Journals Journal of Clinical Gastroente...

Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Xubiao Nie, Airui Jiang, Xiaoling Wu, Jianying Bai, Song He
GOAL: The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical efficacy of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in the treatment of giant lateral developing rectal-type tumors (laterally spreading tumors, LSTs). BACKGROUND: There are no specialized studies on the efficacy of ESD in the treatment of LSTs measuring >5 cm in diameter, surgery was often used in the past, but it has the disadvantages of large trauma, many complications, and high cost. METHODS: The data of 185 patients with rectal LSTs who had undergone ESD in the digestive endoscopy center of our hospital from January 2012 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed...
March 24, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Mayssan Muftah, Kenneth Barshop, Walker D Redd, Alison H Goldin, Wai-Kit Lo, Walter W Chan
GOALS: To assess the predictive value of baseline peripheral absolute eosinophil counts (AECs) for proton pump inhibitor (PPI) response in eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). BACKGROUND: PPI leads to histologic remission in ~50% of EoE patients, although there are few distinguishing clinical features between PPI-responsive (PPI-r-EoE) and nonresponsive (PPI-nr-EoE) diseases. Peripheral eosinophilia is present in ~50% of EoE cases and is associated with eosinophil density on esophageal biopsy and worse clinical outcomes...
March 22, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Huan Wang, Muhan Lü, Wei Li, Jingfen Shi, Lan Peng
GOALS: In this study, we conducted this network meta-analysis (based on the ANOVA model) to evaluate the predictive efficacy of each early predictor. BACKGROUND: Persistent organ failure (POF) is one of the determining factors in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP); however, the diagnosis of POF has a long-time lag (>48 h). It is of great clinical significance for the early noninvasive prediction of POF. STUDY: We conducted a comprehensive and systematic search in PubMed, Cochrane library, Embase, and Web of Science to identify relevant clinical trials, case-control studies, or cohort studies, extracted the early indicators of POF in studies, and summarized the predictive efficacy of each indicator through network meta-analysis...
March 20, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Tianxu Liu, Muyuan Ma, Kelei Li, Wei Tan, Han Yu, Ling Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A clear relationship of biological indexes between bile acid malabsorption (BAM) and diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) has not been well analyzed. This meta-analysis aimed to establish a more convenient method to diagnose BAM in IBS-D patients by comparing the differences in biomarkers between IBS-D patients and healthy people. METHODS: Multiple databases were searched for relevant case-control studies. Indicators used to diagnose BAM included 75Se-homocholic acid taurine (SeHCAT), 7α-hydroxy-4-cholesten-3-one(C4), fibroblast growth factor-19 and 48-hour fecal bile acid (48FBA)...
March 6, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Paul M Travers, Pedro Cortés, Ashton E Body, William C Palmer, Maoyin Pang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colonoscopies are routinely obtained before liver transplantation, although their utility is a highly debated topic in the literature. We aimed to determine the risk factors in patients with decompensated cirrhosis (DC) for post-colonoscopy complications (PCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a single-center retrospective study of patients with DC undergoing colonoscopy as part of their pre-liver-transplant evaluation. The primary composite outcome was defined as a complication occurring within 30 days of the colonoscopy...
February 22, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Laura S Chiu, Kevin Z Huang, Xixi Xu, Timothy Heeren, Rubiya Haque, Paul S Schroy
BACKGROUND: Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) patients with early-onset colorectal cancer (EOCRC) are more likely to present with advanced-stage disease than their Non-Hispanic White (NHW) counterparts. To further elucidate whether differences in tumor biology or disparities in access to care may be responsible, we examined the association between race/ethnicity and initial stage of disease, time to diagnosis, and tumor characteristics among NHW and NHB patients with EOCRC cared for in a safety-net health care setting...
February 21, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Mohamed Abuelazm, Islam Mohamed, Fouad S Jaber, Basant E Katamesh, Hosam Shaikhkhalil, Mohamed A Elzeftawy, Abdelrahman Mahmoud, Ahmed M Afifi, Basel Abdelazeem, Mohamed Othman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic polypectomy is an excellent tool for colon cancer prevention. With the innovation of novel resection techniques, the best method is still being investigated. Hence, we aim to evaluate the efficacy and safety of cold snare polypectomy (CSP) versus hot snare polypectomy (HSP) for colorectal polyp resection. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis synthesizing evidence from randomized controlled trials retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE, WOS, SCOPUS, and CENTRAL until July 16, 2022...
February 15, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Tanya Zeina, Shiv Gandhi, Akaash Mittal, Alexander N Levy, Joel Weinstock, Siddharth Singh, Sushrut Jangi
GOAL: The objective of this study was to evaluate for potential predictors and etiologies of clinical relapse among patients with ulcerative colitis in deep remission. BACKGROUND: Patients displaying deep (endoscopic and histologic) remission have a decreased cumulative risk of relapse in ulcerative colitis of <10% per year, but predictors and etiologies of relapse in this population are poorly understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study utilizing electronic medical records at Tufts Medical Center to identify patients in deep remission, classified as having both endoscopic remission (Mayo Endoscopic Score of 0 or 1) and histologic remission (Simplified Geboes Score 0...
February 8, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Gala Godoy-Brewer, George Salem, Berkeley Limketkai, Florin M Selaru, Alyssa Grossen, Tatiana Policarpo, Zadid Haq, Alyssa M Parian
BACKGROUND: Patients with medically-refractory ulcerative colitis or advanced neoplasia are often offered an ileal-pouch-anal anastomosis to restore bowel continuity. However, up to 50% of patients can suffer from inflammatory conditions of the pouch, some of which require biological therapy to treat. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of each biological agent for the treatment of inflammatory conditions of the pouch. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in the major databases from inception through February 11, 2020, for studies assessing the efficacy of biologics in chronic antibiotic-refractory pouchitis (CARP) and Crohn's disease (CD) of the pouch...
February 8, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Afrin N Kamal, Chih-Hung Jason Wang, George Triadafilopoulos, David L Diehl, Christopher DuCoin, Christy M Dunst, Gary Falk, Prasad G Iyer, David A Katzka, Vani J A Konda, Raman Muthusamy, Fouad Otaki, Douglas Pleskow, Joel H Rubenstein, Nicholas J Shaheen, Prateek Sharma, Michael S Smith, Joseph Sujka, Lee L Swanstrom, Roger P Tatum, Arvind J Trindade, Michael Ujiki, Sachin Wani, John O Clarke
BACKGROUND METHODS: The question prompt list content was derived through a modified Delphi process consisting of 3 rounds. In round 1, experts provided 5 answers to the prompts "What general questions should patients ask when given a new diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus" and "What questions do I not hear patients asking, but given my expertise, I believe they should be asking?" Questions were reviewed and categorized into themes. In round 2, experts rated questions on a 5-point Likert scale...
February 3, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Simcha Weissman, Hannah K Systrom, Ayrton Bangolo, Daniel Elias, Marcel Awasi, Tamer Zahdeh, Chukwuemeka E Ogbu, Mishka Hoo Kim, Meenal Kalra, Kavya Khota, Ritu B Kasarapu, Erasmus Mutabi, Moinulhaq Makrani, Sanskrita Nemalikanti, Jim Thomas, Joseph P Jijo, Hla M Thwe, Yousstina Salib, Kiran L Narayan, Kareem Ahmed, Muhammad Aziz, Sameh Elias, Joseph D Feuerstein
BACKGROUND AIMS: Preventative care plays an important role in maintaining health in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to assess the overall quality, strength, and transparency of conflicts among guidelines on preventative care in IBD. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in multiple databases to identify all guidelines pertaining to preventative care in IBD in April 2021. All guidelines were reviewed for the transparency of conflicts of interest and funding, recommendation quality and strength, external guideline review, patient voice inclusion, and plan for update-as per Institute of Medicine standards...
February 3, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Peter S Liang, Rachel Dubner, Yuhe Xia, Matthew Glenn, Kevin Lin, Neha Nagpal, Sandy Ng, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Andrea B Troxel, Simona C Kwon
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer screening uptake in the United States overall has increased, but racial/ethnic disparities persist and data on colonoscopy uptake by racial/ethnic subgroups are lacking. We sought to better characterize these trends and to identify predictors of colonoscopy uptake, particularly among Asian and Hispanic subgroups. STUDY: We used data from the New York City Community Health Survey to generate estimates of up-to-date colonoscopy use in Asian and Hispanic subgroups across 6 time periods spanning 2003-2016...
February 3, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Felix W Leung, Malcolm Koo, Hui Jia, Sergio Cadoni, Yu-Hsi Hsieh, Joseph W Leung
GOALS: We tested the hypothesis that water exchange (WE) achieved a significantly higher right colon flat polyp detection rate (rFPDR) than water immersion (WI). BACKGROUND: Current endoscopy methods provide real-time morphology but not histopathology. Flat serrated polyps are difficult to find during colonoscopy. In 2022 2 studies reported that the serrated polyp detection rate (SPDR) significantly inversely predicted the development of interval cancers. In 2021 1 systemic review with meta-analysis showed that WE, but not WI increased SPDR...
January 30, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Katie Shen, Natalie Farha, Seth Rotz, Ehsan H Balagamwala, Carole Macaron, Gautam M Mankaney, Carol A Burke
While many organizations have published guidance on the approach to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in average-risk and certain high-risk groups, adult survivors of childhood cancer (ASCC) who have a heightened risk of CRC are rarely included as a target group for enhanced CRC surveillance. The population of ASCC continues to grow due to increasingly effective cancer therapies and improved survival. With this increased survival comes an increased risk for subsequent malignant neoplasms, including CRC. Since there is little published guidance for CRC surveillance in ASCC and limited awareness of increased CRC risk among both physicians and patients, the objectives of our paper are to review the incidence of and risk factors for colorectal neoplasia in ASCC, describe the clinical phenotypes of colorectal neoplasia in ASCC, review published surveillance strategies based on consensus-based survivorship guidelines, and outline areas for future research to optimize surveillance strategies...
January 20, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Sonya S Dasharathy, Folasade P May, Anthony Myint, Liu Yang, Harman K Rahal, Vivy Cusumano, Philip A Kozan, Sarina C Lowe, Peter Y Beah, Berkeley N Limketkai, Jenny S Sauk
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients receiving immunosuppression encouraged both the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) and the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13). We aimed to evaluate which pneumococcal vaccines are recommended and administered, and to understand provider and IBD patient knowledge regarding pneumococcal vaccinations. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of 357 adult IBD patients on immunosuppression in our health care system...
January 19, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Daryl Ramai, Smit S Deliwala, Daniel Mozell, Antonio Facciorusso, Saurabh Chandan, Alana Persaud, Kelita Singh, Andrea Anderloni, Monique T Barakat
BACKGROUND: Clips are endoscopic mechanical devices with tensile and closure strength that can approximate tissue and provide hemostasis through a tamponade effect. Clips are ubiquitously used in endoscopic practice, and numerous studies have validated the clinical efficacy of clips, with recent guidelines recommending them as a first-line intervention for recurrent and persistent nonvariceal gastrointestinal bleeding. However, the safety profile for these devices has yet to be delineated, thus, we aim to investigate this feature by examining the adverse events reported to the Food and Drug Administration...
January 9, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Tanureet Kochar, Wenjing Cai, John J Guardiola, Prateek Mathur, Hamza Hassan, Hadi Atassi, Abigail Stocker, Michael Hughes, Lindsay McElmurray, Christina Pinkston, Thomas L Abell
BACKGROUND: Gastric electrical stimulation (GES) is used for patients with drug-refractory gastroparesis (Gp) symptoms. Approximately two-thirds of patients with Gp symptoms are either overweight or obese. We aimed to assess symptoms and nutritional status pre-GES and post-GES placement in a large sample of drug-refractory Gp patients. METHODS: We conducted a chart review of 282 patients with drug-refractory Gp who received temporary followed by permanent GES at an academic medical center...
January 9, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Avinash Tiwari, Aadil Ashraf, Pankaj Bharali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Darshan Kothari, Gyanprakash Ketwaroo, Sheth G Sheth
Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a fibroinflammatory disorder that results in irreversible scarring to pancreatic parenchyma and presents with a myriad of symptoms including abdominal pain, nausea, weight loss, steatorrhea, and diabetes. Furthermore, patients with CP often have comorbid chemical dependencies to alcohol and tobacco, which can further complicate the management of CP. Recent literature proposes guidelines on how best to care for patients with CP and establishes requirements for centers of excellence...
January 3, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Sarah K McGill, Michael E Levin, Nicholas J Shaheen, Cary C Cotton, Thomas A Platts-Mills, Scott P Commins
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Alpha-gal allergy causes a delayed reaction to mammalian meats and has been reported worldwide. Patients with the allergy may present with isolated gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, but this phenotype is poorly understood. METHODS: We pooled and analyzed symptoms and demographics of patients from two prospective cohorts of patients with a diagnosis of alpha-gal allergy who reacted after eating mammalian meat under observation. We compared the characteristics of patients who demonstrated GI-isolated symptoms on a challenge with those who exhibited symptoms outside the GI tract (skin, respiratory, and circulatory)...
January 2, 2023: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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