Journals International Journal of Eatin...

International Journal of Eating Disorders
C Blair Burnette, Heather A Davis
Paranjothy and Wade's (2024) meta-analysis revealed that disordered eating was robustly and consistently associated with greater self-criticism and lower self-compassion across samples. It is well known that even evidence-based treatments for eating disorders (EDs) do not produce long-lasting effects for many patients. Additionally, it is unclear whether existing "mainstream" evidence-based ED treatments effectively reduce shame and self-criticism and increase self-compassion, even when they intend to do so...
April 17, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Brianne N Richson, Hana F Zickgraf
OBJECTIVE: Research on psychiatric comorbidities associated with avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) primarily compares ARFID versus anorexia nervosa (AN). Little is known about comorbidities associated with mixed ARFID/other eating disorder (ED) history or ARFID comorbidities relative to EDs beyond AN. This study assessed lifetime and current psychiatric factors in a large college sample with varying ED histories. METHOD: Participants were United States students from the 2021/2022 Healthy Minds Study who endorsed lifetime professionally diagnosed EDs (N = 4657)...
April 17, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Anna M Karam Jones, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Laura D'Adamo, Dawn M Eichen, Andrea K Graham, Rachel P Kolko Conlon, Katherine N Balantekin, R Robinson Welch, W Stewart Agras, G Terence Wilson, Denise E Wilfley
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with eating disorders (EDs) often do not receive evidence-based care, such as interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), partly due to lack of accessible training in these treatments. The standard method of training (i.e., in-person workshops) is expensive and time consuming, prompting a need for more scalable training tools. The primary aim of this pilot and open trial was to examine the effects of an IPT online training platform on training outcomes (i.e., IPT fidelity, knowledge, and acceptance) and, secondarily, whether online training was different from in-person training (using a comparative sample from a separate study) in terms of training outcomes and patient symptoms...
April 16, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Madeline Palermo, Diana Rancourt
OBJECTIVE: Research suggests that both compulsive exercise and eating disordered behaviors increase during college. Despite strong cross-sectional associations between compulsive exercise and eating disorders, it is unknown if compulsive exercise is a variable risk factor for eating disorders or simply a correlate. It was hypothesized that increases in compulsive exercise would significantly and prospectively predict increases in overall number of eating disorder symptoms over the study period...
April 15, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Laura C Edney, Mia L Pellizzer
OBJECTIVE: This scoping review sought to map the breadth of literature on the use of adaptive design trials in eating disorder research. METHOD: A systematic literature search was conducted in Medline, Scopus, PsycInfo, Emcare, Econlit, CINAHL and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. Articles were included if they reported on an intervention targeting any type of eating disorder (including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder, and other specified feeding or eating disorders), and employed the use of an adaptive design trial to evaluate the intervention...
April 15, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Mariel Messer, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Claudia Liu, Cleo Anderson, Jake Linardon
OBJECTIVE: Theoretical models highlight body image disturbances as central to the maintenance of eating disorders, with empirical evidence finding negative body image to be a robust predictor of treatment nonresponse, relapse and symptom persistence. Accessible, scalable, and inexpensive interventions that can effectively target negative body image across the eating disorders are needed. We developed an online single session intervention (SSI) for negative body image and evaluated its acceptability and efficacy in a randomized controlled trial in individuals with recurrent binge eating...
April 15, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Scott J Fatt, Emma George, Phillipa Hay, Nikki Jeacocke, Sinead Day, Deborah Mitchison
OBJECTIVE: Elite athletes are at elevated risk for disordered eating and eating disorders; however, little is known about risk and maintaining factors, or barriers and facilitators of help-seeking in this cohort. This systematic review synthesized qualitative findings regarding possible risk and maintaining factors for disordered eating, as well as barriers to and facilitators of help-seeking in elite athletes. METHOD: We conducted a search for qualitative studies that included experiences with body image concerns or disordered eating in elite athletes...
April 15, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Guido K W Frank, Joel J Stoddard, Tiffany Brown, Josh Gowin, Walter H Kaye
OBJECTIVE: This study used machine learning methods to analyze data on treatment outcomes from individuals with anorexia nervosa admitted to a specialized eating disorders treatment program. METHODS: Of 368 individuals with anorexia nervosa (209 adolescents and 159 adults), 160 individuals had data available for a 6-month follow-up analysis. Participants were treated in a 6-day-per-week partial-hospital program. Participants were assessed for eating disorder-specific and non-specific psychopathology...
April 12, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Holly Spinner, Katherine A Thompson, Viviana Bauman, Jason M Lavender, Isabel Thorstad, Ruby Schrag, Tracy Sbrocco, Natasha A Schvey, Brian Ford, Caitlin Ford, Denise E Wilfley, Sarah Jorgensen, David A Klein, Jeffrey Quinlan, Jack A Yanovski, Mark Haigney, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent children of US service members (i.e., military-dependent youth) face unique stressors that increase risk for various forms of disinhibited eating, including emotional eating. Difficulties with adaptively responding to stress and aversive emotions may play an important role in emotional eating. This study examined emotion dysregulation as a potential moderator of the association between perceived stress and emotional eating in adolescent military dependents. METHOD: Participants were military-dependent youth (N = 163, 57...
April 11, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Mark L Norris, Nicole Obeid, Khaled El-Emam
OBJECTIVE: To provide a brief overview of artificial intelligence (AI) application within the field of eating disorders (EDs) and propose focused solutions for research. METHOD: An overview and summary of AI application pertinent to EDs with focus on AI's ability to address issues relating to data sharing and pooling (and associated privacy concerns), data augmentation, as well as bias within datasets is provided. RESULTS: In addition to clinical applications, AI can utilize useful tools to help combat commonly encountered challenges in ED research, including issues relating to low prevalence of specific subpopulations of patients, small overall sample sizes, and bias within datasets...
April 10, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Michael R Lowe, Simar Singh, Michael Rosenbaum, Laurel Mayer
OBJECTIVE: The traditional measure of weight suppression (TWS; the difference between an individual's highest past weight at adult height and current weight), has been associated with many psychological, behavioral and biological variables in those with eating disorders. A new measure of weight suppression, called developmental weight suppression (DWS), corrects two major problems in the original measure. Initial research indicates that DWS represents a superior operationalization of the construct weight suppression was originally designed to measure (Lowe [1993, Psychol Bull, 114: 100])...
April 10, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Jake Linardon
Paranjothy and Wade's (2024) meta-analysis identifying relations between self-criticism, self-compassion, and disordered eating prompted recommendations for augmenting existing front-line interventions with compassion-focused therapy (CFT) principles among self-critical individuals. While in theory this sounds promising, the reality is that the evidence supporting the use of CFT for eating disorders (EDs) is limited. I argue that before any clinical recommendations can made, more research is needed to better understand the utility of CFT, as well as what precise role self-criticism and self-compassion play in the context of intervention...
April 6, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Elizabeth A Velkoff, Laura G Rubino, Jianyi Liu, Stephanie M Manasse, Adrienne S Juarascio
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety sensitivity (AS), the trait-like fear of symptoms of anxiety, has been associated with eating disorder (ED) pathology broadly, bulimia nervosa (BN) symptoms specifically, and the anxiety disorders that are commonly comorbid with BN. AS, especially for physical symptoms specifically, maybe a risk and maintenance factor for BN and comorbid anxiety. METHOD: Adult participants with BN (n = 44) in a clinical trial comparing CBT to mindfulness and acceptance-based treatment (MABT) reported ED symptoms, trait anxiety, and AS through treatment and follow-up...
April 5, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Lawrence T Monocello, Jason M Lavender, Lauren A Fowler, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E Wilfley
OBJECTIVE: The eating disorders field has been limited by a predominant focus on White, Western women, and there is growing recognition of the need to understand cross-cultural variation in key constructs (i.e., ideal body types). A transdisciplinary, cultural models approach systematizes the incorporation of an "emic" perspective (a culture's own understandings of phenomena) into assessments of relationships between body shapes and eating disorders. METHOD: Eighty-one young South Korean men aged 19-34 years living in Seoul participated in this research...
April 5, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Mark L Norris, Wendy Spettigue, Nicole Obeid
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the utility of pragmatic clinical trials (PCTs) to help advance research in eating disorders (EDs). METHODS: We describe challenges associated with traditional explanatory research trials and examine PCTs as an alternative, including a review of the PRECIS-2 tool. RESULTS: There are many challenges associated with the design and completion of traditional RCTs within the field of EDs. Pragmatic clinical trials are studies that closely align with conditions available in everyday practice and focus on outcomes that are relevant to patients and clinicians...
April 5, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Rebecca G Boswell, Kellsey N Launius, Janet A Lydecker
OBJECTIVE: Although rates of weight discrimination are on-par with racial, ethnic, and gender discrimination, comparatively less work has examined impacts of weight-based discrimination in youth, including on disordered eating. Knowing whether experiences of weight-based discrimination, including in youth with multiply-marginalized identities, are associated with disordered eating could identify vulnerable youth and inform intervention efforts. METHOD: Youth (N = 11,875) ages 10-11 were recruited through the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study...
April 4, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Jianyi Liu, Hailing Wang, Lucy Wetherall, Alyssa Giannone, Adrienne Juarascio
OBJECTIVE: Deterioration rate among patients with bulimia-spectrum eating disorders (BN-EDs) after receiving enhanced cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT-E) remains high. Previous studies identified body image concerns, environmental triggers, lack of social support, lack of resources, comorbidity, and discontinued skill use as predictors of deterioration. However, no studies have qualitatively explored patients' perceptions of how these factors influenced their skill use and led to deterioration after receiving outpatient CBT...
April 1, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Em Chakkour, Melissa Simone, Autumn J Askew, Aaron J Blashill
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore between-group differences across different stages of gender-affirming care, and associations between appearance congruence, gender-related motivations for weight loss, and disordered eating in transgender and gender expansive (TGE) individuals. METHOD: A total of 160 TGE adults (aged 18-30) were recruited across the United States. Participants completed a comprehensive online survey. Data were analyzed using generalized linear models and bivariate correlations...
March 29, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Clara Voelz, Stefanie Trinh, Larissa Käver, Mai-Tam Tran, Cordian Beyer, Jochen Seitz
Anorexia nervosa (AN) has a multifaceted and complex pathology, yet major gaps remain in our understanding of factors involved in AN pathology. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a regulatory role in translating genes into proteins and help understand and treat diseases. An extensive literature review on miRNAs with AN and comorbidities has uncovered a significant lack in miRNA research. To demonstrate the importance of understanding miRNA deregulation, we surveyed the literature on depression and obesity providing examples of relevant miRNAs...
March 28, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Johannes Hebebrand, Jochen Seitz, Manuel Föcker, Hanna Preuss-van Viersen, Michael Huss, Katharina Bühren, Brigitte Dahmen, Katja Becker, Linda Weber, Christoph U Correll, Charlotte Jaite, Karin Egberts, Marcel Romanos, Stefan Ehrlich, Maria Seidel, Veit Roessner, Christian Fleischhaker, Eva Möhler, Freia Hahn, Michael Kaess, Tanja Legenbauer, Daniela Hagmann, Tobias J Renner, Ulrike M E Schulze, Ulf Thiemann, Ida Wessing, Gisela Antony, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Abigail Matthews, Triinu Peters
OBJECTIVE: For adolescents, DSM-5 differentiates anorexia nervosa (AN) and atypical AN with the 5th BMI-centile-for-age. We hypothesized that the diagnostic weight cut-off yields (i) lower weight loss in atypical AN and (ii) discrepant premorbid BMI distributions between the two disorders. Prior studies demonstrate that premorbid BMI predicts admission BMI and weight loss in patients with AN. We explore these relationships in atypical AN. METHOD: Based on admission BMI-centile < or ≥5th, participants included 411 female adolescent inpatients with AN and 49 with atypical AN from our registry study...
March 25, 2024: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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