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British Journal of Clinical Psychology

Lena Jelinek, Mirjam Faissner, Steffen Moritz, Levente Kriston
OBJECTIVES: The availability of treatment for depression needs to be improved. Among the barriers are the dearth of group programmes and the high demand of many programmes with regard to staff expertise. The Metacognitive Training for Depression (D-MCT) is a new, easy-to-administer, cognitive behaviour-based group intervention. In a previous 6-month trial, D-MCT was highly accepted by patients and efficacious compared to a control treatment. The aim of the current study was to examine whether the effects of the D-MCT can be sustained over 3...
December 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Faith Orchard, Laura Pass, Shirley Reynolds
OBJECTIVES: Adolescence represents a critical phase when the concept of self is developed and consolidated. Depressed adolescents globally endorse more negative and fewer positive self-descriptive words compared with non-depressed adolescents. Yet, the methods used have not allowed for more detailed exploration of the specific content of these self-endorsements. METHODS: Adolescents, aged 12-18 years, were recruited from the community (n = 204) and from a child and adolescent mental health service in the UK (n = 87)...
December 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Frederick Aardema, Shiu F Wong, Jean-Sebastien Audet, Gabriele Melli, Louis-Philippe Baraby
OBJECTIVE: The potential causal and maintaining role of vulnerable self-themes and beliefs about the self in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have received increasing attention from cognitive-behavioural theorists. This interest was translated into the development of a self-report measurement of the feared self (the fear of who one might be or become), a construct theoretically and empirically pertinent to unwanted thoughts and impulses in OCD (i.e., repugnant obsessions). METHOD: The current study aimed to provide converging evidence on the relevance of the feared self in OCD, by examining whether improvements in symptoms associated with repugnant obsessions (measured on the Vancouver Obsessional Compulsive Inventory [VOCI] obsessions subscale) would be predicted by reduced feared self-perceptions (measured on the Fear-of-Self Questionnaire [FSQ]) in a sample of 93 patients receiving psychotherapy for OCD...
December 12, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Brittany M Mathes, Alastair Henry, Norman B Schmidt, Melissa M Norberg
OBJECTIVES: A prior study found that over 50% of treatment-seeking individuals who hoard incur at least one psychiatric work impairment day (i.e., they are unable to work or are less effective at work due to poor mental health) each month. The aim of the current study was to assess work-related variables associated with workplace impairment in a non-treatment-seeking sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Self-report questionnaires were administered via Amazon's Mechanical Turk...
December 11, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Charlotte Paterson, Thanos Karatzias, Sean Harper, Nadine Dougall, Adele Dickson, Paul Hutton
OBJECTIVES: Acute psychiatric inpatient wards are characterized by minimal provision of therapeutic activities and high readmission rates. Implementation of a comprehensive inpatient psychological intervention service has been recommended to overcome these problems; however, whether this is feasible or effective remains unclear. METHODS: This non-randomized parallel cluster feasibility trial examined the feasibility of delivering and evaluating cross-diagnostic psychologically informed acute psychiatric care the Edinburgh-Acute Psychological Inpatient Therapy Service (EDAPTS) and gathered preliminary clinical outcome data...
December 2, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Rui Duarte, Annette Lloyd, Eleanor Kotas, Lazaros Andronis, Ross White
OBJECTIVES: Acceptance and mindfulness-based interventions (A/MBIs) are recommended for people with mental health conditions. Although there is a growing evidence base supporting the effectiveness of different A/MBIs for mental health conditions, the economic case for these interventions has not been fully explored. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and appraise all available economic evidence of A/MBIs for the management of mental health conditions. METHODS: Eight electronic bibliographic databases (MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, EMBASE, Web of Science, NHS Economic Evaluation Database (EED), Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects (DARE), Health Technology Assessment (HTA) database, and EconLit) were searched for relevant economic evaluations published from each database's inception date until November 2017...
November 29, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Kimberly A Arditte Hall, Meghan E Quinn, William M Vanderlind, Jutta Joormann
OBJECTIVE: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are commonly occurring and frequently comorbid disorders. Though individuals with SAD and MDD are more likely to engage in rumination and worry, relatively few studies have compared individuals with SAD, MDD, or both disorders on their use of these cognitive styles. Similarly, the extent to which the disorders differ in their use of reappraisal remains unclear. Thus, the current study sought to systematically examine rumination, worry, and reappraisal in individuals with and without SAD, MDD, or both disorders...
November 28, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Francesca R Farina, Tom J Barry, Ilse van Damme, Thijs van Hie, Filip Raes
OBJECTIVES: Difficulties recalling specific events from one's autobiographical past have been associated with a range of emotional disorders. We present the first examination of whether diagnoses of depression or individual differences in depression severity explain the most variance in autobiographical memory specificity. We also examine the contribution of other key cognitive factors associated with reduced memory specificity - rumination and verbal fluency - to these effects. METHODS: Participants with (n = 21) and without (n = 25) major depressive disorder completed self-report measures of depression severity (Beck Depression Inventory version II; BDI-II) and ruminative tendency (Ruminative Response Scale), a measure of verbal fluency, and the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) to assess memory specificity...
November 15, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Natalie Peach, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Simon J Cropper, Pamela Sun, Sarah Bendall
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing evidence that childhood trauma may play a role in the aetiology of psychosis. Cognitive models implicate trauma-related symptoms, specifically post-traumatic intrusions and trauma-related beliefs as primary mechanisms, but these models have not been extensively tested. This study investigated relationships between childhood trauma, psychotic symptoms (hallucinations and delusions), post-traumatic intrusions, and trauma-related beliefs while accounting for comorbid symptoms...
November 13, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Reout Arbel, Hannah L Schacter, Kelly F M Kazmierski, Marie-Ève Daspe, Gayla Margolin
OBJECTIVE: To examine adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) as a prospective predictor of the day-to-day associations between worries and positive thinking among late adolescents. METHOD: Cumulative ACEs were measured from parent and youth reports between the ages of 9.9 and 18.1. Late adolescents (N = 103) reported daily worries and positive thoughts across ten days. RESULTS: Adverse childhood experiences predicted higher and more variable levels of day-to-day worry...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Yann Quidé, Sarah Cohen-Woods, Nicole O'Reilly, Vaughan J Carr, Bernet M Elzinga, Melissa J Green
OBJECTIVES: Childhood trauma is a common risk factor for adult psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar-I disorder (BD). However, its association with schizotypal personality traits, as well as cognitive and social cognitive abilities, is less well studied in these populations. METHODS: In a cohort of 79 SZ cases, 84 BD cases, and 75 healthy controls (HCs), clinically significant levels of childhood trauma exposure (according to scores on the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire; CTQ) were evident in 54 SZ, 55 BD, and 26 HC individuals...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Faith Orchard, Shirley Reynolds
OBJECTIVES: Depression is characterized by a range of systematic negative biases in thinking and information processing. These biases are believed to play a causal role in the aetiology and maintenance of depression, and it has been proposed that the combined effect of cognitive biases may have greater impact on depression than individual biases alone. Yet little is known about how these biases interact during adolescence when onset is most common. METHODS: In this study, adolescents were recruited from the community (n = 212) and from a Child And Adolescent Mental Health Service (n = 84)...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Mirjam J Nijdam, Irene J M Martens, Johannes B Reitsma, Berthold P R Gersons, Miranda Olff
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have neurocognitive deficits in verbal memory and executive functioning. In this study, we examined whether memory and executive functioning changed over the course of treatment and which clinical variables were associated with change. DESIGN: Neuropsychological assessments were administered at baseline and endpoint of a randomized controlled trial as secondary outcome. METHODS: Trauma survivors (n = 88) diagnosed with PTSD received trauma-focused psychotherapy within a 17-week randomized controlled trial...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Charlotte Paterson, Thanos Karatzias, Adele Dickson, Sean Harper, Nadine Dougall, Paul Hutton
OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of psychological therapies for those receiving acute adult mental health inpatient care remains unclear, partly because of the difficulty in conducting randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in this setting. The aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize evidence from all controlled trials of psychological therapy carried out with this group, to estimate its effects on a number of important outcomes and examine whether the presence of randomization and rater blinding moderated these estimates...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Rebecca Dean, Sara Siddiqui, Frank Beesley, John Fox, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study was the first to explore how staff that work with people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) perceive recovery in this client group. These views are important because of the crucial role that staff play in the care of people with BPD, and the challenges that staff experience with these clients. DESIGN: A Q methodology design was used, containing 58 statements about recovery. METHODS: Twenty-nine mental health staff sorted recovery statements according to perceived importance to recovery in BPD...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Mairead Ann Hughes, Susan Frances Knowles, Katie Dhingra, Hannah Louise Nicholson, Peter James Taylor
BACKGROUND: Rates of self-harm and suicide are increasing in young people. The literature suggests that individuals who identify with alternative subcultures (e.g., Goth) may be at a greater risk. OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence of self-harm and suicide in alternative subcultures and the factors that might contribute to this increased risk. METHOD: Using a systematic strategy, the databases PsycINFO, Scopus, MEDLINE and Web of Science, and the E-Thesis online service (ETHOS) were searched for English language only papers, with no restrictions in terms of date of publication...
November 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Tom J Barry, Francisco Del Rey, Jorge J Ricarte
OBJECTIVES: People with schizophrenia have difficulty recalling specific autobiographical events from their past. However, the nature of this difficulty (e.g., whether these problems are only for memories that are negative or positive) and the mechanisms associated with it remain poorly understood. METHODS: The present investigation asked patients with schizophrenia (n = 91) and healthy controls (n = 109) to recall memories related to several positive and negative cue words...
October 25, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Ángel Romero-Martínez, Marisol Lila, Enrique Gracia, Luis Moya-Albiol
OBJECTIVES: Empathy (i.e., the ability to decode emotions, as well as cognitive and emotional empathy) is involved in moral reasoning, prosocial behaviour, social and emotional adequacy, mood and behaviour regulation. Hence, alterations in these functions could reduce behaviour control and the adoption of specific types of violence such as intimate partner violence (IPV). Although interventions for IPV perpetrators focus on reducing IPV risk factors and increasing protective factors to prevent this kind of violence, the study of the effectiveness of these programmes in promoting changes in empathy (cognitive and emotional) has been neglected...
October 21, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Jessica R Grisham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Sam Cartwright-Hatton, Donna Ewing, Suzanne Dash, Zoe Hughes, Ellen J Thompson, Cassie M Hazell, Andy P Field, Helen Startup
OBJECTIVES: Children of anxious parents are at high risk of anxiety disorders themselves. The evidence suggests that this is due to environmental rather than genetic factors. However, we currently do little to reduce this risk of transmission. There is evidence that supporting parenting in those with mental health difficulties can ameliorate this risk. Therefore, the objective of this study was to test the feasibility of a new one-session, group-based, preventive parenting intervention for parents with anxiety disorders...
September 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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