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Veterinary Quarterly

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31006350/nipah-virus-epidemiology-pathology-immunobiology-and-advances-in-diagnosis-vaccine-designing-and-control-strategies-a-comprehensive-review
#1
Raj Kumar Singh, Kuldeep Dhama, Sandip Chakraborty, Ruchi Tiwari, Senthilkumar Natesan, Rekha Khandia, Ashok Munjal, Kranti Suresh Vora, Shyma K Latheef, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Yashpal Singh Malik, Rajendra Singh, Wanpen Chaicumpa, Devendra T Mourya
Nipah (Nee-pa) viral disease is a zoonotic infection caused by Nipah virus (NiV), a paramyxovirus belonging to the genus Henipavirus of the family Paramyxoviridae. It is a biosafety level-4 pathogen, which is transmitted by specific types of fruit bats, mainly Pteropus spp. which are natural reservoir host. The disease was reported for the first time from the Kampung Sungai Nipah village of Malaysia in 1998. Human-to-human transmission also occurs. Outbreaks have been reported also from other countries in South and Southeast Asia...
December 2019: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30929577/contagious-caprine-pleuropneumonia-a-comprehensive-review
#2
Mohd Iqbal Yatoo, Oveas Raffiq Parray, Shah Tauseef Bashir, Riyaz Ahmed Bhat, Arumugam Gopalakrishnan, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Kuldeep Dhama, Shoor Vir Singh
Contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) is a serious disease of goats, occasionally sheep and wild ruminants, caused by Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae (Mccp). The disease is characterized by severe serofibrinous pleuropneumonia, very high morbidity (∼100%), and mortality (80-100%). CCPP affects goats in more than 40 countries of the world thereby posing a serious threat to goat farming around the globe. The characteristic clinical signs of CCPP are severe respiratory distress associated with sero-mucoid nasal discharge, coughing, dyspnea, pyrexia, pleurodynia, and general malaise...
December 2019: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30854939/the-veterinary-quarterly-2017-jcr-impact-factor-increased-from-1-176-to-1-492
#3
J H van der Kolk, Merran Govendir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30854938/obituary-dr-theo-elsinghorst
#4
Han van der Kolk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773124/a-minimally-invasive-partial-condylectomy-and-temporal-bone-resection-for-the-treatment-of-a-suspected-chronic-synovial-sepsis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-a-3-5-year-old-paint-horse-gelding
#5
S K Frietman, E R van Proosdij, S Veraa, N de Heer, F Ter Braake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773123/the-equine-species-as-trojan-horse-for-borna-disease-virus-1
#6
J H van der Kolk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773122/efficacy-chondrotoxicity-and-plasma-concentrations-of-tramadol-following-intra-articular-administration-in-horses-undergoing-arthroscopy-preliminary-findings
#7
Alessandra Di Salvo, Elisabetta Chiaradia, Giorgia Della Rocca, Mario Giorgi, Francesco Mancini, Maria Luisa Marenzoni, Maria Beatrice Conti, Sara Nannarone
Intra-articular administration of analgesics is performed to ensure good perioperative pain management avoiding undesirable systemic effects. To evaluate the effect of intra-articular injection of tramadol on postoperative pain after arthroscopy in horses and to determine whether tramadol had a local effect. Before the in vivo study, an in vitro test was performed aiming to evaluate the viability of equine chondrocytes after exposure to various concentrations of tramadol. The concentration identified as most appropriate was used to treat the horses' joints...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773121/the-veterinary-quarterly-2017-jcr-impact-factor-increased-from-1-176-to-1-492
#8
J H van der Kolk, Merran Govendir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773120/obituary-dr-theo-elsinghorst
#9
Han van der Kolk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706772/foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-o-me-sa-ind-2001-lineage-outbreak-in-vaccinated-holstein-friesian-cattle-in-saudi-arabia-in-2016
#10
Maged Gomaa Hemida, Walid Rizk El-Ghareeb, Fahad Al-Hizab, Abdelazim Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) is a highly contagious viral infection of large ruminants. Despite the massive application of vaccines against FMDV, several outbreaks are still being reported in Africa and Asia. AIM: To perform molecular characterization of FMDV in an outbreak among a cattle herd Saudi Arabia in 2016. This herd had been vaccinated with a polyvalent FMDV vaccine. METHODS: To investigate this outbreak, we collected specimens from 77 animals showing typical clinical signs of FMDV...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30675815/spinal-cord-neurenteric-cyst-clinical-and-diagnostic-findings-and-long-term-follow-up-in-two-dogs
#11
Teresa Gagliardo, Daniele Corlazzoli, Marco Rosati, Swan Specchi, Luciano Pisoni, Sara Del Magno, Simona Pappagalli, Greta Galli, Gualtiero Gandini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30675810/outbreaks-of-canine-distemper-in-dutch-and-belgian-mink-farms
#12
Robert J Molenaar, Rianne Buter
BACKGROUND: Vaccination of farmed minks against canine distemper virus (CDV) has proved to be very effective. In the Netherlands, vaccination of farmed minks against CDV was mandatory until the closure of the local agricultural product boards at the end of 2014. OBJECTIVES: To describe the first documented outbreaks of CD in Dutch mink farms since the closure of the agricultural product boards, as well as an outbreak in Belgium, with special attention to genotyping of the isolates...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30668277/edwardsiella-tarda-outbreak-affecting-fishes-and-aquatic-birds-in-brazil
#13
Yamê Miniero Davies, Maria Gabriela Xavier de Oliveira, Marcos Paulo Vieira Cunha, Leticia Soares Franco, Sandy Lorena Pulecio Santos, Luisa Zanolli Moreno, Vasco Túlio de Moura Gomes, Maria Inês Zanolli Sato, Marcello Schiavo Nardi, Andrea Micke Moreno, Andre Becker Saidenberg, Lilian Rose Marques de Sá, Terezinha Knöbl
BACKGROUND: Edwardsiella tarda infections are frequent causes of severe outbreaks in the fish farming industry besides representing possible zoonotic risks. However, naturally occurring outbreaks that affect various species besides fishes are seldom described. AIM: To report an outbreak of acute mortality caused by E. tarda affecting multiple species that inhabited a natural pond in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three adult tilapias, three Mallard ducks and one Snow egret were necropsied and subjected to further microbiological tests...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30375283/brain-abscess-and-bronchopneumonia-caused-by-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-a-2-year-old-female-sheep
#14
Yesari Eroksuz, Baris Otlu, Hatice Eroksuz, Nafia Canan Gursoy, Zeynep Yerlikaya, Canan Akdeniz Incili, Burak Karabulut, Necati Timurkaan, Mehmet Ozkan Timurkan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30362902/genetic-diversity-virulence-genotype-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-upec-isolated-from-sows
#15
Maria G Spindola, Marcos P V Cunha, Luisa Z Moreno, Cristina R Amigo, Ana P S Silva, Beatriz M Parra, André P Poor, Carolina H de Oliveira, Barbara P Perez, Terezinha Knöbl, Andrea M Moreno
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTI) cause severe losses to the swine industry worldwide and uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are the main agent isolated from UTI in sows. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the virulence genes, assess the phylogenetic background, clonal diversity, and the pattern of resistance to antimicrobials in 186 isolates of UPEC isolated from sows in Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urine samples from 300 sows of three herds with clinical signs from São Paulo State (Brazil) were screened for UTI; samples with suggestive results were submitted to bacterial isolation...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30362899/trh-induced-secretion-of-adrenocorticotropin-and-cortisol-in-dogs-with-pituitary-dependent-hypercortisolism
#16
Tera Pijnacker, Marieke Knies, Sara Galac, Karin Sanders, Jan A Mol, Hans S Kooistra
BACKGROUND: In dogs, spontaneous Cushing's syndrome is most often pituitary-dependent and caused by hypersecretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), resulting in increased adrenocortical glucocorticoid secretion similar to horses. In horses with Cushing's syndrome (or pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction [PPID]) a thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) stimulation test can be used for diagnosis, as TRH administration results in increased circulating ACTH and cortisol concentrations in affected horses...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29806552/chlamydia-psittaci-and-c-avium-in-feral-pigeon-columba-livia-domestica-droppings-in-two-cities-in-the-netherlands
#17
Sara A Burt, Romy E Röring, Marloes Heijne
BACKGROUND: Feral pigeons (Columba livia domestica) live and breed in many city centres and contact with their droppings can be a hazard for human health if the birds carry Chlamydia psittaci. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish whether pigeon droppings in two Dutch cities (Utrecht and Haarlem) contain C. psittaci and/or C. avium, which could be a potential hazard for transmission to humans. METHODS: In May 2017 seven feral pigeon 'hot spots' with between 5 and 40+ pigeons present were identified in two cities by visual observations over two days...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29806550/utility-of-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-in-the-evaluation-of-canine-insulinoma-location
#18
Floryne O Buishand, Federico R Vilaplana Grosso, Jolle Kirpensteijn, Sebastiaan A van Nimwegen
OBJECTIVES: To determine 1) the sensitivity of contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) for detection of primary canine insulinomas and metastases 2) the sensitivity of CECT to locate canine insulinomas within the pancreas and 3) the CECT attenuation pattern of canine insulinomas and post-contrast phase in which insulinomas have the best visibility. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of the medical records of 27 canine insulinoma patients. Simultaneous occurrence of blood glucose < 3...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29733756/-1-h-nmr-plasma-metabolomic-profiling-of-ovarian-quiescence-in-energy-balanced-postpartum-dairy-cows
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jiang Zhang, Gang Wang, Chang Zhao, Yunlong Bai, Shi Shu, Ziling Fan, Cheng Xia
BACKGROUND: As the milk production of dairy cows increases, the reproductive capacity gradually declines. Ovarian quiescence has become one of the concerns of the dairy industry. OBJECTIVE: To explore the different plasma metabolite levels between estrus and anestrus in energy balanced (EB) dairy cows. METHODS: Ten estrous and 10 anestrus EB Holstein cows in early lactation were selected for the study. 1 H nuclear magnetic resonance technology was used to detect plasma metabolites and screen different plasma metabolites between anestrous and estrous cows at 60-90 days postpartum using multivariate statistical analysis...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29493404/mycobacterium-marinum-infection-in-fish-and-man-epidemiology-pathophysiology-and-management-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Emad Hashish, Abdallah Merwad, Shimaa Elgaml, Ali Amer, Huda Kamal, Ahmed Elsadek, Ayman Marei, Mahmoud Sitohy
Mycobacterium marinum is an opportunistic pathogen inducing infection in fresh and marine water fish. This pathogen causes necrotizing granuloma like tuberculosis, morbidity and mortality in fish. The cell wall-associated lipid phthiocerol dimycocerosates, phenolic glycolipids and ESAT-6 secretion system 1 (ESX-1) are the conserved virulence determinant of the organism. Human infections with Mycobacterium marinum hypothetically are classified into four clinical categories (type I-type IV) and have been associated with the exposure of damaged skin to polluted water from fish pools or contacting objects contaminated with infected fish...
December 2018: Veterinary Quarterly
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