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Children and Youth Services Review

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30765899/understanding-support-network-capacity-during-the-transition-from-foster-care-youth-identified-barriers-facilitators-and-enhancement-strategies
#1
Jennifer E Blakeslee, Jared I Best
This study explores how foster care experiences can impact support network functionality as young people exit the foster care system. This can be conceptualized as a function of both network member capacity to provide adequate support to address young adult needs, and network stability, which reflects cohesion within and across relationships to facilitate consistent support over time. We conducted support network mapping and semi-structured interviews with youth in foster care aged 16-20 (N=22) and used theoretical thematic analysis to explore support barriers and facilitators in relation to the organizing concepts of support capacity and network stability...
January 2019: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30581244/examining-the-wider-context-of-formal-youth-mentoring-programme-development-delivery-and-maintenance-a-qualitative-study-with-mentoring-managers-and-experts-in-the-united-kingdom
#2
Heide Busse, Rona Campbell, Ruth Kipping
Mentoring programmes are commonplace, yet little is known about the circumstances in which they operate. This study aimed to gain insight into the context surrounding youth mentoring programmes by asking programme managers and experts in the United Kingdom about their experiences. Telephone interviews with twenty-three programme managers and five experts were undertaken. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed iteratively using thematic analysis. Contextual influences at the individual-, interpersonal-, organisational-, community-, policy-, and societal-level were identified to impact on programme's development, delivery and maintenance and were summarised in a model...
December 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30745712/relationship-between-child-maltreatment-and-adolescent-body-mass-index-trajectories
#3
Rebeccah L Sokol, Nisha C Gottfredson, Meghan E Shanahan, Carolyn T Halpern
This study examines the relationship between childhood maltreatment experiences and body mass index (BMI) over time. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we use latent profile analysis to create child maltreatment experience classes and latent growth modeling to understand how classes relate to BMI trajectories from adolescence to early adulthood. The best-fitting model suggests four child maltreatment experience classes: 1) poly-maltreatment (n=607); 2) physical abuse (n=1,578); 3) physical abuse and neglect (n=345); and 4) no childhood maltreatment (n=4,188)...
October 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30613120/the-impact-of-the-low-income-housing-tax-credit-on-children-s-health-and-wellbeing-in-georgia
#4
Katie A Ports, Whitney L Rostad, Feijun Luo, Michelle Putnam, Elizabeth Zurick
Housing instability is a risk factor for child abuse and neglect (CAN). Thus, policies that increase availability of affordable housing may reduce CAN rates. The Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) program is the largest affordable housing policy initiative in the country. This study used fixed-effects models to estimate the relationship between LIHTC units and county-level CAN reports in Georgia from 2005 to 2015, controlling for county demographic characteristics. One-way fixed-effects models (including only county fixed-effects) demonstrated significant negative associations between number of LIHTC units and substantiated cases of CAN and total reports of sexual abuse...
October 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30174366/an-examination-of-the-relationship-between-maternal-depression-and-barriers-to-child-mental-health-services
#5
Mary C Acri, Lindsay Bornheimer, Emily Hamovitch, Kate Lambert
Objective: Maternal depression is a common, chronic set of disorders associated with significant burden to caregivers, children and families. Some evidence suggests that depression is associated with perceptions of barriers to child mental health treatment and premature termination from services. However, this relationship has not yet been examined among a predominantly low-income sample, which is at disproportionately high risk of depression, child mental health problems, and treatment drop out...
October 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30666069/measurement-and-correlates-of-foster-care-placement-moves
#6
Sarah Font, Kierra Sattler
Placement stability is a major priority in the foster care system. However, the measurement of placement stability and the reasons children move are complex issues that warrant considerable attention. In this study, we used a two-year Texas foster care entry cohort to examine the extent to which children experience "progress moves", such as moving to a sibling placement or to live with a relative, versus non-progress moves, such as moving due to risk of abuse. Our sample consisted of 23,760 children and 66,585 placements statewide...
August 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30505049/service-engagement-and-retention-lessons-from-the-early-childhood-connections-program
#7
Chien-Jen Chiang, Melissa Jonson-Reid, Hyunil Kim, Brett Drake, Laura Pons, Patricia Kohl, John Constantino, Wendy Auslander
The high attrition rates found in studies of early childhood home visitation create barriers to measuring the effectiveness of such programs. Most studies examine attrition at program completion. This practice may mask important differences in characteristics between families that end participation at various time points. This study helps address this gap by examining factors associated with percent attrition for early drop out (before three months) compared to the program midpoint (nine months or more) and program completion (18 months) using data from the treatment arm of a small feasibility study of enhanced referral to home visitation among child welfare-involved families (n = 64)...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30323545/-i-really-wanted-her-to-have-a-big-sister-caregiver-perspectives-on-mentoring-for-early-adolescent-girls
#8
Thomas E Keller, Bahia Overton, Julia M Pryce, Johanna E Barry, Andrew Sutherland, David L DuBois
Formal youth mentoring programs tend to focus on the mentor-mentee dyad as the primary relationship cultivated and supported. The interests and preferences of the parent or caregiver in the mentoring relationship may receive little attention. In this study, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with primary caregivers (N=20) of early adolescent girls participating in a Big Brothers Big Sisters community-based mentoring program to explore reasons why they wanted mentors for their daughters. Thematic analysis revealed that caregivers expected mentors to support their daughters as trusted companions, confidants, and conduits to opportunities and services...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30220759/patterns-and-predictors-of-childcare-subsidies-for-children-with-and-without-special-needs
#9
Amanda L Sullivan, Elyse M Farnsworth, Amy Susman-Stillman
One goal of childcare subsidies is to increase access to quality childcare for families of low-income, thus supporting child and family wellbeing, but subsidies may not equally benefit children with and without special needs. This study examined patterns and predictors of subsidy use among children with disabilities or delays relative to children without special needs. A nationally representative sample of approximately 4,050 young children from families of low-income was drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29769753/developing-a-typology-of-mentoring-programmes-for-young-people-attending-secondary-school-in-the-united-kingdom-using-qualitative-methods
#10
Heide Busse, Rona Campbell, Ruth Kipping
Mentoring programmes are commonplace and delivered in a range of different ways in the United Kingdom and North America. To better understand the type of programmes available and to inform future evaluations, we developed a typology of formal mentoring programmes for young people in secondary schools in the United Kingdom. Telephone interviews with 23 programme managers from purposively sampled mentoring organisations were conducted and analysed using thematic and framework analysis. The typology was consulted on with five experts in mentoring...
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29610544/predictors-of-parental-use-of-corporal-punishment-in-ukraine
#11
Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, Viktor Burlaka, Julie Ma, Shawna Lee, Berenice Castillo, Iuliia Churakova
Despite a great deal of evidence that corporal punishment is harmful, corporal punishment is still very prevalent worldwide. We examine predictors of different types of corporal punishment among Ukrainian mothers in 12 communities across Ukraine. Findings suggest that maternal spirituality, maternal coping styles, family communication, and some demographic characteristics are predictive of mothers' use of corporal punishment.
May 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29875523/defining-and-achieving-permanency-among-older-youth-in-foster-care
#12
Amy M Salazar, Kevin R Jones, Jamie Amemiya, Adrian Cherry, Eric C Brown, Richard F Catalano, Kathryn C Monahan
Permanency is a key child welfare system goal for the children they serve. This study addresses three key research questions: (1) How do older youth in foster care define their personal permanency goals? (2) How much progress have these youth made in achieving their personal permanency goals and other aspects of relational permanency, and how does this vary by gender, race, and age? and (3) What transition-related outcomes are associated with relational permanency achievement? Surveys were conducted with 97 youth between the ages of 14 and 20 currently in care...
April 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29551847/perspectives-of-youth-in-foster-care-on-essential-ingredients-for-promoting-self-determination-and-successful-transition-to-adult-life-my-life-model
#13
Laurie E Powers, Ann Fullerton, Jessica Schmidt, Sarah Geenen, Molly Oberweiser-Kennedy, JoAnn Dohn, May Nelson, Rosemary Iavanditti, Jennifer Blakeslee
Research clearly documents the serious challenges and poor outcomes experienced by many young people exiting foster care, as well as compounded disparities for the high percentage of youth in care who are identified with disabilities and/or mental health challenges. However, very little research has been conducted to specify or validate effective models for improving the transition trajectories of youth exiting care. Evidence suggests the My Life self-determination enhancement model offers a promising approach for supporting youths' self-determined and positive transition to adulthood...
February 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29795708/barriers-and-facilitators-for-access-to-mental-health-services-by-traumatized-youth
#14
April Joy Damian, Joseph J Gallo, Tamar Mendelson
Polytrauma is a highly prevalent public health problem in the U.S. with even higher rates in urban areas. Children with polytrauma often end up in multiple child-serving systems (e.g., mental health, child welfare, education, juvenile justice) with needs that are both complex and severe. Providers within these child-serving systems have potential to serve as gatekeepers to trauma services by linking youth with trauma-informed treatments and supports that promote recovery. The purpose of our study was to assess the perspective of providers who participated in a nine-month, trauma-informed care (TIC) training intervention on 1) their capacity to make referrals to trauma-specific services following the training, and 2) factors external to the training intervention that supported or hindered their ability to link traumatized youth with services...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29736093/who-is-accessing-family-mental-health-programs-demographic-differences-before-and-after-system-reform
#15
Emily Hamovitch, Mary Acri, Lindsay A Bornheimer
Childhood mental health disorders are on the rise in the United States. To ensure equitable access to care, it is important to examine the characteristics of children and families who access services. This study compares the demographic characteristics of two samples of families who participated in National Institute of Mental Health-funded studies of a Multiple Family Group model, entitled the 4Rs and 2Ss Multiple Family Group (4Rs and 2Ss) in New York City. One sample is currently receiving services, and the other received services a decade ago...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29731531/feasibility-of-internet-based-parent-training-for-low-income-parents-of-young-children
#16
Lucy McGoron, Erica Hvizdos, Erika L Bocknek, Erica Montgomery, Steven J Ondersma
Parent training programs promote positive parenting and benefit low-income children, but are rarely used. Internet-based delivery may help expand the reach of parent training programs, although feasibility among low-income populations is still unclear. We examined the feasibility of internet-based parent training, in terms of internet access/use and engagement, through two studies. In Study 1, 160 parents recruited from Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) centers completed a brief paper survey regarding internet access and use (all parents received government aid)...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29551846/concurrent-child-history-and-contextual-predictors-of-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-foster-care
#17
Kristin J Perry, Joseph M Price
This study contributes to current research on the behavior problems of children in foster care by analyzing a more comprehensive set of concurrent child history and contextual predictors. Kinship home status and sibling status (i.e., whether the sibling was a biological sibling to the foster child) were evaluated as moderators of significant associations. Data were collected at the baseline of a foster parent training intervention program prior to any intervention services using parent phone interviews ( N = 310, 51...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29456281/foster-home-integration-as-a-temporal-indicator-of-relational-well-being
#18
Jeffrey Waid, Brianne H Kothari, Bowen M McBeath, Lew Bank
This study sought to identify factors that contribute to the relational well-being of youth in substitute care. Using data from the [BLIND] study, youth responded to a 9-item measure of positive home integration, a scale designed to assess the relational experiences of youth to their caregivers and their integration into the foster home. Data were collected from youth in six month intervals, for an 18-month period of time. Latent growth curve modeling procedures were employed to determine if child, family, and case characteristics influenced youth's home integration trajectories...
December 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29503490/developmental-pathways-from-child-maltreatment-to-adolescent-substance-use-the-roles-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-mother-child-relationships
#19
Susan Yoon, Julia M Kobulsky, Dalhee Yoon, Wonhee Kim
While many studies have identified a significant relation between child maltreatment and adolescent substance use, the developmental pathways linking this relation remain sparsely explored. The current study examines posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms, mother-child relationships, and internalizing and externalizing problems as potential longitudinal pathways through which child maltreatment influences adolescent substance use. Structural equation modeling was conducted on 883 adolescents drawn from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN)...
November 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30202142/connectedness-to-family-school-peers-and-community-in-socially-vulnerable-adolescents
#20
Cynthia Ewell Foster, Adam Horwitz, Alvin Thomas, Kiel Opperman, Polly Gipson, Amanda Burnside, Deborah M Stone, Cheryl A King
Youth who feel connected to people and institutions in their communities may be buffered from other risk factors in their lives. As a result, increasing connectedness has been recommended as a prevention strategy. In this study, we examined connectedness among 224 youth (ages 12-15), recruited from an urban medical emergency department, who were at elevated risk due to bullying perpetration or victimization, or low social connectedness. Regression analyses examined multiple domains of connectedness (family, school, peer, community) in relation to adjustment...
October 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
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