Qiaoqing Lan, Xuechun Guan, Shunzu Lu, Wenzhao Yuan, Zijian Jiang, Huashan Lin, Liling Long
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of computed tomography (CT)-based body composition and radiomics nomogram on the prediction of postoperative complications in gastric cancer. METHODS: The clinical data of 457 individuals with surgically confirmed gastric cancer, 320 patients in the training cohort (TC) and 137 patients in the validation cohort (VC), were retrospectively analyzed. Body composition data were measured using CT. Postoperative complications were graded using the Clavien-Dindo system...
August 30, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Nahoko Kikuchi, Haruki Uojima, Hisashi Hidaka, Shuichiro Iwasaki, Naohisa Wada, Kousuke Kubota, Takahide Nakazawa, Akitaka Shibuya, Makoto Kako, Akira Také, Yoshihiko Sakaguchi, Teruko Sato, Chika Kusano
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the difference between computed tomography (CT) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) -based assessment of sarcopenia in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). METHODS: We enrolled a total of 257 patients who was diagnosed with sarcopenia by CT and BIA based on the Japan Society of Hepatology. To evaluate whether or not the different methods influence the diagnosis of sarcopenia for the patients with CLD, we assessed the number and characteristics of mismatch between the low SMI using BIA and CT...
August 18, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Martin Fischer, Thure Weimann, Nadine Oberänder, Lena Schupitza, Jana Hösel, Arved Weimann
INTRODUCTION: Remote delivery of behavioral and lifestyle interventions has shown great potential for achieving weight loss comparable to in-person treatment. However, little is known about its effects on adherence and efficacy in a real-world setting. During the COVID-19 pandemic, our usual care, a 12-months treatment program for morbid obesity, had to be transitioned to remote delivery. We evaluated whether this had adverse effects on weight loss or adherence. METHODS: We report retrospective data of 234 patients who either belonged to a cohort affected by the transition of treatment delivery (N=117, mean age = 44...
August 17, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Julia Lischka, Katharina Lieb, Andrea Schanzer, Azadeh Hojreh, Ahmed Ba-Ssalamah, Charlotte de Gier, Nina-Katharina Walleczek, Maximilian Zeyda, Susanne Greber-Platzer
INTRODUCTION: Early non-invasive detection of incipient liver damage is crucial to prevent long-term adverse health outcomes. A variety of scores to assess liver status have been proposed, mostly for adult populations. Validation of non-invasive hepatic scores to identify children at risk of metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is a gap in research, particularly in youth with severe obesity considering pubertal stage and sex. METHODS: In a well-characterized pediatric population aged 9 to 19 years (n=115) 19 published liver scores were analyzed...
August 5, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Mika Onishi, Yoshihito Koyama, Akemi Hagika, Sachiko Omotani, Yasutoshi Hatsuda, Naoyoshi Maezaki, Michiaki Myotoku
BACKGROUND: In Japan, therapeutic agents are often administered through the side tube of a central venous line or mixed with a total parenteral nutrition (TPN) infusion. This is expected to result in the mixture of three drugs in the infusion line: the infusion product for TPN, the fat emulsion, and the therapeutic agent. Therefore, we investigated whether various therapeutic agents affect the particle size of the fat emulsion. METHODS: In model of administration A, the TPN infusion formulation was administered through the main tube and the fat emulsion and therapeutic agents were simultaneously administered through the side tube; 21 therapeutic agents were used...
August 5, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Weijie Cao, Yiting Xu, Yun Shen, Yufei Wang, Xiaojing Ma, Yuqian Bao
AIM: Neck circumference (NC), a proxy for upper-body subcutaneous fat, is closely related to metabolic dysfunction, independent of other obesity indices. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between NC and the incidence and remission of metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), a novel concept proposed by an international consensus panel in 2020 through a community-based longitudinal cohort. METHODS: This study included 1549 community participants and was conducted from 2013 to 2016...
July 20, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Toshie Manabe, Yoshiyuki Masaki, Yoshiko Yamamoto, Kayoko Yamamoto, Osamu Kohashi, Takayuki Yamamoto, Hirotaka Ohara, Hiroyasu Akatsu
Dysphagia results from age-related changes in swallowing physiology and contributes to various health status changes, including higher risks for malnutrition, pneumonia, and mortality [1, 2]. It also occurs in age-related diseases, including stroke [3] and cancer [4], and progressive neurological diseases, such as dementia [5] and Parkinson's disease [6]. These associations, and global aging, have increased the importance of dysphagia management. Artificial nutrition can support patients with dysphagia caused by various clinical conditions...
July 13, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Ana Paula da Costa Soares, Natália Cristina de Faria, Guilherme Fonseca Graciano, Ana Luiza Soares Dos Santos, Virginia Del Carmen Valenzuela, Maria Isabel Correia, Gustavo Pereira Cosenza, Lucilene Rezende Anastácio
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the intake of a single dose of cinnamon infusion on energy metabolism, appetite responses and food intake in healthy individuals. METHODS: This was an open randomized crossover clinical trial, with a minimum washout of seven days, which was conducted in which two standardized breakfasts were served randomly: one with cinnamon infusion (2g, Cinnamomum sp.) And one with water (control). The study included 21 healthy volunteers...
July 13, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Junmei Gong, Bo Chen, Meiqiu Fan, Hui Tian, Haiming Liu, Yi Xiao, Wanhong Chen, Xiaoyu Zhang, Gugen Xu
OBJECTIVE: Type 2 diabetes with obesity is regarded as an incurable, progressive disease with many complications. The hypothesis was tested that HbA1c and the insulin release curve can be restored by traceable systematic methods. METHODS: 122 people with diabesity were investigated before and after three and six months of traceable systematic management methods. Basal BMI, fatty liver, HbA1c and insulin release curve were measured. RESULTS: After three months of traceable systematic management, BMI decreased from 30...
June 29, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Masahiro Zenitani, Satoko Nose, Takaharu Oue
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the preventive or therapeutic effects of blenderized food (BF) on selenium deficiency in pediatric patients with severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID). METHODS: The medical records of all 40 consecutive pediatric patients with SMID who underwent nutritional assessment were retrospectively reviewed and compared between two groups: the enteral formula (EF) group and the BF group fed with BF providing more than 10% of total caloric intake...
June 14, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Alessandra Mazzocchi, Valentina De Cosmi, Gregorio P Milani, Carlo Agostoni
BACKGROUND: The role of diet in the pediatric age for optimal development, achievement, and maintenance of a healthy status is well recognized. Increasing attention is nowadays also paid to reducing the burden of human nutrition on the planet's health for present and future generations. SUMMARY: Beyond environmental sustainability, the transition to diets rich in animal and processed foods contributes to an overall unhealthy nutritional status leading to an increased prevalence of obesity- and diet-related noncommunicable diseases...
June 9, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Sergej M Ostojic
May 24, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
José M Saavedra
BACKGROUND: Over the last 30-40 years, we have seen an improvement in global child undernutrition, with major reductions in wasting and stunting. Meanwhile, childhood obesity has dramatically increased, initially in high-income populations and subsequently in the more economically vulnerable. These trends are related to significant changes in diet and external factors, including new environmental threats. SUMMARY: Obesity rates first increased in older children, then gradually in infants...
May 24, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Mikołaj Choroszyński, Maria Barcikowska, Anna Barczak
BACKGROUND: The rapid worldwide increase in the incidence of Alzheimer's disease is associated with changing nutrition patterns. Recently, some articles have highlighted the link between Alzheimer's disease and dietary cholesterol. It was found that elevated levels of some of its fractions in the brain and circulation affect metabolism. SUMMARY: Previous studies have considered the relationship between Alzheimer's disease and oxidized cholesterol molecules in the brain...
May 11, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Xiaoying He, Zhuobin Jiang, Basma Nasr, Cuiling Wu, Saijun Huang, Pingming Gao, Yanna Zhu
INTRODUCTION: Premature infants are exceptionally vulnerable to nutrition-related diseases, and the utilization of standardized feeding guidelines may reduce nutritional practice variation, which can promote growth. Nutritional risk screening is the first step for standardized nutrition advice. However, risk screening tools specific for following up preterm infants are scarce. Hence, our study aimed to develop and evaluate a standardized Nutritional Risk Screening Tool for Preterm Infants (NRSP subscale 1) from birth to corrected age four months old ...
May 6, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Valérie Julian, Susanne Ring-Dimitriou, Justyna Wyszyńska, Artur Mazur, Piotr Matłosz, Marie Laure Frelut, Eva Erhardt, Elpis Vlachopapadopoulou, Anders Forslund, Emma Boyland, Daniel Weghuber, David Thivel
INTRODUCTION: While international prevention guidelines recently advocated, in addition to moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) guidelines, for a minimization of sedentary time (SED), recommendations remain to be developed for youths with obesity. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in PubMed, the Cochrane Library plus the reference lists of selected articles for relevant publications in English, including original papers, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses, with search terms "sedentary behaviors" or "sedentary time" or "screen time" AND "children" or "adolescents" AND "obesity" or "adiposity" or "cardiometabolic risk" or "cardiometabolic disease"...
May 2, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Kazuhiko Fukatsu, Ryuzaburo Shineha, Yoshiyuki Kawauchi, Satoshi Katayose, Mitsuo Nakayama
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the efficacy and safety of OPF-105, a novel all-in-one peripheral parenteral nutrition (PPN) solution containing multivitamins by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 2000 (FDA2000 recommendation). METHODS: We conducted a phase III trial administering OPF-105 or BFL (combination of a commercially available PPN solution (BFI) and fat emulsion (ILI)) to patients after gastrointestinal (GI) tract surgery from postoperative day (POD) 1 up to POD14...
April 19, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Sarah Louise Killeen, David F Byrne, Aisling A Geraghty, Mark T Kilbane, Patrick J Twomey, Malachi J McKenna, Cara A Yelverton, Radka Saldova, Douwe Van Sinderen, Paul D Cotter, Eileen F Murphy, Fionnuala M McAuliffe
Introduction Metabolic or inflammatory markers may predict adverse outcomes in women with obesity. We sought to describe metabolic-obesity phenotypes of women using novel staging tools and investigate relationships with inflammation. Methods In a cross-sectional study, we collected fasting blood samples from sixty-four females with body mass index (BMI) ≥28kg/m2. Participants were classified as metabolically healthy (MHO) or unhealthy (MUO) using the Cardiometabolic Disease Staging System (CMDS) and Edmonton Obesity Staging System (EOSS)...
March 18, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Zahra Ali Padhani, Jai K Das, Saeed Akhtar, Tariq Ismail, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Undernutrition is still highly prevalent in developing countries and leads to a multitude of problems as it weakens the immune system, which leads to increased risk of infections and diet-related diseases. COVID-19 has worsened the existing situation and has resulted in unprecedented health, social, and economic disruptions across the world. Before COVID-19, about 54% children under 5 years were moderately or seriously malnourished, and after the COVID-19 pandemic, early estimates suggest that an additional 2...
March 17, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
Valentina De Cosmi, Alessandra Mazzocchi, Stefano Turolo, Marie Louise Syren, Gregorio P Milani, Carlo Agostoni
BACKGROUND: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) can actively affect the maintenance and optimal functioning of immune cells. The metabolites of both omega-3 and omega-6 play an important role in the synthesis of different mediators, such as prostaglandins, leukotrienes, thromboxanes, protectins, and resolvins, that can interfere with the virus and modulate inflammation. SUMMARY: In this narrative review, we aim to identify whether LCPUFA supplementation may be effective in protecting the population against respiratory tract infections...
March 10, 2022: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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