William Carter, Tamanna Tiwari, Satheesh Elangovan, Lonnie Johnson, Karo Parsegian, Sangeetha Chandrasekaran
BACKGROUND: Periodontal diseases (PD) have been increasingly associated with several systemic conditions such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes mellitus (DM), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study aimed to gain insight into patients' awareness of the association between PD and systemic diseases. METHODS: A survey was developed to analyze patient awareness of the association between PD and systemic diseases. Descriptive and categorical variables were summarized with counts and percentages...
April 11, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Christof Dörfer, Kathrin Chmiela, Nicole B Arweiler, Gregor J Petersilka, Henrik Dommisch, Ralph Heckel, Maren Kahl, Denica Kuzmanova, Peter Purucker, Claudia Springer
BACKGROUND: To compare acceptance and preference of topical lidocaine gel anesthesia with articaine injection anesthesia in patients with moderate periodontitis undergoing scaling and root debridement. METHODS: Ninety-one patients completed this randomized multicenter split-mouth controlled study and underwent two separate periodontal treatment sessions on different days, one with a topical intrapocket lidocaine gel application and the other with an articaine injection anesthesia in a different order depending on randomization...
April 2, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Yuqiang Wang, Jiakang Zhu, Ying Tang, Cui Huang
BACKGROUND: The bidirectional link of periodontitis (PD) and gastrointestinal tract (GIT) disorders has been investigated in previous epidemiological studies; however, the conclusions still remain controversial. The aim of this study was to comprehensively explore the bidirectional causal effect between PD and various GIT diseases. METHODS: Based on summary-level data of genome-wide association studies (GWASs), a two-sample bidirectional Mendelian randomization (MR) study was undertaken...
April 2, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Po-Yan Hsiao, Ren-Yeong Huang, Lin-Wei Huang, Ching-Liang Chu, Thomas Van Dyke, Lian-Ping Mau, Chia-Dan Cheng, Cheng-En Sung, Pei-Wei Weng, Yu-Chiao Wu, Yi-Shing Shieh, Wan-Chien Cheng
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the contribution of myeloid differentiation primary-response gene 88 (MyD88) on the differentiation of T helper type 17 (Th17) and regulatory T (Treg) cells and the emerging subgingival microbiota dysbiosis in Porphyromonas gingivalis-induced experimental periodontitis. METHODS: Alveolar bone loss, infiltrated inflammatory cells, immunostained cells for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kB ligand (RANKL), and osteoprotegerin (OPG) were quantified by microcomputerized tomography and histological staining between age- and sex-matched homozygous littermates (wild-type [WT, Myd88+/+ ] and Myd88-/- on C57BL/6 background)...
March 25, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Min Nie, Peien Huang, Peiyao Peng, Daonan Shen, Lei Zhao, Duan Jiang, Yuqin Shen, Lai Wei, Paul W Bible, Jingmei Yang, Jun Wang, Yafei Wu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) on clinical parameters and microbial composition in subgingival plaque of periodontitis patients. METHODS: Seventeen patients were included in this split-mouth randomized clinical trial. Sites with probing pocket depth (PPD) ≥5 mm in combination with bleeding on probing in different quadrants were randomized into the control group, the group with a single PDT application right after SRP, and the group with three repeated PDT applications 1 week after SRP...
March 19, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Yanjing Ou, Le Fan, Xiaoqi Wang, Haibin Xia, Mengwen Cheng, Jing Huang, Youde Liang, Yining Wang, Yi Zhou
BACKGROUND: To explore the role of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) in periodontitis via in vivo and in vitro experiments. METHODS: The second upper molar of LIF knockout mice and their wild-type littermates were ligated for 8 days. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), histological analysis, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were performed. The expression levels of proinflammatory cytokines were examined in mouse bone marrow derived macrophages and human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (HPDLFs) after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment...
March 15, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Sungeun Stephanie Koo, Jussara G Fernandes, Lu Li, Hong Huang, Ikramuddin Aukhil, Peter Harrison, Patricia I Diaz, Luciana M Shaddox
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the subgingival microbiome in patients with grade C molar-incisor pattern periodontitis (C-MIP) affecting the primary or permanent dentitions. METHODS: DNA was isolated from subgingival biofilm samples from diseased and healthy sites from 45 C-MIP patients and subjected to phylogenetic microarray analysis. C-MIP sites were compared between children affected in the primary to those affected in the permanent dentitions...
March 13, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Nazli Zeynep Alpaslan, Dicle Altindal, Damla Akbal, Ahmet Cemil Talmac, Serap Keskin Tunc, Abdullah Seckin Ertugrul
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of erbium, chromium doped:yttrium,scandium,gallium,garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser application combined with non-surgical mechanical debridement (MD) on clinical parameters and peri-implant crevicular fluid receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) levels in the treatment of peri-implantitis. METHODS: A total of 49 patients who underwent non-surgical treatment of peri-implantitis were randomly divided into two groups...
February 20, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Alexandra Stähli, Jvana Ferrari, Anna Sophia Schatzmann, Lucienne Dominique Weigel, Andrea Roccuzzo, Jean-Claude Imber, Ho-Yan Duong, Sigrun Eick, Niklaus P Lang, Giovanni E Salvi, Anton Sculean
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy and the patient perception of subgingival debridement with either guided biofilm management (GBM) or conventional scaling and root planing (SRP) during supportive periodontal care (SPC). METHODS: Forty-one patients in SPC were randomly assigned to either treatment with GBM or SRP every 6 months. The primary outcome was the percentage of bleeding on probing (BoP) at 1 year. Moreover, pocket probing depths (PPD), recession, and furcation involvements were also measured...
January 31, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Arman Danesh, Hirad Pazouki, Farzad Danesh, Arsalan Danesh, Saynur Vardar-Sengul
BACKGROUND: ChatGPT's (Chat Generative Pre-Trained Transformer) remarkable capacity to generate human-like output makes it an appealing learning tool for healthcare students worldwide. Nevertheless, the chatbot's responses may be subject to inaccuracies, putting forth an intense risk of misinformation. ChatGPT's capabilities should be examined in every corner of healthcare education, including dentistry and its specialties, to understand the potential of misinformation associated with the chatbot's use as a learning tool...
January 10, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Julia C Bond, Sharon M Casey, Robert McDonough, Suzanne G McLone, Mabeline Velez, Brenda Heaton
BACKGROUND: Self-reported measures of periodontitis developed for use in population surveillance are increasingly used in causal research. Numerous studies evaluate the validity of these measures against clinical parameters of periodontitis, yet few include validation parameters outside of multivariable models. Individual item validity is necessary to adequately inform use of these measures in causal research. METHODS: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014 in which dentate participants completed full-mouth periodontal examinations (N = 6966)...
January 10, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Darnell Kaigler, Jonathan Misch, Abdusalam Alrmali, Marita R Inglehart
BACKGROUND: Stem cell-based therapy for bone regeneration has received attention in medical settings but has not yet been used in clinical practice for treating alveolar bone defects. The objectives of this study were to explore whether periodontists had heard about this approach, and if so how, how interested they were to learn about it, which attitudes and behavioral intentions they had related to using stem cell-based grafting, and what they would like to know before using this approach...
January 9, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Kathleen Chloe Mascardo, Justin Tomack, Chia-Yu Chen, Leonardo Mancini, David M Kim, Bernard Friedland, Shayan Barootchi, Lorenzo Tavelli
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the risk indicators associated with midfacial gingival recessions (GR) in the natural dentition esthetic regions. METHODS: Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) results of thirty-seven subjects presenting with 268 eligible teeth were included in the cross-sectional study. Clinical measurements included presence/absence of midfacial GR; the depth of the midfacial, mesial, and distal gingival recession; the recession type (RT); keratinized tissue width (KT); and attached gingiva width (AG)...
January 9, 2024: Journal of Periodontology
Roberta Andrade Reis, Camila Schmidt Stolf, Helena Alves de Carvalho Sampaio, Bruna Yhang da Costa Silva, Tuğçe Özlü, Emre Batuhan Kenger, Manuela Maria Vianal Miguel, Mauro Pedrine Santamaria, Mabelle de Freitas Monteiro, Marcio Zaffalon Casati, Renato Corrêa Viana Casarin
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is a biofilm-dependent chronic inflammatory condition triggered by a host response. Several factors impact systemic inflammation and could lead to changes in disease pathogenesis. Recently, studies have assessed the influence of nutritional patterns on the development of periodontitis. In the present cross-sectional study, we evaluated the dietary inflammatory profile on periodontal conditions, focusing on clinical, subgingival microbial, and cytokine assessment of individuals with periodontal health or gingivitis...
December 28, 2023: Journal of Periodontology
Marina M Cláudio, Valdir G Garcia, Rubens M Freitas, João Victor S Rodrigues, Mark Wainwright, Renato C V Casarin, Cristiane Duque, Leticia H Theodoro
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of active oxygen-releasing gel as an adjuvant, with and without antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT), in the treatment of residual pockets in periodontal patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). METHODS: Patients with residual pockets with probing depth (PD) ≥4 mm and bleeding on probing (BOP) were divided into the following groups: SI (n = 17)-subgingival instrumentation in a single session; BM (n = 17)-SI followed by local application of active oxygen-releasing gel inside the periodontal pocket for 3 min; BM + aPDT (n = 17)-SI followed by application of BM for 3 min and pocket irrigation with methylene blue, and 660-nm diode laser irradiation at 100 mW for 50 s...
December 19, 2023: Journal of Periodontology
Muhammad H A Saleh, Debora R Dias, Obada Mandil, Ricardo P de Oliveira, Abdusalam Alrmali, Maurício G Araújo, Hom-Lay Wang, Zoltan Barath, Istvan A Urban
BACKGROUND: Individuals enrolled in supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) can still present with tooth loss due to periodontitis (TLP). There is limited evidence on the influence of residual pockets (RPc) and a defined "threshold" at which a patient's profile is set to be at high risk for TLP in the literature. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the influence of RPc on TLP and determine the prognostic performance of RPc compared to the staging and grading of periodontitis on TLP risk...
December 19, 2023: Journal of Periodontology
Ahed Dyab, Ava Emnegard, Magnus Wänman, Filippa Sjöström, Elin Kindstedt
BACKGROUND: Host-modulating therapy is a possible treatment for individuals that respond poorly to conventional periodontal therapy. B cells, abundant in periodontitis lesions, require the cytokines B cell-activating factor (BAFF) and A proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) for survival and maturation. Although mRNA levels of BAFF and APRIL are increased in tissue from periodontitis lesions, it is unknown if periodontal resident cells express BAFF and/or APRIL during periodontal inflammation...
December 13, 2023: Journal of Periodontology
Donald S Clem, Pamela K McClain, Michael K McGuire, Chris R Richardson, Greg A Santarelli, Rachel A Schallhorn, E Todd Scheyer, John C Gunsolley, Thiago Morelli
BACKGROUND: Using a single-blind, randomized, controlled, multicenter, practice-based clinical trial, a volume-stable collagen matrix (VCMX) was compared with connective tissue graft (CTG) for soft tissue augmentation around existing dental implants. METHODS: Sixty patients (31 VCMX and 31 CTG) were included. The primary outcome was a soft tissue thickness change 3 mm below the gingival margin (GM). Secondary outcomes included clinical measures, such as keratinized tissue widths (KTw), probing pocket depths, and pink esthetic scores, and patient-reported outcomes (PRO)...
December 9, 2023: Journal of Periodontology
Yagmur Sarac Gul, Oguz Kose, Ahmet Altin, Hatice Yemenoglu, Hatice Arslan, Kerimali Akyildiz, Adnan Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM)-associated hyperinflammatory host response significantly provokes periodontal tissue destruction. In this context, the support of nonsurgical periodontal therapy in diabetics with host modulation agents is a current field of study. This clinical study aims to investigate the clinical efficacy of melatonin supplementation and discuss its possible biological mechanisms in nonsurgical periodontal treatment in patients with DM and periodontitis through some fundamental markers...
December 6, 2023: Journal of Periodontology
Mia Rakic, Zoran Tatic, Sandro Radovanovic, Aleksandra Petkovic-Curcin, Danilo Vojvodic, Alberto Monje
BACKGROUND: Peri-implant mucositis (PIM) is a pathological precursor of peri-implantitis, but its pattern of conversion to peri-implantitis is unclear and complicated to diagnose clinically, while none of the available protocols yield complete disease resolution. The aim of this study was the evaluation of PIM responsiveness to standard anti-infective mechanical treatment (AIMT) at clinical and biomarker levels, and estimation of the diagnostic capacity of bone markers as surrogate endpoints and predictors...
December 2, 2023: Journal of Periodontology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.