journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37931183/adaptive-designs-in-implementation-science-and-practice-their-promise-and-the-need-for-greater-understanding-and-improved-communication
#21
REVIEW
Amy Kilbourne, Matthew Chinman, Shari Rogal, Daniel Almirall
The promise of adaptation and adaptive designs in implementation science has been hindered by the lack of clarity and precision in defining what it means to adapt, especially regarding the distinction between adaptive study designs and adaptive implementation strategies. To ensure a common language for science and practice, authors reviewed the implementation science literature and found that the term adaptive was used to describe interventions, implementation strategies, and trial designs. To provide clarity and offer recommendations for reporting and strengthening study design, we propose a taxonomy that describes fixed versus adaptive implementation strategies and implementation trial designs...
November 6, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37931182/cultural-sensitivity-and-cultural-tailoring-lessons-learned-and-refinements-after-two-decades-of-incorporating-culture-in-health-communication-research
#22
REVIEW
Derek M Griffith, Caroline R Efird, Monica L Baskin, Monica Webb Hooper, Rachel E Davis, Ken Resnicow
In this article, we examine progress and challenges in designing, implementing, and evaluating culturally sensitive behavioral interventions by tailoring health communication to groups or individuals. After defining common tailoring constructs (i.e., culture, race, and ethnicity), cultural sensitivity, and cultural tailoring, we examine when it is useful to culturally tailor and address cultural sensitivity in health communication by group tailoring or individual tailoring and when tailoring health communication may not be necessary or appropriate for achieving behavior change...
November 6, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37871140/informing-public-health-policies-with-models-for-disease-burden-impact-evaluation-and-economic-evaluation
#23
REVIEW
Mark Jit, Alex R Cook
Conducting real-world public health experiments is often costly, time-consuming, and ethically challenging, so mathematical models have a long-standing history of being used to inform policy. Applications include estimating disease burden, performing economic evaluation of interventions, and responding to health emergencies such as pandemics. Models played a pivotal role during the COVID-19 pandemic, providing early detection of SARS-CoV-2's pandemic potential and informing subsequent public health measures...
October 23, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37871139/innovation-in-the-delivery-of-behavioral-health-services
#24
REVIEW
Thomas D'Aunno, Charles J Neighbors
Several factors motivate the need for innovation to improve the delivery of behavioral health services, including increased rates of mental health and substance use disorders, limited access to services, inconsistent use of evidence-based practices, and persistent racial and ethnic disparities. This narrative review identifies promising innovations that address these challenges, assesses empirical evidence for the effectiveness of these innovations and the extent to which they have been adopted and implemented, and suggests next steps for research...
October 23, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37788631/health-promotion-and-chronic-disease-prevention-at-the-workplace
#25
REVIEW
Lars Louis Andersen
The concept of workplace safety and health has focused largely on preventing accidents and on minimizing hazardous exposures. However, because workers spend a substantial part of their waking hours at the workplace, the potential to influence the health of a large proportion of the world's population through the workplace is enormous. The opportunities to carry out health promotion and chronic disease prevention activities at the workplace are countless, including ( a ) health screening; ( b ) tobacco cessation activities; ( c ) the promotion of healthy food choices and weight loss; ( d ) active breaks with physical exercise in terms of microexercise, enhancement of infrastructure, and organization of work tasks to facilitate incidental physical activity; and ( e ) routine vaccinations...
October 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37010928/community-health-worker-integration-with-and-effectiveness-in-health-care-and-public-health-in-the-united-states
#26
REVIEW
Molly Knowles, Aidan P Crowley, Aditi Vasan, Shreya Kangovi
Community health workers (CHWs) have worked in a variety of settings in the United States for more than 70 years and are increasingly recognized as an essential health workforce. CHWs share life experience with the people they serve and have firsthand knowledge of the causes and impacts of health inequity. They provide a critical link between marginalized communities and health care and public health services. Several studies have demonstrated that CHWs can improve the management of chronic conditions, increase access to preventive care, improve patients' experience of care, and reduce health care costs...
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37010927/on-the-go-adaptation-of-implementation-approaches-and-strategies-in-health-emerging-perspectives-and-research-opportunities
#27
REVIEW
Elvin H Geng, Aaloke Mody, Byron J Powell
In many cases, implementation approaches (composed of one or more strategies) may need to change over time to work optimally. We use a literature review to inform a mechanistic analysis of such on-the-go adaptations. We suggest that such adaptations of implementation strategies consist of three necessary steps. The first component is the initial effect of the implementation approach on intended implementation, service delivery, or clinical outcomes. Second, these initial effects must in turn be used to modify, alter, intensify, or otherwise change the implementation approach...
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37010926/the-urgency-of-addressing-climate-change
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jonathan E Fielding, Ross C Brownson, Lawrence W Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37010925/promoting-health-equity-through-preventing-or-mitigating-the-effects-of-gentrification-a-theoretical-and-methodological-guide
#29
REVIEW
Helen V S Cole, Isabelle Anguelovski, Margarita Triguero-Mas, Roshanak Mehdipanah, Mariana Arcaya
Public health researchers are increasingly questioning the consequences of gentrification for population health and health equity, as witnessed in the rapid increase in public health publications on the health (equity) effects of gentrification. Despite methodological challenges, and mixed results from existing quantitative research, qualitative evidence to date points to the role of gentrification processes in exacerbating health inequities. Here we discuss past methodological and theoretical challenges in integrating the study of gentrification with public health research...
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36626834/innovations-in-public-health-surveillance-for-emerging-infections
#30
REVIEW
Peng Jia, Shiyong Liu, Shujuan Yang
Public health surveillance is defined as the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health data and is closely integrated with the timely dissemination of information that the public needs to know and upon which the public should act. Public health surveillance is central to modern public health practice by contributing data and information usually through a national notifiable disease reporting system (NNDRS). Although early identification and prediction of future disease trends may be technically feasible, more work is needed to improve accuracy so that policy makers can use these predictions to guide prevention and control efforts...
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36626833/sustainable-and-resilient-health-care-in-the-face-of-a-changing-climate
#31
REVIEW
Jodi D Sherman, Andrea J MacNeill, Paul D Biddinger, Ozlem Ergun, Renee N Salas, Matthew J Eckelman
Climate change is a threat multiplier, exacerbating underlying vulnerabilities, worsening human health, and disrupting health systems' abilities to deliver high-quality continuous care. This review synthesizes the evidence of what the health care sector can do to adapt to a changing climate while reducing its own climate impact, identifies barriers to change, and makes recommendations to achieve sustainable, resilient health care systems.
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36608344/public-health-preparedness-for-extreme-heat-events
#32
REVIEW
Jeremy J Hess, Nicole A Errett, Glenn McGregor, Tania Busch Isaksen, Zachary S Wettstein, Stefan K Wheat, Kristie L Ebi
Heat is a dangerous hazard that causes acute heat illness, chronic disease exacerbations, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and a range of injuries. Risks are highest during extreme heat events (EHEs), which challenge the capacity of health systems and other critical infrastructure. EHEs are becoming more frequent and severe, and climate change is driving an increasing proportion of heat-related mortality, necessitating more investment in health protection. Climate-resilient health systems are better positioned for EHEs, and EHE preparedness is a form of disaster risk reduction...
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36542770/public-health-and-prisons-priorities-in-the-age-of-mass-incarceration
#33
REVIEW
David H Cloud, Ilana R Garcia-Grossman, Andrea Armstrong, Brie Williams
Mass incarceration is a sociostructural driver of profound health inequalities in the United States. The political and economic forces underpinning mass incarceration are deeply rooted in centuries of the enslavement of people of African descent and the genocide and displacement of Indigenous people and is inextricably connected to labor exploitation, racial discrimination, the criminalization of immigration, and behavioral health problems such as mental illness and substance use disorders. This article focuses on major public health crises and advances in state and federal prisons and discusses a range of practical strategies for health scholars, practitioners, and activists to promote the health and dignity of incarcerated people...
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36525960/multilevel-determinants-of-digital-health-equity-a-literature-synthesis-to-advance-the-field
#34
REVIEW
Courtney R Lyles, Oanh Kieu Nguyen, Elaine C Khoong, Adrian Aguilera, Urmimala Sarkar
Current digital health approaches have not engaged diverse end users or reduced health or health care inequities, despite their promise to deliver more tailored and personalized support to individuals at the right time and the right place. To achieve digital health equity, we must refocus our attention on the current state of digital health uptake and use across the policy, system, community, individual, and intervention levels. We focus here on ( a ) outlining a multilevel framework underlying digital health equity; ( b ) summarizingfive types of interventions/programs (with example studies) that hold promise for advancing digital health equity; and ( c ) recommending future steps for improving policy, practice, and research in this space...
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36516461/cancers-attributable-to-modifiable-risk-factors-a-road-map-for-prevention
#35
REVIEW
Giulia Collatuzzo, Paolo Boffetta
The implementation of primary and secondary preventive strategies is based on the evidence generated by cancer epidemiology, where the identification of risk factors and the description of their prevalence are fundamental to derive estimates on the burden of cancer from different etiologies, typically expressed as the population attributable fraction, which corresponds to the proportion of a cancer that may be prevented by controlling a given risk factor. However, even when cancer finds its etiology in modifiable factors, its prevention through the control of those factors is not always feasible, or it remains suboptimal despite the possibility of reducing the burden...
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36400154/using-rapid-randomized-trials-to-improve-health-care-systems
#36
REVIEW
Leora I Horwitz, Holly A Krelle
Rapid randomized controlled trials have been surprisingly rare in health care quality improvement (QI) and systems interventions. Applying clinical trials methodology QI work brings two distinct fields together, applying the robustness of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to the practical, operational learnings of the well-established QI field. Rapid trials also add a third element-speed-that enables health care systems to rapidly test multiple variations of an intervention in much the same way that A/B testing is done in the technology sector...
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36332659/the-impacts-of-paid-family-and-medical-leave-on-worker-health-family-well-being-and-employer-outcomes
#37
REVIEW
Ann Bartel, Maya Rossin-Slater, Christopher Ruhm, Meredith Slopen, Jane Waldfogel
This article reviews the evidence on the impacts of paid family and medical leave (PFML) policies on workers' health, family well-being, and employer outcomes. While an extensive body of research demonstrates the mostly beneficial effects of PFML taken by new parents on infant, child, and parental health, less is known about its impact on employees who need leave to care for older children, adult family members, or elderly relatives. The evidence on employers is similarly limited but indicates that PFML does not impose major burdens on them...
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36266262/the-value-and-impacts-of-academic-public-health-departments
#38
REVIEW
Paul C Erwin, Julie H Grubaugh, Stephanie Mazzucca-Ragan, Ross C Brownson
The academic health department (AHD) is a partnership between an academic institution and a governmental health agency. These partnerships are meant to provide mutual benefits that include opportunities for student field placements and internships, practice-informed curriculum, and practice-based research. The term academic health department dates back only to 2000, although there are several examples of academic-practice partnerships prior to that date. In addition to AHDs that have been established over the past two decades, other forms of academic-practice engagement provide similar mutual benefits, such as prevention research centers and public health training centers...
April 3, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36692395/the-state-of-the-us-public-health-workforce-ongoing-challenges-and-future-directions
#39
REVIEW
Jonathon P Leider, Valerie A Yeager, Chelsey Kirkland, Heather Krasna, Rachel Hare Bork, Beth Resnick
Between the 2009 Great Recession and the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, the US state and local governmental public health workforce lost 40,000 jobs. Tens of thousands of workers also left during the pandemic and continue to leave. As governmental health departments are now receiving multimillion-dollar, temporary federal investments to replenish their workforce, this review synthesizes the evidence regarding major challenges that preceded the pandemic and remain now. These include the lack of the field's ability to readily enumerate and define the governmental public health workforce as well as challenges with the recruitment and retention of public health workers...
January 24, 2023: Annual Review of Public Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36542773/climatic-and-environmental-change-migration-and-health
#40
REVIEW
Celia McMichael
The impacts of climate change, such as sea-level rise and extreme weather events, are expected to increase and alter human migration and mobility. Climate-related mobility is not inherently a crisis; it can provide a pathway for adaptation to climate change. However, a growing body of research identifies health risks and some opportunities associated with climate-related mobility. This review examines recent research (published since 2018) on the climate change-mobility-health nexus; this research focuses largely on in-country mobility in Asia, Africa, and Pacific Island countries...
December 21, 2022: Annual Review of Public Health
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