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International Quarterly of Community Health Education

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30757956/sociocultural-perceptions-and-enablers-to-seeking-mental-health-support-among-bhutanese-refugees-in-western-massachusetts
#1
Kalpana Poudel-Tandukar, Cynthia S Jacelon, Genevieve E Chandler, Bhuwan Gautam, Paula H Palmer
This qualitative study aimed to identify cultural influences on seeking mental health support among Bhutanese refugees resettled in Western Massachusetts. Bhutanese refugees aged 18 years or older were recruited for eight focus group discussions, organized by age and gender ( N = 67, 49.3% female, mean age = 38, SD = 15.9). The PEN-3 cultural model was used as the theoretical framework to examine the roles of cultural perceptions that influence mental health-seeking behaviors. Focus group discussions were audio taped to facilitate the thematic-analysis...
February 13, 2019: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30744483/aspects-of-depression-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-african-american-young-adults
#2
Maria Kosma, David R Buchanan
The purpose of this phronetic/pragmatic, mixed-methods study was to integrate quantitative data with qualitative data in examining the complex relations among depression, exercise, screen-viewing time, and life plans among 14 socioeconomically disadvantaged African American young adults. Based on the thematic analysis, the two emerging themes were as follows: life priorities (passing the General Educational Development [GED] test, pursuing profession/career, and being dedicated to church/ministry) and challenges in passing GED examination (e...
February 11, 2019: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30638424/enhancing-engagement-with-socially-disadvantaged-older-people-in-organized-physical-activity-programs
#3
Tracy Nau, Genevieve Nolan, Ben J Smith
Participation in physical activity (PA) is low among older adults in developed nations and even lower among several socially disadvantaged groups. This study aimed to identify the actions that can be taken in the promotion, design, and implementation of organized PA programs to improve engagement with socially disadvantaged and underrepresented older people. Research design and methods: Semistructured interviews were conducted with 30 community service providers and 5 focus groups with 42 older participants in existing PA programs...
January 14, 2019: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30602336/burden-social-support-and-life-satisfaction-among-caregivers-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-the-case-of-felege-abay-and-shembt-primary-schools-bahir-dar-ethiopia
#4
Fentanesh Gebeyehu, Amare Sahile, Meseret Ayalew
This study was conducted to examine the burden, social support, and life satisfaction among caregivers of children with intellectual disability. The level of burden, social support, and life satisfaction of caregivers; the relationship among burden level, social support, and life satisfaction; and burden level difference across sociodemographic characteristics of the participants were the objectives of this study. With inclusion criteria of availability, willingness, and pertinent priority of being parents, grandparents, and siblings of the child, 74 caregivers were selected using comprehensive sampling technique...
January 2, 2019: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30602335/using-multitheory-model-to-predict-low-salt-intake-among-nigerian-adults-living-with-hypertension
#5
Christine A Dokun-Mowete, Manoj Sharma, Frazier Beatty
One of the public health recommendations for the management of hypertension is the reduction of sodium/salt intake. The purpose of this study was to use the novel multitheory model of health behavior change to predict the initiation and maintenance of low-salt intake among adult Nigerian hypertensives. A quantitative cross-sectional design utilizing a convenience sample of 149 consenting Nigerian adults living with hypertension were self-administered a valid and reliable 39-item instrument. Multivariate regression analysis revealed 40...
January 2, 2019: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30600774/access-to-information-on-family-planning-and-use-of-modern-contraceptives-among-married-igbo-women-in-southeast-nigeria
#6
Mojisola M Oluwasanu, Yetunde O John-Akinola, Adeyimika T Desmennu, Opeyemi Oladunni, Ayo S Adebowale
This study was conducted among married Igbo women in Nigeria who have the lowest median birth interval coupled with a culture of sex preference and low use of modern contraceptives. We examined the relationship between access to information on family planning and sex preference on the use of modern contraceptive (MC). The 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data were used. The data of 1,661 women of reproductive age were analyzed in this study. Access to information on family planning was low, and almost half (48...
January 2, 2019: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596327/identifying-health-literacy-in-kansas-using-the-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#7
Amy K Chesser, Jared Reyes, Nikki Keene Woods
Health literacy continues to be an important research topic as part of population-based assessments for overall health issues. The objective of this continuation study was to examine the health literacy rates and health outcomes as measured by the Kansas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey. A cross-sectional research design was used. Health literacy data were extracted from the state-specific module of the BRFSS telephone survey. Demographic and health status variables were extracted from the core BRFSS dataset...
December 30, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30596326/anemia-in-pregnancy-urban-rural-comparison-of-management-and-prevention-among-women-of-child-bearing-age-in-anambra-state-nigeria
#8
Obianuju U Igweonu, Nkechi G Onyeneho
We explored management and prevention practices concerning anemia in pregnancy (AIP) in Anambra State, Nigeria from a cross-sectional survey of 600 women of child-bearing age through a multistage random selection process. The objective is to identify factors that influence recognition and management of AIP. A knowledge index of 45 points was developed with the mean score of 5.9 points (5.9 ± 6.1 SD). Furthermore, 49.3% of the respondents had good knowledge. The urban respondents had good knowledge (66...
December 30, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30590981/transactional-sex-among-women-accessing-antiretroviral-care-in-sagamu-nigeria-a-descriptive-survey
#9
Victor Jide Animasahun, Oluwafolahan O Sholeye, Bankole K Oyewole
HIV prevalence and transmission is still of public health concern in low-resource climes like Nigeria. Transactional sex is a well-known risk factor for HIV transmission. This study therefore assessed the prevalence of transactional sex and associated factors among women attending the antiretroviral clinic in Sagamu, Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was carried out among 204 women attending antiretroviral treatment center in Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria, selected via total population recruitment. Data were collected using a validated, semistructured questionnaire...
December 28, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30587080/patient-perspective-on-factors-contributing-to-nonadherence-to-dietary-therapy-a-qualitative-study-in-multicultural-population-of-kedah-malaysia
#10
Mohd Azri Mohd Suan, Siti Ertina Asli, Wan Muhana Abdullah, Zainab Shafie, Nor Hafiza Johari
The purpose of this study is to explore diabetes patients' views on various factors contributing to nonadherence to dietary therapy. Using a qualitative approach, 17 in-depth interviews were conducted with type 2 diabetes mellitus patients at Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah, Kedah state, Malaysia. All interviews were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and translated before analysis. Thematic content analysis was used and three main themes emerged. The main factors that affect diabetes patients' dietary adherence were "individual preference," "family support," and "social and cultural activities...
December 26, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30582725/inequities-in-access-to-maternal-health-care-in-enugu-state-implications-for-universal-health-coverage-to-meet-vision-2030-in-nigeria
#11
Benjamin C Ozumba, Nkechi G Onyeneho, Malgorzata Chalupowski, S V Subramanian
We explored the equity issues in access to maternal health services in Enugu State, Nigeria. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 1,600 women who had babies within 6 months prior to the survey, drawn from four urban and rural local government areas in Enugu State of Nigeria, using structured questionnaire. Focus group discussions were held with grandmothers and fathers of the new babies. In-depth interviews were held with health workers. Results showed that inequities exist in access to quality health service when the mothers needed health care...
December 24, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30577725/impact-of-a-hand-hygiene-curriculum-and-group-handwashing-station-at-two-primary-schools-in-east-africa
#12
Stephanie E Pasewaldt, Stephanie L Baller, Sarah R Blackstone, Lucy Bryan Malenke
Proper handwashing reduces the transmission of deadly, preventable diseases. Schools, even those with limited resources, have the power to promote handwashing through simple, effective interventions. This study evaluated the impact of a school-based handwashing program consisting of two interventions: a hand-hygiene curriculum and group handwashing station. Quantitative and open-ended pre/postintervention surveys were administered to students at one primary school in Kenya ( n = 38) and at one primary school in Uganda ( n = 57)...
December 21, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30577724/comparison-of-two-school-based-oral-health-education-programs-in-9-year-old-children
#13
Ece Eden, Melis Akyildiz, Işıl Sönmez
This study evaluated the effectiveness of two school-based oral health education (OHE) programs on the oral health knowledge and behavior and oral hygiene of 9-year-old children in Turkey. The study included 1,053 school children aged 9 years in Aydin, Turkey. This study was a prospective, two-arm, and parallel-group clinical trial between two different OHE programs. The dentist group received one lecture on OHE given by dentists in the classroom. The teacher group had a similar lecture given by school teachers, including supporting materials which were available throughout the academic year...
December 21, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30482096/are-there-sufficient-number-of-exercise-therapists-in-south-africa-in-order-to-equitably-manage-the-noncommunicable-disease-epidemic
#14
Terry J Ellapen, Yvonne Paul, Marco Barnard, Mariette Swanepoel, Henriette V Hammill, Gert L Strydom
The mortality of South African noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is rising. One of its primary contributors is physical inactivity. Therefore, South African National Health Plan included exercise therapy as part of their strategy to inhibit the NCDs upsurge. This study aimed to determine whether the number of South African exercise therapists is sufficient to equitably manage this NCD epidemic. The 2013 and 2017 Health Professions Council of South Africa reports identified the number of physiotherapists, biokineticists, and their respective students-in-training...
November 27, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30426845/relationship-between-parenting-styles-and-adolescents-self-esteem
#15
Tolulope A Aremu, Yetunde O John-Akinola, Adeyimika T Desmennu
Poor self-esteem among adolescents poses a great challenge, which parenting styles can influence. This study examined gender differences in perceived parenting styles and self-esteem of adolescents and examined the relationship between perceived parenting styles and adolescents' self-esteem among in-school adolescents in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. This study utilized a multistage sampling technique. Responses were elicited from 504 consenting pupils using the parental authority questionnaire and a self-esteem questionnaire adjusted to the Rosenberg scale...
November 14, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30426844/digital-storytelling-with-heroin-users-in-vancouver
#16
Aaron Goodman
As the opioid crisis escalates across North America, photographers are highlighting the gravity of the situation. However, many of their images of people who use drugs are problematic and stigmatizing. This study looks at how digital storytelling (DST) was used in order to assist long-term heroin users taking part in North America's first heroin-assisted treatment program in Vancouver, BC, in amplifying and sharing their personal experiences. DST is a participatory and collaborative process designed to help people share narrative accounts of life events...
November 14, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30376407/outcome-of-school-based-intervention-program-in-promoting-personal-hygiene-in-primary-school-children-of-mumbai-india
#17
Sachin Taware, Priyanka Gawai, Ameeta Chatterjee, Harshad Thakur
Personal hygiene plays an important role in preventing communicable diseases especially in children. In developing countries like India, the burden of communicable diseases is high which makes an awareness program imperative in school children. The objective was to study the outcome of school-based intervention program in promoting personal hygiene among the primary school children of Mumbai and Thane. This is a comparative study carried out from July 2015 to March 2016 between intervention and nonintervention groups before and after intervention...
October 30, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479194/changes-in-psychosocial-factors-and-physical-activity-among-finnish-working-age-men-in-the-adventures-of-joe-finn-campaign
#18
Karoliina Kaasalainen, Kirsti Kasila, Jyrki Komulainen, Miia Malvela, Marita Poskiparta
This study evaluated changes in psychosocial factors and self-reported physical activity (PA) among the sample of Finnish men who underwent the fitness tests during the national health campaign. Another aim was to examine whether the fitness test feedback was a meaningful experience for PA change. Baseline data were collected in 2011 by fitness test and questionnaire. Men who had low/moderate fitness along with overweight ( n = 361) were recruited to the postcampaign study in 2014. Data were analyzed with nonparametric tests, logistic regression analysis, and content analysis...
October 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479193/building-global-health-capacity-at-a-minority-serving-institution-in-the-bronx-the-potential-role-of-photovoice-and-the-geo-social-pathway-framework-in-this-endeavor
#19
Joseph Daniels
Global health training programs for undergraduate students are expanding in the United States, which includes Minority-Serving Institutions (MSIs), but capacity building is needed at MSIs to develop career pathways into the field, especially for those institutions that serve low-income students who live in communities with high health disparities. Often, global health pathways begin by building a global lens through the examination of local health issues coupled with international educational experiences. This approach is limited for students who come from low-income settings with limited funding for international experiences, and as a result, may not see the feasibility of a global health career...
October 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30479192/correlates-of-early-sexual-debut-among-sexually-active-youth-in-ghana
#20
Kwaku O Asante, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Johnny Andoh-Arthur, Isaac M Boafo, Samuel Ampaw
Using the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, this study explores the correlates of early sexual debut among 2,746 (males = 670 and females = 2,076) sexually active youth aged 15 to 24 years in Ghana. The results indicate that males aged 15 to 19 years (odds ratio [ OR] = 8.84, p < .001) and who had basic education ( OR = 3.17, p < .001) were significantly more likely to initiate sexual debut early. Urban males who had used modern contraceptive ( OR = 0.35, p < ...
October 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
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