J Martin de Los Santos-Ramirez, Pablo G Boyas-Chavez, Andres Cerrillos-Ordoñez, Marco Mata-Gomez, Roberto C Gallo-Villanueva, Victor H Perez-Gonzalez
Proteins are important molecules involved in an immensely large number of biological processes. Being capable of manipulating proteins is critical for developing reliable and affordable techniques to analyze and/or detect them. Such techniques would enable the production of therapeutic agents for the treatment of diseases or other biotechnological applications (e.g., bioreactors or biocatalysis). Microfluidic technology represents a potential solution to protein manipulation challenges because of the diverse phenomena that can be exploited to achieve micro- and nanoparticle manipulation...
May 31, 2023: Electrophoresis
Jana Raab, Beate Fink, Mario Bauer
Standard agarose gel electrophoresis is a widely used method to analyse diversity of nucleic acids. Certain conditions, however, may give rise to artefactual bands. We report on artefactual bands frequently occurring, especially when partially homologous nucleic acids, such as splicing variants of DNA transcripts, are analysed simultaneously. Interestingly, to some extent agarose concentration may influence the occurrence of artefactual bands.
May 31, 2023: Electrophoresis
Arash Zulkarnain Ahmad Rozaini, Abdullah Abdulhameed, Revathy Deivasigamani, Nurulhuda Nadzreen, Noraziah Mohamad Zin, Amin Ahmad Kayani, Muhamad Ramdzan Buyong
Characterization of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a significant concern that persists for the rapid classification and analysis of the bacteria. A technology that utilizes the manipulation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is key to solving the significant threat of these pathogenic bacteria by rapid characterization profile. Dielectrophoresis (DEP) can differentiate between antibiotic-resistant and susceptible bacteria based on their physical structure and polarization properties. In this work, the DEP response of two Gram-positive bacteria, namely, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Methicillin-susceptible S...
May 31, 2023: Electrophoresis
Zheng Li, Jiayi Wu, Jiawen Yang, Kai Li, Ji Chen, Shuainan Huang, Qiang Ji, Xiaochao Kong, Sumei Xie, Wenxuan Zhan, Beilei Zhang, Ke Ye, Qingfan Liu, Zhengsheng Mao, Yue Cao, Huijie Huang, Youjia Yu, Kang Wang, Yanfang Yu, Ding Li, Feng Chen, Peng Chen
DNA-based ancestry inference has long been a research hot spot in forensic science. The differentiation of Han Chinese population, such as the northern-to-southern substructure, would benefit forensic practice. In the present study, we enrolled participants from northern and southern China, each participant was genotyped at ∼400 K single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and data of CHB and CHS from 1000 Genomes Project were used to perform genome-wide association analyses. Meanwhile, a new method combining genome-wide association study (GWAS) analyses with k-fold cross-validation in a small sample size was introduced...
May 15, 2023: Electrophoresis
Dominika Błońska, Ewa Kłodzińska, Bogusław Buszewski
The present study attempted to apply the capillary electrophoresis technique for the fractionation and separation of S. Staphylococcus hominis and Escherichia coli bacteria isolated from urine samples and the detection of migrated fraction with spectrometric method. This involved the selection of suitable conditions for separation as well as the identification of pathogens. The result of the research was the separation of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, as well as their subsequent identification by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry using two different approaches (culture of fractions on an agar plate and direct analysis of the collected fractions)...
May 12, 2023: Electrophoresis
Doyel Pandey, Pranab Kumar Mondal, Somchai Wongwises
We propose a novel technique, consistent with the induced charge electrokinetic (ICEK) phenomenon, for the efficient mixing of solute species at a microfluidic scale. A nonuniform bipolar electric double layer develops in the presence of an external electric field over a polarizable object is better known as the ICEK phenomenon. This ICEK is one of the most favorable techniques preferred for enhanced solute mixing in on-chip microfluidic platforms. In the purview of the ICEK phenomenon, instead of using perfectly conducting polarizable objects, for the first time in this study, we employ polarizable dielectric objects of different sizes and shapes for efficient mixing of solute species...
May 10, 2023: Electrophoresis
Raphael Oladokun, Ezekiel Adekanmbi, Massaro Ueti, Soumya Srivastava
Coinfection with the tick-transmitted pathogen Babesia spp. is becoming a serious health problem because of the erythrocyte invasion through Ixodes scapularis tick. The transmission of this protozoan by blood transfusion often results in high morbidity and mortality in recipients. A novel way to detect parasitized erythrocytes is by utilizing dielectrophoresis, an electrokinetic technique on a microfluidic platform, to improve the diagnostics of Babesia spp. The differences in the dielectric properties of Babesia spp...
May 9, 2023: Electrophoresis
Nejc Pavlin, Urh Černigoj, Mojca Bavčar, Tjaša Plesničar, Jan Mavri, Martin Zidar, Matevž Bone, Urška Kralj Savič, Tadej Sever, Aleš Štrancar
High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)-based analytical assays are used to effectively monitor purity and quantity of plasmid DNA (pDNA) throughout the purification process. However, the phenomenon of physical entrapment of open circular (OC) isoforms pDNA inside narrow channels of chromatographic support decreases its accuracy and precision and the effect increases with pDNA size. The purpose of the study was to develop a chromatographic method for accurate analytical separation between isoforms of <16 kbp pDNA using weak anion exchanging monolithic column with large (6 µm) convective channels...
May 9, 2023: Electrophoresis
Francisco Ramírez, Jiaqi Wu, Charles Haitjema, Chris Heger
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) of adeno-associated virus (AAV) capsid proteins tune and regulate the AAV infective life cycle, which can impact the safety and efficacy of AAV gene therapy products. Many of these PTMs induce changes in protein charge heterogeneity, including deamidation, oxidation, glycation, and glycosylation. To characterize the charge heterogeneity of a protein, imaged capillary isoelectric focusing (icIEF) has become the gold standard method. We have previously reported an icIEF method with native fluorescence detection for denatured AAV capsid protein charge heterogeneity analysis...
May 3, 2023: Electrophoresis
Rebecca Wiesner, Holger Zagst, Wenkui Lan, Stewart Bigelow, Peter Holper, Göran Hübner, Leila Josefsson, Claire Lancaster, Lili Lo, Christopher Lößner, Huixin Lu, Christian Neusüß, Carolin Rüttiger, Johannes Schlecht, Philipp Schürrle, Alexander Selsam, Debbie van der Burg, Shao-Chun Wang, Yunxiao Zhu, Hermann Wätzig, Cari Sänger-van de Griend
Capillary zone electrophoresis ultraviolet (CZE-UV) has become increasingly popular for the charge heterogeneity determination of mAbs, and vaccines. The ε-aminocaproic acid (eACA) CZE-UV method has been used as a rapid platform method. However, in the past years, several issues have been observed, e.g., loss in electrophoretic resolution or baseline drifts. Evaluating the role of eACA on the reported issues, various laboratories were requested to provide their routinely used eACA CZE-UV methods, and BGE compositions...
April 20, 2023: Electrophoresis
Maria K Koshkina, Mikhail D Shelomov, Anastasia A Pometun, Svyatoslav S Savin, Vladimir I Tishkov, Denis L Atroshenko
In order to accelerate SDS-PAGE, here we propose an optimized version of the technique enabled by experimental tuning reinforced by theoretical description. In the resulting system, the gel buffer was diluted two-fold and supplemented with glycine at a low concentration, while a higher voltage was applied. This approach reduced runtime from 90 to 18 minutes. It is important to emphasize that, despite the high voltage applied to the gel, the resolution of the bands did not decrease compared to the original Laemmli method...
April 19, 2023: Electrophoresis
Kai Zhao, Yunman Wei, Penglu Zhao, Dejian Kong, Tianbo Gao, Xinxiang Pan, Junsheng Wang
Wear debris analysis provides an early warning of mechanical transmission system aging and wear fault diagnosis, which has been widely used in machine health monitoring. The ability to detect and distinguish the ferromagnetic and non-magnetic debris in oil is becoming an effective way to assess the health status of machinery. In this work, a Fe-PDMS based magnetophoretic method for the continuous separation of ferromagnetic iron particles by diameter and the isolation of ferromagnetic particles and non-magnetic particles with similar diameter by type is developed...
April 19, 2023: Electrophoresis
Yongxin Song, Deyu Li, Xiangchun Xuan
Microfluidic separation of particles and cells is crucial to lab-on-a-chip applications in the fields of science, engineering and industry. The continuous-flow separation methods can be classified as active or passive depending on whether the force involved in the process is externally imposed or internally induced. The majority of current separations has been realized using only one of the active or passive methods. Such a single-mode process is usually limited to one-parameter separation, which often becomes less effective or even ineffective when dealing with real samples because of their inherent heterogeneity...
April 16, 2023: Electrophoresis
Mufarreh Asmari, Lenka Michalcová, Adel Ehab Ibrahim, Zdeněk Glatz, Hermann Wätzig, Sami El Deeb
The process of choosing the most proper technique for studying the molecular interactions is based on critical factors such as instrumentation complexity, automation, experimental procedures, analysis time, consumables, and cost-value. This review has tracked the use of affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) and microscale thermophoresis (MST) techniques in the evaluation of molecular binding between different molecules during the 5 years 2016-2021. ACE has proved to be an attractive technique for biomolecular characterization with high resolution efficiency where small variations in several controlling factors can much improve such efficiency compared to other analytical techniques...
April 12, 2023: Electrophoresis
Zhiyong Zhang, Nan Hao, Long Wang, Shunan Li, Xinhao Yan, Xuting Guo, Yunlan Lian, Wenlong Li
The aim of this study was to establish a rapid quality assessment method for Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix (RGM) using near infrared (NIR) spectra combined with chemometric analysis. The NIR spectra were acquired using an integrating sphere diffuse reflectance module, using air as the reference. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) analyses were performed on a model P/ACE MDQ Plus system. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis qualitative model was developed to distinguish different species of RGM samples, and the prediction accuracy for all samples was 91%...
April 7, 2023: Electrophoresis
Mengren Wu, Yuan Gao, Qiyue Luan, Ian Papautsky, Xiaolin Chen, Jie Xu
A simple, low-cost, three-dimensional lab-on-a-foil microfluidic device for dielectrophoretic separation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is designed and constructed. Disposable thin films are cut by xurography and microelectrode array are made with rapid ink-jet printing. The multilayer device design allows the studying of spatial movements of CTCs and red blood cells (RBCs) under dielectrophoresis. A numerical simulation was performed to find optimum driving frequency of RBCs and the crossover frequency for CTCs...
April 7, 2023: Electrophoresis
Jianye Ge, Benjamin Crysup, Dixie Peters, Romy Franco, Muyi Liu, Xuewen Wang, Meng Huang, Bruce Budowle
Y chromosome Short Tandem Repeat (STR) haplotypes have been used in assisting forensic investigations primarily for identification and male lineage determination. The current SWGDAM interpretation guidelines for Y-STR typing provide helpful guidance on those purposes but do not address the issue of kinship analysis with Y-STR haplotypes. Because of the high mutation rate of Y-STRs, there are complex missing person cases in which inconsistent Y-STR haplotypes between true paternal lineage relatives will arise and cases with two or more male references in the same lineage and yet differ in their haplotypes...
April 4, 2023: Electrophoresis
Haixing Wang, Ting Li, Qing Shen, Zhifang Liu, You-Wei Chen, Darong Huang, Jiancheng Yu, Long Wang
Liver cancer is generally considered the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) contributes to more than 90% of liver cancers. The altered lipid metabolism for rapid cancer cell growth and tumor formation has been frequently proven. In this study, an ambient ionization mass spectrometry technique, rapid evaporative ionization mass spectrometry (REIMS) using a monopolar electric knife, called iKnife, was systematically optimized and employed for ex vivo analysis of 12 human HCC tumor tissue specimens together with the paired paracancerous tissue (PT) and noncancerous-liver-tissue (NCT) specimens...
April 4, 2023: Electrophoresis
Adrian Lomeli-Martin, Nuzhet Ahamed, Vinay V Abhyankar, Blanca H Lapizco-Encinas
The selective positioning and arrangement of distinct types of multiscale particles can be used in numerous applications in microfluidics, including integrated circuits, sensors and biochips. Electrokinetic techniques offer an extensive range of options for label-free manipulation and patterning of colloidal particles by exploiting the intrinsic electrical properties of the target of interest. Electrokinetic-based techniques have been widely implemented inb many recent studies, and various methodologies and microfluidic device designs have been developed to achieve patterning 2D and 3D patterned structures...
April 1, 2023: Electrophoresis
Yameng Liu
Macrophages are considered critical in the initiation, maintenance and resolution of inflammation. LPS-induced inflammation is often used as a model to understand the cell inflammation responses. Current techniques identifying the LPS-induced inflammation are experiencing cell destruction or cell labeling or are based on the whole cell population information with low identification degree. This limits the detection process with time-consuming cytokine selection, low resolution of population heterogeneity, and unavailability for their next use...
March 30, 2023: Electrophoresis
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