journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30980426/potential-airborne-asbestos-exposure-and-risk-associated-with-the-historical-use-of-cosmetic-talcum-powder-products
#1
Amanda M Burns, Christy A Barlow, Amber M Banducci, Kenneth M Unice, Jennifer Sahmel
Over time, concerns have been raised regarding the potential for human exposure and risk from asbestos in cosmetic-talc-containing consumer products. In 1985, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) conducted a risk assessment evaluating the potential inhalation asbestos exposure associated with the cosmetic talc consumer use scenario of powdering an infant during diapering, and found that risks were below levels associated with background asbestos exposures and risk. However, given the scope and age of the FDA's assessment, it was unknown whether the agency's conclusions remained relevant to current risk assessment practices, talc application scenarios, and exposure data...
April 12, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30970166/cultural-theory-s-contributions-to-risk-analysis-a-thematic-review-with-directions-and-resources-for-further-research
#2
Branden B Johnson, Brendon Swedlow
Cultural theory (CT) developed from grid/group analysis, which posits that different patterns of social relations-hierarchist, individualist, egalitarian, and fatalist-produce compatible cultural biases influencing assessment of which hazards pose high or low risk and how to manage them. Introduced to risk analysis (RA) in 1982 by Douglas and Wildavsky's Risk and Culture, this institutional approach to social construction of risk surprised a field hitherto focused on psychological influences on risk perceptions and behavior...
April 10, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30970163/causation-analysis-of-risk-coupling-of-gas-explosion-accident-in-chinese-underground-coal-mines
#3
Jinjia Zhang, Kaili Xu, Greg You, Beibei Wang, Lei Zhao
The coal mine production industry is a complex sociotechnical system with interactive relationships among several risk factors. Currently, causation analysis of gas explosion accidents is mainly focused on the aspects of human error and equipment fault, while neglecting the interactive relationships among risk factors. A new method is proposed through risk coupling. First, the meaning of risk coupling of a gas explosion is defined, and types of risk coupling are classified. Next, the coupled relationship and coupled effects among risk factors are explored through combining the interpretative structural modeling (ISM) and the NK model...
April 10, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30925211/a-multicompartment-sis-stochastic-model-with-zonal-ventilation-for-the-spread-of-nosocomial-infections-detection-outbreak-management-and-infection-control
#4
Martín López-García, Marco-Felipe King, Catherine J Noakes
In this work, we study the environmental and operational factors that influence airborne transmission of nosocomial infections. We link a deterministic zonal ventilation model for the airborne distribution of infectious material in a hospital ward, with a Markovian multicompartment SIS model for the infection of individuals within this ward, in order to conduct a parametric study on ventilation rates and their effect on the epidemic dynamics. Our stochastic model includes arrival and discharge of patients, as well as the detection of the outbreak by screening events or due to symptoms being shown by infective patients...
March 29, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30925210/peak-exposures-in-epidemiologic-studies-and-cancer-risks-considerations-for-regulatory-risk-assessment
#5
Harvey Checkoway, Peter S J Lees, Linda D Dell, P Robinan Gentry, Kenneth A Mundt
We review approaches for characterizing "peak" exposures in epidemiologic studies and methods for incorporating peak exposure metrics in dose-response assessments that contribute to risk assessment. The focus was on potential etiologic relations between environmental chemical exposures and cancer risks. We searched the epidemiologic literature on environmental chemicals classified as carcinogens in which cancer risks were described in relation to "peak" exposures. These articles were evaluated to identify some of the challenges associated with defining and describing cancer risks in relation to peak exposures...
March 29, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30925207/risk-and-the-five-hard-problems-of-cybersecurity
#6
Natalie M Scala, Allison C Reilly, Paul L Goethals, Michel Cukier
This perspectives article addresses risk in cyber defense and identifies opportunities to incorporate risk analysis principles into the cybersecurity field. The Science of Security (SoS) initiative at the National Security Agency seeks to further and promote interdisciplinary research in cybersecurity. SoS organizes its research into the Five Hard Problems (5HP): (1) scalability and composability; (2) policy-governed secure collaboration; (3) security-metrics-driven evaluation, design, development, and deployment; (4) resilient architectures; and (5) understanding and accounting for human behavior...
March 29, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30925206/residents-reactions-to-earthquake-early-warnings-in-japan
#7
Kazuya Nakayachi, Julia S Becker, Sally H Potter, Maximilian Dixon
This article empirically examines the effectiveness of earthquake early warning (EEW) in Japan based on experiences of residents who received warnings before earthquake shaking occurred. In Study 1, a survey (N = 299) was conducted to investigate residents' experiences of, and reactions to, an EEW issued in Gunma and neighboring regions on June 17, 2018. The main results were as follows. (1) People's primary reactions to the EEW were mental, not physical, and thus motionless. Most residents stayed still, not for safety reasons, but because they were focusing on mentally bracing themselves...
March 29, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30925203/managing-safety-related-disruptions-evidence-from-the-u-s-nuclear-power-industry
#8
Christian C Blanco, Felipe Caro, Charles J Corbett
Low-probability, high-impact events are difficult to manage. Firms may underinvest in risk assessments for low-probability, high-impact events because it is not easy to link the direct and indirect benefits of doing so. Scholarly research on the effectiveness of programs aimed at reducing such events faces the same challenge. In this article, we draw on comprehensive industry-wide data from the U.S. nuclear power industry to explore the impact of conducting probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) on preventing safety-related disruptions...
March 29, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30920661/trends-in-multidisciplinary-hazard-and-disaster-research-a-1982-2017-case-study
#9
Adam Behrendt, Kathryn Lukasiewicz, Daniel Seaberg, Jun Zhuang
From 1982 to 2017, 539 unique awards studying extreme events and natural disasters have been funded by the Infrastructure Management and Extreme Events (IMEE), Decision, Risk and Management Science (DRMS), Humans, Disasters, and the Built Environment (HDBE), and Hazard Science, Engineering, and Education for Sustainability (Hazard SEES) programs under the National Science Foundation, totaling approximately $450 million. The relationships between discipline, topic, and funding are explored through review of the data on each award's active dates, amount of funding received, specific hazards and disasters studied, and principal investigator (PI) and co-PI affiliations...
March 28, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30908703/experiments-in-lay-cues-to-the-relative-validity-of-positions-taken-by-disputing-groups-of-scientists
#10
Branden B Johnson
Risk analysis and hazard management can prompt varied intra-scientific disputes, some which have or will become public, and thus potentially available for lay judgments of the relative validity of the positions taken. As attentive laypeople may include elites as well as the general public, understanding whether and how cues to credibility of disputing groups of scientists might shape those lay judgments can be important. Relevant literatures from philosophy, social studies of science, risk analysis, and elsewhere have identified potential cues, but not tested their absolute or relative effects...
March 25, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30908695/a-definition-and-categorization-system-for-advanced-materials-the-foundation-for-risk-informed-environmental-health-and-safety-testing
#11
Alan Kennedy, Jonathon Brame, Taylor Rycroft, Matthew Wood, Valerie Zemba, Charles Weiss, Matthew Hull, Cary Hill, Charles Geraci, Igor Linkov
Novel materials with unique or enhanced properties relative to conventional materials are being developed at an increasing rate. These materials are often referred to as advanced materials (AdMs) and they enable technological innovations that can benefit society. Despite their benefits, however, the unique characteristics of many AdMs, including many nanomaterials, are poorly understood and may pose environmental safety and occupational health (ESOH) risks that are not readily determined by traditional risk assessment methods...
March 25, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30893502/probabilistic-multiple-hazard-resilience-model-of-an-interdependent-infrastructure-system
#12
Jingjing Kong, Slobodan P Simonovic
Multiple hazard resilience is of significant practical value because most regions of the world are subject to multiple natural and technological hazards. An analysis and assessment approach for multiple hazard spatiotemporal resilience of interdependent infrastructure systems is developed using network theory and a numerical analysis. First, we define multiple hazard resilience and present a quantitative probabilistic metric based on the expansion of a single hazard deterministic resilience model. Second, we define a multiple hazard relationship analysis model with a focus on the impact of hazards on an infrastructure...
March 20, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30893499/a-modular-bayesian-salmonella-source-attribution-model-for-sparse-data
#13
Antti Mikkelä, Jukka Ranta, Pirkko Tuominen
Several statistical models for salmonella source attribution have been presented in the literature. However, these models have often been found to be sensitive to the model parameterization, as well as the specifics of the data set used. The Bayesian salmonella source attribution model presented here was developed to be generally applicable with small and sparse annual data sets obtained over several years. The full Bayesian model was modularized into three parts (an exposure model, a subtype distribution model, and an epidemiological model) in order to separately estimate unknown parameters in each module...
March 20, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30893483/communicating-with-the-public-about-marauding-terrorist-firearms-attacks-results-from-a-survey-experiment-on-factors-influencing-intention-to-run-hide-tell-in-the-united-kingdom-and-denmark
#14
Julia M Pearce, Lasse Lindekilde, David Parker, M Brooke Rogers
Effective risk communication is an integral part of responding to terrorism, but until recently, there has been very little pre-event communication in a European context to provide advice to the public on how to protect themselves during an attack. Following terrorist attacks involving mass shootings in Paris, France, in November 2015, the U.K. National Police Chiefs' Council released a Stay Safe film and leaflet that advises the public to "run," "hide," and "tell" in the event of a firearms or weapons attack...
March 20, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30884551/risk-communication-as-government-agency-organizational-practice
#15
Åsa Boholm
The dynamics of organizational risk communication is an understudied topic in risk research. This article investigates how public officials at six government agencies in Sweden understand and relate to risk communication and its uses in the context of agency organizational work on policy and regulation. Qualitative interviews were used to explore the practitioners' views on some key topics in the academic literature on risk communication. A main finding is that there is little consensus on what the goals of risk communication are; if, and how, uncertainty should be communicated; and what role is to be played by transparency in risk communication...
March 18, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30884546/toward-convergence-disaster-research-building-integrative-theories-using-simulation
#16
Ali Mostafavi, N Emel Ganapati
Scholars across disciplines use simulation methods as tools to build theories; however, the full potential of simulation methods has not been fully used for building theories in convergence disaster research. Simulation methods could provide four unique opportunities for building theories for convergence disaster research. First, simulation methods could help researchers model the underlying mechanisms of disaster phenomena by enabling integration of qualitative and quantitative data. Second, they could help researchers specify and characterize the mechanisms affecting specific disaster phenomena by facilitating integration of empirical information with existing theoretical elements from different disciplines...
March 18, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30859607/cigarette-smoking-and-multiple-health-risk-behaviors-a-latent-class-regression-model-to-identify-a-profile-of-young-adolescents
#17
Lorena Charrier, Paola Berchialla, Paola Dalmasso, Alberto Borraccino, Patrizia Lemma, Franco Cavallo
Cigarette smoking is often established during adolescence when other health-related risk behaviors tend to occur. The aim of the study was to further investigate the hypothesis that risky health behaviors tend to cluster together and to identify distinctive profiles of young adolescents based on their smoking habits. To explore the idea that smoking behavior can predict membership in a specific risk profile of adolescents, with heavy smokers being more likely to exhibit other risk behaviors, we reanalyzed the data from the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Italian survey of about 60,000 first- and third-grade junior high school (JHS) and second-grade high school (HS) students...
March 12, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30845355/time-varying-risk-measurement-for-ship-collision-prevention
#18
Yamin Huang, P H A J M van Gelder
We propose an innovative time-varying collision risk (TCR) measurement for ship collision prevention in this article. The proposed measurement considers the level of danger of the approaching ships and the capability of a ship to prevent collisions. We define the TCR as the probability of the overlap of ships' positions in the future, given the uncertainty of maneuvers. Two sets are identified: (1) the velocity obstacle set as the maneuvers of the own ship that lead to collisions with target ships, and (2) the reachable velocity set as the maneuvers that the own ship can reach regarding its maneuverability...
March 7, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30830976/farmers-risk-based-decision-making-under-pervasive-uncertainty-cognitive-thresholds-and-hazy-hedging
#19
Kieran M Findlater, Terre Satterfield, Milind Kandlikar
Researchers in judgment and decision making have long debunked the idea that we are economically rational optimizers. However, problematic assumptions of rationality remain common in studies of agricultural economics and climate change adaptation, especially those that involve quantitative models. Recent movement toward more complex agent-based modeling provides an opportunity to reconsider the empirical basis for farmer decision making. Here, we reconceptualize farmer decision making from the ground up, using an in situ mental models approach to analyze weather and climate risk management...
March 4, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30822370/integrating-stakeholder-mapping-and-risk-scenarios-to-improve-resilience-of-cyber-physical-social-networks
#20
Ayedh Almutairi, John P Wheeler, David L Slutzky, James H Lambert
The future of energy mobility involves networks of users, operators, organizations, vehicles, charging stations, communications, materials, transportation corridors, points of service, and so on. The integration of smart grids with plug-in electric vehicle technologies has societal and commercial advantages that include improving grid stability, minimizing dependence on nonrenewable fuels, reducing vehicle emissions, and reducing the cost of electric vehicle ownership. However, ineffective or delayed participation of particular groups of stakeholders could disrupt industry plans and delay the desired outcomes...
March 1, 2019: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
journal
journal
28231
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"