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Family Relations

Kei Nomaguchi, Marshal Neal Fettro
Objective: To examine differences in mothers' subjective experiences of child-rearing between two cohorts who lived in different eras of sociodemographic contexts and parenting norms. Background: A resource perspective suggests that child-rearing experiences should be easier when mothers have a higher standard of living, higher education, and fewer children, as was the case for mothers in the 2000s compared with mothers in the 1970s. However, a cultural perspective indicates that the intensive mothering ideology, emerged in the 1980s, increased mothers' anxiety and stress over their children's safety and proper development...
October 2018: Family Relations
Abigail H Gewirtz
Although multiple evidence-based family interventions exist, less than a handful have been developed or rigorously tested specifically for military families. Indeed, few interventions available to military families are theory based or empirically validated; most have good face validity but little data on efficacy or effectiveness. This article argues for an emphasis on the rigorous evaluation, via pragmatic randomized controlled trials, of theory-based family interventions to strengthen and support military families...
September 2018: Family Relations
AliceAnn Crandall, Sharon R Ghazarian, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Martha Ann Bell, Anne W Riley
Objective: To explore the direct and indirect associations of maternal emotion control, executive functioning, and social cognitions maternal with harsh verbal parenting and child behavior and to do so guided by social information processing theory. Background: Studies have demonstrated a relationship between maternal harsh parenting and increased child conduct problems. However, less is known about how maternal emotion and cognitive control capacities and social cognitions intersect with harsh parenting and child behavior...
July 2018: Family Relations
Jennifer M Grossman, Amanda Richer, Linda Charmaraman, Ineke Ceder, Sumru Erkut
Objective: To explore extended-family sexuality communication and compare it with parent sexuality communication. Background: Family communication about sex can protect teens from sexual risk behavior. However, most studies on this topic focus exclusively on the parent-teen dyad; few capture the broader context of teens' family communication. Method: Using a mixed-methods approach, a convenience sample of 22 teens from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds were interviewed...
July 2018: Family Relations
Damon Jones, Mark Feinberg, Michelle Hostetler, Michael Roettger, Ian M Paul, Deborah B Ehrenthal
Objective: To examine the impact from Family Foundations, a transition-to-parenting intervention, on parent and child outcomes 2 years after birth. Background: Couples transitioning to parenthood face many stressors and challenges that are not typically addressed through commonly available childbirth preparatory classes. The Family Foundations program was designed for couples expecting their first child and addresses family stressors related to coparenting, parenting, and mental health...
April 2018: Family Relations
Deadric T Williams
Objective: To examine the relationship between parental depression and cooperative coparenting among couples over the first 5 years after a birth. Background: Previous research has considered how depression affects coparenting but has not focused on the association as a longitudinal and dyadic process. Understanding coparenting is important as it is linked to parents' and children's well-being. Method: Data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing (FFCW) study were analyzed using actor-partner interdependence models...
April 2018: Family Relations
Megan Gilligan, Amelia Karraker, Angelica Jasper
Growing social and economic inequalities in the United States have been accompanied by shifts in family structure. Social and demographic changes may make multigenerational family ties (e.g., between grandparents, parents, and children) an even more important contributor than ever in perpetuating inequality. The family life course framework, which considers how dimensions of individual (age), sociohistorical (period, cohort), and processual (generation) time intersect, provides a useful structure for thinking about how multigenerational families matter for inequality today...
March 2018: Family Relations
Jessica N Fish, Stephen T Russell
Queering questions that which is normative. In this article, we discuss how, for the study of queer families, queering methodologies could reclaim traditional research methods that reflect historically dominant or privileged paradigms. We suggest that queer perspectives may be used to adapt mainstream (i.e., dominant, positivist, empirical) methods, creating possibilities for new, diverse understandings of queer families. We start with comments on the development and current standing of queer family research...
February 2018: Family Relations
Ramona Faith Oswald, Jasmine M Routon, Jenifer K McGuire, Elizabeth Grace Holman
Objective: To understand which aspects of residential communities are most salient for determining whether sexual minority parents classify their residential community climates as tolerant versus supportive. Background: Metropolitan hubs for lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) parents are well established, but less is known about nonmetropolitan community climates for LGB parents. Residential community climate toward nonmetropolitan LGB persons may be particularly important to LGB parents because of the potential influences on child and family well-being...
February 2018: Family Relations
Erika L Grafsky, Katherine Hickey, Hoa N Nguyen, John D Wall
Objective: To explore the processes and experiences associated with disclosing sexual orientation to siblings and extended family. Background: Few studies prioritize the experience of disclosing to siblings and extended family, despite its frequency and potential impact on the family unit. Extended family members often act as sources of support for youth; it is therefore worthwhile to consider whether this remains true during and after disclosure of sexual orientation...
February 2018: Family Relations
Viktor Burlaka, Yi Jin Kim, Jandel M Crutchfield, Teresa A Lefmann, Emma S Kay
Objective: To (a) estimate the level of child internalizing problems in a sample of Ukrainian school-age children and (b) examine the relationships between child internalizing psychopathology and parenting practices, depression, alcohol use, and sociodemographics. Background: Most research on child internalizing behaviors has used samples from high-income countries, but there is a lack of information about children's behaviors and associated risk and protective factors from low- and middle-income countries such as Ukraine...
December 2017: Family Relations
Maureen Perry-Jenkins, Rachel J Herman, Hillary Paul Halpern, Katie Newkirk
The aim of this paper is to examine the meaning of translational research in the work and family field. Specifically, we review findings from a longitudinal study of low-wage workers across the transition to parenthood and examine how this basic discovery research informs the next step in translational research, that of clinical practice. The authors describe three specific sets of findings that hold direct and immediate implications for interventions and policy that could support working families. The paper closes with a discussion of how both translational and transdisciplinary research have the potential to inform evidence-based practice, social policy, and effective social action to decrease physical and mental health disparities among low-income, working families...
October 2017: Family Relations
Karina M Shreffler, Arthur L Greil, Julia McQuillan
Infertility is a common, yet often misunderstood, experience. Infertility is an important topic for family scientists because of its effects on families; its relevance to research in related areas, such as fertility trends and reproductive health; and its implications for practitioners who work with individuals and couples experiencing infertility. In this review, we focus on common misperceptions in knowledge and treatment of infertility and highlight insights from recent research that includes men, couples, and people with infertility who are not in treatment...
October 2017: Family Relations
Joseph G Grzywacz, Jeffrey W Allen
Family science has been doing translational science since before it came into vogue. Nevertheless, the field has been subjected to the same forces in the broader academy that have created a widening chasm between discovery and practice. Thus, the primary objective of this article is to translate the principles, concepts, and models of translational science to solidify an identity for family science and help the field move forward in broader academic, care delivery, and policy arenas. Alternative models of translational science, primarily from biomedicine but also from other disciplines, are reviewed and critically analyzed, and core concepts and principles are isolated, elaborated, and applied to family science...
October 2017: Family Relations
Joshua R Novak, Jared R Anderson, Matthew D Johnson, Ann Walker, Allison Wilcox, Virginia L Lewis, David C Robbins
Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore dyadic associations between economic pressure and diabetes self-efficacy via emotional distress in patients with type 2 diabetes and their partners. Background: Understanding how economic pressure is associated with successful diabetes management is an important area for research, as couples with type 2 diabetes can incur heavy economic pressures that could likely influence diabetes outcomes. Method: Data from 117 married couples were used to test actor-partner associations using moderated mediation analyses in a structural equation modeling framework...
April 2017: Family Relations
Bharathi J Zvara, W Roger Mills-Koonce, Martha Cox
We examined the mediating role of parenting behavior on the relationship between intimate partner violence and child conduct problems, as well as the moderating role of maternal gatekeeping to these associations. The sample (N = 395) is from a longitudinal study of rural poverty in the eastern United States, exploring the ways in which child, family, and contextual factors shape child development over time. Study findings indicate that a father's harsh-intrusive parenting behavior may be a key mediating pathway linking intimate partner violence and child conduct problems...
December 2016: Family Relations
Ann W Nguyen, Linda M Chatters, Robert Joseph Taylor
We examined social network typologies among African American adults and their sociodemographic correlates. Network types were derived from indicators of the family and church networks. Latent class analysis was based on a nationally representative sample of African Americans from the National Survey of American Life. Results indicated four distinct network types: ambivalent, optimal, family centered, and strained. These four types were distinguished by (a) degree of social integration, (b) network composition, and (c) level of negative interactions...
December 2016: Family Relations
Jodi Dworkin, Heather Hessel, Kate Gliske, Jessie H Rudi
Family scientists can face the challenge of effectively and efficiently recruiting normative samples of parents and families. Utilizing the Internet to recruit parents is a strategic way to find participants where they already are, enabling researchers to overcome many of the barriers to in-person recruitment. The present study was designed to compare three online recruitment strategies for recruiting parents: e-mail Listservs, Facebook, and Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk). Analyses revealed differences in the effectiveness and efficiency of data collection...
October 2016: Family Relations
Christine J Kemp, Erika Lunkenheimer, Erin C Albrecht, Deborah Chen
The repair of difficult parent-child interactions is a marker of healthy functioning in infancy, but less is known about repair processes during early childhood. We used dynamic systems methods to investigate dyadic repair in mothers and their 3-year-old children ( N = 96) and its prediction of children's emotion regulation and behavior problems at a four-month follow-up. Mothers and children completed free play and challenging puzzle tasks. Repair was operationalized as the conditional probability of moving into a dyadic adaptive behavior region after individual or dyadic maladaptive behavior (e...
October 2016: Family Relations
Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J UmaƱa-Taylor, Russell B Toomey, Laudan B Jahromi, Kimberly A Updegraff
We describe the development and psychometric testing of the Cultural Socialization Behaviors Measure (CSBM) and the Cultural Socialization Attitudes Measure (CSAM). The CSBM assesses cultural socialization behaviors that parents use with young children, and the CSAM assesses the attitudes that parents have regarding the importance of socializing their young children about their culture. Both measures demonstrated strong reliability, validity, and cross-language equivalence (i.e., Spanish and English) among a sample of 204 Mexican-origin young mothers ( M age = 20...
July 2016: Family Relations
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