unit for workup and post clip images has been completed. Procedure details and outcomes, including radiographic and patient related variables have been collected and analysed using standard dosimetric formulation...
February 1, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706334/2-stage-classification-of-knee-joint-thermograms-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-prediction-in-subclinical-inflammation
#8
Shawli Bardhan, Mrinal Kanti Bhowmik
Presence of inflammation in knee joint is the early indication of arthritis. In this paper, we performed the inflamed region segmentation from knee joint thermograms for structural feature extraction based knee abnormality prediction. Existing four popular segmentation techniques are investigated, namely K-means, Fuzzy C-means, Otsu, Single seeded region growing. We proposed modified multi-seeded region growing method that generates 98.6% accurate segmentation rate compared to ground truth of inflammation. Based on the spread of the inflammation oriented structural feature analysis, in the first stage of classification we classified arthritis affected knee joint thermograms, and all other types of thermograms (non-arthritis) with 91% accuracy...
January 31, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30671723/wavecsp-a-robust-motor-imagery-classifier-for-consumer-eeg-devices
#9
Mohamed Athif, Hongliang Ren
There is an increasing demand for reliable motor imagery (MI) classification algorithms for applications in consumer level brain-computer interfacing (BCI). For the practical use, such algorithms must be robust to both device limitations and subject variability, which make MI classification a challenging task. This study proposes methods to study the effect of limitations including a limited number of electrodes, limited spatial distribution of electrodes, lower signal quality, subject variabilities and BCI literacy, on the performance of MI classification...
January 22, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30644045/developing-of-robust-and-high-accurate-ecg-beat-classification-by-combining-gaussian-mixtures-and-wavelets-features
#10
Ali Mohammad Alqudah, Alaa Albadarneh, Isam Abu-Qasmieh, Hiam Alquran
Electrocardiogram (ECG) beat classification is a significant application in computer-aided analysis and diagnosis technologies. This paper proposed a method to detect, extract informative features, and classify ECG beats utilizing real ECG signals available in the standard MIT-BIH Arrhythmia database, with 10,502 beats had been extracted from it. The present study classifies the ECG beat into six classes, normal beat (N), Left bundle branch block beat, Right bundle branch block beat, Premature ventricular contraction, atrial premature beat, and aberrated atrial premature, using Gaussian mixture and wavelets features, and by applying principal component analysis for feature set reduction...
January 14, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30637607/an-inter-centre-statistical-scale-standardisation-for-quantitatively-evaluating-prostate-tissue-on-t2-weighted-mri
#11
Neda Gholizadeh, Todsaporn Fuangrod, Peter B Greer, Peter Lau, Saadallah Ramadan, John Simpson
Magnetic resonance images (MRI) require intensity standardisation if they are used for the purpose of quantitative analysis as inherent variations in image intensity levels between different image sets are manifest due to technical factors. One approach is to standardise the image intensity values using a statistically applied biological reference tissue. The aim of this study is to compare the performance of differing candidate biological reference tissues for standardising T2WI intensity distributions. Fifty-one prostate cancer patients across two centres with different scanners were evaluated using the percentage interpatient coefficient of variation (%interCV) for four different biological references; femoral bone marrow, ischioanal fossa, obturator-internus muscle and bladder urine...
January 14, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30617778/a-morphologically-robust-chaotic-map-based-approach-to-embed-patient-s-confidential-data-securely-in-non-qrs-regions-of-ecg-signal
#12
Neetika Soni, Indu Saini, Butta Singh
In e-healthcare paradigm, the physiological signals along with patient's personal information need to be transmitted to remote healthcare centres. Before sharing this sensitive information over the unsecured channel, it is prerequisite to protect it from unauthorised access. The proposed method explores ECG signal as the cover signal to hide patient's personal information without disturbing its diagnostic features. Chaotic maps are used to randomly select the embedding locations in the non-QRS region while excluding the sensitive QRS region of ECG train...
January 7, 2019: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30569381/optical-flow-based-waveform-for-the-assessment-of-the-vocal-fold-vibrations
#13
Heyfa Ammar
Assessing vocal fold (VF) vibrations is important for the diagnosis of several diseases, and is made possible through the analysis of videoendoscopy recordings. However, the visual analysis of these recordings is hard due to the high acquisition rate. For this reason, it is commonly used to extract the laryngeal activity information from the recordings and represent it in a way suitable to be visually analyzed. Waveforms, images and playbacks are examples of representations reported in the literature. The main limitation of some of them is the lack of precisely locating the pathology within the VFs...
December 19, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30506344/integral-small-field-output-factor-measurements-using-a-transmission-ionisation-chamber
#14
R de Chavez, C E Jones, P H Charles
Previous studies describe the use of a large area parallel-plate chamber, the PTW Bragg Peak chamber, for measuring dose-area product (DAP) and output factors in small megavoltage photon fields. However, in radiotherapy departments without protons, this detector would have to be purchased separately for this purpose. This work investigated the feasibility of alternatively using a large transmission ionisation chamber, the IBA round Stealth chamber (SC), for output factor measurements of stereotactic fields...
November 30, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30498899/an-analysis-of-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-using-multi-label-classification
#15
Khalida Douibi, Nesma Settouti, Mohammed Amine Chikh, Jesse Read, Mohamed Malik Benabid
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) involves measuring blood pressure by means of a tensiometer carried by the patient for a duration of 24 h, it currently occupies a central place in the diagnosis and follow-up of hypertensive patients, it provides crucial information which allows to make a specific diagnosis and adapt therapeutic attitude accordingly. The traditional analysis process suffers from different problems: it requires a lot of time and expertise, and several calculations should be performed manually by the expert, who is generally very busy...
November 29, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30498898/siyong-kim-and-john-wong-advanced-and-emerging-technologies-in-radiation-oncology-physics-crc-press-boca-raton-2018-390-pp-isbn-978-1-4987-2004-5-hardback
#16
Mohammad Mohammadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30467773/estimation-of-the-minimum-detectable-phase-change-of-surface-coil-for-neural-current-mri
#17
Seyed Mehdi BagheriMofidi
Neuronal current magnetic resonance imaging (NC-MRI) is a new method in functional imaging of the brain that could cause the alteration in the phase of magnetic resonance signal. The phase variance is defined as the inverse of the signal to noise ratio (SNR). The intrinsic SNR of the MRI signal is characterized by the coil performance. We evaluated the relation between the geometry and the shape of coils in order to find the minimum detectable change in the signal phase and the possibility of direct detection of neuronal activity by MRI...
November 22, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30460663/a-method-for-obtaining-three-dimensional-measurements-of-hdr-brachytherapy-dose-distributions-using-fricke-gel-dosimeters-and-optical-computed-tomography
#18
Andre Asena, Sanna Nilsson, Shaun T Smith, Tanya Kairn, Scott B Crowe, Jamie V Trapp
This study aimed to develop a method for performing accurate, high-resolution, three-dimensional (3D) Fricke gel dosimetry measurements of high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy dose distributions using optical computed tomography (CT). A multi-needle brachytherapy gel phantom was purpose-built to contain four stainless-steel brachytherapy needles and a sample of Fricke Xylenol gel. A Paris-style HDR brachytherapy treatment was planned and delivered to the gel, which was then read out using a novel optical CT scanning method; all the brachytherapy needles were removed prior to scanning and replaced with a refractive index matched fluid...
November 20, 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30499098/special-section-advances-in-artificial-intelligence-in-biomedical-image-analysis
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30448974/author-index-volume-41
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
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