Jessie B Lydiard, Herry Patel, Yoni Strugatsky, Wesley K Thompson, William E Pelham, Sandra A Brown
Cannabis use and occurrences of depression during adolescence are common. However, the temporal relationship between the two is less understood. Does depression lead to cannabis use, or does cannabis use lead to depression, or is it a combination of both? Furthermore, this directionality is confounded by other substance use, specifically binge drinking, which is common during adolescence. This study aimed to examine the temporal directionality of cannabis use and depression among a prospective, longitudinal, sequential cohort of 15 to 24-year-olds...
April 25, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Martina Smorti, Lucia Ponti, Simon Ghinassi, Giulia Mauri, Federica Pancetti, Paolo Mannella
This study aims to explore the level of depressive symptoms during pregnancy and after childbirth comparing women hospitalized due to high-risk pregnancy (clinical group) and women with low-risk pregnancy (control group). Seventy pregnant women (26 clinical group and 44 control group) filled in the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale both during pregnancy and three months after childbirth. Results showed that the clinical group reported significant higher levels of prenatal depression than the control group, while no differences were found on postnatal depression...
April 24, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Xi Shen, Zhengji Li, Jiarong Sheng, Xinqi Zhou, Jinliang Wang
With the development of mobile technology, mobile video games provide people with a more convenient way of entertainment, but problematic playing could also bring some negative consequences. Prior studies have indicated that Internet gaming addicts were accompanied by impaired inhibitory control. However, as a relatively new form of problematic game usage based on mobile devices, little is known about the neurobiological underpinnings of inhibitory control in problematic mobile video game (PMVG) users. Adopting an event-related fMRI Stroop task, the present study aimed to examine the different neural correlates of inhibitory control between PMVG and healthy control (HC) subjects...
April 24, 2023: Psychiatry Research
R L Trotti, D A Parker, D Sabatinelli, M S Keshavan, S K Keedy, E S Gershon, G D Pearlson, S K Hill, C A Tamminga, J E McDowell, B A Clementz
Social-emotional deficits in psychosis may be indexed by deviations in emotional scene processing, but event-related potential (ERP) studies indicate such deviations may not map cleanly to diagnostic categories. Neurobiologically defined psychosis subgroups offer an alternative that may better capture neurophysiological correlates of social-emotional deficits. The current study investigates emotional scene-elicited ERPs in Biotypes of psychosis in a large (N = 622), well-characterized sample. Electroencephalography was recorded in healthy persons (N = 129), Biotype-1 (N = 195), Biotype-2 (N = 131), and Biotype-3 (N = 167) psychosis cases...
April 24, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Orri Smárason, Davíð R M A Højgaard, Sanne Jensen, Eric A Storch, Gudmundur B Arnkelsson, Lidewij H Wolters, Nor Christian Torp, Karin Melin, Bernhard Weidle, Judith Becker Nissen, Katja Anna Hybel, Per Hove Thomsen, Tord Ivarsson, Gudmundur Skarphedinsson
The present study aimed to: (a) identify latent class trajectories of OCD-related functional impairment, before, during and over three years after stepped-care treatment in children and adolescents with OCD; (b) describe these classes according to pretreatment characteristics; (c) identify predictors of trajectory class membership and (d) examine the relationship of functional impairment trajectory classes with OCD symptom severity trajectory classes. The sample consisted of 266 children and adolescents (aged 7-17 years) with OCD, participating in the Nordic long-term OCD treatment study...
April 24, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Zhe Lu, Yuyanan Zhang, Yaoyao Sun, Yundan Liao, Zhewei Kang, Xiaoyang Feng, Hao Yan, Jun Li, Lifang Wang, Tianlan Lu, Dai Zhang, Yu Huang, Weihua Yue
Co-occurrence of antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG) and therapeutic response (TR) did exist in clinic but was rarely studied. This study aims to identify potential TR/ AIWG biotypes and explore the clinical, genetic and neuroimaging features. This study enrolled 3030 patients to identify potential TR/AIWG biotypes and explore the clinical, genetic and neuroimaging features. We found three biotypes: TR+nonAIWG (46.91%), TR+AIWG (18.82%), and nonTR+nonAIWG (34.27%). TR+AIWG showed lower weight and lipid level at baseline, but higher changing rate, and higher genetic risk of obesity than TR+nonAIWG and nonTR+nonAIWG...
April 24, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Mark Zimmerman, Daniel M Mackin
It has recently been recommended that treatment resistant depression be reconceptualized and renamed as difficult to treat depression (DTD). A consensus statement by an expert panel identified multiple variables associated with DTD and emphasized the importance of conducting a comprehensive evaluation of patients to identify predictors of inadequate treatment response. For practical reasons, it would be desirable to develop a self-report scale that can be incorporated into clinical practice that identifies patient, clinical, and treatment risk factors for DTD...
April 24, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Ellen Martin, Tabea Schoeler, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Wikus Barkhuizen
Loneliness is a common, yet distressing experience associated with adverse outcomes including substance use problems and psychiatric disorders. To what extent these associations reflect genetic correlations and causal relationships is currently unclear. We applied Genomic Structural Equation Modelling (GSEM) to dissect the genetic architecture between loneliness and psychiatric-behavioural traits. Included were summary statistics from 12 genome-wide association analyses, including loneliness and 11 psychiatric phenotypes (range N: 9,537 - 807,553)...
April 23, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Kevin S O'Connell, Elise Koch, Hasan Çağın Lenk, Ibrahim A Akkouh, Guy Hindley, Piotr Jaholkowski, Robert Løvsletten Smith, Børge Holen, Alexey A Shadrin, Oleksandr Frei, Olav B Smeland, Nils Eiel Steen, Anders M Dale, Espen Molden, Srdjan Djurovic, Ole A Andreassen
Treatment resistant schizophrenia (TRS) is characterized by repeated treatment failure with antipsychotics. A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) of TRS showed a polygenic architecture, but no significant loci were identified. Clozapine is shown to be the superior drug in terms of clinical effect in TRS; at the same time it has a serious side effect profile, including weight gain. Here, we sought to increase power for genetic discovery and improve polygenic prediction of TRS, by leveraging genetic overlap with Body Mass Index (BMI)...
April 23, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Miss Katie Lofthouse, Polly Waite, Emma Černis
Anxiety is a common problem in adolescence which is hypothesised to be associated with dissociation, a range of distressing symptoms linked to reduced psychosocial functioning. Yet, to date, research into the mechanisms of dissociation in adolescents has been limited. The present study investigated the link between trait anxiety and dissociative experiences (depersonalisation and 'felt sense of anomaly') using an online survey. Cognitive appraisals of dissociation, perseverative thinking, and body vigilance were assessed as potential mediating factors of this relationship...
April 23, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Christopher Hunt, Jane Park, Jessica Bomyea, Peter J Colvonen
Prolonged exposure (PE) is an evidenced-based psychotherapy for PTSD, but many Veterans fail to achieve a clinically meaningful response. Sleep issues are prevalent in Veterans and may interfere with PE by disrupting the learning and consolidation of fear extinction memories during PE exposures. Here, we examined whether changes in fear extinction across imaginal exposures and PTSD symptoms during PE were predicted by diary-assessed levels of nightly sleep efficiency (SE; i.e., percent of time in bed spent sleeping), which may indirectly index sleep fragmentation and sleep-facilitated memory processes...
April 22, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Lena de Thurah, Glenn Kiekens, Rob Sips, Ana Teixeira, Zuzana Kasanova, Inez Myin-Germeys
The Experience sampling method (ESM) has the potential to support person-centered care of psychotic disorders. However, clinical implementation is hampered by a lack of user involvement in the design of ESM tools. This qualitative study explored the perspective of nine people with lived experiences of psychosis. Participants reported a need to monitor a diverse range of daily-life experiences and indicated that ESM should allow for personalization to be clinically useful. While participants recognized the potential of ESM to increase awareness and control over their mental health, concerns were voiced about the validity and burden of monitoring one's own mental health...
April 21, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Geoffroy Solelhac, Mathieu Berger, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Nicola Andrea Marchi, Aurélie Stephan, Jean-Marie Petit, Virginie Bayon, Théo Imler, Jose Haba-Rubio, Tifenn Raffray, Peter Vollenweider, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gerard Waeber, Damien Léger, Francesca Siclari, Pierre A Geoffroy, Martin Preisig, Raphaël Heinzer
Insomnia and its opposite hypersomnia are part of the diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD). However, no study has investigated whether the postulated sleep alterations in clinical subtypes of MDD are reflected in polysomnography (PSG)-derived objective sleep measures. The objective of this study was to establish associations between the melancholic, atypical and unspecified subtypes of MDD and objective PSG-based sleep features. This cross-sectional analysis included 1820 community-dwelling individuals who underwent PSG and a semi-structured psychiatric interview to elicit diagnostic criteria for MDD and its subtypes...
April 18, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Jean-Christophe Chauvet-Gelinier, Jonathan Cottenet, Matthieu Guillaume, Franck-Teddy Endomba, Fabrice Jollant, Catherine Quantin
While much work has shown a link between the global SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and poor mental health, little is known about a possible association between hospitalization with SARS-CoV-2 infection and subsequent hospitalization for self-harm. Analyses performed on the French national hospital database between March 2020-March 2021 in 10,084,551 inpatients showed that hospitalization with SARS-CoV-2 infection was not associated with hospitalization for self-harm in the following year. However, hospitalization with SARS-Cov-2 was related to an increased risk of self-harm in patients with a suicidal episode at the inclusion (aHR=1...
April 15, 2023: Psychiatry Research
C Hansen, M Iannos, M Van Hooff
The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of two specialized Australian PTSD assistance dog programs in reducing PTSD and mental health symptoms over a one-year period. A total of 44 participants who were partnered with an assistance dog were analysed. Using an intent to treat analysis, compared to the baseline measures, all mental health outcomes exhibited statistically significant reductions in scores at the 3-month follow-up, and persisted at the 6-month, and 12-month follow-up. When comparing baseline to 3-month follow-up the effect size (Cohen's d) was strongest for stress (d = 0...
April 14, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Bao-Peng Liu, Cun-Xian Jia
This study aims to explore the joint associations of physical activity and lifetime depression with all-cause and cause-specific mortality. The present study using data from UK Biobank, included 316568 participants aged 37 to 73 years recruited from 22 centers between 2006 and 2010. Total physical activity (TPA), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and vigorous physical activity (VPA), assessed by metabolic equivalent task (MET) were used and Cox-proportional hazard models were performed in this study...
April 12, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Julia Barbara Krakowczyk, Jil Beckord, Jari Planert, Pauline Kohl, Adam Schweda, Martin Teufel, Alexander Bäuerle
Man-made disasters (MMD2 ) are a widespread cause for psychological burden, both in directly and indirectly affected regions, as currently highlighted by the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Yet, measurement instruments that assess psychological distress associated with MMD are lacking. The study aimed to develop and validate such an instrument in an indirectly affected region. The resulting "man-made disaster-related distress scale" (MMDS) was tested within a German-speaking sample (N = 327). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed a two-factorial structure ("Psychological distress" and "Change of existing belief systems") of the MMDS...
April 10, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Weiqing Jiang, Guangduoji Shi, Yanzhi Li, Ciyong Lu, Lan Guo, Weihong Zhang
Socioeconomic status (SES) is shown to be associated with refugees' mental health, but few studies have considered that these associations may vary over time. This study aimed to examine the dynamic contributions of SES to refugees' mental health during resettlement. We used five waves of data from a cohort study in Australia; 2399 refugees completed the interview in Wave 1, and the remaining waves had 2009, 1894, 1929, and 1881 participants, respectively. SES, high risk of severe mental illness (HR-SMI), and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were assessed in each wave...
April 10, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Jae-Min Kim, Hee-Ju Kang, Ju-Wan Kim, Wonsuk Choi, Ju-Yeon Lee, Sung-Wan Kim, Il-Seon Shin
The roles of inflammatory markers in predicting the response to antidepressants are controversial. The levels of inflammatory markers increase with age. Here, we compared the associations of inflammatory markers with remission during 12-week pharmacotherapy according to patient age. Higher high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels were associated with non-remission in younger, but not older, patients. However, higher interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6 levels were associated with non-remission in all patients, regardless of age...
April 10, 2023: Psychiatry Research
Christopher Rainbow, Ruth Tatnell, Grant Blashki, Glenn A Melvin
The Suicide-Related Coping Scale (SRCS) measures how well a person manages suicidal thoughts through the use of internal and external coping strategies. Many studies using SRCS, including the original scale validation, used samples of treatment-engaged military veterans or personnel, which may limit the generalizability of study findings to other help-seeking and cultural contexts. The present study evaluated factor structure, internal consistency, convergent and divergent validity of SRCS in two Australian online help-seeking samples: visitors to a mental health website with experience of suicidal ideation (N = 1,266) and users of a suicide safety planning mobile app (N = 693)...
April 10, 2023: Psychiatry Research
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