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British Journal of Social Psychology

Andrew L Stewart, Colin Wayne Leach, Rezarta Bilali, Ayşe Betül Çelik, Atilla Cidam
Although a notable minority orient to real-world demonstrations by actively participating, other less involved, safer, orientations are more frequent. Thus, in the context of anti-government demonstrations in Gezi Park/Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, in 2013, we distinguished between the orientations of participating, visiting, and watching. Study 1 (N = 359) and Study 2 (N = 327) confirmed that participating was characterized by greater experience of police violence and feelings of collective empowerment (Drury & Reicher, European Journal of Social Psychology, 35, 2005, 35) than visiting and watching the demonstrations...
February 11, 2019: British Journal of Social Psychology
Inga Jasinskaja-Lahti, Jolanda Jetten
We examined the interrelation between religiosity, anti-intellectualism, and political mistrust in predicting belief in conspiracy theories. Improving on previous psychological research on the link between religiosity and societal and political attitudes, we assessed the predictive power of religious self-categorization and the importance attached to one's own (non)religious worldview predicting belief in conspiracy theories separately. Applying quota sampling in a study in Australia (N = 515), the sample consisted of 48...
February 1, 2019: British Journal of Social Psychology
Roberta Rosa Valtorta, Cristina Baldissarri, Luca Andrighetto, Chiara Volpato
The present study aims at expanding research on dehumanization in the work domain by exploring laypeople's dehumanizing perceptions towards stigmatized workers. Starting from Hughes' (1951, Social psychology at the crossroads, Harper & Brothers, New York; Ashforth & Kreiner, 1999, Academy of Management Review, 24, 413) concept of 'dirty work', the present research aims to demonstrate that the different types of occupational taint elicit distinct dehumanizing images of certain occupational groups. Employing a cluster analysis, the results showed that workers in the physical taint cluster were most strongly associated with biological metaphors, workers in the social taint cluster were perceived as most similar to objects, and workers in the moral taint cluster were perceived as most similar to animals...
February 1, 2019: British Journal of Social Psychology
Ying Tang, Yun Huang
An emerging focus in the emotion regulation (ER) literature is to consider the importance of context for people's ER strategy choice, given that ER responses that adapt to situational demands have been found to be highly beneficial. However, it remains unclear what (and in what way) contextual factors impact people's ER strategy selections. Also, only a limited number of ER strategies have been extensively studied and little is known about people's selection of broad ER strategy categories (we focus on covert vs...
January 30, 2019: British Journal of Social Psychology
Torsten Masson, Markus Barth
Previous research on the relationship between strength of in-group identification and collective guilt about an in-group's wrongdoing is mixed, providing evidence for both a negative and a positive relationship. One possible way to reconcile these findings is to explore non-linear (quadratic) functions. Correlational data (Study 1) and experimental data (Study 2) from two questionnaire studies (Ntotal = 311) were in line with a quadratic relationship between self-centrality of the in-group and collective guilt (inverted U-shaped function)...
January 28, 2019: British Journal of Social Psychology
Daniel Jolley, Karen M Douglas, Ana C Leite, Tanya Schrader
Belief in conspiracy theories is associated with negative outcomes such as political disengagement, prejudice, and environmental inaction. The current studies - one cross-sectional (N = 253) and one experimental (N = 120) - tested the hypothesis that belief in conspiracy theories would increase intentions to engage in everyday crime. Study 1 demonstrated that belief in conspiracy theories predicted everyday crime behaviours when controlling for other known predictors of everyday crime (e.g., Honesty-Humility)...
January 19, 2019: British Journal of Social Psychology
Kyriaki Fousiani, Vincent Yzerbyt, Nour-Sami Kteily, Stéphanie Demoulin
To maintain a positive overall view of their group, people judge likeable ingroup members more favourably and deviant ingroup members more harshly than comparable outgroup members. Research suggests that such derogation of deviant ingroup members aims to restore the image of the group by symbolically excluding so-called 'black sheeps'. We hypothesized that information about a harm-doer's group membership influences observers' justice-seeking reactions. Motives for punishment vary based on whether the goal is to punish past harm-doing (i...
January 16, 2019: British Journal of Social Psychology
John T Jost, Vivienne Badaan, Shahrzad Goudarzi, Mark Hoffarth, Mao Mogami
In this article, we respond to commentaries by Friesen et al. (2018, Br. J. Soc. Psychol.), Osborne et al. (2018, Br. J. Soc. Psychol.), and Owuamalam et al. (2018, Br. J. Soc. Psychol.) on the occasion of the twenty-fifth anniversary of system justification theory. The first two commentaries are highly favourable in their evaluation of the state of theory and research on system justification, and they provide insightful suggestions for new directions. The third commentary is far more critical of system justification theory...
December 29, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Nina M Junker, Rolf van Dick, Lorenzo Avanzi, Jan A Häusser, Andreas Mojzisch
There is strong and consistent evidence that identification with social groups is an important predictor of (ill-)health-related outcomes. However, the mediating mechanisms of the social identification-health link remain unclear. We present results from two studies, which aimed to test how perceived social support and collective self-efficacy mediate the effect of social identification on emotional exhaustion, chronic stress, and depressive symptoms. Study 1 (N = 180) employed a longitudinal two-wave design, whereas Study 2 (N = 100) used a field-experimental design with a manipulation of participants' social identity...
December 18, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Bernd Simon, Klaus Michael Reininger, Christoph Daniel Schaefer, Steffen Zitzmann, Sabrina Krys
Using longitudinal research designs, we examine the role of politicization in the development of polarization. We conducted research in two different political and national contexts. In Study 1, we employ a panel sample of supporters of the Tea Party movement in the United States and examine the relationship between the strength of their politicization and their subsequent feelings towards conservatives versus liberals (affective polarization) as well as their subsequent perceptions of commonalities with conservatives versus liberals (cognitive polarization)...
December 17, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Özden Melis Uluğ, Yasemin Gülsüm Acar
While there is a wealth of literature on how and why people engage in collective action, there has been comparably less focus on the way identities that have emerged (as compared to how they are consolidated or politicized) through crowd action are understood and explained by those who carry those identities, as well as the particular importance of norm formation and adherence in this process. The Gezi Park protests in Turkey allowed studying exactly how a newly created identity - çapulcu identity [Turkish for looters] - can be perceived by the protesters...
December 13, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Luis Oceja, Eric Stocks, Marc Heerdink, Sergio Villar, Sergio Salgado, Pilar Carrera, María Arribas, Mariana Bargsted, Maite Beramendi, Amparo Caballero, Agustín Espinosa, Gabriel Escanés, Luisa Lima, Dolores Muñoz, Pablo Nájera, Sabina Pereira, Marisol Villegas, Elena Zubieta
Past research suggests that the connection between values and people's behaviour may not be as straightforward and robust as has been claimed. We propose that a more holistic and discriminative view that acknowledges the influence of a specific combination of values on specific kinds of behaviour is needed. In the current project, we test two hypotheses regarding the transcendental-change profile (TCP). First, that TCP is characterized by a combination of the readiness to engage in those challenges (instrumental) that can make the world a better place (terminal)...
December 12, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Danny Osborne, Nikhil K Sengupta, Chris G Sibley
Since first being proposed 25 years ago, system justification theory has become a paradigm-shifting framework for understanding intergroup relations and political psychology. Based on the thesis that people are motivated to defend and bolster the societal status quo, system justification theory helps to explain varied phenomena, including resistance to change, outgroup favouritism, and other instances of false consciousness. This paper summarizes four tenets of the theory including the following: (1) antecedents to system justification, (2) palliative effects of system justification, (3) status-based asymmetries in conflict between justification motives, and (4) societal consequences of system justification...
December 7, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Nicole Andelic, Clifford Stevenson, Aidan Feeney
Previous research has found that stigma can be a barrier to service use but there has been little work examining actual service encounters involving members of stigmatized groups. One such group are those with problematic or unmanageable debts. Providing advice to members of this group is likely to be particularly difficult due to the stigma associated with being in debt. Using conversation analysis and discursive psychology, this study examines 12 telephone advice conversations between debt advisors and individuals in debt...
December 5, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Sandra Jovchelovitch
Batel and Castro propose to integrate conceptually and empirically the theory of social representations (TSR) and discursive psychology (DP). This comment emphasizes the importance of debates between different traditions of social psychology, focusing on the status of psychological entities and methodological pluralism as two areas in which fruitful tensions between DP and TSR are still evident. It critiques DP's disavowal of psychological entities and reaffirms the insights of sociocultural traditions that see intrapsychological phenomena as internalized sociality...
December 4, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Patrick F Kotzur, Sarina J Schäfer, Ulrich Wagner
Intergroup contact can improve majority members' perception of minorities. Integrating the intergroup contact hypothesis with the stereotype content model and BIAS-Map, we hypothesized that positive intergroup contact improves German majority members' evaluations of asylum seekers on the warmth and competence dimensions. Using cross-sectional survey data and structural equation modelling, we found support for this hypothesis (Study 1a, N = 182). Warmth and competence perceptions, in turn, predicted specific intergroup emotions (Study 1b, N = 255)...
December 4, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Aleksi H Syrjämäki, Jari K Hietanen
In this article, we review the research investigating the effects of social exclusion on processing of social information. We look into this topic from the point of view of cognitive psychology aiming to provide a systematic description of the effects of exclusion on workings of different cognitive mechanisms involved in social information processing. We focus on four lines of inquiry. First, we present the research on the effects of exclusion on memory for social information. Second, we review studies, which have investigated how exclusion changes the way people view and evaluate their social environment...
November 27, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Maykel Verkuyten, Wybren Nooitgedagt
In many Western democratic societies, the far-right has considerable popular support and is often perceived as the winner of political debates. This raises the important question of how other politicians try to manage the far-right. We use parliamentary debates to examine how politicians define the identity of Member of Parliament (MP) in response to Geert Wilders, leader of the far-right Party for Freedom in the Netherlands. The analysis shows that politicians made relevant the shared responsibility of MPs to solve societal problems, by using inclusive language, asking for concrete proposals, and emphasizing engagement in debate...
November 26, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Russell R C Hutter, Lucy C Davies, Constantine Sedikides, Mark Conner
According to the mere effort account of performance, stereotype threat motivates disproval of the negative performance stereotype, which in turn potentiates the overproduction of prepotent responses. In mathematics (maths), prepotent responding facilitates solve type question (e.g., equations) performance, but reduces comparison type question (e.g., estimations) performance. Problematically, the mere effort account indexes performance motivation as task performance. Also, this account posits that performance reduction on non-prepotent tasks derives from the overproduction of prepotent responses, as opposed to failed inhibition of prepotent responses associated with the alternative, namely, the working memory interference perspective...
November 24, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
Katherine Stroebe, Tom Postmes, Carla A Roos
While injustice is widespread, collective action against it appears to be rare. This paper argues that this may be because research often focuses on a narrow range of outgroup-oriented actions, such as demonstrating, signing petitions, that are symbolic of a collective response to injustice. The present work takes a bottom-up approach to study a broad range of collective and individual actions that people undertake in response to collective injustice. Participants indicated actions they felt they could take (Study 1) and, via interviews, actually had taken (Study 2) in response to human-induced earthquakes...
November 21, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
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