journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38371910/adolescent-child-custody-loss-and-substance-use-treatment-as-predictors-of-young-adult-substance-use-trajectories-among-females-with-foster-care-and-juvenile-justice-involvement
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Daschel J Franz, Maria L Schweer-Collins, Camille C Cioffi, Leslie D Leve
This study aimed to identify trajectories of substance use from adolescence to young adulthood among 166 females with dual child welfare and juvenile justice system involvement, and to explore the influence of adolescent child custody status and substance use treatment on substance use trajectories. Results identified four substance use trajectory groups (stable moderate substance use, decreasing substance use, increasing substance use, stable high substance use). Custody loss during adolescence predicted membership in the stable high substance use trajectory group (log odds estimate = 2...
February 2024: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38371909/interpersonal-violence-and-suicide-risk-examining-buffering-effects-of-school-and-community-connectedness
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lauren M Berny, Emily E Tanner-Smith
BACKGROUND: Exposure to interpersonal violence is associated with elevated suicide risk. Preventing suicide among high-risk adolescents is most often discussed from a clinical treatment perspective, resulting in a gap in research examining whether school and community connectedness can buffer the relationships between forms of interpersonal violence and suicide risk in clinical samples of adolescents. METHODS: Baseline data from 294 adolescents who received substance use treatment were analyzed to help fill this gap in research...
February 2024: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38333718/fathers-mental-ill-health-and-child-maltreatment-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ian Holdroyd, Paul Bywaters, Robbie Duschinsky, Taurean Drayak, John Taylor, Barry Coughlan
BACKGROUND: Parental mental ill-health is often described as a risk factor for child maltreatment. Yet the literature commonly foregrounds maternal mental ill-health. To obtain a more complete picture, it is crucial to also understand the associations between fathers' mental health and child maltreatment. AIM: To provide a narrative synthesis of evidence about the relationship between fathers' mental health and child maltreatment. METHOD: Four electronic databases were searched, identifying 5479 citations...
February 2024: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38312831/cross-informant-agreement-between-caregivers-and-teachers-for-prosocial-behavior-across-child-welfare-settings
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jane Jiyoun Lee
Healthy social functioning has been a growing focus for understanding children's positive development and well-being. Despite the flexibility and cost-effectiveness of behavior rating scales, there has been a rising issue of concern in both practice and research applications regarding rating scales and its low cross-informant agreement. The present study aimed to analyze the extent to which caregivers and teachers agree about children's prosocial behaviors, identify whether there were differences in the degree of agreement across child welfare settings, and ultimately offer recommendations for assessing behavior for children involved with child welfare services...
February 2024: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38644956/associations-between-service-use-and-behavioral-health-trajectories-among-young-adults-experiencing-homelessness
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Graham DiGuiseppi, Eric R Pedersen, Anthony Rodriguez, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Joan S Tucker
PURPOSE: To examine associations of service use (housing, mental health, substance use, education, and employment) with depression and substance use disorder (SUD) trajectories among young adults experiencing homelessness. METHOD: Secondary data come from 276 young adults who participated in an intervention to reduce substance use and sexual risk behaviors. Participants were recruited from three drop-in centers in Los Angeles County from 2018 to 2020, and completed surveys at baseline, 3-, 6-, 12-, and 24-months post-baseline...
January 2024: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38074081/an-exploration-of-sex-trading-for-compensation-and-lgbtq-inclusive-screening-practices-perspectives-of-young-people-who-have-experienced-sex-trading-and-or-homelessness
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lara B Gerassi, Caro Cruys, Nicole Hendry, Maria Del Carmen Rosales
Young people's perspectives on social and healthcare providers' assessments of sex trading for financial compensation are lacking. This is particularly important for LGBTQ+ youth who experience substantial barriers in navigating health and social services. Further, increased internet access (because of COVID-19 and other factors) has changed the landscape of the sex trades in ways that are not fully understood. Our study aimed to understand (1) how young people trade sex, and (2) provider strategies that increase youths' comfort in disclosing sex trading and related risks...
January 2024: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38031557/policies-to-reduce-child-poverty-and-child-maltreatment-a-scoping-review-and-preliminary-estimates-of-indirect-effects
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hyunil Kim, Yun Young Kim, Eun-Jee Song, Liliane Windsor
This study includes a scoping review of prior studies investigating the effects of policy changes on child poverty rates. It further conducts an empirical analysis to estimate the relationship between child poverty rates and child maltreatment report (CMR) rates, utilizing national county-level data. The study then calculates the indirect effects of policy changes on CMR rates, mediated through child poverty rates, by integrating information from previous studies with its own empirical findings. Among the policy changes explored in prior studies, those related to a child allowance and a fully refundable Child Tax Credit demonstrate the largest indirect effects but also the highest costs...
January 2024: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37997598/risk-and-protective-factors-for-african-american-kinship-caregiving-a-scoping-review
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qi Wu, Yiqi Zhu, Kanisha Brevard, Shiyou Wu, Judy Krysik
BACKGROUND: African American children are disproportionately placed in kinship care, specifically with kin caregivers who have pressing service needs given their relatively poor physical and mental health, and low economic status. Kinship caregivers often face challenges, however, they also show resilience when raising relative children. Although the literature has examined risk and protective factors that affect kinship caregiving, no scoping review has been conducted to summarize these factors as they relate to African American kinship caregivers...
January 2024: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38143934/maneuvering-through-life-with-positivity-estimating-the-effects-of-foster-youth-s-appraisal-on-coping-styles
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hsin-Yao Chiu, Austen B McGuire, Yo Jackson, Mike L Stoolmiller, Alyssa M Rodriguez
Youth in foster care tend to experience a disproportional number of adverse life experiences and demonstrate high rates of emotional and behavioral difficulties. According to the transactional model of stress and coping, how youth appraise their experiences influences the type of coping strategies they use in response to adversity, and these relations are key components to understanding later adjustment. However, few studies have examined potential effects of appraisal on coping for youth in foster care. Furthermore, it is not well understood if or how such interaction may vary across age...
December 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38053918/correlates-of-informant-discrepancies-in-self-harm-among-youth-involved-in-child-protective-services
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jill A Rabinowitz, Geoffrey D Kahn, Julia W Felton, Deborah A G Drabick, Holly C Wilcox
Youth involved with child protective services (CPS) are at elevated risk for engaging in self-harm. Participation in interventions or treatments that may reduce youths' self-harm behaviors often depends on the accurate reporting of their self-injurious behaviors. However, informants often disagree on the presence or severity of self-harm engagement, making the identification of youth in need of treatment more challenging. The current study aims to characterize discrepancies between youth and caregiver reports of children's self-harm among a sample of youth with a history of CPS involvement, and to identify factors (e...
December 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37982096/non-suicidal-self-injury-suicidal-behaviors-and-mental-health-symptoms-among-sexual-minority-youth-with-juvenile-justice-system-involvement
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alyssa Vieira, Kaitlin M Sheerin, Shannon Williamson-Butler, Casey A Pederson, Elizabeth C Thompson, Sheiry Soriano, Jennifer C Wolff, Anthony Spirito, Kathleen Kemp
Sexual minority youth have long remained an understudied population within the juvenile justice system, despite emerging evidence suggesting that sexual minority youth are overrepresented. Recent literature indicates that system-involved sexual minority youth may have more behavioral health concerns than their heterosexual counterparts. Even so, more work is needed to elucidate the unique needs of sexual minority youth who become involved in the system, especially as it pertains to suicidal behaviors and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI)...
December 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37982095/-i-ve-smoked-weed-with-my-daughter-cannabis-use-within-families-affected-by-parental-opioid-misuse
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Terrinieka W Powell, Asari Offiong, Quiana Lewis, Morgan Prioleau, Bianca Smith, Renee M Johnson
Youth with parents who use opioids are more likely to engage in early substance use, especially cannabis use. The purpose of this study was to describe the context of cannabis use among families affected by parental opioid misuse. We conducted 25 in-depth interviews with families affected by parental opioid misuse. Participants were parents with a history of opioid misuse and young adults (ages 18-24) who had parents with a history of opioid misuse. Interviews were digitally recorded and professionally transcribed...
December 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37841201/parents-perspectives-in-accessing-psychiatric-residential-treatment-for-children-and-youth-differential-experiences-by-funding-source
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kayla Herbell, Genevieve Graaf
OBJECTIVE: There are well-documented disparities in access to mental health care for children and youth with significant behavioral health needs. Few studies that explored the differential experiences of families who use private vs public sources of financing (i.e., insurance and funding) in accessing residential treatment (RT) for children and youth. This study aimed to examine the lived experiences of families accessing psychiatric residential treatment (RT) and contextualize these experiences based on source of financing...
November 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37744024/needs-of-youth-enrolled-in-a-statewide-system-of-care-a-latent-class-analysis
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Madeline R Stenersen, Alayna Schreier, Michael J Strambler, Tim Marshall, Jeana Bracey, Joy S Kaufman
OBJECTIVE: Access to wraparound care coordination within systems of care (SOC) is increasing nationwide for youth with emotional and behavioral disorders and their families. Though wraparound care coordination serves a broad population of youth who experience a variety of complex needs, less is known about the impact of wraparound services based on these specified needs. Using latent class analysis, the current study aimed to first identify classes of youth based on their presenting needs and then examine the impact of class membership on treatment experiences and outcomes at baseline and six-month follow-up...
November 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37692058/the-long-reach-of-juvenile-and-criminal-legal-debt-how-monetary-sanctions-shape-legal-cynicism-and-adultification
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leslie Paik, Andrea Giuffre, Alexes Harris, Sarah Shannon
Previous research has established the deleterious long-term effects of juvenile legal system involvement such as increased risk of criminal legal system involvement as adults. This paper examines retrospective accounts of how that process occurs by exploring the following research question: how does one's involvement in the juvenile legal system, which includes monetary sanctions, shape peoples' views of law and legal institutions and with what consequences? Based on 19 interviews with adults who have legal debt from both juvenile and criminal legal systems, the paper focuses on four aspects of the long-reaching effects of juvenile legal involvement and juvenile monetary sanctions: legal socialization, adultification, legal cynicism, and future aspirations...
November 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37841819/predicting-successful-placements-for-youth-in-child-welfare-with-machine-learning
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kimberlee J Trudeau, Jichen Yang, Jiaming Di, Yi Lu, David R Kraus
Out-of-home placement decisions have extremely high stakes for the present and future well-being of children in care because some placement types, and multiple placements, are associated with poor outcomes. We propose that a clinical decision support system (CDSS) using existing data about children and their previous placement success could inform future placement decision-making for their peers. The objective of this study was to test the feasibility of developing machine learning models to predict the best level of care placement (i...
October 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37745977/variation-in-cumulative-childhood-risks-of-parental-imprisonment-and-foster-care-removal-by-state-and-race-ethnicity
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anneliese N Luck
The racialized nature of state intervention into family life has increasingly called attention to the impact of parental incarceration and foster care placement on the wellbeing of children across the United States. Yet little is known about how these interventions collectively operate at a macro-level in the lives of children. This study estimates the cumulative childhood risks of experiencing parental imprisonment or foster care placement for White, Black, and Hispanic children across fourteen states. Drawing on policy regime theory, I identify subnational family intervention regimes based on the relative risks of 'right' prison-driven and 'left' welfare-driven intervention, examining how these regimes vary across both states and racial/ethnic subgroups...
October 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37635922/creating-an-interdisciplinary-collaborative-network-of-scholars-in-child-maltreatment-prevention-a-network-analysis-of-the-doris-duke-fellowships-for-the-promotion-of-child-well-being
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Colleen Schlecht, Elizabeth A McGuier, Lee Ann Huang, Deborah Daro
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is a complex problem requiring interdisciplinary collaborative research to generate innovative solutions. The Doris Duke Fellowships for the Promotion of Child Well-Being were designed to identify and nurture emerging scholars committed to child maltreatment prevention and create a supportive interdisciplinary learning network. OBJECTIVE: This paper examines connectivity within the collaborative network created by the fellowships program using longitudinal social network data...
October 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37601236/foster-care-kinship-care-and-the-transition-to-adulthood-do-child-welfare-system-processes-explain-differences-in-outcomes
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kierra M P Sattler, Toria Herd, Sarah A Font
Despite longstanding policy preferences favoring kinship care placements over non-relative family foster care placements, research findings on the benefits of kinship care vary by measurement, assessed outcome, follow-up period, and other study design elements. We examined early adulthood outcomes-incarceration and teen parenthood-among WI youth who entered foster care in early-to-middle childhood (ages 5-10). Results suggest that initial placement in kin or nonrelative kinship care was not significantly related to imprisonment or teenage parenthood directly; however, first placement in kinship care is associated with fewer moves, longer duration in care, and a higher probability of a new maltreatment investigation, which in turn is related to long-term outcomes...
October 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37601235/improving-teamwork-in-multidisciplinary-cross-sector-teams-adaption-and-pilot-testing-of-a-team-training-for-child-advocacy-center-teams
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Elizabeth A McGuier, Jamie Feldman, Mikele Bay, Sue Ascione, Mary Tatum, Eduardo Salas, David J Kolko
BACKGROUND: Effective teamwork is critical to the mission of Child Advocacy Center (CAC) multidisciplinary teams. Team interventions designed to fit the unique cross-organizational context of CAC teams may improve teamwork in CACs. METHODS: A collaborative, community-engaged approach was used to adapt TeamSTEPPS, an evidence-based team training for healthcare, for CAC multidisciplinary teams. The adapted training was piloted with one team and evaluated using mixed methods...
October 2023: Children and Youth Services Review
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