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Journal of Dental Education

Erica R Oliveira, William F Rose, William D Hendricson
Dental students' clinical learning is dictated by patients' needs. Thus, not all students have identical educational experiences. Even routine treatment can require different approaches depending on concurrent dental problems, patients' health status, or unexpected complications. No curriculum can expose students to all treatment alternatives when issues arise. Consequently, mechanisms to facilitate students' learning from the collective experiences of their classmates can augment their clinical acumen. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate a blended learning experience consisting of a website on which third- and fourth-year students posted and discussed PowerPoint presentations depicting patient treatment and weekly seminars in which students and faculty discussed posted cases to retrospectively assess treatment decisions...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Sheeja Saji Varghese, Asha Ramesh, Deepak Nallaswamy Veeraiyan
Information technology has stimulated efforts to reform teaching methods in dental education. Most of these efforts involve a shift from conventional mode to the more technology-savvy and student-centered approach. The aim of this study was to compare postgraduate dental students' academic performance using two teaching methodologies (video-based learning and blended module-based learning) in a biostatistics and research methodology course in a master's program at a dental college in India. This retrospective study involved two groups of students enrolled in the master's program with different years of admission: Group I in 2013-14 (n=80) and Group II in 2015-16 (n=80)...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Janina Golob Deeb, Caroline K Carrico, Daniel M Laskin, Thomas E Koertge
Self-assessments were introduced into a third-year clinical periodontics course to enable dental students to self-assess and receive faculty feedback prior to technical assessment. The aims of this study were to determine if there was an improvement in the pass rate and average grade on the technical assessments following implementation of self-assessments and to analyze the accuracy of the student self-assessments by comparing them with faculty assessments. Scores from 106 third-year dental students for four periodontal procedures were included in the analysis...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Maxime Carpentier, Davy Aubeux, Valérie Armengol, Fabienne Pérez, Tony Prud'homme, Alexis Gaudin
Scientific evidence validating the beneficial effect of loupes in preventing musculoskeletal disorders is very scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of dental loupes on dental students' posture during a preclinical restorative dentistry course. Using a randomized crossover design, this study was conducted at the School of Dentistry, University of Nantes, France, in 2017. Forty students in their second year of dental study were randomly divided into two groups of 20 each: group A used loupes, whereas group B did not...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Bradley S Roberts, Eugenia P Roberts, Steven Reynolds, Amy F Stein
Textbooks, once the standard of education, now have competition when students prefer the Internet and digital technology. The aim of this research study was to survey dental students at one dental school about their use of student-managed Google Docs and other online technologies in collaborative e-learning. All dental students in all four classes at Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine-Arizona were invited to participate in online surveys in 2015 and 2017. The average class size was 140 (n=560 for all four years) for each survey...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Terence A Imbery, Kelsey E Greene, Caroline K Carrico
The Isovac system was introduced into the Virginia Commonwealth University dental curriculum with the intention that it would be used as a substitute when the dental dam could not be placed. The aim of this study was to determine the usage and factors that influenced dental students' decisions to use the dental dam or Isovac. All third- and fourth-year dental students (n=210) were asked in 2017 to complete a 26-item survey. The survey asked about students' operative procedures completed using the dental dam and Isovac, their own and their patients' preferences, basic dental dam knowledge, full-time and adjunct faculty recommendations of method, importance of factors influencing their decisions, and anticipated dental dam use after graduation...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Michele L Kirkup, Brooke N Adams, Paul E Reifeis, Jeni L Heselbarth, Lisa H Willis
Dental educators should consider alternative modalities of instruction when experiencing difficulties conveying feedback to students. The aim of this study was to determine if integrating iPad technology as a visual learning tool would enhance the exchange of assessment information and improve academic performance in Indiana University School of Dentistry's preclinical curriculum. In 2016, the first-year Tooth Morphology (TM) and second-year Fixed Prosthodontics (Fixed) courses implemented a project using iPad images that allowed instructors to annotate acceptable and deficient areas of students' tooth wax-ups and preparations...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Rasa Mladenovic, L A P Pereira, Kristina Mladenovic, Nebojsa Videnovic, Zoran Bukumiric, Jovan Mladenovic
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a mobile augmented reality simulator for local anesthesia training with dental students who are administering inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) for the first time. Participants in this prospective study conducted in 2016 were 41 fourth- and fifth-year students randomly divided into two groups: a control group with 19 students and an experimental group with 22 students. In addition to theoretical instruction and exercises, students in the experimental group used the mobile augmented reality simulator in a dental office 2h weekly for four weeks...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Patrick L Anders, Elizabeth M Stellrecht, Elaine L Davis, W D McCall
Critical thinking is widely recognized as an essential competency in dental education, but there is little agreement on how it should be assessed. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the availability of instruments that could be used to measure critical thinking in dental students and to evaluate psychometric evidence to support their use. In January 2017, an electronic search of both the medical and education literature was performed on nine databases. The search included both keyword and Medical Subject Heading terms for critical thinking, higher education/health sciences education, measurement/ assessment, and reproducibility of results...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Janina Golob Deeb, Thomas E Koertge, Daniel M Laskin, Caroline K Carrico
Some dental students preferentially schedule graded assessments with adjunct faculty members in expectation of obtaining a higher grade. The aim of this pilot study was to compare the grades given by full-time and adjunct faculty members in clinical periodontics to determine if a difference in grading existed. Grades for students given by seven full-time and 11 adjunct faculty members for various technical and competency assessments in D3 and D4 clinical periodontics courses in academic year 2015-16 were compared...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Srividya Prabhu, Vanchit John, Steven Blanchard, George J Eckert, Yusuke Hamada
Dental students often underestimate their probing depth (PD) measurements, which emphasizes the need for effective and novel methods for teaching proper probing technique. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of audiovisual learning aids, recorded from the point of view of examiners, for improvement in PD agreement in dental students. In 2017-18, 22 third-year dental students were randomized into test and control groups. Each student and a single blinded faculty examiner performed PD measurements on a minimum of three patients...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Karin K Quick, Christine M Blue
Recognition that professionalism is at the heart of dentistry's contract with society has led to an emphasis on educational strategies designed to improve cultivation of professional behaviors. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a project based on situated learning theory and using an Ignite format to support dental students' learning and promote professionalism. Learning activities were evaluated in terms of new thinking, changing perspectives, and professional relationships. Professional relationship development and professional self-identity were explored...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Leda Regina Fernandes Mugayar, Edna Perez, Pamela R Nagasawa, David G Brown, Lissette A Tolentino, Huan S Kuang, Linda S Behar-Horenstein
The aim of this replication study was to determine if prior findings at one U.S. dental school about dental students' comfort discussing and perceptions of the relevance of 15 risk behaviors to adolescent patient oral health care would be observed at other institutions. All first- and fourth-year dental students (n=414) at three U.S. dental schools in fall 2017 were invited to participate, and 218 completed the survey (52.7% response rate). These students reported feeling comfortable to uncomfortable discussing risk behaviors with adolescent patients, yet perceived those risk behaviors as relevant to their oral health...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Xiaoshan Z Gordy, Lei Zhang, Amy L Sullivan, Jessica H Bailey, Elizabeth O Carr
The aim of this study was to discover how an active learning classroom (ALC) influenced the teaching and learning of dental radiology with dental hygiene students through a mixed-methods approach. A year-long observation of a dental hygiene professor who was teaching two consecutive courses in an ALC was conducted in 2015-16. Nineteen classes were recorded and transcribed, and observational notes on classroom activities were taken. Towards the end of the academic year, the professor was interviewed with use of a 13-question guide, and the students were surveyed with a 25-question survey...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Nayanjot K Rai, Clifton Carey, Diane Brunson, Tamanna Tiwari
An understanding of population surveillance is important for predoctoral dental students, so they will comprehend the health needs of the population in order to provide needed care and promote overall health. The aim of this study was to teach data mining and surveillance methodologies to dental students and to assess the association between systemic health factors and tooth loss in patients visiting the University of Colorado School of Dental Medicine clinics. The students were calibrated to using the data mining methodologies from the Electronic Health Record (EHR) using a rubric and presentation by a faculty member...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot, Lance W Godley, John W Nelson
Learning to evaluate one's own skills through reflection and self-assessment prepares dental graduates for successfully navigating an ever-changing work environment throughout their careers, but the search continues for the most effective teaching and assessment strategies to develop students' skills in these areas. Beginning with the Class of 2017, the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry adopted e-portfolios as a programmatic (four-year) global assessment measure in the predoctoral dental program, in large part to encourage the development of reflection...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Lisa E Bress, Alice M Horowitz, Diana M Capobianco, Deborah E Fleming, Dushanka V Kleinman
With dental caries being a common chronic disease in children and adults, oral health literacy is needed to improve oral health and prevent caries. If oral health providers themselves are confused about preventive strategies, they cannot effectively educate the public or other health care providers. The aim of this study was to assess University of Maryland dental hygiene students' understanding of and ability to communicate caries preventive strategies to low-income populations during a community service-learning program in 2013 and 2014...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Ramtin Sadid-Zadeh, Nicole M Sannito, Joseph T DeLuca
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dental faculty-student interactions, virtual assessment software, and associated rubrics on student performance by assessing tooth preparations generated during the students' final practical exam. The study, conducted in 2017 and 2018, compared teeth prepared for preclinical fixed prosthodontics competency exams by two subsequent classes of second-year dental students trained using different methods. Class A was trained for nine months prior to the exam using feedback via student-faculty interactions and conventional rubrics...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Germana de Villa Camargos, Tamires Enrico Armenine, André Gustavo Paleari, Gabriela Mayara Oliveira Nascimento, Maira Foresti Vieira Munhoz
With populations aging around the world, the need for complete dentures is likely to increase in Brazil and other developing countries, as well among low-income populations globally, making the teaching of cost-efficient techniques to dental students essential. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of complete dentures fabricated by the simplified method in comparison to the conventional method regarding patients' oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and satisfaction, dentures' functional quality, and masticatory performance of patients who were rehabilitated by dental students...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Dianne L Smallidge, Nancy Puglisi, Kathleen Patenaude, Linda D Boyd, Jared Vineyard
The development of strong interpersonal relationships between clinical instructors and students has been found to contribute to clinical teaching effectiveness (CTE). In addition, strong interpersonal relationships are more likely to occur in individuals who possess a high level of emotional intelligence (EI). However, an examination of the impact of a clinical instructor's EI on CTE has not been extensively investigated. The aims of this study were to measure the CTE and EI of dental hygiene clinical instructors and to identify any correlations between their CTE and EI...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
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