journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38621309/burden-of-depression-in-adolescents-in-the-western-pacific-region-from-1990-to-2019-an-age-period-cohort-analysis-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-study
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zhi-Bin Li, Jia-Jie Lv, Wei Lu, Min-Yi Yin, Xin-Yu Li, Cheng-Hao Yang
BACKGROUND: Depression is a highly prevalent and disabling mental health condition among adolescents. The epidemiology of depression in adolescents has been changing over time, reflecting changes in risk factors as well as disease concepts and diagnosis. However, few studies have characterized the longitudinal epidemiology of depression in adolescents. Understanding trends of disease burden provides key insights to improve resource allocation and design targeted interventions for this vulnerable population...
April 9, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38608539/predicting-post-treatment-symptom-severity-for-adults-receiving-psychological-therapy-in-routine-care-for-generalised-anxiety-disorder-a-machine-learning-approach
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
H Delamain, J E J Buckman, C O'Driscoll, J W Suh, J Stott, S Singh, S A Naqvi, J Leibowitz, S Pilling, R Saunders
Approximately half of generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) patients do not recover from first-line treatments, and no validated prediction models exist to inform individuals or clinicians of potential treatment benefits. This study aimed to develop and validate an accurate and explainable prediction model of post-treatment GAD symptom severity. Data from adults receiving treatment for GAD in eight Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services (n=15,859) were separated into training, validation and holdout datasets...
April 9, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38615521/mechanisms-of-therapeutic-change-after-psychedelic-treatment-in-ocd
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gayle Maloney, Terence Ching, Stephen A Kichuk, Christopher Pittenger, Benjamin Kelmendi
Novel treatments are required for the 30-50% of individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) who remain resistant to first-line pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatments. Recent pilot data suggest benefit from psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy (PAP) and from imagery rescripting (ImRs). We explore psychological mechanisms of change underpinning both interventions that appear to allow for reprocessing of negative emotions and core beliefs associated with past aversive events. A next critical step in PAP is the development of psychotherapeutic frameworks grounded in theory...
April 7, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38598946/cumulative-inequality-in-social-determinants-of-health-in-relation-to-depression-symptom-an-analysis-of-nationwide-cross-sectional-data-from-u-s-nhanes-2005-2018
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jing-Hong Liang, Mei-Ling Liu, Ying-Qi Pu, Shan Huang, Nan Jiang, Wen-Wen Bao, Li-Xin Hu, Yu-Shan Zhang, Zhao-Huan Gui, Xue-Ya Pu, Shao-Yi Huang, Ya-Jun Chen
Social determinants of health (SDoH) have been linked to a higher likelihood of experiencing mental health problems. This study aimed to investigate whether the accumulation of unfavorable SDoH is associated with depression symptom. Data was gathered from a representative population participating in the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey spanning from 2005 to 2018. Self-reported SDoH were operationalized according to the criteria outlined in Healthy People 2030, with a cumulative measure of unfavorable SDoH calculated for analysis...
April 7, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38608540/rates-of-diagnosis-and-service-utilization-in-veterans-with-hoarding-disorder
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jessica J Zakrzewski, Neal Doran, Tina L Mayes, Elizabeth W Twamley, Catherine R Ayers
Hoarding Disorder (HD) is a prominent and disabling neuropsychiatric condition defined by the inability to discard objects resulting in impairing levels of clutter. The prevalence rate is 2-6 % and increases with age. The aging Veteran population is a high risk group for impairment associated with HD. Medical and psychiatric comorbidities as well as associated rates of disability and poor quality of life are very common in both HD and the related disorder of OCD. We examined rates of HD and OCD diagnoses at the VA San Diego Healthcare System...
April 6, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38615520/association-of-depressive-symptom-severity-and-suicidal-ideation-with-health-related-quality-of-life-among-stroke-survivors-nhanes-2005-2018
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hewen Chen, Yulin Sun, Zewu Song, Zexi Lin, Yuange Sang, Xi-An Fu, Yuhao Ding
Stroke, a critical health issue in the US, not only has physical repercussions but also potentially affects the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) through neuropsychiatric outcomes like depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts. This study utilized a nationally representative sample of 1302 US stroke survivors (age ≥ 20) from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2005-2018) to assessed relationships between QoL via the CDC HRQOL-4 and evaluated depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)...
April 2, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38579458/effect-of-intraoperative-and-or-postoperative-esketamine-administration-on-preventing-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jinping Wang, Hui Liu, Xinchuan Wei
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the impact of intraoperative and/or postoperative esketamine application on the prevention of postpartum depression (PPD). PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were thoroughly searched for eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding the application of esketamine for postnatal depression prevention. Nine RCTs including 1277 participants were involved in the final analysis. It was found that intraoperative and/or postoperative administration of esketamine significantly reduced the PPD incidence and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scores in the early postoperative period...
April 2, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38579460/safety-and-risk-assessment-of-psychedelic-psychotherapy-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
B Romeo, E Kervadec, B Fauvel, L Strika-Bruneau, A Amirouche, V Verroust, P Piolino, A Benyamina
Psychotherapies assisted by psychedelic substances have shown promising results in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate safety data in human subjects. We carried out a search on MEDLINE, Embase and PsycINFO databases between 2000 and 2022. Standardized mean differences between different dose ranges and between acute and subacute phases were calculated for cardiovascular data after psychedelic administration. Risk differences were calculated for serious adverse events and common side effects...
March 31, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38583244/the-increased-incidence-of-psychosis-during-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-south-london-the-role-of-heavy-cannabis-use
#9
LETTER
Edoardo Spinazzola, Diego Quattrone, Andrea Quattrone, Robin M Murray, Marta Di Forti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38564922/sleep-related-adverse-events-of-smoking-cessation-drugs-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Yubin Song, Yoon-A Park, Da Hoon Lee, Jeong Yee, Hye Sun Gwak
Smoking cessation medications have the potential to affect the functioning of the nervous system, leading to sleep disturbances. Our study aimed to compare the sleep-related side effects (such as insomnia, abnormal dreams, nightmares, and somnolence) induced by different smoking cessation medications in non-psychiatric smokers. We conducted a thorough search of five electronic databases (Cochrane, EMBASE, PubMed, PsycInfo, and Web of Science) for randomized controlled trials. This study was registered with the PROSPERO (registration number CRD42022347976)...
March 29, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38603980/unveiling-the-link-between-physical-activity-levels-and-dementia-risk-insights-from-the-uk-biobank-study
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mingyue Hu, Kai Zhang, Kuan-Jui Su, Tian Qin, Hui Shen, Hong-Wen Deng
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the mixture effect and weights of light physical activity (LPA), moderate physical activity (MPA), and vigorous physical activity (VPA) on dementia risk. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted based on the UK Biobank dataset. We included participants aged at least 45 years old without dementia at baseline between 2006-2010. The weighted quantile sum regression was used to explore the mixture effect and weights of three types of physical activity on dementia risk...
March 28, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38603979/randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-internet-based-written-therapies-for-world-trade-center-workers-and-survivors-with-persistent-ptsd-symptoms
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Adriana Feder, Mary L Kowalchyk, Hannah R Brinkman, Leah Cahn, Cindy J Aaronson, Maria Böttche, Candice Presseau, Sharely Fred-Torres, John C Markowitz, Brett T Litz, Rachel Yehuda, Christine Knaevelsrud, Robert H Pietrzak
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains prevalent among individuals exposed to the 9/11 World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attacks. The present study compared an Internet-based, therapist-assisted psychotherapy for PTSD to an active control intervention in WTC survivors and recovery workers with WTC-related PTSD symptoms (n = 105; 75% syndromal PTSD). Participants were randomized to integrative testimonial therapy (ITT), focused on WTC-related trauma, or modified present-centered therapy (I-MPCT), each comprising 11 assigned written narratives...
March 28, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38598947/effectiveness-of-a-web-based-group-intervention-for-internet-addiction-in-university-students
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andreas Brouzos, Aikaterini Papadopoulou, Vasiliki C Baourda
The phenomenon of Internet addiction has been systematically addressed with numerous studies highlighting its association with deficits in self-regulation. Despite the extensive literature elucidating the adverse effects of Internet addiction on university students, the availability of relevant interventions has remained constrained. The current study aimed at evaluating a web-based, group intervention, which aimed to prevent Internet addiction and enhance self-regulation. The sample consisted of 47 undergraduate and postgraduate university students (Ν = 47, Mage =21, SD = 3), who were divided into an intervention (n = 24) and a control group (n = 23)...
March 28, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38579459/childhood-neglect-the-neglected-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-its-prevalence-in-psychiatric-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Rosana Carvalho Silva, Francesco Oliva, Stefano Barlati, Giulia Perusi, Mattia Meattini, Elona Dashi, Nicoletta Colombi, Alberto Vaona, Sara Carletto, Alessandra Minelli
Traumatic events increase risk of mental illnesses, but childhood neglect prevalence in psychiatric disorders is understudied. This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed neglect prevalence, including emotional neglect (EN) and physical neglect (PN), among adults with psychiatric disorders. We conducted a systematic search and meta-analysis in 122 studies assessing different psychiatric disorders. Prevalence was 46.6% (95%CI[34.5-59.0]) for unspecified neglect (Ne), 43.1% (95%CI[39.0-47.4]) for EN, and 34...
March 28, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38579457/exploring-the-impact-of-trauma-adapted-yoga-in-forensic-psychiatry
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nora Kerekes
The specialized field of forensic psychiatry deals with the care of criminal offenders who suffer from severe mental disorders. As this field is positioned at the intersection of illness, crime, and security, it poses complex challenges. While high-quality clinical studies in forensic psychiatry settings are limited, recent investigations have suggested yoga as a complementary clinical tool within correctional environments. This report of a quasi-experimental study examines the impact of a 10-week trauma-adapted yoga intervention on mental health, antisocial and aggressive behaviors, pain perception, cravings, and character maturity among 56 patients in various forensic psychiatry clinics across Sweden...
March 28, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38574699/efficacy-and-safety-of-psychedelics-for-the-treatment-of-mental-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Yuan Yao, Dan Guo, Tang-Sheng Lu, Fang-Lin Liu, Shi-Hao Huang, Meng-Qi Diao, Su-Xia Li, Xiu-Jun Zhang, Thomas R Kosten, Jie Shi, Yan-Ping Bao, Lin Lu, Ying Han
We aim to systematically review and meta-analyze the effectiveness and safety of psychedelics [psilocybin, ayahuasca (active component DMT), LSD and MDMA] in treating symptoms of various mental disorders. Web of Science, Embase, EBSCO, and PubMed were searched up to February 2024 and 126 articles were finally included. Results showed that psilocybin has the largest number of articles on treating mood disorders (N = 28), followed by ayahuasca (N = 7) and LSD (N = 6). Overall, psychedelics have therapeutic effects on mental disorders such as depression and anxiety...
May 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38569443/the-relationship-between-mental-health-reforms-and-general-population-suicide-rates-in-australia-over-the-past-three-and-a-half-decades-1987-2021
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Samantha Sijing Wang, Valsamma Eapen, Ping-I Lin
Nearly 3,000 Australians tragically end their lives by suicide each year, underscoring a major national public health challenge with substantial socio-economic ramifications. Australia's National Mental Health Plans (NMHPs) aim to improve mental health and reduce suicide rates. This study investigates their effectiveness by analyzing how age-standardized suicide rates across Australian jurisdictions have fluctuated alongside the implementation of five NMHPs from 1987 to 2021. Findings reveal mixed impacts, with some plans linked to decreases and others associated with increases in suicide rates across different periods and regions...
March 28, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38564923/resting-state-functional-connectivity-of-amygdala-subregions-predicts-treatment-outcome-for-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-at-a-4-month-follow-up
#18
REVIEW
Wangyue Li, Minyao Xie, Haocheng Chen, Xuedi Zhang, Huan Zhang, Zhihan Xu, Shasha Song, Zhongqi Wang, Wenjing Jiang, Yicheng Jiang, Na Liu, Ning Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is considered as the first-line treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the underlying neural mechanisms through which CBT exerts its effects in OCD remain unclear. This study aims to investigate whether the improvement of clinical symptoms in OCD patients after CBT treatment is associated with changes in resting-state functional connectivity (FC) of the amygdala subregion, and whether these changes can be served as potential predictors of four-months treatment efficacy...
March 28, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38555826/from-brain-to-body-exploring-the-connection-between-altered-reward-processing-and-physical-fitness-in-schizophrenia
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lara Hamzehpour, Tamara Bohn, Valentin Dutsch, Lucia Jaspers, Oliver Grimm
Understanding the underlying mechanisms that link psychopathology and physical comorbidities in schizophrenia is crucial since decreased physical fitness and overweight pose major risk factors for cardio-vascular diseases and decrease the patients' life expectancies. We hypothesize that altered reward anticipation plays an important role in this. We implemented the Monetary Incentive Delay task in a MR scanner and a fitness test battery to compare schizophrenia patients (SZ, n = 43) with sex- and age-matched healthy controls (HC, n = 36) as to reward processing and their physical fitness...
March 28, 2024: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38554495/identifying-predictive-factors-for-mood-recurrence-in-early-onset-major-mood-disorders-a-4-year-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chul-Hyun Cho, Serhim Son, Yujin Lee, Jaegwon Jeong, Ji Won Yeom, Ju Yeon Seo, Eunsoo Moon, Ji Hyun Baek, Dong Yeon Park, Se Joo Kim, Tae Hyon Ha, Boseok Cha, Hee-Ju Kang, Yong-Min Ahn, Hyonggin An, Heon-Jeong Lee
We investigate the predictive factors of the mood recurrence in patients with early-onset major mood disorders from a prospective observational cohort study from July 2015 to December 2019. A total of 495 patients were classified into three groups according to recurrence during the cohort observation period: recurrence group with (hypo)manic or mixed features (MMR), recurrence group with only depressive features (ODR), and no recurrence group (NR). As a result, the baseline diagnosis of bipolar disorder type 1 (BDI) and bipolar disorder type 2 (BDII), along with a familial history of BD, are strong predictors of the MMR...
March 28, 2024: Psychiatry Research
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