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Drug Development Research

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30767248/pharmacological-interaction-between-nsaids-with-clomipramine-and-risperidone-in-mice-visceral-pain
#1
Claudio Gonzalez Vargas, Hugo F Miranda, Fernando Sierralta, Viviana Noriega, Juan Carlos Prieto
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) possess as primary action mechanism the inhibition of cyclooxygenases (COX-1, COX-2, and COX-3), thus producing a decreasing prostaglandin synthesis. This study was designed to evaluate whether the antinociception induced by NSAIDs could be modulated by clomipramine or risperidone using a chemical model of inflammatory acute visceral pain, the abdominal acetic acid induced a writhing test in mice. Dose-response curves, intraperitoneal, or intrathecal for the antinociceptive activity displayed by ketoprofen, piroxicam, nimesulide, parecoxib, and paracetamol were analyzed in order to obtain the ED50 of each drug...
February 14, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30762899/ilexgenin-a-inhibits-mitochondrial-fission-and-promote-drp1-degradation-by-nrf2-induced-psmb5-in-endothelial-cells
#2
Yingchao Zhu, Ming Li, Yawen Lu, Jun Li, Ye Ke, Jie Yang
Atherosclerosis (AS) is one of important events involving in the pathological process of coronary artery disease. Many traditional Chinese medicines have been widely used for the treatment of AS. Previous studies have demonstrated that Ilexgenin A (IA) obtained from Ilex hainanensis Merr. could improve AS development. However, its underlying mechanism is still unknown. This study was conducted to explore the possible targets and mechanisms involving in the anti-atheroclerosis effect of IA. The results showed IA significantly promoted NO production, reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and inflammatory cytokine production induced by palmitate (PA) in endothelial cells, demonstrating IA could improve endothelial dysfunction...
February 14, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30724376/anti-neuroinflammatory-effects-of-tannic-acid-against-lipopolysaccharide-induced-bv2-microglial-cells-via-inhibition-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation
#3
Yan Wu, Lianmei Zhong, Zeran Yu, Junhui Qi
Microglia mediated neuroinflammation is known to cause various neurodegenerative and neurological ailments. Tannic acid is a natural polyphenol which has been reported to possess antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic, antimutagenic, antitumor, and antimicrobial activities. As there are no reports till date on the anti-neuroinflammatory effects of tannic acid, this study was conducted to analyze the possible mechanism and pathway involved in the prevention of neuroinflammation by tannic acid in BV2 microglial cells...
February 6, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714645/protective-role-of-sitagliptin-against-oxidative-stress-in-a-kainic-acid-induced-status-epilepticus-in-rats-models-via-nrf2-ho-1-pathway
#4
Chong-Hao Wang, Na Zhu
Preclinical Research & Development Aim: Sitagliptin (Sita) is a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor which has been approved as a curing medicine for Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and has also reported its neuroprotective and antioxidant activity. This article describes the therapeutic effects of Sita on induced rat model of SE by kainic acid (KA) and investigated the antioxidative pathway of sita. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley male rats were used randomly divided in four groups: vehicle control, KA and Sita + KA in a 5 and 10 mg/kg doses respectively in further groups...
February 4, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30701566/can-acetaminophen-dimethyl-sulfoxide-formulation-prevent-accidental-and-intentional-acetaminophen-hepatotoxicity
#5
Saleh G Algfeley, Salim S Al-Rejaie, Mahmoud N Nagi
An overdose of acetaminophen (APAP) causes liver injury in experimental animals and humans. The activation step (formation of reactive metabolite, N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine by cytochrome P450 system) and the consequent downstream pathway of oxidative stress, nitrosative stress, and inflammation play an important role in APAP-induced hepatotoxicity. Formulation of APAP with an inhibitor of the activation step would be ideal to prevent accidental and intentional APAP toxicity. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a common colorless, inexpensive solvent, and considered safe in human...
January 30, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30698296/mechanisms-underlying-isoliquiritigenin-induced-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-arrest-via-ros-mediated-mapk-stat3-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways-in-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#6
Jia-Ru Wang, Ying-Hua Luo, Xian-Ji Piao, Yi Zhang, Yu-Chao Feng, Jin-Qian Li, Wan-Ting Xu, Yu Zhang, Tong Zhang, Shi-Nong Wang, Hui Xue, Wen-Zhong Wang, Long-Kui Cao, Cheng-Hao Jin
Hit, Lead & Candidate Discovery Isoliquiritigenin (ISL), a natural flavonoid isolated from plant licorice, has various pharmacological properties, including anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral effects. However, the underlying mechanisms and signaling pathways of ISL in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells remain unknown. In this study, we evaluated the effects of ISL on the apoptosis of human HCC cells with a focus on reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Our results showed that ISL exhibited cytotoxic effects on two human liver cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner...
January 30, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30681179/anticonvulsant-evaluation-and-docking-analysis-of-vv-hemorphin-5-analogues
#7
Petar Todorov, Miroslav Rangelov, Petia Peneva, Nadezhda Todorova, Jana Tchekalarova
Preclinical Research & Development VV-Hemorphin-5 is an endogenous opioid peptide of the Hemorphin family with affinity at opioid receptors. A series of C-amide analogues have been synthesized, based on the structure of VV-Hemorphin-5, modified at position 1 and 7 by the un/natural amino acids (Aa8-Val-Val-Tyr-Pro-Trp-Thr-Gln-NH2 and Val-Val-Tyr-Pro-Trp-Thr-Aa1-NH2 ) using SPPS, Fmoc-chemistry. The peptide derivatives were evaluated for their anticonvulsant activity in three acute seizure tests in male ICR mice, the maximal electroshock (MES), the 6 Hz psychomotor seizure test, and the timed intravenous pentylenetetrazole (ivPTZ) infusion test...
January 25, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30680760/structure-activity-study-of-fluorine-or-chlorine-substituted-cinnamic-acid-derivatives-with-tertiary-amine-side-chain-in-acetylcholinesterase-and-butyrylcholinesterase-inhibition
#8
Xiao-Hui Gao, Jing-Jing Tang, Hao-Ran Liu, Lin-Bo Liu, Ying-Zi Liu
Hit, Lead & Candidate Discovery In this study, a series of new fluorine or chlorine-substituted cinnamic acid derivatives that contain tertiary amine side chain were designed, synthesized, and evaluated in acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibition. The results show that almost all the derivatives containing tertiary amine side chain (compounds 4a-9d) exhibit moderate or potent activity in AChE inhibition. By contrast, their parent compounds (compounds 3a-3f) in the absence of tertiary amine moitery exhibit poor inhibitory activity against AChE...
January 24, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30663793/curcumin-reduces-inflammation-in-knee-osteoarthritis-rats-through-blocking-tlr4-myd88-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signal-pathway
#9
Yun Zhang, Yu Zeng
Preclinical Research & Development Curcumin has been shown to possess a series of beneficial effects, such as antiinflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, and promoting healing. However, the effect and relative mechanism of curcumin on knee osteoarthritis (OA) have not been elucidated. The aim of this study is to explore the protective effect of curcumin on monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced OA. Forty-eight rats were randomized into four experimental groups: control group, OA group, OA + PBS group, and OA + curcumin group, respectively...
January 21, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632632/inhibition-of-angiogenesis-and-tumor-growth-by-a-novel-1-4-naphthoquinone-derivative
#10
Hiroko Murota, Tomohiro Shinya, Arisa Nishiuchi, Mariko Sakanaka, Ken-Ichi Toda, Tokutaro Ogata, Noboru Hayama, Tetsutaro Kimachi, Satoru Takahashi
Hit, Lead & Candidate Discovery Antiangiogenesis therapy is a promising way for treatment of solid cancers, and many angiogenesis inhibitors that target vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) or its receptors have been developed. We explored novel antiangiogenic compounds other than anti-VEGF drugs by screening our synthetic compound library and found that 6-thiophen-3-yl-2-methoxy-1,4-naphthoquinone (6-TMNQ) had potential as a novel angiogenesis inhibitor. This paper describes the effects of 6-TMNQ on angiogenesis and tumor growth in vitro and in vivo...
January 11, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30609114/investigation-of-the-antibacterial-and-antifungal-activity-of-thiolated-naphthoquinones
#11
Kevin W Wellington, Nomgqibelo B P Nyoka, Lyndy J McGaw
The WHO has stated that antibiotic resistance is escalating to perilously high levels globally and that traditional therapies of antimicrobial drugs are futile against infections caused by resistant microorganisms. Novel antimicrobial drugs are therefore required. We report in this study on the inhibitory activity of the 1,4-naphthoquinone-2,3-bis-sulfides and 1,4-naphthoquinone sulfides against two bacteria and a fungus to determine their antimicrobial properties. The 1,4-naphthoquinone sulfides have potent activity with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 7...
January 4, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30609097/protective-effects-of-quercetin-against-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-a-rabbit-model-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#12
Bing Wei, Yan Zhang, Lixia Tang, Yikui Ji, Cheng Yan, Xiaoke Zhang
Hit, Lead & Candidate Discovery This study investigated the effects of a natural phenolic compound quercetin on surgical-induced osteoarthritis (OA) in rabbits. Forty-eight New Zealand White rabbits were used to establish OA model by Hulth modified method, and subsequently randomized into untreated OA group (treatment was drinking water), celecoxib treated group (celecoxib 100 mg kg-1 by gavage), and quercetin treated group (25 mg kg-1 by gavage). Sixteen nonoperated rabbits served as the normal controls (drinking water was given)...
January 4, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30609096/graph-theoretical-analysis-in-silico-modeling-prediction-of-toxicity-metabolism-and-synthesis-of-novel-2-methyl-phenyl-3-4-5-substituted-1-3-4-oxadiazol-2-yl-phenyl-quinazolin-4-3h-ones-as-nmda-receptor-inhibitor
#13
Govindaraj Saravanan, Theivendren Panneerselvam, Selvaraj Kunjiappan, Pavadai Parasuraman, Veerachamy Alagarsamy, Padmaja Udayakumar, Muthukrishnan Soundararajan, Shrinivas D Joshi, Suresh Ramalingam, Damodar Nayak Ammunje
Hit, Lead & Candidate Discovery A variety of novel 2-(methyl/phenyl)-3-(4-(5-substituted-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenyl) quinazolin-4(3H)-ones have been synthesized by treating 3-(4-(5-mercapto-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)phenyl)-2-(methyl/phenyl)-quinazolin-4(3H)-one with a variety of secondary amines. Graph theoretical analysis was used in identification of drug target that is, NMDAR (N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors). The observed reports of in silico modeling and ligand based toxicity, metabolism prediction studies were encouraging us to synthesize of title compounds and evaluate their antiepileptic effects...
January 4, 2019: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30593676/alignment-based-design-and-synthesis-of-new-antimicrobial-aurein-derived-peptides-with-improved-activity-against-gram-negative-bacteria-and-evaluation-of-their-toxicity-on-human-cells
#14
Hamid Madanchi, Shabnam Akbari, Ali Akbar Shabani, Soroush Sardari, Yekta Farmahini Farahani, Ghazaleh Ghavami, Ramin Ebrahimi Kiasari
Considering the worldwide increasing prevalence of resistance to traditional antibiotics, it is necessary to find new antibiotics to deal with this issue. Recently, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been proposed as new antimicrobial agents. Aureins are a family of AMPs that are isolated from Green and Golden Bell Frogs. These peptides have a favorable antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria. We designed two peptides derived from natural Aurein enjoying alignment-based design method. After synthesis of the peptides, their secondary structure was checked by circular dichroism...
December 28, 2018: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570769/trichomonicidal-activity-of-a-new-anthraquinone-isolated-from-the-roots-of-morinda-panamensis-seem
#15
David Cáceres-Castillo, Yussel Pérez-Navarro, Julio César Torres-Romero, Gumersindo Mirón-López, Jimmy Ceballos-Cruz, Victor Arana-Argáez, Laura Vázquez-Carrillo, José Manuel Fernández-Sánchez, María Elizbeth Alvarez-Sánchez
Preclinical Research & Development Trichomoniasis, caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis, is the most common nonviral sexually transmitted infection worldwide. Although drug treatment is available, unpleasant side effects and increased resistance to the nitroimidazole family have been documented. Hence, there is a need for the identification of new and safe therapeutic agents against T. vaginalis. Antimicrobial activity of anthraquinone compounds has been reported by a number of authors...
December 20, 2018: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30570767/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-1-8-naphthyridine-glucosamine-conjugates-as-antimicrobial-agents
#16
Aya A M Mohammed, Ghadeer A R Y Suaifan, Mayadah B Shehadeh, Patrick N Okechukwu
In the quest for discovering potent antimicrobial agents with lower toxicity, we envisioned the design and synthesis of nalidixic acid-D-(+)-glucosamine conjugates. The novel compounds were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antimicrobial activity against Gram positive bacteria, Gram negative bacteria and fungi. Cytotoxicity using MTT assay over L6 skeletal myoblast cell line, ATCC CRL-1458 was carried out. In vitro antimicrobial assay revealed that 1-ethyl-7-methyl-4-oxo-N-(1,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose-2-yl)-[1,8]-naphthyridine-3-carboxamide (5) and 1-ethyl-7-methyl-4-oxo-N-(2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose-2-yl)-[1,8]-naphthyridine-3-carboxamide(6) possess growth inhibitory activity against resistant Escherichia coli NCTC, 11954 (MIC 0...
December 20, 2018: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30565722/synthesis-in-vivo-and-in-silico-evaluation-of-novel-2-3-dihydroquinazolin-4-1h-one-derivatives-as-potential-anticonvulsant-agents
#17
Hend Kothayer, Samy M Ibrahim, Moustafa K Soltan, Samar Rezq, Shireen S Mahmoud
In light of the pharmacophoric structural requirements for achieving anticonvulsant activity, a series of N-(1-methyl-4-oxo-2-un/substituted-1,2-dihydroquinazolin-3[4H]-yl)benzamide (4a-g) and N-(1-methyl-4-oxo-2-un/substituted-1,2-dihydroquinazolin-3[4H]-yl)-2-phenylacetamide (4h-n) derivatives were synthesized in two steps starting from the reaction of N-methyl isatoic anhydride with the appropriate hydrazide and followed by condensation with the appropriate aldehyde. The anticonvulsant activities of the synthesized compounds were evaluated according to the anticonvulsant drug development (ADD) programme protocol...
December 19, 2018: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30565263/biocatalytic-synthesis-of-diaryl-disulphides-and-their-bio-evaluation-as-potent-inhibitors-of-drug-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#18
Saima, Isha Soni, Aditya G Lavekar, Manjulika Shukla, Danish Equbal, Arun K Sinha, Sidharth Chopra
Staphylococcus aureus is a WHO Priority II pathogen for its capability to cause acute to chronic infections and to resist antibiotics, thus severely impacting healthcare systems worldwide. In this context, it is urgently desired to discover novel molecules to thwart the continuing emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Disulphide containing small molecules has gained prominence as antibacterials. As their conventional synthesis requires tedious synthetic procedure and sometimes toxic reagents, a green and environmentally benign protocol for their synthesis has been developed through which a series of molecules were obtained and evaluated for antibacterial activity against ESKAPE pathogen panel...
December 19, 2018: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548639/tadalafil-15-years-journey-in-male-erectile-dysfunction-and-beyond
#19
Nermin S Ahmed
Hit, Lead & Candidate Discovery Tadalafil, Cialis, Eli Lilly & Co./ICOS, (6R,12aR)-6-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-2-methyl-2,3,6,7,12,12a-hexahydropyrazino[1',2':1,6] pyrido[3,4-b]indole-1,4-dione, was first discovered in 2003. It was reported to have high diastereospecificity for phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitions. The cis-(6R, 12aR) enantiomer is the most active enantiomer. Tadalafil showed PDE5 inhibition with IC50  = 5 nM. It possesses high selectivity for PDE5 versus PDE1-4 and PDE6. Tadalafil is more selective to PDE5 against PDE6 whereas sildenafil, another commercially available PDE5 inhibitor shows similar potencies to inhibit PDE5 and PDE6...
December 13, 2018: Drug Development Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548290/bedaquiline-and-delamanid-in-the-treatment-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-promising-but-challenging
#20
Yang Li, Feng Sun, Wenhong Zhang
Hit, Lead & Candidate Discovery Improving treatment outcomes in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is partly hampered by inadequate effective antitubercular agents. Development of bedaquiline and delamanid has potentially changed the treatment landscape for MDR-TB. This review provides an update on the progress of these novel antitubercular agents. We review published studies aimed at evaluating clinical efficacy and effectiveness of bedaquiline and delamanid. Five prospective clinical studies and seven retrospective studies on bedaquiline showed that patients treated with a bedaquiline-containing regimen had a high culture conversion rate ranging from 65 to 100% and a satisfactory treatment outcome...
December 11, 2018: Drug Development Research
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