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Clinical Psychology Review

Sarah J Kertz, Devin R Petersen, Kimberly T Stevens
Although depressive disorders are among the most common disorders in youth, highly efficacious treatments for childhood affective disorders are lacking. There is significant need to better understand the factors that contribute to the development and maintenance of depression in youth so that treatments can be targeted at optimal mechanisms. The aim of the current paper was to synthesize research on cognitive and neurobiological factors associated with youth depression, guided by De Raedt and Koster's model (2010) for vulnerability to depression in adults...
January 24, 2019: Clinical Psychology Review
Jennifer C Veilleux
Distress tolerance, the ability to withstand physical or emotional discomfort, is thought to be associated with cigarette smoking behavior and smoking cessation failure. A systematic review evaluated studies that linked distress tolerance to smoking. Central findings suggest that (a) distress tolerance can-but does not always-predict smoking cessation lapse, (b) treatments targeting distress tolerance are promising but need additional research, (c) lower distress tolerance does not seem to be associated with greater smoking frequency or longevity, and (d) limited work evaluates the effect of smoking context on distress tolerance...
January 23, 2019: Clinical Psychology Review
Marilyn L Piccirillo, Thomas L Rodebaugh
Researchers have long called for greater recognition and use of longitudinal, individual-level research in the study of psychopathology and psychotherapy. Much of our current research attempts to indirectly investigate individual-level, or idiographic, psychological processes via group-based, or nomothetic, designs. However, results from nomothetic research do not necessarily translate to the individual-level. In this review, we discuss how idiographic analyses can be integrated into psychotherapy and psychotherapy research...
January 14, 2019: Clinical Psychology Review
Amori Yee Mikami, Meghan Miller, Matthew D Lerner
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are both neurodevelopmental disorders originating in childhood with high associated impairments and public health significance. There has been growing recognition of the frequent co-occurrence, and potential interrelatedness, between ADHD and ASD without intellectual disability. In fact, the most recent (5th) edition of the DSM is the first to allow ADHD and ASD to be diagnosed in the same individual. The study of transdiagnostic features in ADHD and ASD is important for understanding, and treating, these commonly co-occurring disorders...
January 9, 2019: Clinical Psychology Review
Ruth Baer, Catherine Crane, Edward Miller, Willem Kuyken
The benefits of empirically supported mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) are well documented, but the potential for harm has not been comprehensively studied. The available literature, although too small for a systematic review, suggests that the question of harm in MBPs needs careful attention. We argue that greater conceptual clarity will facilitate more systematic research and enable interpretation of existing findings. After summarizing how mindfulness, mindfulness practices, and MBPs are defined in the evidence-based context, we examine how harm is understood and studied in related approaches to physical or psychological health and wellbeing, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and physical exercise...
January 7, 2019: Clinical Psychology Review
Tom Jewell, Tessa Gardner, Karima Susi, Kate Watchorn, Emily Coopey, Mima Simic, Peter Fonagy, Ivan Eisler
BACKGROUND: Attachment theory proposes that humans develop representations of self and other in early childhood which are relatively stable across the life-course, and play a key role in psychological adaptation. However, to date, the psychometric properties of attachment measures in middle childhood and adolescence have not been evaluated in a systematic review. METHOD: A systematic review (PROSPERO ID: CRD42017057772) was conducted using COSMIN criteria. Two researchers independently searched MEDLINE, PsychINFO and Embase databases for relevant articles...
January 3, 2019: Clinical Psychology Review
P Brown, F Waite, D Freeman
Over the past 20 years the importance of psychological processes in psychosis has gained increasing attention. However, it is key to determine the causal status of these processes in order to inform understanding and identify treatment targets. Studies that directly manipulate a psychological mechanism provide the most robust causal evidence. This review evaluates for the first time the extent of manipulationist causal evidence for the role of specific psychological mechanisms in delusions and hallucinations...
December 21, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Susana N Almeida, Robert Elliott, Eunice R Silva, Célia M D Sales
Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is a significant issue for most cancer survivors, with nearly half of cancer survivors reporting it at moderate to high levels of intensity. We aimed to further explore the experience of having FCR from the point of view of patients by systematically reviewing qualitative studies. Following PRISMA guidelines, 87 qualitative studies were selected. All participants' quotes about FRC were extracted, then analysed using a conceptual framework based on the emotion-focused therapy theory of emotion schemes, which consist of experienced/implicit emotions, along with perceptual-situational, bodily-expressive, symbolic-conceptual and motivational-behavioral elements...
December 21, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Eric Stice, Kyle Burger
Multiple theories identify neural vulnerability factors that may increase risk for overeating and weight gain. Early cross-sectional neuroimaging studies were unable to determine whether aberrant neural responsivity was a risk factor for or a consequence of overeating. More recent obesity risk, prospective, repeated-measures, and experimental neuroimaging studies with humans have advanced knowledge of etiologic processes and neural plasticity resulting from overeating. Herein, we review evidence from these more rigorous human neuroimaging studies, in conjunction with behavioral measures reflecting neural function, as well as experiments with animals that investigated neural vulnerability theories for overeating...
December 19, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Antonio J Polo, Bridget A Makol, Ashley S Castro, Nicole Colón-Quintana, Amanda E Wagstaff, Sisi Guo
Historically, authors reporting the results of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to address mental health problems have insufficiently described sample characteristics pertaining to the ethnic/racial, linguistic, socioeconomic, and immigrant backgrounds of participants. RCTs have also had inadequate representation of participants from diverse backgrounds. This study reports on the trends in the reporting and representation of various sample demographic characteristics in RCTs of psychotherapy and other psychosocial interventions for depression over a 36-year period, and on the extent to which ethnicity, in particular, is considered in the analyses of treatment effects...
February 2019: Clinical Psychology Review
Jean-Philippe Gagné
Tourette syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by chronic tics (i.e., repetitive and stereotyped movements and vocalizations) and premonitory urges (i.e., aversive sensations preceding tics that are alleviated once a tic is performed). Research supports that dysfunctional neurobiological and psychological processes interact and contribute to the development and maintenance of tics. However, psychological theories of Tourette syndrome and accompanying research have mainly focused on the emotional states (e...
February 2019: Clinical Psychology Review
M D Thurston, S Allan
AIM: To establish what impact, if any, the gender-affirmation process, has on sexuality and sexual experiences. INTRODUCTION: Sexuality is a multi-faceted construct that influences our attraction to others. Gender transition is the process of aligning our physical sex characteristics with our psychological gender. Our sexuality and our gender identity are often mistakenly assumed to be inextricably linked. It is important to consider and understand the influence of the gender-affirmation process on sexuality and sexual experiences...
December 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
S L Pineles, C P C Borba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Ashwini Tiwari, Andrea Gonzalez
Childhood trauma exposure is a significant public health problem. While adult mental health consequences of such experiences are well documented, sex differences in both prevalence and severity are less understood. Sex-based differences in biological circuitry and physiological trauma responses are proposed to potentiate the differential risk for pathogenesis of mental health disorders among adults. This paper will provide a contextualized summary of neuroendocrine, neuroimaging, and behavioral epigenetic studies on biological sex differences contributing to internalizing psychopathology, specifically posttraumatic stress disorder and depression, among adults with a history of childhood abuse...
December 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
R Kathryn McHugh, Victoria R Votaw, Dawn E Sugarman, Shelly F Greenfield
The gender gap in substance use disorders (SUDs), characterized by greater prevalence in men, is narrowing, highlighting the importance of understanding sex and gender differences in SUD etiology and maintenance. In this critical review, we provide an overview of sex/gender differences in the biology, epidemiology and treatment of SUDs. Biological sex differences are evident across an array of systems, including brain structure and function, endocrine function, and metabolic function. Gender (i.e., environmentally and socioculturally defined roles for men and women) also contributes to the initiation and course of substance use and SUDs...
December 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Kathryn R Fox, Alexander J Millner, Cora E Mukerji, Matthew K Nock
Self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, and suicide death exhibit substantial sex differences. Across most countries, men die by suicide more frequently than women; yet, women think about and attempt suicide more frequently than men. Research on sex differences in nonsuicidal self-injury is less developed; however, nonsuicidal self-injury is historically understood as a primarily female phenomenon. This review describes current research on sex differences across SITBs with a focus on factors that moderate these effects, such as age, race, geographic region, and time...
December 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Hayley Lowe, Gillian Haddock, Lee D Mulligan, Lynsey Gregg, Annabel Fuzellier-Hart, Lesley-Anne Carter, Simon D Kyle
Insomnia is recognised as the most prevalent sleep disorder. Untreated insomnia carries a heavy burden for patients and society. Exercise is proposed as a safe, inexpensive, and accessible non-pharmacological treatment. To the author's knowledge this is the first systematic review to investigate the sleep-enhancing effects of exercise by focusing exclusively on controlled trials comprising poor sleepers only and examining interventions consistent with national guidelines. Using a narrative synthesis, this review aimed to identify whether exercise improves objective and subjective sleep outcomes for people with insomnia...
November 16, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Frank Larøi, Neil Thomas, André Aleman, Charles Fernyhough, Sam Wilkinson, Felicity Deamer, Simon McCarthy-Jones
Negative voice-content is the best sole predictor of whether the hearer of an auditory-verbal hallucination will experience distress/impairment necessitating contact with mental health services. Yet, what causes negative voice-content and how interventions may reduce it remains poorly understood. This paper offers definitions of negative voice content and considers what may cause negative voice-content. We propose a framework in which adverse life-events may underpin much negative voice-content, a relation which may be mediated by mechanisms including hypervigilance, reduced social rank, shame and self-blame, dissociation, and altered emotional processing...
November 14, 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Jessica Williams, Sandra Bucci, Katherine Berry, Filippo Varese
OBJECTIVES: This is the first review to identify, summarise and critically evaluate studies that examined psychological mediators of the relationship between childhood adversities and psychosis. METHODS: A database search (PsychINFO, MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL) was conducted to identify eligible studies published between January 1980 and September 2017. A narrative synthesis and appraisal of methodological quality and statistical appropriateness of the primary studies was conducted...
November 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
Trevor C Griffen, Eva Naumann, Tom Hildebrandt
Mirror exposure therapy is a clinical trial validated treatment component that improves body image and body satisfaction. Mirror exposure therapy has been shown to benefit individuals with high body dissatisfaction and patients with eating disorders (ED) in clinical trials. Mirror exposure is an optional component of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), an effective treatment for body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). However, most clinical trials of mirror exposure therapy have been small or uncontrolled and have included few male subjects...
November 2018: Clinical Psychology Review
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