Journals American Journal of Industrial...

American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Elizabeth S McClure, Shabbar I Ranapurwala, Maryalice Nocera, David B Richardson
OBJECTIVES: Research shows the highest rates of occupational heat-related fatalities among farm laborers and among Black and Hispanic workers in North Carolina (NC). The Hispanic population and workforce in NC have grown substantially in the past 20 years. We describe the epidemiology of heat-related fatal injuries in the general population and among workers in NC. METHODS: We reviewed North Carolina death records and records of the North Carolina Office of the Chief Medical Examiner to identify heat-related deaths (primary International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision diagnosis code: X30 or T67...
April 16, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Elizabeth S McClure, Amelia T Martin, Shabbar I Ranapurwala, Maryalice Nocera, John Cantrell, Stephen Marshall, David B Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To assess workplace segregation in fatal occupational injury from 1992 to 2017 in North Carolina. METHODS: We calculated occupational fatal injury rates within categories of occupation, industry, race, age, and sex; and estimated expected numbers of fatalities among Black and Hispanic male workers had they experienced the rates of White male workers. We also estimated the contribution of workforce segregation to disparities by estimating the expected number of fatalities among Black and Hispanic male workers had they experienced the industry and occupation patterns of White male workers...
April 12, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Paul A Schulte, Steven L Sauter, Sudha P Pandalai, Hope M Tiesman, Lewis C Chosewood, Thomas R Cunningham, Steven J Wurzelbacher, Rene Pana-Cryan, Naomi G Swanson, Chia-Chia Chang, Jeannie A S Nigam, Dori B Reissman, Tapas K Ray, John Howard
Work-related psychosocial hazards are on the verge of surpassing many other occupational hazards in their contribution to ill-health, injury, disability, direct and indirect costs, and impact on business and national productivity. The risks associated with exposure to psychosocial hazards at work are compounded by the increasing background prevalence of mental health disorders in the working-age population. The extensive and cumulative impacts of these exposures represent an alarming public health problem that merits immediate, increased attention...
April 10, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Girija Syamlal, Katelynn E Dodd, Jacek M Mazurek
BACKGROUND: Work-related asthma (WRA), a preventable occupational disease, can result in adverse health outcomes and employment disability, including decreased productivity, lost workdays, and job loss. Early identification of WRA cases and avoidance of further exposures is crucial for optimal management. OBJECTIVE: We estimate WRA prevalence among US workers by selected sociodemographic characteristics, industry, and occupation groups and assess the differences in adverse health outcomes, preventive care, and lost workdays between persons with WRA and those with non-WRA...
April 7, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Scott A Hendricks, Kitty J Hendricks, Hope M Tiesman, Harold L Gomes, James W Collins, Dan Hartley
Workplace and non-workplace homicides in the United States (U.S.) have declined for over 30 years until recently. This study was conducted to address the change in trends for both workplace and non-workplace homicides and to evaluate the homogeneity of the change in workplace homicides by specified categories. Joinpoint and autoregressive models were used to assess trends of U.S. workplace and non-workplace homicides utilizing surveillance data collected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Federal Bureau of Investigation from 1994 through 2021...
April 2, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Nimit N Shah, Michael B Steinberg, Miriam M Calkins, Alberto J Caban-Martinez, Jefferey L Burgess, Elena Austin, Brittany S Hollerbach, Derrick L Edwards, Taylor M Black, Kathleen Black, Kaleigh M Hinton, Brian S Kubiel, Judith M Graber
BACKGROUND: Although firefighters have increased risk for colon and prostate cancer, limited information exists on screening practices for these cancers in volunteer firefighters who compose two-thirds of the US fire service. We estimated the prevalence of colon and prostate cancer screening among volunteer firefighters using eligibility criteria from 4 evidence-based screening recommendations and evaluated factors influencing screening. METHODS: We evaluated colon (n = 569) and prostate (n = 498) cancer screening prevalence in a sample of US volunteer firefighters using eligibility criteria from the US Preventive Services Taskforce (USPSTF), National Fire Protection Association, American Cancer Society, and National Comprehensive Cancer Network...
March 26, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Fergus K O'Connor, Robert D Meade, Sean R Notley, Leonidas G Ioannou, Andreas D Flouris, Glen P Kenny
RATIONALE: Monitoring physiological strain is recommended to safeguard workers during heat exposure, but is logistically challenging. The perceptual strain index (PeSI) is a subjective estimate thought to reflect the physiological strain index (PSI) that requires no physiological monitoring. However, sex is known to influence perceptions of heat stress, potentially limiting the utility of the PeSI. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess whether sex modifies the relationship between PeSI and PSI...
March 16, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Hannah M Thompson, Usha Govindarajulu, John Doucette, Ismail Nabeel
BACKGROUND: Short-acting opioids have been utilized for pain management with little known about their use in patients on Workers' Compensation (WC) insurance. Our goal was to investigate this association in the ambulatory care setting. METHODS: Using the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, visits from patients aged 18-64 during the years 2010 until 2018 were evaluated (excluding 2017 due to data availability). Demographic and co-morbidity data from each visit was obtained along with the visit year...
March 16, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Emily J Tetzlaff, Casey Cassan, Nicholas Goulet, Melissa Gorman, Brooks Hogya, Glen P Kenny
BACKGROUND: During the summer of 2021, a deadly, unprecedented multiday Heat Dome engulfed western Canada. As a result of this extreme heat event (EHE), emergency dispatchers received an unparalleled increase in incoming 911 calls for ambulance, police, and fire (as first responders) services to attend to hundreds of heat-vulnerable community members succumbing to the heat. With 103 all-time heat records broken during this EHE and indoor temperatures of nearly 40°C, the first responders attending these calls faced extensive job demands and highly challenging operating conditions...
March 9, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Shannon L Wagner, Nicole White, Marc White, Trina Fyfe, Lynda R Matthews, Christine Randall, Cheryl Regehr, Lynn E Alden, Nicholas Buys, Mary G Carey, Wayne Corneil, Elyssa Krutop, Alex Fraess-Phillips
BACKGROUND: It is well documented that public safety personnel are exposed to potentially traumatic events (PTEs) at elevated frequency and demonstrate higher prevalence of trauma-related symptoms compared to the general population. Lesser studied to date are the organizational consequences of workplace PTE exposure and associated mental health outcomes such as acute/posttraumatic stress disorder (ASD/PTSD), depression, and anxiety. METHODS: The present review synthesizes international literature on work outcomes in public safety personnel (PSP) to explore whether and how PTE and trauma-related symptoms relate to workplace outcomes...
March 8, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Laia Ollé-Espluga, Raúl Payá Castiblanque, Clara Llorens-Serrano, Laura Esteve-Matalí, Albert Navarro-Giné
BACKGROUND: This study addresses the contribution of worker representation to health and safety in the pandemic context. To do so, we examine whether the self-reported presence of representatives in workplaces is associated with the implementation of anti-COVID-19 protective action and with which type of measures their existence is most strongly associated (individual, collective or organizational). The article also explores how the presence of worker representatives and anti-COVID-19 protective measures are distributed according to workers' socio-professional characteristics and company features...
March 7, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Steven Markowitz, Knut Ringen, John M Dement, Kurt Straif, L Christine Oliver, Eduardo Algranti, Dennis Nowak, Rodney Ehrlich, Melissa A McDiarmid, Albert Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Kathleen Fitzsimmons, Malena Hood, Kathleen Grattan, James Laing, Emily Sparer-Fine
BACKGROUND: Working outside the home put some workers at risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) exposure and might partly explain elevated coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) mortality rates in the first months of the pandemic in certain groups of Massachusetts workers. To further investigate this premise, we examined COVID-19 mortality among Massachusetts workers, with a specific focus on telework ability based on occupation. METHODS: COVID-19-associated deaths between January 1 and December 31, 2020 among Massachusetts residents aged 18-64 years were analyzed...
March 2, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
David J Kinitz, Lori E Ross, Ellen MacEachen, Charles Fehr, Dionne Gesink
BACKGROUND: This study brings lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (trans), and queer (LGBTQ+) populations into scholarly discourse related to precarious employment through a political economy of queer struggle. METHODS: Drawing on narrative inquiry, 20 gay, bisexual, and queer men shared stories of precarious employment that were analyzed using Polkinghorne's narrative analysis. RESULTS: Results tell an overarching narrative in three parts that follow the trajectory of participants' early life experiences, entering the labor market and being precariously employed...
February 20, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Nirmala T Myers, Katelynn E Dodd, Janet M Hale, David J Blackley, A Scott Laney, Noemi B Hall
BACKGROUND: Inhalation injuries due to acute occupational exposures to chemicals are preventable. National surveillance of acute inhalation exposures is limited. This study identified the most common acute inhalation exposure-related incidents by industry sector among US workers. METHODS: To characterize inhalation-related injuries and their exposures during April 2011-March 2022, state and federal records from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Occupational Safety and Health Information System (OIS) accident database were analyzed...
February 14, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Rob Pryce, Erin Weldon, Neil McDonald, Ryan Sneath
BACKGROUND: To examine occupational injury rates in a dual-response emergency medical services (EMS) system before and after implementation of a power-lift stretcher system. METHODS: The seasonally-adjusted occupational injury rate was estimated relative to medical call volume (per 1000 calls) and workers (per 100 FTEs) from 2009 to 2019, and stratified by severity (lost-time, healthcare only), role (EMS, FIRE) and type (patient-handling). Power-lift stretchers were adopted between 2013 and 2015...
February 14, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Bruce H Alexander, Andrew Ryan, Timothy R Church, Hyun Kim, Geary W Olsen, Perry W Logan
BACKGROUND: Exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) has been associated with several health outcomes, though few occupationally-exposed populations have been studied. We evaluated mortality and cancer incidence in a cohort of perfluorooctanesulfonyl fluoride-based specialty chemical manufacturing workers. METHODS: The cohort included any employee who ever worked at the facility from 1961 to 2010 (N = 4045), with a primary interest in those who had 365 cumulative days of employment (N = 2659)...
February 12, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Thomas A Deshayes, Hsen Hsouna, Mounir A A Braham, Denis Arvisais, Benjamin Pageaux, Capucine Ouellet, Ollie Jay, Fabien D Maso, Mickael Begon, Alireza Saidi, Philippe Gendron, Daniel Gagnon
BACKGROUND: To limit exposures to occupational heat stress, leading occupational health and safety organizations recommend work-rest regimens to prevent core temperature from exceeding 38°C or increasing by ≥1°C. This scoping review aims to map existing knowledge of the effects of work-rest regimens in hot environments and to propose recommendations for future research based on identified gaps. METHODS: We performed a search of 10 databases to retrieve studies focused on work-rest regimens under hot conditions...
February 12, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Mark A Jacobson, Paul D Blanc, Jacqueline Tulsky, Monica Tilly, Raymond Meister, Will Huen, James E McNicholas
BACKGROUND: Hybrid immunity, from COVID-19 vaccination followed by SARS-CoV-2 infection acquired after its Omicron variant began predominating, has provided greater protection than vaccination alone against subsequent infection over 1-3 months of observation. Its longer-term protection is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of COVID-19 case incidence among healthcare personnel (HCP) mandated to be vaccinated and report on COVID-19-associated symptoms, high-risk exposures, or known-positive test results to an employee health hotline...
February 5, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Knut Ringen, John Dement, Marianne Cloeren, Sammy Almashat, Stella Hines, William Grier, Patricia Quinn, Anna Chen, Scott Haas
BACKGROUND: To determine if construction and trades workers formerly employed at US Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear weapons sites are at significant risk for occupational diseases, we studied the mortality experience of participants in the Building Trades National Medical Screening Program (BTMed). METHODS: The cohort included 26,922 participants enrolled between 1998 and 2021 and 8367 deaths. Standardized mortality ratios were calculated based on US death rates...
January 25, 2024: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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