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Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research

Lei Ma, Yongjun Chen, Rui Han, Shuangyi Wang
Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) has been shown to inhibit invasion and induce apoptosis of various types of cancer. However, its role on human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells is still not well elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the effect of BITC on apoptosis and invasion of SCC9 cells, and its underlying mechanisms in vitro and in vivo. SCC9 cells were exposed to BITC (5 and 25 μM) for 24 and 48 h. Cell growth, apoptosis, invasion, and migration were detected in vitro by MTT, FITC-conjugated annexin V/propidium iodide staining followed by flow cytometry, Matrigel-coated semi-permeable modified Boyden, and wound-healing assay...
April 8, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
C Molnar, D Opincariu, T Benedek, M Toma, C Nicolescu
We sought to assess clinical characteristics and pattern of collateral network involvement associated with development of truncal (systematized) versus diffuse/non-truncal (non-systematized) varicose veins (VVs) in patients undergoing endovascular laser photothermolysis for chronic venous insufficiency (CVI). Secondly, we aimed to assess whether the type of VVs influenced the procedural complications of endovascular laser therapy. A total of 508 patients with hydrostatic VVs of the lower limbs who underwent endovenous laser treatment were included, out of which 84...
April 8, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Yuanyuan Zou, Xi Zhang, Jingyi Zhang, Xiangning Ji, Yuqing Liu, Shaozhen Zhao
The aim of this study was to perform an updated meta-analysis to quantitatively investigate the association between G20210A polymorphism of Prothrombin gene and the risk of retinal vein occlusion (RVO), based on the available publications with inconsistent results. We utilized the Stata software to perform the heterogeneity test, association test, Begg's and Egger's tests, and sensitivity analysis. We searched three on-line databases (PubMed, Embase, and WOS) and obtained a total of 422 articles. Based on our selection criteria, 24 case-control studies were finally enrolled in this overall meta-analysis; a subgroup analysis by the factors ethnicity, control source, and RVO type was done...
April 8, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
B Schor, S Gomes da Silva, A A de Almeida, C A B Pereira, R M Arida
Elite judo demands high levels of physical and psychological skills. The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may be of particular interest in sports medicine for its ability to promote neuroplasticity. We investigated the plasma BDNF before and after a judo training session (Randori) and the maximal incremental ramp test (MIRT) in athletes from the Brazilian national judo team and compared the results between both exercise stimuli and sexes. Fifty-six elite judo athletes were recruited who performed each task on a separated day...
April 8, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
M S S Buto, A M Catai, V Vassimon-Barroso, M O Gois, A Porta, A C M Takahashi
Frailty is related to a decrease in the physiological reserves, which causes difficulties in maintaining homeostasis. An example of physiological mechanisms for cardiovascular homeostasis is the baroreflex. The aim of this study was to compare baroreflex among frail, prefrail, and nonfrail individuals, in supine and orthostatic positions. Community-dwelling older adults were evaluated and categorized into frail, prefrail, or nonfrail groups, according to frailty phenotype. The RR interval (RRi) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) series were recorded for 15 min in the supine and 15 min in the orthostatic positions...
April 8, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
V F de Aranda, P B M Derogis, L R Sanches, C L P Mangueira, M Katz, A C L Faulhaber, C E A Mendes, C E Dos Santos Ferreira, C N França, J C de Campos Guerra
The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of thromboelastometry for assessing rivaroxaban concentrations. The accuracy of thromboelastometry was compared with the high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method, which is the gold standard for drug plasma monitoring (the reference standard). Forty-six clinically stable patients were treated with 10, 15, or 20 mg of rivaroxaban once daily (OD group) or 15 mg twice a day (BID group) (no particular indication for treatment)...
April 8, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Hui-Li Yang, Hong-Zhi Zhang, Fan-Rong Meng, Shu-Yi Han, Miao Zhang
Preeclampsia is a major reason of morbidity and mortality in pregnant women and perinatal fetus. Hence, it is of prime importance that diagnostic markers are defined to predict chances of preeclampsia in pregnant women. It has been previously shown that microRNA (miRNA)-376c expression is decreased in the placenta of preeclampsia patients at term. Even though this decrease was not mimicked in the placenta at the pre-term stage, miR-376c expression was decreased in the plasma of these patients as early as the second trimester...
April 8, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
D C Crews, A K Bello, G Saadi
This article was published in Kidney International volume 95, pages 242-248,, Copyright World Kidney Day 2019 Steering Committee (2019) and is reprinted concurrently in several journals. The articles cover identical concepts and wording, but vary in minor stylistic and spelling changes, detail, and length of manuscript in keeping with each journal's style. Any of these versions may be used in citing this article. Note that all authors contributed equally to the conception, preparation, and editing of the manuscript...
March 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
W M Pazin, N Vilanova, I K Voets, A E E Soares, A S Ito
It has been hypothesized that the therapeutic effects of artepillin C, a natural compound derived from Brazilian green propolis, are likely related to its partition in the lipid bilayer component of biological membranes. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the effects of the major compound of green propolis, artepillin C, on model membranes (small and giant unilamelar vesicles) composed of ternary lipid mixtures containing cholesterol, which display liquid-ordered (lo) and liquid-disordered (ld) phase coexistence...
March 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Chao Li, Gongyu Fu, Yaoqiang Shi, A-Mei Zhang, Xueshan Xia, Yue Fang, Xiaoqin Mao, Jie Jiang, Yuzhu Song, Guangying Yang
Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the main pathogenic bacteria that causes nosocomial infections, such as pneumonia, urinary tract infection, and sepsis. Therefore, the rapid and accurate detection of K. pneumoniae is important for the timely treatment of infectious patients. This study aimed to establish a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for the rapid and sensitive detection of K. pneumoniae-specific gene ureR_1 (Gene ID: 11847803). The ureR_1 gene was obtained through local and online BLAST, and the specific primers were designed for its detection...
March 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Hong Ying Jiang, Dan Ju Huang, Yi Hua Bai, Ji Sai Li, Hong Yan Pi, Jing Chen, Luo Hua Li, Jing Li
This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics, prognosis, and factors for survival of patients who underwent early-start peritoneal dialysis (PD) within 24 h after catheter insertion three years after PD. This study was conducted from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017. All adult patients who were diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and underwent PD for the first time within 24 h after catheter insertion in our hospital were included. All patients with PD were followed-up until they withdrew from PD, switching to hemodialysis, were transferred to other medical centers, underwent renal transplantation, died or were lost to follow-up, or continued to undergo dialysis until the end of the study period...
March 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Lin Chen, Zhuochun Huang, Yun Liao, Bin Yang, Junlong Zhang
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) plays an important role in autoimmune diseases. Previous studies have investigated the association of TNF-α-238G/A (rs361525) and -308G/A (rs1800629) polymorphisms with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, no agreed conclusion had been made. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to assess the associations of TNF-α-238G/A and -308G/A polymorphisms with RA and SLE risk. A systematic search was conducted in commonly used databases...
March 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
S C M Barbosa, V B M Pereira, D V T Wong, A P M Santana, L T Lucetti, L L Carvalho, C R N Barbosa, R B Callado, C A A Silva, C D H Lopes, G A C Brito, N M N Alencar, R C P Lima-Júnior
Oral mucositis (OM) is a common and dose-limiting side effect of cancer treatment, including 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and radiotherapy. The efficacy of the therapeutic measures to prevent OM is limited and disease prevention is not fully observable. Amifostine is a cytoprotective agent with a described anti-inflammatory potential. It is clinically used to reduce radiotherapy and chemotherapy-associated xerostomia. This study investigated the protective effect of amifostine on an experimental model of OM. Hamsters were divided into six groups: saline control group (5 mL/kg), mechanical trauma (scratches) of the right cheek pouch; 5-FU (60 and 40 mg/kg, ip, respectively, administered on days 1 and 2); amifostine (12...
February 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Lei Zheng, Lixia Yang, Xin Zhao, Niya Long, Peifan Li, Yiming Wang
This aim of this study was to assess the molecular mechanism of osteoporosis in schizophrenia patients with risperidone use. Here, we investigated the effects of risperidone on cellular proliferation and apoptosis of a preosteoblast cell line, MC3T3-E1. Cell viability and apoptotic rate of MC3T3-E1 were detected by cell counting kit-8 and flow cytometry at a serial dose of risperidone and at different time points, respectively. Bone transformation relevant gene serum osteocalcin (BGP), collagen 1, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) mRNA levels were determined by real-time PCR (qPCR)...
February 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
R Largo, M C Lopes, K Spruyt, C Guilleminault, Y P Wang, A C Rosa
Cyclic alternating pattern (CAP) is a neurophysiological pattern that can be visually scored by international criteria. The aim of this study was to verify the feasibility of visual CAP scoring using only one channel of sleep electroencephalogram (EEG) to evaluate the inter-scorer agreement in a variety of recordings, and to compare agreement between visual scoring and automatic scoring systems. Sixteen hours of single-channel European data format recordings from four different sleep laboratories with either C4-A1 or C3-A2 channels and with different sampling frequencies were used in this study...
February 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Xuezhi Zhang, Qiaoji Qin, Hongyan Dai, Shanglang Cai, Changyong Zhou, Jun Guan
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a common presentation for ischemic heart disease, which is a leading cause of death. Emodin is a Chinese herbal anthraquinone used in several diseases. However, the effect of emodin in hypoxia-induced injury in cardiomyocytes has not been clearly elucidated. Our study aimed to clarify the functions of emodin in hypoxia-induced injury in rat cardiomyocytes H9c2 and explore the underlying mechanism. The effects of emodin on cell viability and apoptosis were analyzed by the Cell counting kit-8 assay and flow cytometry assay, respectively...
February 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Yuanxu Jiang, Mingzhu Xia, Qiang Huang, Dengfeng Ding, Yali Li, Zhongjun Zhang, Xueping Zhang
Dexmedetomidine (DEX), a selective agonist of α2-adrenergic receptors, has anti-inflammation properties and potential beneficial effects against trauma, shock, or infection. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate whether DEX might protect against multiple-organ dysfunction in a two-hit model of hemorrhage/resuscitation (HS) and subsequent endotoxemia. Eighty Wistar rats were randomized into four groups: NS (normal saline), HS/L (HS plus lipopolysaccharide), HS/L+D (HS/L plus dexmedetomidine), and HS/L+D+Y (HS/L+D plus yohimbine)...
February 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Xiaoling Zhou, Jianqing Yang, Ying Liu, Zepeng Li, Jingfang Yu, Wanhua Wei, Qiao Chen, Can Li, Nong Tang
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transplantation has attracted attention for the treatment of liver cirrhosis and end-stage liver diseases. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the effect of different methods of BMSCs transplantation in the treatment of liver cirrhosis in rats. Seventy-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 7 groups: 10 were used to extract BMSCs, 10 were used as normal group, and the remaining 52 rats were randomly divided into five groups for testing: control group, BMSCs group, BMSCs+granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) group, and BMSCs+Jisheng Shenqi decoction (JSSQ) group...
February 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1414-431X20187439].
February 25, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
I M Bensenor
Thyroid disorders are common diseases, both in Brazil and worldwide. The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) is a prospective cohort study that investigates cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and associated factors, including non-classical cardiovascular risk factors such as thyroid function. Thyroid function was classified according to thyrotropin stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), and use of medication to treat thyroid disorders, after excluding participants who reported use of any medication that could alter the results of the TSH and FT4 tests...
February 14, 2019: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
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