Mirko Aldè, Umberto Ambrosetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Clara Illi, Josefine Koenigbauer, Wolfgang Henrich, Laura Fangmann, Charlotte Reinhardt, Sophia Ossmann, Alexander Weichert
Germline pathogenic variants in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) can lead to a rare neurodevelopmental disorder called metaphyseal chondromatosis with D-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria, including severe skeletal and cerebral anomalies. To the best of our knowledge, no prenatal case of an IDH1 pathogenic variant has been reported in literature. Somatic sequence variants in IDH1/2 genes are described in distinct cancers, premalignant diseases and rare inherited metabolic disorders. Amniocentesis and further genetic testing including trio exome sequencing were performed due to suspicious findings on a second trimester routine prenatal ultrasound examination...
September 14, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Yang Yang, Wen Zhang, Hao Wang
The MYH3 gene encodes the embryonic myosin heavy chain, which is crucial for the skeletal and muscular development. The MYH3 variants are associated with distal arthrogryposis type 2A (Freeman-Sheldon syndrome), distal arthrogryposis type 2B3 (Sheldon-Hall syndrome), CPSFS1A (Contractures, pterygia, and spondylocarpostarsal fusion syndrome 1A) and CPSFS1B, which have some shared characteristics and great variability of clinical phenotypes. In this study, we report two novel MYH3 missense variants c.1024T>G (p...
September 13, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Sarah Harris, Manesha Putra, Kelly L Gilmore, Neeta L Vora
We describe two fetuses from unrelated families with likely pathogenic variants in ITPR1 that presented with nonimmune fetal hydrops. Trio exome sequencing revealed a de novo heterozygous likely pathogenic missense variant c.7636G > A (p.Val2531Met) in ITPR1 (NM_001378452.1) in proband 1 and a de novo heterozygous likely pathogenic missense variant c.34G > A [p.Gly12Arg] in proband 2. Variants in ITPR1 have been associated with several genetic conditions, including spinocerebellar ataxia 15, spinocerebellar ataxia 29, and Gillespie syndrome...
September 13, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Tianjiao Wang, Paul Scuffham, Joshua Byrnes, Martin B Delatycki, Martin Downes
BACKGROUND & AIM: Reproductive carrier screening seeks to identify couples at a high risk of having offspring affected by autosomal recessive and X-linked (XL) conditions. The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of existing carrier screening panels by examining their gene content and characteristics, identifying the most common genes/conditions included in these panels, and analyzing their listed prices. METHODS: A comprehensive evaluation of existing carrier screening panels was conducted by searching for web-based content, reviewing information brochures, and establishing direct contact with the providers via email or phone...
September 12, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Rie Kitano, Neel Madan, Takahisa Mikami, Rajeevi Madankumar, Brian G Skotko, Stephanie Santoro, Steven J Ralston, Diana W Bianchi, Tomo Tarui
OBJECTIVES: To assess brain development in living fetuses with Down syndrome (DS) by biometric measurements on fetal brain magnetic resonance images (MRI). METHODS: We scanned 10 MRIs of fetuses with confirmed trisomy 21 at birth and 12 control fetal MRIs without any detected anomalies. Fetal brain MRIs were analyzed using 14 fetal brain and skull biometric parameters. We compared measures between DS and controls in both raw MRIs and motion-corrected and anterior-posterior commissure-aligned images...
September 12, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Mark D Kilby, James Castleman, Stephanie Allen, Samantha Doyle, Denise K Williams
We report a case of a female fetus born to an unrelated couple with a complex fetal phenotype of a pleural effusion, a cardiac malformation, and syndactyly of the toes. Prenatal exome sequencing identified a variant of uncertain significance in the PORCN gene that was upgraded to likely pathogenic following postnatal clinical examination. The phenotype described in cases with variants in the PORCN gene is often associated with findings that cannot be prospectively diagnosed by ultrasonography. This is the first report of a prenatal phenotype involving a fetal effusion associated with variants in the PORCN gene, with skeletal findings identified later in gestation on ultrasonography...
September 12, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Ahmed A Nassr, Kamran Hessami, Elena D'Alberti, Antonella Giancotti, Nazlisadat Meshinchiasl, Mark I Evans, Daniele D I Mascio, Alireza A Shamshirsaz
To evaluate obstetrical outcomes for women having late amniocentesis (on or after 24 weeks). Electronic databases were searched from inception to January 1st, 2023. The obstetrical outcomes evaluated were gestational age at delivery, preterm birth (PTB) < 37 weeks, PTB within 1 week from amniocentesis, premature prelabor rupture of membranes (pPROM), chorionamnionitis, placental abruption, intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) and termination of pregnancy (TOP). The incidence of PTB <37 weeks was 4...
September 8, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Julia Wynn, Jennifer Hoskovec, Rebecca D Carter, Meredith J Ross, Sriram C Perni
OBJECTIVE: Carrier screening with reflex to single-gene noninvasive prenatal testing (sgNIPT) is an alternative approach for identifying pregnancies at risk for inherited autosomal recessive conditions without the need for a sample from the reproductive partner. This study is the largest clinical validation of this approach in a general population setting. METHODS: The clinical performance of carrier screening with reflex to sgNIPT for cystic fibrosis, spinal muscular atrophy, alpha thalassemias, and beta hemoglobinopathies was assessed by collecting pregnancy outcome data on patients who underwent this testing and comparing the neonatal outcome to the assay-predicted fetal risk...
September 6, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Xinlu Meng, Jiaqi Huang, Pengbo Yuan, Xueju Wang, Xiaoming Shi, Yangyu Zhao, Yuan Wei
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of dichorionic triamniotic (DCTA) triplets who underwent fetal reduction (FR) to singletons or twins with those managed expectantly. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of DCTA triplets with three living fetuses at 11-14 weeks over a 7-year period. Pregnancy outcomes were compared following different management strategies. RESULTS: Of 108 included patients, 22 underwent expectant management (EM), 28 were reduced to dichorionic diamniotic twins, and 58 to singletons...
September 6, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Veronika Beck, Guy Froyen, Sebastiaan Deckx, Inga Sandaite, Thomas Deprest, Koen Plevoets, Jan A Deprest
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal tracheal occlusion (TO) promotes lung growth and is applied clinically in fetuses with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Limited data are available regarding the effect of duration versus timepoint of TO. Our objective was to document the impact of TO on lung development in the near-term period in rats with nitrofen-induced CDH. METHOD: Nitrofen was administered on embryonic day (ED)9 and fetal TO was performed on ED18.5, 19, or 20 (term = ED22)...
September 2, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Wanxia Gai, Stephanie C Y Yu, W T Charlotte Chan, Wenlei Peng, So Ling Lau, Tak Y Leung, Peiyong Jiang, K C Allen Chan, Y M Dennis Lo
OBJECTIVE: Long cell-free DNA (cfDNA) can be found in the plasma of pregnant women and cancer patients. We investigated if droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) can analyze such molecules for diagnostic purposes using preeclampsia as a model. METHOD: Plasma samples from ten preeclamptic and sixteen normal pregnancies were analyzed. Two ddPCR assays targeting a single-copy gene, VCP, and one ddPCR assay targeting LINE-1 repetitive regions were used to measure the percentages of long cfDNA >533, 1001, and 170 bp, respectively...
September 1, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Eleni Costa, Christopher Thrasivoulou, David L Becker, Jan A Deprest, Anna L David, Tina T Chowdhury
OBJECTIVE: The effects of mechanical stimulation in preterm amniotic membrane (AM) defects were explored. METHODS: Preterm AM was collected from women undergoing planned preterm caesarean section (CS) due to fetal growth restriction or emergency CS after spontaneous preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (sPPROM). AM explants near the cervix or placenta were subjected to trauma and/or mechanical stimulation with the Cx43 antisense. Markers for nuclear morphology (DAPI), myofibroblasts (αSMA), migration (Cx43), inflammation (PGE2 ) and repair (collagen, elastin and transforming growth factor β [TGFβ1 ]) were examined by confocal microscopy, second harmonic generation, qPCR and biochemical assays...
August 30, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Manisha Yadav, Mamatha Gowda, Navya Chinta, Kirti Deodhare, Sneha Murugesan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the factors related to delayed diagnosis or referral of women with major congenital malformations in a tertiary care hospital in South India, with a specific emphasis on the socioeconomic and psychosocial aspects. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 107 pregnant women with confirmed fetal anomalies at Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research. Both qualitative and quantitative data were collected on factors related to the patient, physician, and healthcare system that could have contributed to the delay...
August 30, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Noa Hourvitz, Alina Kurolap, Adi Mory, Karina Krajden Haratz, Dvora Kidron, Gustavo Malinger, Hagit Baris Feldman, Yuval Yaron
A Jewish couple of mixed origin was referred for genetic counseling following termination of pregnancy at 18 weeks of gestation due to severe ventriculomegaly with aqueduct stenosis. Trio exome sequencing revealed a loss-of-function heterozygous variant in the SMARCC1 gene inherited from an unaffected mother. The SMARCC1 gene is associated with embryonic neurodevelopmental processes. Recent studies have linked perturbations of the gene with autosomal dominant congenital hydrocephalus, albeit with reduced penetrance...
August 28, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Courtney P Verscaj, Frances Velez-Bartolomei, Ethan Bodle, Katie Chan, Michael J Lyons, Willa Thorson, Wen-Hann Tan, Nancy Rodig, John M Graham, Angela Peron, Fabiola Quintero-Rivera, Elaine H Zackai, Mary Ann Thomas, Cathy A Stevens, Margaret P Adam, Lynne M Bird, Marilyn C Jones, Dena R Matalon
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent deletions involving 17q12 are associated with a variety of clinical phenotypes, including congenital abnormalities of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT), maturity onset diabetes of the young, type 5, and neurodevelopmental disorders. Structural and/or functional renal disease is the most common phenotypic feature, although the prenatal renal phenotypes and the postnatal correlates have not been well characterized. METHOD: We reviewed pre- and postnatal medical records of 26 cases with prenatally or postnatally identified 17q12/HNF1B microdeletions (by chromosomal microarray or targeted gene sequencing), obtained through a multicenter collaboration...
August 26, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Hiba J Mustafa, Faezeh Aghajani, Mohammad Jawwad, Nensi Shah, Alfred Abuhamad, Asma Khalil
To investigate outcomes of fetuses with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) with an intact or restrictive atrial septum (I/RAS) managed expectantly or with fetal atrial septal intervention (FASI PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched systematically from inception until April 2023. Outcomes were classified by those who had FASI and those who had expectant management (EM). To estimate the overall proportion of each endpoint, a meta-analysis of proportions was employed using a random-effects model...
August 19, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Yu Zheng, Lo Wong, Angel Hoi Wan Kwan, Zirui Dong, Ka Yin Kwok, Kwong Wai Choy, Hongzheng Dai, Ye Cao
Heterozygous loss-of-function variants in the PKD1 gene are commonly associated with adult-onset autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), where the formation of renal cysts depends on the dosage of the PKD1 gene. Biallelic null PKD1 variants are not viable, but biallelic hypomorphic variants could lead to early-onset PKD. We report a non-consanguineous Chinese family with recurrent fetal polycystic kidney and negative findings in the coding region of the PKHD1 gene or chromosomal microarray analysis...
August 19, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
Bobby K Brar, Karin Blakemore, Christine Hertenstein, Jena L Miller, Kristen A Miller, Hanan Shamseldin, Sateesh Maddirevula, Thomas Hays, Billie Lianoglou, Stephanie Dukhovny, Linda A Baker, Teresa N Sparks, Ronald Wapner, Fowzan S Alkuraya, Mary E Norton, Angie C Jelin
OBJECTIVE: Fetal megacystis generally presents as suspected lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO), which is associated with severe perinatal morbidity. Genetic etiologies underlying LUTO or a LUTO-like initial presentation are poorly understood. Our objectives are to describe single gene etiologies in fetuses initially ascertained to have suspected LUTO and to elucidate genotype-phenotype correlations. METHODS: A retrospective case series of suspected fetal LUTO positive for a molecular diagnosis was collected from five centers in the Fetal Sequencing Consortium...
August 18, 2023: Prenatal Diagnosis
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