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Collegium Antropologicum

Nikola Radović, Arianna Bizatzki, Rajka Turner
Liposarcoma of the spermatic cord is a very rare neoplasm with fewer than 200 cases recorded in world literature. This report describes a case of liposarcoma of the spermatic cord which developed after radical prostatectomy and salvage radiotherapy for prostate cancer treatment. Four years following surgical treatment of the primary neoplasm and one year following radiotherapy, the 67 –year –old patient was referred to the urology clinic for the emergence of a mass in the right hemiscrotum region. Ultrasonography revealed a homogenous isodense mass measuring 4...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Jaroslaw Domaradzki, Slawomir Koziel, Zofia Ignasiak, Teresa Sławińska, Anna Skrzek, Małgorzata Kołodziej
The constantly rising percentage of the elderly (60+), who are particularly at risk of the dangerous consequence of falls, results not only in the loss of independence in daily life, but also in a serious threat to health and life. Therefore, many authors emphasize the necessity of conducting prophylaxis and prevention among senior citizens. The most important aspect of fall prophylaxis is care about the optimum level of agility. Exercise should focus on increasing muscular strength, balance and dexterity. The aim of the present study is to determine the relationship between functional fitness and the risk for falls of older people in the light of maintaining physical independence...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Joško Sindik, Maja Miljanović
The article deals with the issue of research methodology, illustrating the use of known research methods for new purposes. Questionnaires that originally do not have metric characteristics can be called »handy questionnaires«. In this article, the author is trying to consider the possibilities of their improved scientific usability, which can be primarily ensured by improving their metric characteristics, consequently using multivariate instead of univariate statistical methods. In order to establish the base for the application of multivariate statistical procedures, the main idea is to develop strategies to design measurement instruments from parts of the handy questionnaires...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Nikolina Božinović, Joško Sindik
Learning strategies are special thoughts or behaviours that individuals use to understand, learn or retain new information, according to the point of view of O’Malley & Chamot. The other view, promoted by Oxford, believes learning strategies are specific actions taken by the learner to make learning easier, faster, more enjoyable, and more transferrable to new situations of language learning and use. The use of appropriate strategies ensures greater success in language learning. The aim of the research was to establish metric characteristics of the Questionnaire on learning strategies created by the author, in line with the template of the original SILL questionnaire (Strategy Inventory for Language Learning)...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Barbara Cvitkušić
Archaeological finds of personal ornaments reveal not only behavioural patterns of the society they belong to, but also their forms of manifestations indicate connections, contacts and communication paths, exchange networks and movements of prehistoric populations. This paper advances the current knowledge regarding ornamental traditions in Eastern Adriatic area during Late Upper Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods. Thirteen prehistoric sites from this area have yielded more than thousand finds of ornamental assemblage, making Eastern Adriatic coast and hinterland fruitful area for the research of this type of archaeological assemblage...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Slawomir Koziel, Raja Chakraborty, Dariusz Danel, Krzysztof Borysławski
Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) is the small random deviations from a perfect bilateral symmetry in a morphological trait. It is considered as an indicator of biological quality and developmental stability of individual. Adverse environmental conditions and high levels of sex steroids may increase FA. Symmetry in women was found to be related with phases of the menstrual cycles (MC). This cross sectional study aimed to compare facial symmetry between women using and not using hormonal contraceptives with reference to the phases of their fertile and non-fertile phases of MC...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Slawomir Koziel, Marek Kociuba Mail, Raja Chakraborty, Zofia Ignasiak
There is sex-difference in humans as regards aerobic efficiency, physical strength and endurance and the sex difference is greatly dependent upon differential concentration of testosterone during different phases of growth and development including the intrauterine phase or prenatal growth. Second-to-fourth digit lengths ratio (2D:4D) is an putative indicator of prenatal testosterone exposure. Lower 2D:4D indicates higher prenatal testosterone exposure and vice versa. Males generally have lower 2D:4D than females...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Leonid Kalichman, Valery Batsevich, Eugene Kobyliansky
Very few studies that evaluated the association between fi nger length ratio and body composition in adult population showed very diverse results. We carried out a radiographic study on a large population sample who had participated in a Chuvashian skeletal aging study investigating different aspects of skeletal aging. The aims of this study were to evaluate the association between 2D:4D ratio and various indices of body composition in Chuvashian males and females. The study sample included 802 males (mean age 46...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Janina Tutkuviene, Agne Misiute, Ieva Strupaite, Gintare Paulikaite, Erika Pavlovskaja
Mass media plays an important role in forming body image and makes the significant impact on body size perception in children and adolescents. The aim of present study was to reveal trends in depiction of body image cues in Lithuanian magazines aimed for children and adolescents in relation to changes of real body mass index (BMI) and body size perception of 16-19 y. old girls in the year 2000 and the 2015. Three popular journals published both in the year 2000 and the 2015, were chosen for in-depth analysis of their contents (the periodicity of different topics was counted and compared)...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Jelena Šarac
This paper presents a review of the 50-year long anthropological and epidemiological research of the Susak population. Island of Susak is an example of extreme genetic isolate, with a very low level of heterozygosity and a significantly high level of inbreeding, due to the practice of endogamy. Its specific features have put the island in the focus of diverse research during the last five decades and in this study we additionally present new insights into the island’s maternal genetic heritage. For this purpose, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup diversity was defined based on SNPs of the control and coding region on the sample of 64 autochthonous individuals from the island...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Candela L Hernández, Rosario Calderón
Within the Mediterranean Basin, the Iberian Peninsula has been a focus of attraction for several cultures and civilizations from its prehistory and history, making it a target territory for studying human migration patterns and peopling processes using a wide and heterogeneous spectrum of genomic markers. While its Cantabrian fringe represents the most regularly analysed area in terms of its mitochondrial diversity, the absence of monographic surveys on the maternal genetic composition of southern Iberians (i...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
Marina Šprem Goldštajn, Karlo Toljan, Franjo Grgić, Ivana Jurković, Dinka Pavičić Baldani
Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) is an important protein, not only for transporting sex steroids which is its primary role, but with the discovery of a specific receptor that binds SHBG, a novel approach regarding classic ‘free-hormone hypothesis’ should be implemented. Research in SHBG gene and it expression has been done, as well as cellular signaling that controls it. It provides significant knowledge of the impact of certain well –defined cellular level signaling pathways and how they affect the level of SHBG production...
September 2016: Collegium Antropologicum
Anita Sujoldžić
The paper describes the strategy of an interdisciplinary project on the patterns of transnational interactions and mobility that shaped intercultural dialogue in the south-eastern periphery of the late Austro-Hungarian Empire. Methodologically, it is structured around three interconnected analytic levels of institutions, associations and everyday life, that are mutually constitutive, and the exploration of three dimensions characterizing social spaces: social practices in different domains of life, symbolic system (focusing on language) and the use of artifacts, or material life...
September 2016: Collegium Antropologicum
Miran Čoklo, Dubravka Havaš Auguštin, Jelena Šarac, Natalija Novokmet, Joško SIndik, Ana Perinić Lewis, Mateja Zajć Petranovic, Lejla Kovačević Mulahasanović, Elza Khusnutdinova, Serghey Litvinov, Sara Haydar, Corinne Lautier, Christophe Normand, Redha Attaoua, Madalina Vintila, Anna Bosch-Comas, Helena Suarez, Pedro Jares, Ramon Gomis, Saša Missoni, Damir Marjanović, Florin Grigorescu
The aim of this preliminary study is to analyze genetic specificity of Kosovo Albanians comparing with neighboring populations using new genetic tool - MEDISCOPE gene chip, to investigate the feasibility of this approach. We collected 37 DNA samples (9 Croats, 17 Albanians from Croatia and 11 Albanians from Kosovo) from unrelated males born in Croatia and Kosovo. Additionally, samples were expanded with female individuals and mtDNA analysis included a total of 61 samples (15 Croats, 23 Albanians from Croatia and 23 Albanians from Kosovo)...
September 2016: Collegium Antropologicum
Nikolina Lešić, Davor Seifert, Miroslav Zečić, Hrvoje Pezo
All sporting activities have an associated risk of orofacial injuries due to falls, collisions with players, devices, and hard surfaces. The purpose of this investigation was to determine is there alteration of condylar path and frontal guidance values in athletes with and without orofacial injuries. The sample consists of 34 athletes who were divided into two groups (Control and Examines group). "Control group" consists of 11 athletes without data of macrotrauma of the stomatognatic system (athletes who didn’t get blow to the face)...
September 2016: Collegium Antropologicum
Marijan Cesarik, Iris Zavoreo, Lucija Zadro-Matovina, Milan Papić, Vanja Bašić Kes
Headaches are one of the most common ailments in modern society, leading to severe diminishing of general activities and they result in significant impact on the patient's quality of life. Blink reflex is an objective neurophysiological method for determining the status of the trigeminal system, facial nerve and the lateral part of medulla oblongata. The aim of this study was to examine the connection between trigeminal nerve dysfunction and various types of headaches using functional electrophysiological assessment of blink reflex tests in patients and controls...
September 2016: Collegium Antropologicum
Nebojša Nešić, Erna Davidović Cvetko, Vesna Šeper
Amount of change in blood pressure after exercise is related to risk of hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a difference in the amount of change of blood pressure after exercise among people with different morphological characteristics, especially with differences in percent of body fat. 30 healthy subjects (15 males and 15 females) aged 25-30 years were included in the study. They were measured for weight and height, and their body composition was assesed by bioelectrical impendance device GAYA 357...
September 2016: Collegium Antropologicum
Marijan Cesarik, Nikola Cesarik, Darko Duplančić, David Štrmelj
This article offers a general examination of the sources responsible for understanding Roman military medicine, starting with literal and epigraphical sources all the way to archaeological remains consisting of hospitals, the infrastructure of military garrisons and small medical tools. Given that not one of the literary sources does not directly mention the medical personnel within the various military units, epigraphical discoveries widely represent the main source of our knowledge on the subject. On the other hand, the archaeological exploration of military garrisons offers proof of the medical care of Roman soldiers...
September 2016: Collegium Antropologicum
Elisabetta Di Giovanni
In the imaginary of Italian people, the Island of Lampedusa (Italy) has always been considered a paradise destination for summer holidays. The beauty of this small island at the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, far from big harbors and cities, with its rich biodiversity and unspoilt nature, has made it a national and international tourist attraction. However, in recent years its name become associated with scenes of tragic, desperate journeys made by people of different origins trying to reach Europe from North African coasts...
September 2016: Collegium Antropologicum
Anja Iveković Martinis
The paper presents a case study of multilingualism in private correspondence in turn-of-the-century Austro-Hungarian Istria. Language attitudes and use of German, Italian and Slovenian are analyzed, with results indicating the compatibility of national feelings with an appreciation of multilingualism, as well as the important role that intimate intercultural relationships play in this regard in a culturally mixed region.
September 2016: Collegium Antropologicum
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