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Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

Jennifer Bunn, Summer Schuitema, Sidong Zhang, Jerry Mayhew
PURPOSE:  To evaluate the relationship between years of collegiate playing experience and success of NCAA Division I volleyball programs. METHODS:  Data were gathered from the 2010-2015 seasons for each volleyball program in the "power five" conferences. Players that were involved in at least 66% of the sets were selected for analysis. Each player's years of college experience were tabulated and a team average experience score was created. This score was correlated with the end of season Ratings Percentage Index (RPI)...
February 6, 2019: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Taís Rieping, Guilherme Eustáquio Furtado, Rubens Vinícius Letieri, Matheus Uba Chupel, Juan C Colado, Eef Hogervorst, Edith Filaire, Ana Maria Miranda Botelho Teixeira, José Pedro Ferreira
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to test the effects of chair-based exercise programs on salivary stress hormones, physical fitness, and functional autonomy of institutionalized older women. METHOD: In total, 47 participants (80 ± 8.04 years old) were recruited and allocated into three groups: chair-based aerobic exercises (CAE, n = 19), chair-based elastic-band strength exercises (CSE, n = 15), and a control group (CG, n = 13). A 14-week exercise intervention was done for the CAE and CSE groups, two times per week, in no consecutive days...
February 5, 2019: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Thaís Reichert, Natália Carvalho Bagatini, Nicole Monticelli Simmer, Andressa Pellegrini Meinerz, Bruna Machado Barroso, Alexandre Konig Garcia Prado, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, Rochelle Rocha Costa, Ana Carolina Kanitz, Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of three water-based resistance trainings on neuromuscular parameters of older women. METHOD: Thirty-six women were randomized to groups: simple set of 30 seconds (1 × 30 s, 66.41 ± 4.71 years, n = 12), multiple sets of 10 seconds (3 × 10 s, 66.50 ± 4.74 years, n = 11), and simple set of 10 seconds (1 × 10 s, 65.23 ± 3.93 years, n = 13). Maximal isometric strength concomitantly with neuromuscular activity during extension and flexion knee was evaluated...
February 4, 2019: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
A Rui Gomes, A Manuela Gonçalves, Olga Dias, Catarina Morais
PURPOSE: This study tested two hypotheses relating young athletes' sports motivations to parental behaviors and cognitive appraisal: (1) young athletes' motivation in sports is related to their parents' behavior; and (2) this relationship is mediated by cognitive appraisal, even after controlling for competitive level and sports records. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 673 young athletes and it measured the athletes' perceptions of parental behaviors, cognitive appraisal, and sports motivation...
February 4, 2019: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Lesika Keatlholetswe, Leapetswe Malete
The coaching competency research has demonstrated the role of coaching efficacy and coaching behaviors on various athlete outcomes. However, athlete perceptions of these relationships and how they affect performance are less understood. PURPOSE: This study examined if coaching efficacy is predictive of player perceptions of coaches' leadership styles, team atmosphere, and team performance in a soccer season. METHOD: Fifteen male premier league soccer coaches (Mage  = 45...
February 1, 2019: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Brad Griffiths, James Grant, Louis Langdown, Paulo Gentil, James Fisher, James Steele
PURPOSE: Resistance training is often performed in a traditional training style using deliberate relatively longer repetition durations or in an explosive training style using maximal intended velocities and relatively shorter repetition durations. Both improve strength, "power" (impulsivity), and speed. This study compared explosive and traditional training over a 6-week intervention in 30 healthy young adult male recreational soccer players. METHOD: Full body supervised resistance training was performed 2 times a week using 3 sets of each exercise at 80% of one repetition maximum to momentary failure...
February 1, 2019: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Linda A Bolger, Lisa E Bolger, Cian O'Neill, Edward Coughlan, Seán Lacey, Wesley O'Brien, Con Burns
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between fundamental movement skills (FMS) and markers of health among a cohort of Irish primary school children. METHODS: Participants (N = 296, mean age: 7.99 ± 2.02 years) were senior infant (n = 149, mean age: 6.02 ± 0.39 years) and 4th class (n = 147, mean age: 9.97 ± 0.40 years) students from three primary schools in Cork, Ireland. FMS proficiency (TGMD-2) and markers of health (BMI percentile, waist circumference percentile, blood pressure percentiles, resting heart rate, cardiorespiratory fitness, objectively measured physical activity; PA) measurements were recorded...
February 1, 2019: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Mickaël Campo, Stéphane Champely, Benoît Louvet, Elisabeth Rosnet, Claude Ferrand, Janet V T Pauketat, Diane M Mackie
PURPOSE: In team sports, players have to manage personal interests and group goals, emphasizing intricacies between personal and social identities. The focus of this article was to examine the effect of identity mechanisms on appraisal processes, based on the following research question: Does the level of self-abstraction (low [personal identity] versus high [social identity]) lead to group-based emotions and influence performances? METHOD: An experimental design was used in which the level of self-abstraction was manipulated through the induction of a self- versus a team-oriented goal...
February 1, 2019: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
João A G Raimundo, Tiago Turnes, Rafael A de Aguiar, Felipe D Lisbôa, Thiago Loch, Guilherme Ribeiro, Fabrizio Caputo
PURPOSE: Metabolic perturbation and [Formula: see text] on-kinetics are potential modifiers of fatigue and vary in importance depending on the exercise task. Thus, performance fatigability during high-intensity exercise seems to be exercise mode dependent, affecting tolerance in the severe domain. However, the effects of exercise mode on severe domain amplitude are still unknown. The aims of this study were to compare the severe domain amplitude in endurance runners and cyclists and to verify its possible determinants...
January 17, 2019: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Jaqueline A Araújo, Marilene G Queiroz, André R L Dias, Laila C J L Sousa, Gisela Arsa, Lucieli T Cambri
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether excess body mass influences the heart rate variability (HRV) indexes at rest, and to correlate adiposity indicators and the aerobic fitness with cardiac autonomic variables in metabolically healthy young adults. METHOD: In all, 41 untrained males (Mage  = 21.80, SD = 2.14 years), 14 normal weight (MBMI  = 22.28, SD = 1.86 kg∙m-2 ), 11 overweight (MBMI  = 26.95, SD = 1.43 kg∙m-2 ), and 16 obese (MBMI  = 33.58, SD = 3...
January 8, 2019: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Weimo Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Weimo Zhu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Hashim Islam, Logan K Townsend, Tom J Hazell
PURPOSE: Few studies have directly compared excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) and fat utilization following different exercise intensities, and the effect of continuous exercise exceeding 75% of maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max) on these parameters remains unexplored. The current study examined EPOC and fat utilization following acute moderate- and vigorous-intensity continuous training (MICT and VICT) and sprint interval training (SIT). METHODS: Eight active young men performed 4 experimental sessions: (a) MICT (30 min of running at 65% VO2 max); (b) VICT (30 min of running at 85% VO2 max); (c) SIT (4 30-s "all-out" sprints with 4 min of rest); and (d) no exercise (REST)...
December 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Yuxin Liu, Lida Mao, Yunan Zhao, Yufang Huang
PURPOSE: To create a high-stress shooting among the crowd (SAC) program and to examine its effectiveness in reducing SWAT trainees' stress level and their shooting performance in a simulated hostage-rescue situation. METHOD: After the SAC program was created, it was evaluated using a pretest and posttest experimental design: 98 young male SWAT trainees were randomly divided into experiment and control groups, with the former group trained in hostage rescue, shooting with real persons (high stress), and the latter group trained with "dummy" men (low stress); training for both lasted three days...
December 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Mathieu Gourlan, Julie Boiché, Monica Takito, Bruno Fregeac, Florence Cousson-Gélie
PURPOSE: The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has been criticized for not including interactions between the variables assumed to predict behavior. This study sought to test how TPB variables interact to predict physical activity (PA) in children. METHOD: Four hundred thirty-eight children (Mage  = 8.6 years, SD = 1.6 years) completed a TPB questionnaire and a PA questionnaire at Time 1. The PA measure was repeated 2 months later. Path analyses were performed to test the hypothesized model including interaction terms between TPB variables...
December 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Kerstin Grafe, Phillip Bendick, Margaret Burr, Judy Boura, Barry A Franklin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of adjunctive resistance training (RT) in aerobically trained patients with coronary artery disease on systolic blood pressure (SBP), heart rate (HR), rating of perceived exertion (RPE; using the traditional 6-to-20 scale), and rate-pressure product (RPP) responses to lifting fixed submaximal workloads. Additionally, pretest and posttest RT measures of brachial artery reactivity were obtained. METHOD: Fifteen patients with coronary artery disease (Mage  = 66...
December 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Rosalie Coolkens, Phillip Ward, Jan Seghers, Peter Iserbyt
PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of generalization of engagement in parkour from physical education (PE) to organized and supervised recess on voluntary participation and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). METHOD: Children received a 6-day parkour unit in PE and every two lessons they could voluntarily participate in 20-min parkour recess. Fourteen elementary school classes constituting 281 children (8-10 years old) and 16 PE teachers were randomized to either three supervised or three organized parkour recess sessions...
December 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Brian V Wright, Joel M Stager
Adherence to prescribed training intensity (i.e., swim speed) has been conveyed as a key parameter regarding improvements in seasonal performance. Evidence has also suggested swimmers have difficulty complying with coach-prescribed training. How this compliance is affected by a coaching presence and oversight has yet to be examined. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine swimmers' compliance to prescribed training intensity during 3 observational conditions using activity monitors...
December 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Timothy A Brusseau, Ryan D Burns
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive relationship among physical activity, health-related fitness, and on-task classroom behavior in children using a discriminant function analysis. METHOD: Participants were a convenience sample of children (N = 533; Mage  = 8.8 ± 1.9 years) recruited from 77 1st- through 5th-grade classrooms at 3 low-income schools in a capital city in the Southwest United States. Percent of the school day spent in sedentary behavior (%SED), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (%MVPA), and health-related fitness scores (body mass index [BMI] and Progressive Aerobic Cardiovascular Endurance Run [PACER] laps) were assessed during school hours...
December 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Aitor Iturricastillo, Cristina Granados, Jesús Cámara, Raúl Reina, Daniel Castillo, Itziar Barrenetxea, Lander Lozano, Javier Yanci
PURPOSE: The main purpose of the present study was to determine physiological responses in wheelchair basketball (WB) matches in relation to heart rate (HR), match load (ML), differentiated perceived exertion (dRPE), lactate concentrations (LA), and tympanic temperature (TEMP), while specifying the individual player's playing time during different types of matches. METHOD: Nine Spanish First Division WB players participated in the study. Three groups were determined for each observation (i...
December 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
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