Yu-Hsin Wang, Chun-Yu Cheng, Shyue-Luen Chang, Sindy Hu, Yau-Li Huang
BACKGROUND: Microwave therapy is used to treat axillary hyperhidrosis and osmidrosis. Even while a "danger zone" has been identified and reports of potential complications from nerve injury have been made, there has been little real-world discussion regarding whether there is any pretreatment evaluation key factor that may lower the risk. Furthermore, the efficacy of a single treatment and the safety of high-energy therapies have not been well investigated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the key aspects of pre-therapeutic assessment, efficacy, and suitability of a single treatment, as well as the safety of high-energy treatments...
March 23, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Nicole R Vingan, Jasmine A Panton, Jennifer Barillas, Ariane Lazzarini, John Hoopman, Jeffrey M Kenkel, Abby Culver
OBJECTIVES: Facial actinic irregularities are frequent targets for noninvasive, energy-based treatment. These irregularities are multifactorial and driven by both intrinsic factors such as aging, genetics, and hormone exposure, and extrinsic factors, such as UV exposure. Clinically, this photodamage manifests as dyschromic skin disorders like melasma and actinic features such as solar lentigines. Fractionated 1927 nm (f1927 nm) nonablative lasers are suitable for targeting epidermal lesions and have been shown to be effective in resurfacing photoaged skin as well as addressing pigmented lesions without exacerbation...
March 23, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Kristoffer Hendel, Katrine Karmisholt, Lene Hedelund, Merete Haedersdal
BACKGROUND: Ablative fractional CO2 laser (AFL) is an established first-line energy-based treatment for acne scars. Microneedle radiofrequency (MNRF) is an emerging treatment, also targeting the skin in fractions. No studies have so far compared AFL with MNRF for acne scars in a direct controlled, side-by-side comparison. In this study, we compared AFL and MNRF treatments for acne scars in a randomized split-face trial with blinded response evaluation, objective measures, and patient-reported outcomes...
March 19, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Jiheun Ryu, Dongkyun Kang, Junyoung Kim, Anita Chung, Catriona N Grant, Emily Ryan, Amilcar Barrios, Hany Osman, Guillermo J Tearney
OBJECTIVES: Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is an imaging method that can noninvasively visualize microscopic features of the human skin. The utility of RCM can be further improved by increasing imaging speed. In this paper, we report high-speed RCM imaging of human skin with a frame rate that is over 10 times faster and an area imaging rate that is 6-9 times faster than those of commercially available RCM devices. METHODS: The higher imaging speed was achieved using a high-speed RCM technique, termed spectrally encoded confocal microscopy (SECM)...
March 16, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Pramila Thapa, Veena Singh, Komal Gupta, Anurag Shrivastava, Virendra Kumar, Kamal Kataria, Piyush R Mishra, Dalip S Mehta
OBJECTIVE: Fluorescence-based methods are highly specific and sensitive and have potential in breast cancer detection. Simultaneous fluorescence imaging and spectroscopy during intraoperative procedures of breast cancer have great advantages in detection of tumor margin as well as in classification of tumor to healthy tissues. Intra-operative real-time confirmation of breast cancer tumor margin is the aim of surgeons, and therefore, there is an urgent need for such techniques and devices which fulfill the surgeon's priorities...
March 8, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Anne M Hattersley, Michael Kiernan, David Goldberg, Christine Dierickx, David H Sliney, Merete Haedersdal, J Frank Nash
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Home-use intense pulsed light (IPL) hair removal devices are convenient for consumers. Consumer safety associated with home-use IPL devices, however, remains a subject of interest. In this descriptive analysis, we assessed the most commonly reported adverse events (AEs) for a home-use IPL device from postmarketing surveillance and qualitatively compared these with AEs from clinical studies and medical device reports of home-use IPL treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this analysis of voluntary reports, we queried a distributor's postmarketing database for IPL devices for the period beginning January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2021...
March 8, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Nicole Natarelli, Katharine Hanlon, Wei-Shen Chen, James M Grichnik, Jonathan S Zager, Lilia Correa-Selm
BACKGROUND: We present a case of RCM evaluation of ALM surgical margins demonstrating intracorneal melanocytic bodies overlying subsequently confirmed melanoma in situ by histopathology. CASE PRESENTATION: A 73-year-old male with a history of acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM) of the right great toe presented to our clinic for evaluation of positive surgical margins. The positive margin was localized for examination and subsequent biopsy with reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) which allowed targeted re-resection of the area of concern...
March 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Anastasia Goulopoulos, Edidiong Etim, Sandeep Korupolu, William Farinelli, Heidy Sierra, R Rox Anderson, Anna Fischbach, Walfre Franco
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenators (ECMO) are currently utilized to mechanically ventilate blood when lung or lung and heart function are impaired, like in cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). ARDS can be caused by severe cases of carbon monoxide (CO) inhalation, which is the leading cause of poison-related deaths in the United States. ECMOs can be further optimized for severe CO inhalation using visible light to photo-dissociate CO from hemoglobin (Hb). In previous studies, we combined phototherapy with an ECMO to design a photo-ECMO device, which significantly increased CO elimination and improved survival in CO-poisoned animal models using light at 460, 523, and 620 nm wavelengths...
March 8, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Huan Xue, Dan Ye, Shiliu Huang, Shujuan He, Youbao Li, Jing Liu, Die Hu, Yu Zhu, Guanglei Hu, Yan Dong, Hua Shen, Wei-Hui Zeng, Zhao Wang
PURPOSE: Acne scars are common in patients with moderate to severe acne. Isotretinoin is the first-line treatment for those patients, but whether oral isotretinoin can improve acne scar is not clear. Picosecond lasers (FxPico) has been reported to improve acne scars. In the present study, we evaluated the clinical efficacy of low-dose isotretinoin with or without FxPico treatment for acne scars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 48 patients with acne scars were enrolled and were randomly assigned to receive low dose oral isotretinoin or not...
March 1, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Sunayana Begum Syed, Ismayil Ahmet, Khalid Chakir, Christopher H Morrell, Praveen R Arany, Edward G Lakatta
BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy, a form of low-dose light therapy, has been noted to be effective in several age-associated chronic diseases such as hypertension and atherosclerosis. Here, we examined the effects of PBM therapy on age-associated cardiovascular changes in a mouse model of accelerated cardiac aging. METHODS: Fourteen months old Adenylyl cyclase type VIII (AC8) overexpressing transgenic mice (n = 8) and their wild-type (WT) littermates (n = 8) were treated with daily exposure to Near-Infrared Light (850 nm) at 25 mW/cm2 for 2 min each weekday for a total dose of 1 Einstein (4...
February 23, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Ziye Chen, Qiong Cheng, Lingyun Wang, Yunfeng Mo, Ke Li, Jianhua Mo
OBJECTIVES: Artificial dermal scaffold (ADS) has undergone rapid development and been increasingly used for treating skin wound in clinics due to its good biocompatibility, controllable degradation, and low risk of disease infection. To obtain good treatment efficacy, ADS needs to be monitored longitudinally during the treatment process. For example, scaffold-tissue fit, cell in-growth, vascular regeneration, and scaffold degradation are the key properties to be inspected. However, to date, there are no effective, real-time, and noninvasive techniques to meet the requirement of the scaffold monitoring above...
February 19, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Kwangwoo Nam, Noseong Park, Seunghun Lee, Suil Jeon, Jungbin Lee, Seung-Mo Hong, Sung Wook Hwang, Sang Hyoung Park, Dong-Hoon Yang, Byong Duk Ye, Jeong-Sik Byeon, Suk-Kyun Yang, Jeong Hoon Lee, Do Hoon Kim, Ki Hean Kim, Seung-Jae Myung
OBJECTIVES: High-contrast and high-resolution imaging techniques would enable real-time sensitive detection of the gastrointestinal lesions. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of novel dual fluorescence imaging using moxifloxacin and proflavine in the detection of neoplastic lesions of the human gastrointestinal tract. METHODS: Patients with the colonic and gastric neoplastic lesions were prospectively enrolled. The lesions were biopsied with forceps or endoscopically resected...
February 17, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Yu Shimojo, Takahiro Nishimura, Toshiyuki Ozawa, Daisuke Tsuruta, Kunio Awazu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The clinical use of 532-nm short-pulsed lasers has provided effective treatment of epidermal pigmented lesions. However, the detection of significant differences in treatment effects between picosecond and nanosecond lasers has still varied among clinical studies. For robust evaluation of the differences based on the treatment mechanism, this study presents a nonlinear absorption-based analysis of energy deposition in melanosomes for 532-nm short-pulsed laser treatment...
February 14, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Lin Gao, Yuanli Wang, Wei Wen, Yunyan Duan, Zhaoyang Li, Erle Dang, Peng Li, Lei Yu, Chenxi Zhou, Meiheng Lu, Gang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate remodeling of vaginal biomechanical and physiological properties using vaginal fractional carbon dioxide (CO2 ) laser treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study cohort included 26 patients with SUI between October 2019 and November 2020. Patients were treated with two sessions of FemTouch vaginal fractional CO2 laser with a one-month interval. Three subjective assessments were administered to all patients: female sexual function index (FSFI), vaginal health index score (VHIS), and international consultation on incontinence questionnaire-short form (ICIQ-SF)...
February 7, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Stefanie Kranz, Gisela Brunnmeier, Pelinsu Yilmaz, Janis Thamm, Stefan Schiele, Gernot Müller, Clara Key, Julia Welzel, Sandra Schuh
OBJECTIVES: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin tumor with an annually increasing incidence. Standard care requires several visits for diagnosis and treatment. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) as a diagnostic tool increases the sensitivity (95%) and specificity (77%) of the diagnosis of BCC. Although laser therapy is not the standard of care, the long-pulsed 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser seems to be a promising option. However, data are scarce. The published papers had a short follow-up (FU) time and used to some extent inferior methods to detect complete tumor clearance...
February 5, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Dimitrios Strakas, Dimitrios Dionysopoulos, Kosmas Tolidis, Jörg Meister
OBJECTIVES: To investigate quantitatively the cutting efficiency and the thermal effects in the surrounding soft tissues of incisions that are induced by a 940 nm-diode laser with different power settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four gingival samples were prepared from the lower jaws of freshly slaughtered German-land race pigs and were randomly divided into 9 groups (n = 6) according to the adjusted output power (1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 5 and 6 W)...
February 5, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Chunyan Qian, Yueqi Jiang, Yuemeng Wu, Baishuang Yue, Shuxian Yan, Zhong Lu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of fractional 1064 nm Nd:YAG picosecond laser and nonablative fractional 1565 nm laser in the treatment of enlarged pores. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients received five monthly treatments at months 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 and were followed up at months 5, 6, and 7. All patients were treated by fractional 1064 nm Nd:YAG picosecond laser (FxPico) on the left face, and nonablative fractional 1565 nm laser (ResurFx) on the right face as a control...
January 30, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Guoliang Yang, Hangyu Dang, Ning Guo, Mengdong Cui, Yi Xu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cryolipolysis is a popular noninvasive lipolytic method that uses low temperature to induce apoptosis or necrosis of adipocytes to reduce local fat in the human body. Vacuum suction applicator is a commonly used cryolipolysis equipment, which suction human skin and fat into a chamber for cooling. The structure of vacuum suction applicator is usually irregular, its cooling characteristic is also complex, and unreasonable suction structure will cause human discomfort...
January 24, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
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January 22, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Alison Dempsey, Jacqueline Watchmaker, Brian P Hibler, Anthony Rossi
OBJECTIVE: The use of laser and energy-based devices (LEBD) has grown exponentially in recent years, and variations in common practices exist. Our study sought to evaluate the current practice paradigms of leaders in the field of LEBD with regard to antimicrobial prophylaxis, adjuvant topical treatments, use of laser procedures in pregnancy, and combination of procedures. METHODS: Anonymous surveys were distributed to leading dermatologists in American Society for Laser Medicine & Surgery (ASLMS) via email...
January 19, 2023: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
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