Journals Journal of Inherited Metabolic...

Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Gerard Muñoz-Pujol, Olatz Ugarteburu, Eulàlia Segur-Bailach, Sonia Moliner, Susana Jurado, Glòria Garrabou, Mariona Guitart-Mampel, Judit García-Villoria, Rafael Artuch, Carme Fons, Antonia Ribes, Frederic Tort
BACKGROUND: The determination of the functional impact of variants of uncertain significance (VUS) is one of the major bottlenecks in the diagnostic workflow of inherited genetic diseases. To face this problem, we set up a CRISPR/Cas9-based strategy for knock-in cellular model generation, focusing on inherited metabolic disorders (IMDs). METHODS: We selected variants in seven IMD-associated genes, including seven reported disease-casing variants and four benign/likely variants...
September 18, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Luisa Averdunk, Eva Thimm, Dirk Klee, Tobias B Haack, Felix Distelmaier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 17, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Ruizhi Duan, Dana Marafi, Zhi-Jie Xia, Bobby G Ng, Reza Maroofian, Farhana Taher Sumya, Ahmed K Saad, Haowei Du, Jawid M Fatih, Jill V Hunter, Hasnaa M Elbendary, Shahid M Baig, Uzma Abdullah, Zafar Ali, Stephanie Efthymiou, David Murphy, Tadahiro Mitani, Marjorie A Withers, Shalini N Jhangiani, Zeynep Coban-Akdemir, Daniel G Calame, Davut Pehlivan, Richard A Gibbs, Jennifer E Posey, Henry Houlden, Vladimir V Lupashin, Maha S Zaki, Hudson H Freeze, James R Lupski
Biallelic variants in genes for seven out of eight subunits of the conserved oligomeric Golgi complex (COG) are known to cause recessive congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) with variable clinical manifestations. COG3 encodes a constituent subunit of the COG complex that has not been associated with disease traits in human. Herein, we report two COG3 homozygous missense variants in four individuals from two unrelated consanguineous families that co-segregated with COG3-CDG. Clinical phenotypes of affected individuals include global developmental delay, severe intellectual disability, microcephaly, epilepsy, facial dysmorphism, and variable neurological findings...
September 15, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Roland Posset, Matthias Zielonka, Florian Gleich, Sven F Garbade, Georg F Hoffmann, Stefan Kölker
The Urea Cycle Disorders Consortium (UCDC) and the European registry and network for Intoxication type Metabolic Diseases (E-IMD) are the worldwide largest databases for individuals with urea cycle disorders (UCDs) comprising longitudinal data from more than 1,100 individuals with an overall long-term follow-up of approximately 25 years. However, heterogeneity of the clinical phenotype as well as different diagnostic and therapeutic strategies hamper our understanding on the predictors of phenotypic diversity and the impact of disease-immanent and interventional variables (e...
September 13, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Jun Kido, Johannes Häberle, Toju Tanaka, Masayoshi Nagao, Yoichi Wada, Chikahiko Numakura, Ryosuke Bo, Hiromi Nyuzuki, Sumito Dateki, Shinsuke Maruyama, Kei Murayama, Yoshida Shinichiro, Kimitoshi Nakamura
Citrin deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a defect of citrin resulting from mutations in the SLC25A13 gene. Intrahepatic cholestasis and various metabolic abnormalities, including hypoglycemia, galactosemia, citrullinemia, and hyperammonemia may be present in neonates or infants in the "neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency" (NICCD) form of the disease. Because at present, newborn screening (NBS) for citrin deficiency using citrulline levels in dried blood spots (DBS) can only detect some of the patients, we tried to develop a new evaluation system to more reliably detect newborns with citrin deficiency utilizing parameters already in place in present newborn screening methods...
September 8, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Mattias Lissing, Axel Wester, Daphne Vassiliou, Ylva Floderus, Pauline Harper, Eliane Sardh, Staffan Wahlin
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a rare hereditary metabolic disease characterized by acute attacks and accumulation of the porphyrin precursors 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and porphobilinogen (PBG). Patients with AIP have a high risk of primary liver cancer (PLC). We aimed to assess the association between porphyrin precursor excretion and the risk for PLC in patients with AIP. We studied 48 patients with AIP who developed PLC between 1987 - 2015 and 140 age and sex matched controls with AIP but no PLC...
August 31, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
N N Stolwijk, A M Bosch, N Bouwhuis, J Häberle, C van Karnebeek, F J van Spronsen, M Langeveld, C E M Hollak
BACKGROUND: Dietary or nutritional management strategies are the cornerstone of treatment for many inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs). Though a vital part of standard of care, the products prescribed for this are often not formally registered as medication. Instead, they are regulated as food or as food supplements, impacting the level of oversight as well as reimbursed policies. This scoping literature review explores the European regulatory framework relevant to these products and its implications for current clinical practice...
August 31, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Ivana Badnjarevic, Kelly Moyer, Mariarita Bertoldi, Thomas Opladen, Lisa Flint
Since neurotransmitter diseases are ultra orphan disorders, the diagnostic odyssey is markedly longer than for more common rare diseases. To elucidate the diagnostic odyssey, the authors, consisting of patient advocates and experts, designed questionnaires with the aim to evaluate the challenges of proper diagnosis and to identify the areas in need of improvement. Two questionnaires were designed, one for caregivers and one for health care professionals (HCP). The key questions aimed to evaluate the challenges of diagnosis and to identify the areas in need of improvement...
August 25, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Miroslava Didiasova, Antje Banning, Ritva Tikkanen
Due to the low number of patients, rare genetic diseases are a special challenge for the development of therapies, especially for diseases that result from numerous, patient-specific pathogenic variants. Precision medicine makes use of various kinds of molecular information about a specific variant, so that the possibilities for an effective therapy based on the molecular features of the variants can be elucidated. The attention to personalized precision therapies has increased among scientists and clinicians, since the "single drug for all patients" approach does not allow the classification of individuals in subgroups according to the differences in the disease genotype or phenotype...
August 22, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Esther M Maier, Ulrike Mütze, Nils Janzen, Ulrike Steuerwald, Uta Nennstiel, Birgit Odenwald, Elfriede Schuhmann, Amelie S Lotz-Havla, Katharina J Weiss, Johanna Hammersen, Corina Weigel, Eva Thimm, Sarah C Grünert, Julia B Hennermann, Peter Freisinger, Johannes Krämer, Anibh M Das, Sabine Illsinger, Gwendolyn Gramer, Junmin Fang-Hoffmann, Sven F Garbade, Jürgen G Okun, Georg F Hoffmann, Stefan Kölker, Wulf Röschinger
Analytical and therapeutic innovations led to a continuous but variable extension of newborn screening (NBS) programs worldwide. Every extension requires a careful evaluation of feasibility, diagnostic (process) quality, and possible health benefits to balance benefits and limitations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of 18 candidate diseases for inclusion in NBS programs. Utilising tandem mass spectrometry as well as establishing specific diagnostic pathways with second-tier analyses, three German NBS centres designed and conducted an evaluation study for 18 candidate diseases, all of them inherited metabolic diseases...
August 21, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Felix Köpfer, Sven F Garbade, Kristina Klingbeil, Brigitte Schmidt-Mader, Jens H Westhoff, Jürgen G Okun, Markus Zorn, Georg F Hoffmann, Verena Peters, Marina Morath
There is a clinical need for early detection of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients with organic acidurias. We measured kidney markers in a longitudinal study over 5 years in 40 patients with methylmalonic aciduria (Mut0 ), propionic aciduria (PA), cobalamin A (CblA) and cobalamin C (CblC) deficiencies. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), calprotectin (CLP), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), dickkopf-3 (DKK-3), albumin and beta-2-microglobulin (B2MG) in urine, as well as cystatin C (CysC) in serum were quantified...
August 21, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Ute Spiekerkötter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
K van Vliet, A M Dijkstra, M J Bouva, J van der Krogt, K Bijsterveld, F van der Sluijs, M G de Sain-van der Velden, K Koop, A Rossi, J A Thomas, C A Patera, M B G Kiewiet, P J Waters, D Cyr, A Boelen, F J van Spronsen, M R Heiner-Fokkema
Dried blood spot succinylacetone (SA) is often used as a biomarker for newborn screening (NBS) for tyrosinemia type 1 (TT1). However, false-positive SA results are often observed. Elevated SA may also be due to maleylacetoacetate isomerase deficiency (MAAI-D), which appears to be clinically insignificant. This study investigated whether urine organic acid (uOA) and quantitative urine maleic acid (Q-uMA) analyses can distinguish between TT1 and MAAI-D. We reevaluated/measured uOA (GC-MS) and/or Q-uMA (LC-MS/MS) in available urine samples of nine referred newborns (2 TT1, 7 false-positive), eight genetically confirmed MAAI-D children, and 66 controls...
August 6, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Francisco Del Caño-Ochoa, Bobby G Ng, Antonio Rubio-Del-Campo, Sonal Mahajan, Matthew P Wilson, Marçal Vilar, Daisy Rymen, Paula Sánchez-Pintos, Janna Kenny, Myriam Ley Martos, Teresa Campos, Saskia B Wortmann, Hudson H Freeze, Santiago Ramón-Maiques
CAD is a large, 2,225 amino acid multi-enzymatic protein required for de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis. Pathological CAD variants cause a developmental and epileptic encephalopathy which is highly responsive to uridine supplements. CAD deficiency is difficult to diagnose because symptoms are non-specific, there is no biomarker, and the protein has over 1,000 known variants. To improve diagnosis, we assessed the pathogenicity of 20 unreported missense CAD variants using a growth complementation assay that identified 11 pathogenic variants in 7 affected individuals; they would benefit from uridine treatment...
August 4, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Verena Peters, Matthias Baumgartner, Sean Froese, Eva Morava, Marc Patterson, Johannes Zschocke, Shamima Rahman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Randy J Chandler, Charles P Venditti
Organic acidemias (OA) are a group of rare autosomal recessive disorders of intermediary metabolism that result in a systemic elevation of organic acid. Despite optimal dietary and cofactor therapy, OA patients still suffer from potentially lethal metabolic instability and experience long-term multisystemic complications. Severely affected patients can benefit from elective liver transplantation, which restores hepatic enzymatic activity, improves metabolic stability, and provides the theoretical basis for the pursuit of gene therapy as a new treatment for patients...
August 2, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Kristen Skvorak, Joyce Liu, Nikki Kruse, Roasa Mehmood, Subhamoy Das, Stephan Jenne, Chinping Chng, U Loi Lao, Da Duan, Jonathan Asfaha, Faye Du, Leann Teadt, Antionette Sero, Charlene Ching, James Riggins, Lianne Pope, Ping Yan, Harminder Mashiana, Moulay Hicham Alaoui Ismaili, Kerryn McCluskie, Gjalt Huisman, Adam P Silverman
Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inborn error of branched-chain amino acid metabolism affecting several thousand individuals worldwide. MSUD patients have elevated levels of plasma leucine and its metabolic product α-ketoisocaproate (KIC), which can lead to severe neurotoxicity, coma, and death. Patients must maintain a strict diet of protein restriction and medical formula, and periods of noncompliance or illness can lead to acute metabolic decompensation or cumulative neurological impairment. Given the lack of therapeutic options for MSUD patients, we sought to develop an oral enzyme therapy that can degrade leucine within the gastrointestinal tract prior to its systemic absorption and thus enable patients to maintain acceptable plasma leucine levels while broadening their access to natural protein...
July 26, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Łukasz Witucki, Hieronim Jakubowski
The loss of cystathionine β-synthase (CBS), an important homocysteine (Hcy)-metabolizing enzyme or the loss of PHF8, an important histone demethylase participating in epigenetic regulation, causes severe intellectual disability in humans. Similar neuropathies were also observed in Cbs-/- and Phf8-/- mice. How CBS or PHF8 depletion can cause neuropathy was unknown. To answer this question, we examined a possible interaction between PHF8 and CBS using Cbs-/- mouse and neuroblastoma cell models. We quantified gene expression by RT-qPCR and Western blotting, mTOR-bound H4K20me1 by chromatin immunoprecipitation (CHIP) assay, and amyloid β (Aβ) by confocal fluorescence microscopy using anti-Aβ antibody...
July 21, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Simon N Waddington, William H Peranteau, Ahad A Rahim, Ashley K Boyle, Manju A Kurian, Paul Gissen, Jerry K Y Chan, Anna L David
Fetal gene therapy was first proposed towards the end of the 1990s when the field of gene therapy was, to quote the Gartner hype cycle, at its "peak of inflated expectations". Gene therapy was still an immature field but over the ensuing decade it matured and is now a clinical and market reality. The trajectory of treatment for several genetic diseases is towards earlier intervention. The ability, capacity, and the will to diagnose genetic disease early - in utero improves day by day. A confluence of clinical trials now signposts a trajectory towards fetal gene therapy...
July 20, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
Ananya Samanta, Nelson George, Irina Arnaoutova, Hung-Dar Chen, Brian C Mansfield, Christopher Hart, Troy Carlo, Janice Y Chou
Glycogen storage disease type-Ia (GSD-Ia), characterized by impaired blood glucose homeostasis, is caused by a deficiency in glucose-6-phosphatase-α (G6Pase-α or G6PC). Using the G6pc-R83C mouse model of GSD-Ia, we explored a CRISPR/Cas9-based double-strand DNA oligonucleotide (dsODN) insertional strategy that uses the nonhomologous end-joining repair mechanism to correct the pathogenic p.R83C variant in G6pc exon-2. The strategy is based on the insertion of a short dsODN into G6pc exon-2 to disrupt the native exon and to introduce an additional splice acceptor site and the correcting sequence...
July 19, 2023: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
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