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Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30368489/testing-the-efficacy-of-a-smartphone-application-in-improving-medication-adherence-among-children-with-adhd
#1
Omri Weisman, Yael Schonherz, Tal Harel, Martin Efron, Maya Elazar, Doron Gothelf
BACKGROUND: Adherence to medication is a key factor for successful treatment of children with ADHD. However, most children do not adhere to their pharmacotherapy regimen, and have no contact with their physician during the first month of pharmacotherapy. A mobile health (mHealth) approach may bridge the gap between physicians and patients, allowing for more frequent communications as well as better monitoring of adherence to the prescribed treatment. METHOD: The study sample included 39 children with ADHD (27 boys), aged 9...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30351282/patient-centered-approach-in-closed-psychiatric-wards-the-curative-power-of-relaxing-music-chosen-by-patients
#2
Moshe Bensimon, Sharona Shaul, Suki Div, Lilia Sandler, Alexander Teitelbaum
BACKGROUND: Psychiatry is changing as medicine adopts a patient-centered approach. This model of care places greater emphasis on the patients' involvement in determining the goals of their treatment and the nature of their care. This study offers a non-verbal patient-centered intervention by using relaxing music chosen by patients in a closed psychiatric ward to achieve reduction in levels of stress and psychomotor agitation. METHOD: Participants, patients in closed wards, entered a seclusion room whenever they showed psychomotor agitation, overwhelming stress or physical and verbal aggression...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30351281/psychiatrists-media-involvement-a-survey-of-attitudes
#3
Oren Asman, Tal Bergman-Levy, Binyamin Greenberg, Rael Strous
BACKGROUND: Psychiatrists may face challenging core medical ethics questions since the media encourages their assistance and participation at various levels. This paper examines attitudes of psychiatrists regarding their involvement with the media and their view of their professional association in such incidents. METHODS: A survey was completed by a convenience sample of 81 Israeli psychiatrists. The specially designed questionnaire was compiled by the research team focusing on potential involvement of the psychiatrist regarding reality shows; discussing criminality and responsibility in the media; media involvement of the national psychiatric association and appearing in the media in matters of public education and mental health literacy...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30351280/electroconvulsive-therapy-relating-attitude-towards-treatment-and-knowledge-among-mental-health-professionals-in-a-mental-health-center
#4
Ram Brender, Nina Dar, Pinhas Dannon
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) are well established; nevertheless, public attitude remains stigmatic. To date, few studies have been published that examine the attitudes and practical knowledge of medical staff with regards to ECT. Moreover, the attitudes of different parts of mental health staff still need to be explored. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes towards ECT of mental health staff in different disciplines...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30351279/preliminary-results-of-a-controlled-educational-intervention-on-alcohol-related-harm-among-medical-students-with-a-12-month-follow-up
#5
Sol Jaworowski, David Raveh-Brawer, Cornelius Gropp, Paul S Haber, Jean-Louis Golmard, Joseph Mergui
BACKGROUND: There are no studies that use validated questionnaires on Alcohol Related Harm (ARH) in order to assess retention of educational programs among medical students. Objective of study to assess retention of an educational inter-vention on ARH among medical students. METHOD: Seventeen fifth year medical students were assessed with the Knowledge of Psychiatric Aspects of Alcohol Questionnaire (KPAAQ) 12 months after an educational intervention on ARH and compared with a control group...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30351278/alcohol-related-harm-knowledge-assessment-of-medical-and-nursing-staff-in-a-general-hospital
#6
Sol Jaworowski, David Raveh-Brawer, Cornelius Gropp, Paul S Haber, Jean-Louis Golmard, Joseph Mergui
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of alcohol related harm (ARH) in Israel has traditionally been low. The lack of familiarity with ARH may derive from the fact that in the past there was limited clinical exposure to these harms. However, ARH is becoming more common in Israel but it is unclear whether the medical and nursing workforce's knowledge is adequate to manage these problems. Our main objective was to assess knowledge regarding ARH among medical and nursing staff (MNS) in an Israeli university affiliated general hospital...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30351277/-a-full-stomach-culturally-sensitive-diagnosis-of-eating-disorders-among-ethiopian-adolescents-in-israel
#7
Rinat Grundman Shem-Tov, Eynat Zubery, Noa Loevy Hecht, Yael Latzer
In recent decades there has been a significant increase in the prevalence of eating disorders among non-Western populations. This article aims to address unique sociocultural issues regarding the procedure and dilemmas of the diagnosis process of eating disorders among Ethiopian adolescents in Israel. We will discuss cultural aspects relating to the perception of the disease and the circumstantial contexts relating to this population, such as the process of immigration, integration into Israeli society and issues related to identity and trauma...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30351276/the-effects-of-gender-and-survival-situation-of-the-parent-holocaust-survivor-on-their-offspring-an-attachment-perspective
#8
Diana Cohenca-Shiby, Yael Aviad-Wilchek
BACKGROUND: This article examines the attachment characteristics of the offspring as a function of the survival situation of their parents (Holocaust survivors). According to Bowlby's theory (1), proximity to a significant "other" increases the capability to regulate difficult emotions. Therefore, Holocaust survivors who were accompanied by a significant "other" should be less traumatized than a lone survivor who had to be completely self-reliant during the war. Therefore, we hypothesized that the parent's survival situation (alone or accompanied by a significant other) affected the way they bonded with their children...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30351275/sexual-dysfunction-and-childhood-trauma-in-female-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#9
Evrim Özkorumak Karagüzel, Murat Karkucak, Demet Aykut Saglam, Ahmet Tiryaki, Aykut Karahan, Erhan Capkin
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a rheumatological diseases characterized by diffuse pain and stiffness accompanied with fatigue, insomnia and headache. Physical and psychological factors were implicated in sexuality of patients with FM. There are few studies investigating the effect of childhood trauma on sexuality of patients with FM. The aim of this study is to investigate effect of childhood trauma on sexuality of FM. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with FM and 29 healthy females were included in this study...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30351274/treatment-seeking-for-posttraumatic-stress-in-israel-defense-forces-veterans-deployed-in-the-2006-israel-hezbollah-war-a-7-year-post-war-follow-up
#10
Ofir Levi, Eyal Fruchter, Mark Weiser, Daniel S Pine, Yitshak Kreiss, Yair Bar-Haim
BACKGROUND: To determine the long-term prevalence of combat-related treatment seeking for PTSD in Israel Defense Force (IDF) veterans deployed to war. METHODS: A seven-year surveillance records-based study determined the prevalence of treatment seeking and DSM-IV-TR diagnosis among treatment seeking IDF veterans in relation to the 2006 Israel-Hezbollah War. The whereabouts and combat exposure of veterans during the war was determined based on the IDF's Operations Directorate records...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29916409/relationship-between-the-ideal-woman-model-self-figure-drawing-and-disordered-eating-among-jewish-ultra-orthodox-women-and-national-religious-women
#11
Tlalit Dori Frenkel, Yael Latzer, Rachel Lev-Wiesel
BACKGROUND: We investigated the correlation between eating-related pathology and the Superwoman ideal among ultra-Orthodox (Haredi) and National-Religious women in Israel using self-figure drawings and related narratives. METHOD: A sample of 55 women filled out self-report eating attitudes questionnaire (EAT-26), the Superwoman Ideal questionnaire, and a self-drawing followed by a narrative. RESULTS: No significant difference in eating pathology was found between the ultra-Orthodox and NationalReligious women...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29916408/the-relationship-between-disordered-eating-pathology-sense-of-coherence-and-body-image-among-adolescent-boys-in-israel
#12
Yael Latzer, Orna Tzischinsky, Zohar Spivak-Lavi, Irit Chen, Sarah Weinberger-Litman
BACKGROUND: Disordered eating pathology (DEP) and body dissatisfaction are well-documented risk factors for eating disorders and have become more prevalent among adolescent males. METHOD: The sample consisted of 256 Israeli boys, in grades 8-12. Participants completed questionnaires measuring, Sense of Coherence (SOC), Body Shape (BSQ), Eating attitudes (EAT-26), and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2). RESULTS: Findings revealed low levels of DEP among adolescent boys...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29916407/the-body-of-cognitive-and-metacognitive-variables-in-eating-disorders-need-of-control-negative-beliefs-about-worry-uncontrollability-and-danger-perfectionism-self-esteem-and-worry
#13
Walter Sapuppo, Giovanni M Ruggiero, Gabriele Caselli, Sandra Sassaroli
BACKGROUND: Many studies have described perfectionism and low self-esteem as traits associated with eating disorders (ED). More recently, research has shown the role played by worry, rumination, control and metacognitive beliefs. This paper investigates the role played by cognitive and metacognitive variables in the psychopathological mechanism of eating disorders, assuming that not only perfectionism and low selfesteem but also metacognitive beliefs and processes can discriminate between controls and EDs...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29916406/subjective-and-objective-alexithymia-and-social-cognition-in-eating-disorders
#14
Michal Hason Rozenstein, Daniel Stein, Yael Latzer
BACKGROUND: Emotional difficulties characterize eating disorders (ED). We examined the construct of alexithymia (disability to recognize and understand emotions) and neurocognitive factors of social cognition in patients diagnosed with B/P-EDs and their mothers. METHOD: 34 mother-daughter dyads, in which the daughter has B/P-ED and 31 control dyads conducted subjective self-evaluation of alexithymia and underwent objective neuro-cognitive evaluation of their ability to recognize and understand emotions...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29916405/-eating-me-up-from-inside-a-pilot-study-of-mentalization-of-self-and-others-and-emotion-regulation-strategies-among-young-women-with-eating-disorders
#15
Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Merav Peled, Adi Enoch-Levy, Eitan Gur, Daniel Stein
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between general ability of mentalization, the specific aspect of affective mentalizing of self and others, emotion regulation strategies, and eating disorder (ED) symptoms. METHOD: Twenty-five female adolescent and young adult inpatients with EDs, and 22 healthy subjects, were administered a semi-structured interview - the Reflective Function (RF) scale, self-rating scales assessing alexithymia, emotion regulation, depression and ED symptomatology, and a neurocognitive measure assessing Theory of Mind...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29916404/anorexia-nervosa-selflessness-and-gender-role-identity-a-study-of-daughters-and-parents
#16
Kyra Sarner-Levin, Laura Canetti, Yael Latzer, Omer Bonne, Bernard Lerer, Eytan Bachar
BACKGROUND: This study examines the relationship between anorexia nervosa (AN), selflessness, and genderrole identity in young Israeli women and explores their parents' gender-role identity. METHOD: Forty-seven AN women and 50 non-clinical controls completed the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT26), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI-2), Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI), and Selflessness Scale. Twenty-four parents from the AN group, and 41 mothers and 38 fathers from the control group also completed the BSRI...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29916403/evidence-basis-for-psychodynamic-self-psychology-in-eating-disorders-a-review-paper
#17
REVIEW
Eytan Bachar
The purpose of the present study is to present the empirical basis for the capability of the theory of psychodynamic self-psychology to predict in crosssectional and prospective longitudinal studies, both the development of and the remission from eating disorders. In addition, we present the effectiveness of psychodynamic self-psychological treatment in a randomized control study over two other techniques. Theoretical constructs of the theory and technique suggestions will be weaved into the empirical data.
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29916402/ever-since-i-can-remember-myself-implications-of-attachment-and-perceived-maternal-feeding-practices-on-adult-women-s-body-dissatisfaction
#18
Inbar Baumgarten-Katz, Lilac Lev-Ari, Ada H Zohar
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that women with an eating disorder are more insecurely attached than those without. Over-restrictive maternal feeding practices in childhood are associated with elevated BMI and more disordered eating in adult women. GOALS: The goal of the current study was to examine the extent to which the two insecure attachment styles contribute to women's body dissatisfaction indices and to examine their role in moderating the influence of restrictive maternal child feeding practices...
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29916401/editorial-new-developments-in-the-psychology-neuropsychology-and-psychotherapy-of-eating-disorders
#19
EDITORIAL
Eitan Gur, Yael Latzer, Daniel Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29644812/add-on-gabapentin-alleviates-paliperidone-induced-head-tremors-and-boosts-antipsychotic-response-in-early-onset-schizophrenia
#20
LETTER
Naguy Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
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