journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38467250/predicting-consequences-of-covid-19-control-measure-de-escalation-on-nosocomial-transmission-and-mortality-a-modelling-study-in-a-french-rehabilitation-hospital
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
David R M Smith, Audrey Duval, Rebecca Grant, Mohamed Abbas, Stephan Harbarth, Lulla Opatowski, Laura Temime
INTRODUCTION: Infection control measures are effective for nosocomial COVID-19 prevention but bear substantial health-economic costs, motivating their "de-escalation" in settings at low risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Yet consequences of de-escalation are difficult to predict, particularly in light of novel variants and heterogeneous population immunity. AIM: To estimate how infection control measure de-escalation influences nosocomial COVID-19 risk. METHODS: An individual-based transmission model was used to simulate SARS-CoV-2 outbreaks and control measure de-escalation in a French long-term care hospital with multi-modal control measures in place (testing and isolation, universal masking, single-occupant rooms)...
March 9, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38467249/overview-of-the-second-edition-of-the-joint-british-society-of-gastroenterology-and-healthcare-infection-society-faecal-microbiota-transplant-guidelines-2024
#22
EDITORIAL
Benjamin H Mullish, Aggie Bak, Blair Merrick, Mohammed Nabil Quraishi, Simon D Goldenberg, Horace R T Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38447807/electronic-hand-hygiene-monitoring-tools-for-implementation-of-optimal-hand-sanitising-adherence-in-neonatal-intensive-care
#23
LETTER
Chiara Minotti, Soheila Aghlmandi, Julia Anna Bielicki
We report on the implementation of electronic hand hygiene monitoring with visual nudges for positive reinforcement of staff hand hygiene adherence in a Swiss third-level neonatal intensive care unit. The weekly average hand hygiene level, though suboptimal, increased from 21% to 41%, being highest with an active nudging function.
March 4, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38447806/assessing-the-effects-of-transient-weather-conditions-on-airborne-transmission-risk-in-naturally-ventilated-hospitals
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alexander J Edwards, Marco-Felipe King, Martín López-García, Daniel Peckham, Catherine J Noakes
BACKGROUND: Many UK hospitals rely heavily on natural ventilation as their main source of airflow in patient wards. This method of ventilation can have cost and energy benefits, but it may lead to unpredictable flow patterns between indoor spaces, potentially leading to the unexpected transport of infectious material to other connecting zones. However, the effects of weather conditions on airborne transmission are often overlooked. METHODS: We proposed a multi-zone CONTAM model of a naturally ventilated hospital respiratory ward, incorporating time-varying weather...
March 4, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38447805/a-search-strategy-for-detecting-duodenoscope-associated-infections-a-retrospective-observational-study
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Koen van der Ploeg, Corné H W Klaassen, Margreet C Vos, Juliëtte A Severin, Bibi C G C Mason-Slingerland, Marco J Bruno
BACKGROUND: Duodenoscope-associated infections (DAI) are exogenous infections resulting from the use of contaminated duodenoscopes. While numerous outbreaks of DAI involved multidrug-resistant microorganisms (MDRO), outbreaks involving non-MDRO are also likely to occur. Detection challenges arise as these infections often resolve before culture or because causative strains are not retained for comparison with duodenoscope strains. This retrospective observational study aims to identify and analyse DAIs spanning a seven-year period...
March 4, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38447804/tailored-care-for-cardiac-health-risk-stratification-and-gentamicin-infused-collagen-sponges-to-minimize-cardiac-device-infections-and-healthcare-costs
#26
LETTER
Andrea Matteucci, Claudio Pandozi, Carlo Pignalberi, Carlo Lavalle, Marco Valerio Mariani, Stefania Angela Di Fusco, Furio Colivicchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38447803/how-long-do-nosocomial-pathogens-persist-on-inanimate-surfaces-a-scoping-review
#27
REVIEW
Lucy Porter, Ola Sultan, Brett G Mitchell, Adam Jenney, Martin Kiernan, David J Brewster, Philip L Russo
Healthcare hygiene plays a crucial role in the prevention of healthcare associated infections. Patients admitted to a room where the previous occupant had a multidrug resistant bacterial infection are at an increased risk of colonisation and infection with the same organism. A 2006 systematic review by Kramer et al found that certain pathogens can survive for months on dry surfaces. The aim of this review is to update Kramer et al's previous review and provide contemporary data on the survival of pathogens relevant to the healthcare environment...
March 4, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38432588/evaluation-of-infection-prevention-and-control-programmes-according-to-ecdc-who-in-spain-2012-2022-indicators-of-core-component-1
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lina M Parra, Mireia Cantero, Rafael M Ortí-Lucas, Inmaculada Salcedo-Leal, Ángel Asensio
BACKGROUND: Key and core components of effective infection prevention and control programmes (IPCP) issued by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have been described. WHO core component 1 relates to the structure, organization and management of IPCP. AIM: The objective of this study was to assess the status and the time trends of some indicators of core component 1 of IPCP in acute hospitals in Spain throughout the period 2012-2022...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38432587/management-of-newborns-and-healthcare-workers-exposed-to-isoniazid-resistant-congenital-tuberculosis-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sanghoon Lee, Gahee Kim, Geun-Mi Park, Jiyoon Jeong, Euiseok Jung, Byong Sop Lee, Eunbyeol Jo, Sojeong Lee, Heemang Yoon, Kyung-Wook Jo, Sung-Han Kim, Jina Lee
BACKGROUND: Management of newborns and healthcare workers (HCWs) exposed to congenital tuberculosis (TB) in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) has been rarely reported. AIM: To outline a contact investigation process for individuals exposed to congenital TB in the NICU and investigate nosocomial transmission. Additionally, to assess the efficacy and safety of window prophylaxis in exposed newborns. METHODS: A baby, born at a gestational age of 28+1 weeks, was diagnosed with isoniazid-resistant congenital TB on the 39th day of admission to the level IV NICU...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38432586/blakpc-or-ndm-strains-distribution-over-a-hospital-environment-from-south-brazil
#30
LETTER
Eduarda de Oliveira Pinto, Bruno Rodrigues Dos Santos, Raquel Soares Moreira, Karen Ariane Bär, Gerson Fernandes de Brum, Bruno Stefanello Vizzotto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38432585/advancing-outbreak-simulation-training-a-collaborative-pilot-study-for-dual-specialty-medical-trainees-and-infection-prevention-and-control-professionals
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Angela King, Shona Cairns, Lesley Shepherd, Jennifer Barrett, Teresa Inkster
BACKGROUND: In response to identified gaps in infection prevention and control (IPC) training within Scotland, a Short Life Working Group (SLWG) initiated an innovative outbreak simulation training programme. AIM: This study aimed to enhance the knowledge and confidence of medical microbiology and infectious diseases trainees and IPC professionals in managing Healthcare Associated Infection (HCAI) outbreaks, employing the National Infection Prevention and Control Manual (NIPCM) guidelines...
March 1, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38423135/barriers-and-facilitators-for-the-implementation-and-expansion-of-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy-systematic-review
#32
REVIEW
Solomon Ahmed Mohammed, Menino Osbert Cotta, Getnet Mengistu Assefa, Daniel Erku, Fekade Sime
BACKGROUND: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) program has been expanding in recent years and serves as a viable solution in reducing the shortage of hospital beds. However, the wider implementation of OPAT faces numerous challenges. This review aimed to assess implementation barriers and facilitators of OPAT services. METHODS: Studies describing barriers and facilitators to OPAT service were retrieved from PubMed, Scopus, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Web of Science Proceedings, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, and PsycINFO...
February 27, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38423134/impact-of-infection-prevention-and-control-practices-including-personal-protective-equipment-on-the-prevalence-of-hospital-acquired-infections-in-acute-care-hospitals-during-covid-19-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#33
REVIEW
J K Teus, L Mithen, H Green, A Hutton, R Fernandez
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has posed an unprecedented challenge to healthcare systems globally. Personal protective equipment has played a fundamental role in protecting healthcare workers and patients, but its effectiveness in reducing hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) during the pandemic remains a subject of debate. AIM: To conduct a synthesis and meta-analysis of the best available evidence of the prevalence of HAIs using a before/after approach. METHODS: A three-step search strategy was undertaken to locate published and unpublished studies...
February 27, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38423133/how-and-why-do-healthcare-workers-use-gloves-in-two-norwegian-nursing-homes
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Pia Cathrin Kristiansen, Sheri Bastien, Jonas Debesay, Mette Fagernes
BACKGROUND: Incorrect glove use can cause cross-contamination and healthcare-associated infections. Prior research has identified reasons for this, such as lack of indication, improper changing, and poor hand hygiene post-use. Limited research has investigated the reasons behind healthcare-workers' glove usage. AIM: To develop an in-depth understanding of healthcare-worker (HCW) attitudes and perceptions of glove use and explore barriers and facilitators as well as compliance with national guidelines...
February 27, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38423132/not-only-covid-19-a-systematic-review-of-anti-covid-19-measures-and-their-effect-on-health-care-associated-infections
#35
REVIEW
Fausto Ciccacci, Carolina De Santo, Claudia Mosconi, Stefano Orlando, Mariachiara Carestia, Luca Guarenti, Giuseppe Liotta, Leonardo Palombi, Leonardo Emberti Gialloreti
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) burden healthcare globally. Amid the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, intensified infection control measures, such as mask usage and hand hygiene, were implemented. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of these measures in preventing HCAIs among hospitalized patients. METHODS: Using the PICO framework, the study focused on hospitalized patients and the effectiveness of anti-COVID-19 measures in preventing HCAIs. A systematic review of literature published in 2020-2021-2022 was conducted, examining interventions such as mask usage, hand hygiene, and environmental cleaning...
February 27, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38423131/development-of-an-infection-prevention-and-control-pathway-to-facilitate-high-throughput-cataract-surgery-in-scotland
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Heather Wallace, Diane Stark, Paul Weaving, Teresa Inkster
INTRODUCTION: Cataract surgery offers significant improvement to quality of life for patients with cataracts. However, there are growing waiting lists and challenges in providing this type of surgery in a timely manner. Feedback from stakeholders had previously indicated infection prevention and control (IPC) as a potential barrier to high throughput surgery. ARHAI Scotland were asked to support the implementation of high throughput cataract surgery aimed at addressing these challenges...
February 27, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38423130/what-is-the-effect-of-reducing-the-air-change-rate-on-the-ventilation-effectiveness-in-ultra-clean-operating-rooms
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J L A Lans, N M C Mathijssen, A Bode, J J van den Dobbelsteen, M van der Elst, P G Luscuere
BACKGROUND: The operating room (OR) department is one of the most energy-intensive departments of a hospital. The majority of ORs in the Netherlands have an air handling installation with an ultra-clean ventilation (UCV) system. However, not all surgeries require an ultra-clean operating room. AIM: To determine the effect of reducing the air change rate on the ventilation effectiveness in ultra-clean operating rooms. METHODS: Lower air volume ventilation effectiveness (VELv ) of a Conventional Ventilation (CV), controlled Dilution Ventilation (cDV), Temperature controlled AirFlow (TcAF) and Uni Directional AirFlow (UDAF) system were evaluated within a 4x4 m measuring grid of 1x1 m...
February 27, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38403084/another-factor-adversely-affecting-hand-hygiene-compliance
#38
LETTER
Hideharu Hagiya, Yasushi Fujita, Takashi Kiguchi, Tsukasa Higashionna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38403083/high-consequence-infectious-diseases-hcid-the-conception-and-development-of-a-multidisciplinary-interprofessional-simulation-training-programme
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Luciana Sowole, Ranjev Kainth, Cecilia Tuudah, Ashwin Delmonte Sen, Nicholas Price, Geraldine O'Hara
BACKGROUND: High Consequence Infectious Diseases (HCID) represent a group of acute infectious diseases with the potential to profoundly impact health care systems and public health. Effective management requires a system-based strategy focused on early detection, initiation of infection prevention and control (IPC) measures, and appropriate use of personal protective equipment (PPE). Inadequate training in the safe use of HCID PPE and lack of familiarity with key processes such as HCID waste and spills management, exacerbates the risk posed to healthcare workers (HCWs)...
February 23, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38403082/achromobacter-species-sp-outbreak-caused-by-hospital-equipment-containing-contaminated-water-risk-factors-for-infection
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J Tian, T Zhao, R Tu, B Zhang, Y Huang, Z Shen, G Du, Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial outbreaks of urinary tract infections caused by Achromobacter spp. have been rare in recent decades. AIM: To identify the origin of an Achromobacter sp. outbreak, conduct multi-modal infection control measures, and finally to stop the outbreak. To this end, an epidemiological outbreak investigation and risk factor analysis were performed. METHODS: Achromobacter sp. was detected in 22 patients in our urology wards and six environmental cultures of specimens obtained from the operating rooms...
February 23, 2024: Journal of Hospital Infection
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