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May 16, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Philipp Allenspach, Murali Srinivasan
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the oral health of care-dependent institutionalized older adults receiving domiciliary dental care. METHODS AND RESULTS: Dental health records of institutionalized adults receiving regular domiciliary dental care were examined (observation period: 5 years). Relevant demographic and oral health information were extracted. Statistical analyses included descriptive and non-parametric tests (α = .05). Records of 398 nursing home residents (mean-age: 84...
May 14, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Nicole Piscatelli, Jonathan Claus, Devin George, Nicolas F Schlecht, Michael Seserman, Alan Alvarado, Maureen Sullivan, Jennifer Frustino
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is an epidemic currently affecting 80 million people in the United States. The HPV virus can be passed from one person to another via sexual intercourse, oral sex, open mouth kissing and skin-to-skin contact. In some cases, the infection is not eliminated by the immune system and can cause cancer of the head and neck, cervix, anus, and genitals. There has been a rise in oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) associated with HPV, which can be missed on conventional dental screening examinations...
May 13, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Gabriella Bueno Marinho, Juliana Bertoldi Franco, Jefferson R Tenório, Natália Silva Andrade, Rodrigo Melim Zerbinati, Janaína B Medina, Mário Pérez-Sayáns, Paulo Henrique Braz-Silva, Karem L Ortega
AIMS: The objective of this study was to identify the presence of human herpesvirus (HHV) in the plasma and saliva of hepatic-cirrhosis patients and correlate it with clinical data and laboratory tests. This is a pilot, observational, and cross-sectional study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Specimens of plasma and saliva from 72 cirrhotic individuals were analyzed by means of polymerase chain reaction. The patient population had a mean age of 54.84 years old (SD ± 10) and was 70% males (51/72)...
May 10, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
E Okine, J A Helms, T Luhrmann
AIMS: This study aimed to examine whether surgical treatment for a facial disfigurement influenced an individual's quality of life. METHODS AND RESULTS: One-on-one interviews were conducted with the aim of synthesizing participant's medical experiences into common themes. Additionally, participants completed the World Health Organization's Quality of Life Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire. The WHOQL-BREF is a standardized testing instrument with four domains of 26 questions, meant to analyze participants' overall quality of health, physical health, psychological status, social relationships, and environmental health...
May 7, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
R Constance Wiener, Christopher Waters, Ruchi Bhandari
INTRODUCTION: Many factors influence preventive dental health service access for children. The objective of this research was to examine one factor, general anxiety, in accessing at least one preventive dental examination in the past 12 months in children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) and children without special healthcare needs (CWSHCN). METHODS: National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) 2021 were obtained for this cross-sectional research. Chi-square and logistic regression analyses were used to determine association of anxiety and past 12-month preventive dental examinations...
May 6, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Beyza Ballı Akgöl, Işın Ulukapı
OBJECTIVES: Children, especially the mentally disabled, are generally incapable of obtaining adequate oral hygiene levels by manual brushing due to their lack of knowledge about oral hygiene and their limited motor skills. In order to handle those limited skills, different designs of manual and electric toothbrushes are developed and put on markets. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of pulsating toothbrushes with easy-to-use properties, against conventional toothbrushes and to analyze their benefits on mentally disabled pediatric patients...
May 5, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Zanab Malik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Di Ying Joanna Ngo, Beth Yeung, Qai Ven Yap, William Murray Thomson
AIMS: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) are known to have poor oral health and complex dental needs requiring treatment under general anesthesia (GA). This retrospective chart review aimed to provide information on the oral health status and treatment needs of adults with ID in Auckland. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data on 1075 adult patients with ID seen through the Auckland public dental service during the period June 2016 to April 2020 were drawn from electronic notes...
May 2, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Ryo Wakita, Yasuka Kusumoto, Osamu Shinozuka, Haruhisa Fukayama, Shigeru Maeda
AIMS: Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS), which is caused by the partial duplication of the short arm of autosome 17, is characterized by feeding difficulties associated with muscle hypotonia and dysphagia in infancy, followed by growth retardation and low body weight in later stages. Speech and motor developmental disorders are observed in childhood, accompanied by autism spectrum disorders in several cases. Other disorders include dental and skeletal abnormalities, and associated sleep apnea...
May 2, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Cristhiane Olívia Ferreira Do Amaral, Ana Flávia Ferreira Barros De Souza, Guilherme Peratelli Carlucci, Leticia Da Silva Lima, Mariana Olívia Ferreira Do Amaral, Fabiana Gouveia Straioto
AIM: The VACTERL association or Syndrome consists of Vertebral, Anorectal, Cardiac, Tracheo-Esophageal, Renal, and Limb defects. The diagnosis relies on the presence of at least three of these structural abnormalities. This study reports a single case of a patient with VACTERL Syndrome (VS), aiming to assist dentists in recognizing the general aspects, systemic changes, and oral care related to this condition. CASE REPORT: A 14-year-old female patient medically diagnosed with VS...
May 2, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
John K Brooks, Azin Parsa, Jessica S Craig, Shereese Bell, Julia Song, Sharon L Varlotta, Jeffery B Price
BACKGROUND: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is a potentially serious osteopathic disorder associated with coalescing ossifications of the anterior vertebrae and may be concomitant with a constellation of symptomatology and systemic comorbidities. There is limited dental literature describing this finding on panoramic radiographs and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Two case reports of DISH are provided. One patient manifested extensive ossifications along the cervical vertebrae and consequent episodes of dysphagia and hoarseness...
May 1, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Vini Mehta, Snehasish Tripathy, Muhammad Aaqib Shamim, Gargi S Sarode, S A Rizwan, Ankita Mathur, Sachin C Sarode
AIMS: Given the high prevalence of oral health problems among prisoners, the goal of this systematic review is to provide a better knowledge of the scope of this problem. METHODS: Electronic searches of PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, and Google Scholar were performed. Studies that investigated inmates aged 18 or older with oral health problems were eligible. Variables reported in four or less studies were described narratively. Conversely, for variables reported in more than four studies, a meta-analysis was performed using random effect model...
May 1, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Sunny Priyatham Tirupathi, Lamea Afnan
BACKGROUND: Children with autism exhibit a higher general and dental anxiety, due to altered sensory sensibilities. AIM: This current systematic review aims to evaluate the effectiveness of Sensory adapted dental environment (SADE) over regular dental environment (RDE) on behavioral, physiological stress and overt anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospero registered (CRD42024508336). PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus databases are searched from years January 1, 1980-January 1, 2024 using pre-defined search strategy...
April 30, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Kawhan Felipe Alves de Lima, Osias Vieira de Oliveira Filho, Luciana Estevam Simonato, Bruno Augusto Benevenuto de Andrade, Saygo Tomo
BACKGROUND: Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) is an autosomal dominant multisystemic disorder characterized by the presence of multiple odontogenic keratocysts (OKC), which are a hallmark feature of the syndrome. The treatment of these OKC poses challenges due to their high recurrence rates and the myriad of management options available. CASE REPORT: We describe here a case of NBCCS diagnosed in an 11-year-old girl who presented with multiple OKC in the jaws...
April 29, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Krishna R Suryawanshi, Santosh Martande, Darshan N Kalal, Swathi Pv, Dharmarajan Gopalakrishnan, Anita Kulloli, Sharath Shetty, Shambhavi Thakur, Shreya Rokade, Jonathan Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Parkinson's disease (PKD) is neurodegenerative disorder marked by tremors, bradykinesia, muscle rigidity and reduction in precise hand movements which could lead to improper oral hygiene and Periodontal disease. Current systematic review aims to review existing literature and provide assessment of periodontal health in PKD patients through a meta-analysis METHODS: Review was performed in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines and registered in PROSPERO-CRD42023451700...
April 23, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Marika Ramishvili, Gia Gobadze, Giorgi Menabde, Marika Zurmukhtashvili, Giorgi Dugashvili, Luc Marks
Temporomandibular disorders are multi-factorial conditions affected by psychological, biomechanical, and neuromuscular factors. Stress and anxiety experienced during the pandemic are capable of influencing and aggravating temporomandibular disorders and orofacial pain. The study aimed to analyze whether the coronavirus infection can directly affect these diseases. All participants were asked to complete the Pain Screener and Patients Health Questionnaire and were assigned to Group I: healthy participants and Group 2: participants with existing complaints...
April 18, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Gemma Rey Otero, Berta Rivas Mundiña, Eliane García-Mato, Iván Varela Aneiros, Lucía Sande López, José Ramón García Iglesias
AIMS: The objective of this study was to develop a new website in Spanish on oral health and dental care for use by the relatives/caregivers of individuals with Down syndrome, with the aim of incorporating the strengths and avoids the deficiencies of existing websites. METHODS: A freely accessible website was developed with dental content, whose access criteria included the age of the individual undergoing the consultation and the area of interest (tongue or teeth disease, oral functionality, oral hygiene, and dental visits)...
April 2, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Marianne Corrêa Dos Santos Pimentel, Mariana Magalhães Fernandes, Jéssica de Oliveira Vogel, Clara Herrera Freire, Cláudia Maria Pereira, Bruno Augusto Benevenuto de Andrade, Bruna de Oliveira Rech, Jefferson R Tenório
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review is to evaluate the oral manifestations (OM) of heart transplant (HT) patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy (IT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A literature search was performed using keywords and MeSH terms related to OM and HT in the Medline/PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Scopus, LILACS/BBO databases and in gray literature without language or date restrictions until June 2023. Studies that evaluated HT individuals who used any IT and who reported the occurrence of OM were considered eligible...
March 31, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
Gerardo Gilligan, Nicolás Leonardi, Gabriela Sambuelli, René Panico
BACKGROUND: Calcinosis, Raynaud's phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia (CREST) syndrome is an acronym for the clinical features that are seen. Its etiology is unknown, affecting women three times more than men. CREST syndrome is often diagnosed by systemic symptoms. However, oral manifestations could be helpful in the early diagnosis of the disease. Less than 20 cases of CREST syndrome with oral symptoms were described. OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a 26-year-old female, who was diagnosed with CREST syndrome based on findings of the oral mucosa...
March 31, 2024: Special Care in Dentistry
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