Fredrik Falkenström
In recent years, there has been increasing interest in utilizing time-lagged panel models to study mechanisms of change in psychotherapy. These models offer valuable insights into the dynamic relationships between variables over time and offer stronger causal inference capabilities than cross-sectional analyses. Therefore, they are well-suited for modeling the intricate relationships between mechanisms of change and outcomes in psychotherapy studies, which are typically beyond experimental control. However, their complexity, coupled with the fact that detailed explanations are often embedded in dense statistical or econometric texts, poses challenges...
April 27, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Tessa Rooney, Louise Sharpe, Jemma Todd, Stefan Carlo Michalski, Dimitri Van Ryckeghem, Geert Crombez, Ben Colagiuri
Attention biases towards disease-relevant cues have been implicated in numerous disorders and health conditions, such as anxiety, cancer, drug-use disorders, and chronic pain. Attention bias modification (ABM) has shown that changing attention biases can change related emotional processes. ABM most commonly uses a modified dot-probe task, which has received increasing criticism regarding its reliability and inconsistent findings. The purpose of the present review was thus to systematically review and meta-analyse alternative tasks used in ABM research...
April 27, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Lauren Shelley, Chris Jones, Effie Pearson, Caroline Richards, Hayley Crawford, Arianna Paricos, Courtney Greenhill, Alixandra Woodhead, Joanne Tarver, Jane Waite
Behaviours that challenge (BtC) are common in people with intellectual disability (ID) and associated with negative long-term outcomes. Reliable characterisation of BtC and behavioural function is integral to person-centred interventions. This systematic review and meta-analytic study quantitatively synthesised the evidence-base for the internal consistency, inter-rater reliability, and test-retest reliability of measures of BtC and behavioural function in people with ID (PROSPERO: CRD42021239042). Web of Science, Embase, PsycINFO and MEDLINE were searched from inception to March 2024...
April 16, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Julia Petrovic, Jessica Mettler, Sohyun Cho, Nancy L Heath
Loving-kindness meditations involve sending feelings of kindness and care to a series of people including oneself, loved ones, strangers, and all beings. Loving-kindness interventions (LKIs), which include knowledge and/or practice related to loving-kindness, have been gaining attention as a potential intervention for improving mental health in adults. This meta-analysis synthesized the effects of LKIs on both positive (i.e., mindfulness, compassion, positive affect) and negative (i.e., negative affect, psychological symptoms) indices of mental health across comparison types (i...
April 16, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Katie Aafjes-van Doorn, Daniel S Spina, Sarah J Horne, Vera Békés
OBJECTIVE: The strength of the therapeutic alliance is widely understood to impact treatment outcomes, however, the alliance-outcome relationship in teletherapy has remained relatively unexamined. The aim of this meta-analysis is to systematically summarize the relationship between therapeutic alliance and treatment outcomes in teletherapy with adult patients conducted via videoconferencing or telephone. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of the databases PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, ProQuest Dissertation Databases, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and PubMed for studies published before June 26, 2023...
April 12, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Lauren Stavropoulos, David D J Cooper, Sophie M Champion, Luke Keevers, Jill M Newby, Jessica R Grisham
BACKGROUND: In this systematic review, we aimed to synthesise existing research on the phenomenology of mental imagery among high worriers compared to healthy individuals, and to characterise the nature and effectiveness of existing imagery-related interventions in treatment of worry. METHODS: PsycInfo, CENTRAL, EMBASE, Medline, Medline Epub, and PubMed were searched for studies examining the relationship between worry/GAD and mental imagery, or interventions using imagery in treatment of worry/GAD...
April 11, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Eleni Andrea Demetriou, Kelsie Anne Boulton, Michael Russell Bowden, Adam John Guastella
Children can experience significant distress during hospitalisation, as a result of the treatment process and due to psychosocial factors impacting their adjustment to the hospital environment. Such factors can contribute to negative outcomes for the child. Despite this, limited research focus has been placed on understanding the psychosocial factors that contribute to a child's distress to inform support strategies that can improve the experience of hospitalisation across paediatric conditions. The objectives of this review were to synthesise the qualitative and quantitative literature on psychosocial factors associated with hospital adjustment and to identify risk and protective factors that influence the adjustment process...
April 10, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Jenna A Macri, Ronald D Rogge
The current systematic and meta-analytic review sought to integrate a growing number of studies examining dimensions of psychological flexibility as treatment mechanisms for Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). Analyses of 77 records (67 unique studies; Ntotal  = 9123 participants) from comprehensive searches of multiple databases suggested that ACT interventions led to reduced inflexibility (i.e., lowered global inflexibility, lack of present moment awareness, cognitive fusion, experiential avoidance, self-as-content, & inaction) and increased flexibility (i...
April 10, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Sunita Bayyavarapu Bapuji, Ashlyn Hansen, Miriam H Marembo, Patrick Olivier, Marie Bee Hui Yap
Parental factors play a major role in youth mental health and many youth in high-income countries have at least one overseas-born parent. It is, hence, important to understand how immigrant parenting is associated with youth mental health in high-income countries. Following PRISMA guidelines, this review sought to identify modifiable parental factors to inform parenting interventions to prevent mental health problems in youth aged 0-18 years whose parents migrated voluntarily for economic reasons from low and middle-income countries to high-income countries...
April 9, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Alexander D Stover, Josh Shulkin, Andrew Lac, Timothy Rapp
Cognitive reappraisal, an adaptive emotion regulation strategy that involves subjectively reinterpreting stressful and adverse experiences in a more positive manner, can enhance personal resilience. Personal resilience is a constellation of attributes that facilitate successful coping and an expeditious return to adaptive functioning after exposure to stress or adversity. This meta-analysis evaluated the association between cognitive reappraisal and personal resilience. A systematic and exhaustive search identified 64 independent samples from 55 studies (N = 29,824) that examined the correlation between cognitive reappraisal and personal resilience...
April 7, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
T L Rutter, R P Hastings, C A Murray, N Enoch, S Johnson, C Stinton
We report a review examining the psychological wellbeing of parents of children with Down syndrome (DS) relative to that of parents of typically developing (TD) children. A systematic search identified 57 relevant studies, which were synthesised meta-analytically. Relative to their counterparts with TD children, mothers and fathers of children with DS reported higher levels of parenting stress (mothers: g = 0.57, 95% CI [0.33, 0.81]; fathers: g = 0.40, [0.24, 0.56]), depressive symptoms (mothers: g = 0...
April 6, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Ronald Fischer, Yuki Bailey, Megha Shankar, Nadia Safaeinili, Johannes A Karl, Adam Daly, Finley Ngarangi Johnson, Taylor Winter, Hitaua Arahanga-Doyle, Ririwai Fox, Amina Abubakar, Donna Michelle Zulman
We introduce the bias and equivalence framework to highlight how concepts, methods, and tools from cultural psychology can contribute to successful cultural adaptation and implementation of behavioral interventions. To situate our contribution, we provide a review of recent cultural adaptation research and existing frameworks. We identified 68 different frameworks that have been cited when reporting cultural adaptations and highlight three major adaptation dimensions that can be used to differentiate adaptations...
April 6, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Winfried Rief, Gordon J G Asmundson, Richard A Bryant, David M Clark, Anke Ehlers, Emily A Holmes, Richard J McNally, Carmem B Neufeld, Sabine Wilhelm, Adam C Jaroszewski, Max Berg, Anke Haberkamp, Stefan G Hofmann
Although psychological treatments are broadly recognized as evidence-based interventions for various mental disorders, challenges remain. For example, a substantial proportion of patients receiving such treatments do not fully recover, and many obstacles hinder the dissemination, implementation, and training of psychological treatments. These problems require those in our field to rethink some of our basic models of mental disorders and their treatments, and question how research and practice in clinical psychology should progress...
March 25, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Victoria Newell, Ellen Townsend, Caroline Richards, Sarah Cassidy
Autistic people are at increased risk of experiencing self-harm compared to the general population. However, it is unclear which tools are being used to assess self-harm in autistic people, or whether existing tools need to be adapted for this group. This two-stage systematic review aimed to identify tools used to assess self-harm in autistic and general population adults, evaluate these tools on their measurement properties, and make recommendations for their appropriate use in research and clinical practice...
March 12, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Mareike Ernst, Tamara Schwinn, Judith Hirschmiller, Seonaid Cleare, Kathryn A Robb, Elmar Brähler, Rüdiger Zwerenz, Jörg Wiltink, Rory C O'Connor, Manfred E Beutel
Psychological variables substantially shape the risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STBs). However, it is unclear to what extent they are considered in individuals with cancer. We synthesized the quantitative research landscape concerning psychological risk/protective factors of STBs in the (psycho-) oncological context. This pre-registered review (PROSPERO-ID CRD42022331484) systematically searched the databases PubMed/Medline, CINAHL, PsycInfo, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science (as well as the grey literature and preprints)...
March 11, 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Sophie L Kjærvik, Brad J Bushman
Anger is an unpleasant emotion that most people want to get rid of. Some anger management activities focus on decreasing arousal (e.g., deep breathing, mindfulness, meditation), whereas others focus on increasing arousal (e.g., hitting a bag, jogging, cycling). This meta-analytic review, based on 154 studies including 184 independent samples involving 10,189 participants, tested the effectiveness of both types of activities. The results indicated that arousal-decreasing activities decreased anger and aggression (g = -0...
April 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Rivkah Ginat-Frolich, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman, Jonathan D Huppert, Idan M Aderka, Lynn E Alden, Yair Bar-Haim, Eni S Becker, Amit Bernstein, Ronny Geva, Richard G Heimberg, Stefan G Hofmann, Todd B Kashdan, Ernst H W Koster, Joshua Lipsitz, Jon K Maner, David A Moscovitch, Pierre Philippot, Ronald M Rapee, Karin Roelofs, Thomas L Rodebaugh, Franklin R Schneier, Oliver C Schultheiss, Ben Shahar, Ulrich Stangier, Murray B Stein, Lusia Stopa, Charles T Taylor, Justin W Weeks, Matthias J Wieser
What are the major vulnerabilities in people with social anxiety? What are the most promising directions for translational research pertaining to this condition? The present paper provides an integrative summary of basic and applied translational research on social anxiety, emphasizing vulnerability factors. It is divided into two subsections: intrapersonal and interpersonal. The intrapersonal section synthesizes research relating to (a) self-representations and self-referential processes; (b) emotions and their regulation; and (c) cognitive biases: attention, interpretation and judgment, and memory...
April 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Kate Cooper, Sanjay Kumarendran, Manuela Barona
Autistic adolescents are at increased risk of developing mental health problems. Improving psychological well-being could reduce the likelihood of such problems developing. Research has tended to prioritise the voices of non-autistic people and has neglected to consult autistic young people themselves. Our meta-synthesis aimed to systematically review qualitative research on the perspectives of autistic young people and their parents on the lived experience of psychological well-being. We conducted a pre-planned systematic search which identified 2552 papers, with 37 of those meeting full inclusion criteria...
April 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Ofir Negri-Schwartz, Michal Lavidor, Tal Shilton, Doron Gothelf, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon
Parenting a child with a chronic illness presents a complex journey marked by various challenges, along with possible personal growth following these challenges. In this systematic review we present three meta-analyses, in order to examine the associations of post-traumatic growth (PTG) among parents of children with diverse chronic illnesses, and psychological distress, social support, and resilience. Analyzing 34 studies encompassing a total of 5328 parents, the results reveal several key findings. First, PTG was found to be prevalent among the parents...
April 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
Yogev Kivity, Kenneth N Levy, Benjamin N Johnson, Lia K Rosenstein, James M LeBreton
BACKGROUND: Mentalizing, making sense of mental states, is hypothesized to have a central role in self-organization and social learning. Findings support this notion, but the extent of the association between mentalizing and various correlates has not been meta-analyzed. Furthermore, mentalizing presumably occurs with (explicit) and without (implicit) awareness but few studies have attempted to disentangle these aspects. We conducted a meta-analysis of implicit and explicit mentalizing in relation to the domains of attachment security, personality, affect, psychopathology, and functioning...
March 2024: Clinical Psychology Review
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