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Veterinary Surgery

Sophie Boorman, Darko Stefanovski, Louise L Southwood
OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors, especially age, associated with postoperative reflux (POR; >2 L of reflux present upon intubation), high-volume POR (≥20 L in 24 hours), and short-term outcome after small intestinal (SI) surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Horses aged ≥16 years (geriatric; range, 16-30; n = 44) and <16 years (mature; range, 2-15; n = 39) with an SI surgical lesion that survived general anesthesia and did not have a second exploratory celiotomy during the same visit...
April 19, 2019: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Eric Strand, Saga Össurardóttir, Kjersti B Wettre, Cathrine T Fjordbakk
OBJECTIVE: To report clinical findings and performance in horses in which alar fold collapse (AFC) had been diagnosed and surgically treated and to assess form and degree of respiratory obstruction. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Twenty-one standardbreds, 2 coldblooded trotter racehorses, 1 thoroughbred, and 1 Icelandic horse. METHODS: Alar fold collapse was diagnosed on the basis of continuous abnormal expiratory flutter noise coinciding with filling of the false nostrils during exercise on a high-speed treadmill that was alleviated by suturing the alar folds (AF) temporarily in a dorsal position...
April 19, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Alexandra L Curtiss, Darko Stefanovski, Dean W Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of surgical site infection (SSI) after internal fixation and to identify risk factors for SSI and nonsurvival. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-five horses with long bone fractures or arthrodesis treated by internal fixation at 1 hospital between 2008-2016. METHODS: Signalment, diagnosis, surgical repair, surgeon, surgical time, antimicrobial use, SSI onset, bacterial identification, and adjunct treatments were recorded...
April 16, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Geert-Jan H M Arntz
OBJECTIVE: To describe a transvaginal laparoscopic ovariectomy (TLOVE) in dogs and compare duration and perioperative complications between TLOVE and 2-portal-access laparoscopic OVE (LapOVE). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Female client-owned dogs (60 in TLOVE group and 202 in LapOVE group) between 6 and 103 months of age with body weights between 10 and 33 kg. METHODS: Ovariectomy was performed either through a transvaginal approach (TLOVE) or 2-portal-access laparoscopy (LapOVE)...
April 15, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Fabienne Sabine Bach, Alexandra Böhler, Katrin Schieder, Stephan Handschuh, Hubert Simhofer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 2 surgical techniques for establishing and/or improving paranasal sinus drainage in cadaver heads and horses with sinusitis and evaluate the feasibility of postoperative transnasal sinus endoscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo study (equine cadaver heads) and case series. SAMPLE POPULATION: Nine adult equine cadaver heads and 8 horses with recurrent sinusitis. METHODS: For the ex vivo study, the following procedures were performed on 9 cadaver heads: preoperative and postoperative computed tomography (heads 1-6), endoscopy-guided transnasal conchotomy of the ventral conchal sinus (TCVCS) and surgical enlargement of the nasomaxillary aperture (SENMAP) on opposite sides (heads 1-3), combined TCVCS and SENMAP on both sides (heads 4-9), evaluation of sinus drainage before and after surgery (heads 7-9), and postoperative transnasal endoscopy (heads 4-9)...
April 9, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Charlene V Noll, Isabelle Kilcoyne, Betsy Vaughan, Larry D Galuppo
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical and diagnostic findings associated with fibrotic myopathy, describe the surgical procedure for standing fibrotic myotomy and report postoperative outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Twenty-two horses. METHODS: Records were included if a clinical diagnosis of fibrotic myopathy was based on clinical and/or ultrasonographic examination and the horse was treated with myotomy of the affected muscle...
April 8, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Caroline Constant, Sylvain Nichols, Emma Marchionatti, Marie Babkine, Hélène Lardé, Gilles Fecteau, André Desrochers
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome of cattle undergoing surgical extraction of apically infected cheek teeth (CT). STUDY DESIGN: Short case series. ANIMALS: Nine adult cattle. METHODS: Medical records were searched for cattle having a diagnosis of apical infection of CT that were treated with surgical extraction between 2005 and 2017. Data retrieved included clinical examination, ancillary tests, surgical procedure, and outcomes...
April 7, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Elyse Durket, Kevin Kersh, Katarzyna Dembek, Elizabeth Riedesel, Auri Silverstone, Karl H Kraus
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of plate fixation (locking or dynamic compression) and the site of application (ventral [V] or ventrolateral [VL]) on the resistance to bending of transverse mandibular fractures. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo, simple randomized study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Mandibles harvested from adult equine cadavers (n = 18). METHODS: Bilateral osteotomies were created 1 cm caudal to the mental foramen and perpendicular to the long axis of each mandible...
April 5, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Kurt S Schulz, Krisitan J Ash, James L Cook
OBJECTIVE: To report outcomes of dogs with common calcanean tendon (CCT) ruptures treated with a platelet-rich plasma (PRP) enhanced nonabsorbable loop-suture technique. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 12). METHODS: Medical records (2015-2017) of dogs with CCT ruptures repaired with a loop-suture tenorrhaphy and autogenous leukoreduced PRP were reviewed for signalment, history, type of injury, treatment, and clinical follow-up...
April 4, 2019: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Katherine P Morris, Ameet Singh, David E Holt, Darko Stefanovski, Sunil Singhal, Jessica Bosco, Michelle Capps, Michael McCallum, Jeffrey J Runge
OBJECTIVE: To describe a hybrid, single-port, minimally invasive cisterna chyli ablation (CCA) technique in clinical cases of canine idiopathic chylothorax and evaluate this technique as a method for mesenteric lymphangiography (ML) in canine cadavers and clinical cases of idiopathic chylothorax. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric and retrospective study. ANIMALS: Six canine cadavers and 14 client-owned dogs with naturally occurring idiopathic chylothorax...
March 30, 2019: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Laurent P Guiot, Reunan P Guillou, Loïc M Déjardin
OBJECTIVE: To describe a minimally invasive surgical technique for the treatment of comminuted humeral bicondylar (also known as T-Y) fractures in dogs and report outcome in 3 cases. STUDY DESIGN: Surgical technique description and case report. ANIMALS: Three consecutive dogs with traumatic comminuted humeral T-Y fractures. METHODS: Dogs that presented with a traumatic humeral T-Y fracture were prospectively included...
March 28, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Anna M Cronin, Sasja B Pustelnik, Laura Owen, Jon L Hall
OBJECTIVE: To determine the ability of a pre-tied ligature loop (PLL) to create a seal against physiological airway pressures after total lung lobectomy and report outcomes in dogs requiring lung lobectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo experimental randomized study and clinical case study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Thirty cadaveric canine lung lobes and 5 client-owned dogs. METHODS: Thirty canine lung lobes from dogs weighing 22.5-35 kg were randomized to lobectomy with stapler, PLL, or suture ligation...
March 19, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Sarah M Gray, Santiago D Gutierrez-Nibeyro, Erica J Secor
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience with partial arytenoidectomy in sedated standing horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Fourteen client-owned adult horses. METHODS: The medical records (2013-2017) of horses treated with unilateral partial arytenoidectomy while standing and sedated were reviewed. Demographics, endoscopic findings, previous treatments, and outcome after surgery were investigated and recorded...
March 18, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Alyssa K Doering, Heidi L Reesink, Lauren K Luedke, Christina Moore, Alan J Nixon, Lisa A Fortier, Norm G Ducharme, Michael W Ross, David G Levine, Dean W Richardson, Darko Stefanovski, Kyla F Ortved
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognosis for racing of horses surgically treated for slab fractures of the third carpal bone (C3). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case study. ANIMALS: Horses (n = 125) surgically treated for C3 slab fractures. METHODS: Medical records of horses surgically treated for dorsal or sagittal C3 fractures were reviewed for age, sex, breed, limb, fracture type, degree of cartilage damage, and surgical treatment...
March 18, 2019: Veterinary Surgery: VS
D Valenzano, G Hayes, D Gludish, S Weese
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional and microbiological safety of a single-use laparoscopic vessel-sealing device in a multiuse setting. STUDY DESIGN: Ex vivo study. SAMPLE POPULATION: Twelve 5-mm LigaSure Maryland jaw devices. METHODS: Handsets underwent repeated test cycles until failure. The handset packaging was opened, and handsets were agitated in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). The PBS was removed, centrifuged, and submitted for culture...
March 18, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Jannah Pye, Pablo Espinosa-Mur, Rodrigo Roca, Isabelle Kilcoyne, Jorge Nieto, Julie Dechant
OBJECTIVE: To determine if preoperative and intraoperative clinical variables correlate with resection and anastomosis (RA) in horses presenting with strangulating small intestinal (SI) lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Horses undergoing exploratory celiotomy for a strangulating SI lesion (n = 243). METHODS: The records of horses undergoing surgical correction for strangulating SI lesions from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2017 were reviewed...
March 4, 2019: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Emanuele Castelli, Antonio Pozzi, Karl Klisch, Lorenza Scotti, Séamus Hoey, Matthias Dennler
OBJECTIVE: To compare the quality of visualization of canine carpal ligaments by using computed tomography (CT), MRI, CT arthrography (CTA), and magnetic resonance arthrography (MRA). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study. STUDY POPULATION: Cadavers from dogs weighing more than 20 kg. METHODS: A 16-slice CT scanner and a 3 Tesla MRI were used for the investigation. A dilute contrast medium was injected into the middle carpal and radiocarpal joints under fluoroscopic control, and CTA and MRA images were acquired...
March 3, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Jayson Tuan, Miguel A Solano, Noel Fitzpatrick
OBJECTIVE: To report the combined use of novel and commercially available implants for ventral distraction-stabilization of 5 continuous compressive sites in a Great Dane with cervical spondylomyelopathy (CSM). STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMALS: One 4-year-old male Great Dane weighing 78 kg. METHODS: A tetraparetic 4-year-old Great Dane with osseous-associated CSM (OA-CSM) with 5 sites of dorsolateral compression was presented for surgical intervention...
March 3, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
Claudia A Ferreira, Sarah S le Jeune, Maire C Rayburn, Munashe Chigerwe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the suitability of infrared thermography in assessing healing of surgically created wounds that are managed by primary closure or second intention in neonatal dairy calves during a 3-week period. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. ANIMALS: Six Jersey bull calves. METHODS: Two skin patches approximately 10 cm2 were shaved on each hind limb of all calves. The dorsal patch was designated the wound creation site, and the ventral patch was the control...
March 3, 2019: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Sinead E Hamilton-Bennett, Sebastien Behr
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation, magnetic resonance imaging features, and outcome of cats treated with hemilaminectomy for intervertebral disc extrusion (IVDE). STUDY DESIGN: Short case series. ANIMALS: Six cats. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for signalment, onset, duration, and severity of clinical signs, magnetic resonance imaging features, surgical findings, and clinical outcome with a minimum postoperative follow-up of 4 weeks...
March 3, 2019: Veterinary Surgery
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