Journals American Journal of Industrial...

American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Stella E Hines, John Dement, Marianne Cloeren, Kim Cranford, Patricia S Quinn, Knut Ringen
BACKGROUND: Spirometry-based studies of occupational lung disease have mostly focused on obstructive or mixed obstructive/restrictive outcomes. We wanted to determine if restrictive spirometry pattern (RSP) is associated with occupation and increased mortality. METHODS: Study participants included 18,145 workers with demographic and smoking data and repeatable spirometry. The mortality analysis cohort included 15,445 workers with known vital status and cause of death through December 31, 2016...
March 21, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Jerzy Eisenberg-Guyot, Kieran Blaikie, Sarah B Andrea, Vanessa Oddo, Trevor Peckham, Anita Minh, Shanise Owens, Anjum Hajat
Life expectancy inequities between more- and less-educated groups have grown by 1 to 2 years over the last several decades in the United States. Simultaneously, employment conditions for many workers have deteriorated. Researchers hypothesize that these adverse conditions mediate educational inequities in mortality. However, methodological barriers have impeded research on the role of employment conditions and other hazards as mediating factors in health inequities. Indeed, traditional mediation analysis methods are often biased in occupational health settings, including in those with exposure-mediator interactions and mediator-outcome confounders that are caused by exposure...
March 20, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Lavinia Clara Del Roio, Rafael Stelmach, Rafael F Mizutani, Mario Terra-Filho, Ubiratan D P Santos
BACKGROUND: Work-related asthma (WRA) is the most prevalent occupational respiratory disease, and it has negative effects on socioeconomic standing, asthma control, quality of life, and mental health status. Most of the studies on WRA consequences are from high-income countries; there is a lack of information on these effects in Latin America and in middle-income countries. METHODS: This study compared socioeconomic, asthma control, quality of life, and psychological outcomes among individuals diagnosed with WRA and non-work-related asthma (NWRA) in a middle-income country...
March 12, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Larry A Layne
BACKGROUND: Industrial robots became more commonplace in the US workplace during the mid- to latter part of the twentieth century. Recent scientific advances have led to the development of new types of robots, resulting in rapidly changing work environments. Information on occupational robot-related fatalities is currently limited for this developing field. METHODS: Robot fatalities were identified by a keyword search in restricted-access research files from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) surveillance system of the Bureau of Labor Statistics from the years 1992-2017...
February 27, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Candice Vander Weerdt, Patricia Stoddard-Dare, LeaAnne DeRigne
Vigorous legislative activity both for and against paid sick leave has occurred over the last decade. Although a compelling body of evidence suggests that paid sick leave supports personal and public health goals, a notable barrier in opposition to paid sick leave is apprehension about the potential short-term and long-term harms to business. This review critically assesses the relationship between paid sick leave and favorable or unfavorable business conditions. Utilizing the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we systematically review six research databases between 2000 and November 2022...
February 23, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Daniel Ryan, Conor Anderson, Ann Marie Connolly, Lindsey Veety, Tania Villavicencio, Lindsey Parks
BACKGROUND: This retrospective chart review sought to determine whether the introduction of a safe person handling and mobility (SPHM) program resulted in changes to the frequency, severity, cost, or profile of staff injuries incurred during person handling (PH) tasks at long-term care settings for persons with complex conditions. METHODS: This study analyzed the SPHM program implementation at an organization providing long-term residential, day habilitation, and special education services for persons with complex conditions...
February 14, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Susan E Peters, Daniel A Gundersen, Jeffrey N Katz, Glorian Sorensen, Gregory R Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Thriving from Work is defined as the state of positive mental, physical, and social functioning in which workers' experiences of their work and working conditions enable them to thrive in their overall lives, contributing to their ability to achieve their full potential at work, at home, and in the community. The purpose of this study was to develop a psychometrically-sound questionnaire measuring the positive contribution that work can have on one's well-being both at, and outside of, their work...
February 7, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Elizabeth S McClure, Whitney R Robinson, Pavithra Vasudevan, Mark R Cullen, Stephen W Marshall, Elizabeth Noth, David Richardson
BACKGROUND: Former workers at a Southern aluminum smelting facility raised concerns that the most hazardous jobs were assigned to Black workers, but the role of workplace segregation had not been quantified or examined in the company town. Prior studies discuss race and gender disparities in working conditions, but few have documented them in the aluminum industry. METHODS: We obtained workers' company records for 1985-2007 and characterized four job metrics: prestige (sociologic rankings), worker-defined danger (worker assessments), annual wage (1985 dollars), and estimated total particulate matter (TPM) exposure (job exposure matrix)...
February 7, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Linda G T Gaines, Leena A Nylander-French
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been used in a variety of consumer and industrial applications. PFAS are associated with numerous detrimental health effects, but workplace exposure to PFAS has only been studied in a small number of occupations. More research is needed to fully understand how workers may be exposed to PFAS and what health effects this may cause.
February 7, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Nicola Cherry, Trish Mhonde, Anil Adisesh, Igor Burstyn, Quentin Durand-Moreau, France Labrèche, Shannon Ruzycki
BACKGROUND: During the early months of the Covid-19 pandemic, studies demonstrated that healthcare workers (HCWs) were at increased risk of infection. Few modifiable risks were identified. It is largely unknown how these evolved over time. METHODS: A prospective case-referent study was established and nested within a cohort study of Canadian HCWs. Cases of Covid-19, confirmed by polymerase chain reaction, were matched with up to four referents on job, province, gender, and date of first vaccination...
February 3, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Imani Carey, Kitty Hendricks
INTRODUCTION: Workers in the healthcare industry are at increased risk for workplace violence. The goal of this analysis is to determine the rate of injuries healthcare workers incurred as a result of intentional violence by patients in the workplace. METHODS: Injuries linked to workplace violence that were treated in US emergency departments from 2015 to 2017 were identified using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-Occupational Supplement (NEISS-Work)...
February 1, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Tamara Paris-Davila, Linda G T Gaines, Katherine Lucas, Leena A Nylander-French
BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a group of synthetically-made chemicals with diverse functional properties that have become ubiquitous in our environment because of their widespread use. PFAS exposure has been associated with adverse health effects, and it is therefore vital to know how exposure may occur. Many studies have focused on environmental exposure from drinking water, but there is a paucity of data on inhalation exposure, especially in occupational settings...
January 31, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Botembetume Maboso, Jim Te Water Naude, David Rees, Hillel Goodman, Rodney Ehrlich
Silicosis and tuberculosis (TB) are both global health concerns, with high prevalence among miners from the South African gold mines. Although knowledge has accumulated about these two conditions as distinct diseases since the early 20th century, and despite progress in technology with multiple diagnostic tools and treatment options available for TB, the challenge of distinguishing and therefore efficiently managing these two conditions in this population remains as current as it was 100 years ago. To illustrate the diagnostic and health service problems of distinguishing TB and silicosis clinically and radiologically in former gold miners from the South African mines living in resource-poor areas, we discuss four cases reviewed for this report by a panel of experts...
January 30, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Shilpi Misra, Aaron L Sussell, Samantha E Wilson, Gerald S Poplin
BACKGROUND: In metal and nonmetal (M/NM) mines in the United States, respirable crystalline silica (RCS) exposures are a recognized health hazard and a leading indicator of respiratory disease. This study describes hazardous exposures that exceed occupational exposure limits and examines patterns of hazardous RCS exposure over time among M/NM miners to better inform the need for interventions. METHODS: Data for this study were obtained from the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) Open Government Initiative Portal for the years 2000-2019, examining respirable dust samples with MSHA-measured quartz concentration >1%...
January 27, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Jessie Wong, Kristin J Cummings, Kathryn Gibb, Andrea Rodriguez, Amy Heinzerling, Ximena P Vergara
BACKGROUND: Higher incidences of COVID-19 mortality and outbreaks have been found in certain industries and occupations. Workplace factors, including working in close proximity to others and contact with the public can facilitate SARS-CoV-2 transmission, especially without appropriate protective measures. Limited information is available about workers at highest risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS: A phone-based, nonprobability study was conducted between November 2020 and May 2021 among California workers who were tested for SARS-CoV-2...
January 24, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Erika Meza, Kristin J Cummings, Ximena P Vergara, Kristina W Lai, Esther Lim, Katherine Lamba, Amanda Kamali, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Seema Jain, Megha L Mehrotra
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have evaluated COVID-19 outbreaks and excess mortality by occupation sectors. Studies on SARS-CoV-2 infection across occupation and occupation-related factors remain lacking. In this study, we estimate the effect of in-person work on SARS-CoV-2 infection risk and describe SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence among working adults. METHODS: We used Wave 1 data (May to June 2021) from CalScope, a population-based seroprevalence study in California. Occupation data were coded using the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Industry and Occupation Computerized Coding System...
January 16, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Linda L Remy, Louise Kaseff, Rita Shiau, Michael Clay
BACKGROUND: Missing and noncodable parental industry and occupation (I/O) information on birth certificates (BCs) can bias analyses informing parental worksite exposures and family economic stability. METHODS: We used the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) software to code parental I/O in 1989-2019 California BC data (N = 21,739,406). We assessed I/O missingness and codability by reporting period, parental sex, race/ethnicity, age, and education...
January 16, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Nana Happiness Ndlela, Rajen N Naidoo
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to various types of cleaning agents may increase the risk of adverse respiratory health among cleaners. This study investigated the relationship between exposure to cleaning and disinfecting agents, using a job-task and exposure intensity metric, and respiratory outcomes among cleaners. METHODS: A sample of 174 cleaners was selected from three public hospitals in Durban. A questionnaire was used to collect demographic and occupational information, and spirometry, including post-bronchodilator measures, was conducted according to the American Thoracic Society guidelines and skin prick testing were performed...
January 7, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Alexandra K Mueller, Ankura Singh, Mayris P Webber, Charles B Hall, David J Prezant, Rachel Zeig-Owens
BACKGROUND: The degree to which routine, non-World Trade Center (WTC) firefighting exposures contribute to the WTC exposure-obstructive airway disease (OAD) relationship is unknown. Our objective was to compare the frequency of self-reported OAD diagnoses in WTC-exposed firefighters from the Fire Department of the City of New York (FDNY) compared with non-WTC-exposed firefighters from other cities and the general population. METHODS: A total of 9792 WTC-exposed male FDNY firefighters and 3138 non-WTC-exposed male firefighters from Chicago, Philadelphia, and San Francisco who were actively employed on 9/11/01 and completed a health questionnaire were included...
January 4, 2023: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Katherine Lucas, Linda G T Gaines, Tamara Paris-Davila, Leena A Nylander-French
BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, or PFAS, are a class of chemicals used in nearly all sectors of industry and many consumer products. Their resistance to degradation, however, means that PFAS are ubiquitous in the environment and bioaccumulate. PFAS exposure has also been linked to a variety of adverse health effects. Occupational PFAS exposure is of particular concern as research on PFAS exposure in worker populations has historically been limited and generally restricted to fluorochemical plant workers involved in PFAS production...
December 27, 2022: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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