journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734442/effect-of-cortisol-and-glycosylated-hemoglobin-levels-on-mortality-in-intensive-care-unit
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Oznur Sen, Ugur Uzun, Nurdan Aydin, Isil Guldogan
OBJECTIVES: To research the effects of blood cortisol and hemoglobinA1c (HBA1C) levels on mortality in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and whether these factors could be used as reliable indicators for mortality risk assessment in these patients. METHODS: After receiving approval from the ethics committee, 79 patients admitted to ICU were included in the study. From patient files, we collected data on demographics (age, gender), presence of diabetes mellitus, and levels of cortisol, HbA1C, glucose, and lactate measured during hospitalization, along with acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II scores calculated within the first 24 hours...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734441/impact-of-breathing-control-training-program-on-sonographic-quantification-of-abdominal-vasculature
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mahasin G Hassan, Afnan M Alotaibi, Raghad H Altuwaym, Reem H Alnuwaysir, Renad B Alharbi, Lama M Alnajashi, Mayer K Alsaber, Hetaf F Aldakan, Halima M Hawesa, Zohida A Abdelgabar, Asma S Aldahes, Mohammed G Yaqob
OBJECTIVES: To compare vascular scanning parameters (vessel diameter, peak systolic velocity, end-diastolic velocity, and resistive index) and scanning time before and after breathing control training program for selected abdominal vessels. METHODS: This study was pre and post quasi-experimental. The researchers designed a breathing training program that gives participants instructions through a video describing breathing maneuvers. Data were collected at the ultrasound laboratory/College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences in Princess Nourah bint Abdul Rahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from January 2023 to November 2023...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734440/rheumatology-research-in-arab-countries
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ali S M Jawad, Georges El Hasbani, Imad Uthman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734439/comparison-of-the-genotoxicity-of-propofol-and-desflurane-using-the-comet-assay-in-the-lymphocytes-of-patients-who-underwent-lumbar-discectomy-a-randomized-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Melike Korkmaz Toker, Basak Altiparmak, Guven Gursoy, Ali Ihsan Uysal, Gulseda Dede, Gulsah Gundogdu, Yavuz Dodurga, Bakiye Ugur
OBJECTIVES: To compare the genotoxic effects of desflurane and propofol using comet assay in patients undergoing elective discectomy surgery. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled study. Patients who underwent elective lumbar discectomy under general anesthesia with propofol or desflurane were included in the study. Venous blood samples were obtained at 4 different time points: 5 minutes before anesthesia induction (T1), 2 hours after the start of anesthesia (T2), the first day after surgery (T3), and the fifth day following surgery (T4)...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734438/role-of-artificial-intelligence-google-bard-in-morphological-histopathological-and-radiological-image-identifications-objective-structured-practical-examination-ospe-type-based-performance
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sultan A Meo, Abdulelah A AbuKhalaf, Muhammad Zain S Meo, Muhammad Omair S Meo, Rashid Ayub, Riham A ElToukhy, Adnan M Usmani, Waseem M Hajjar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of artificial intelligence (Google Bard) in figures, scans, and image identifications and interpretations in medical education and healthcare sciences through an Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE) type of performance. METHODS: The OSPE type of question bank was created with a pool of medical sciences figures, scans, and images. For assessment, 60 figures, scans and images were selected and entered into the given area of the Google Bard to evaluate the knowledge level...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734437/clinical-variables-influencing-the-severity-of-diabetes-ketoacidosis
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yara F Alhamdani, Lojain O Almadfaa, Abdulmoein E AlAgha
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical indicators in order to examine the intensity of diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) episodes in children and adolescents diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: Data from 156 T1DM patients aged 6 months to 14 years, who presented with DKA to the emergency room, were retrospectively reviewed from 2018 to 2022. Data on demographic characteristics, economic status, initial clinical presentation, glycemic control, DKA severity, and laboratory evaluations were also collected...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734436/clinical-presentation-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-rhabdomyolysis-a-tertiary-care-center-experience
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammed Tawhari, Abdulaziz Aldalaan, Rahaf Alanazi, Sarah Aldharman, Turki Alnafisah, Nawaf Alawad, Abdullah M Alhejji, Abdulrahman Yousef Alhabeeb, Moustafa S Alhamadh
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical and laboratory features, complications, and outcomes of patients with rhabdomyolysis in the Saudi population. METHODS: Retrospectives descriptive study of adult patients who presented to King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC) withrhabdomyolysis between January 2016 and December 2022. RESULTS: Most of the participants (84.5%) were male, with a median age of 41 years and a body mass index of 26.5 kg/m2 ...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734435/the-association-of-the-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-and-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guodong Yu, Jijing Han, Jianmei Xu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the basic characteristics of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and whether hepatitis B surface antigen positive (HBsAg [+]) affects the survival of patients with DLBCL. METHODS: The study was carried out at Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University, Baoding, China, including 602 DLBCL cases from January 2011 to December 2021. We analyzed patients' general clinical data and applied multivariate and univariate Cox analyses to assess the factors influencing their survival times...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734434/strengthened-global-capacities-on-climate-change-and-health-who-training-in-madrid
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734433/building-a-healthy-future-for-all-a-roadmap-for-healthcare-equity-in-saudi-arabia
#10
EDITORIAL
Yasser Ketab Alotaibi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734432/bilateral-renal-lymphangiectasia-literature-review-of-a-rare-entity
#11
REVIEW
Abdullah Ayed, Shahzada Khalid Sohail, Syeda Fatima Rizvi, Raed I Alwadai
Renal lymphangiectasia (RL) is a rare condition in which lymphatic vessels are dilated giving rise to cyst formation in peripelvic, perirenal and intrarenal locations. Knowledge about RL is limited and based upon individual case reports. This can be genetic or acquired. There is no significant association with any gender or age. It can be manifested as focal or diffuse forms and can be unilateral or bilateral. Most of the cases present with abdominal or flank pain. The diagnosis is based on radiological imaging...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734431/can-probiotics-plus-vitamin-d-supplements-benefit-people-with-schizophrenia
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734430/insights-and-considerations-on-cftr-variant-reporting-in-a-study-of-cystic-fibrosis-patients-in-saudi-arabia-cftr-1548del-g-and-1549del-g-navigating-the-discovery-of-novel-mutations
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734429/who-reports-widespread-overuse-of-antibiotics-in-patients-hospitalized-with-covid-19
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734428/impact-of-change-in-the-naples-prognostic-score-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-on-survival-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Haowen Zhang, Xin Xiao, Siyuan Luan, Xiaokun Li, Shangwei Sun, Yong Yuan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical relevance and prognostic value of changes in the Naples prognostic score (NPS) after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACR) among esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. METHODS: We studied 232 locally advanced ESCC patients who received NACR before undergoing esophagectomy retrospectively. Categorizing individuals into the elevated NPS group and the non-elevated NPS group based on the change in NPS after NACR (ΔNPS > 0 or ∆NPS ≤ 0), we examined and compared the clinicopathological characteristics, survival rates, and postoperative complications between these 2 groups (∆NPS = post-NACR NPS - pre-NACR NPS)...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734427/can-artificial-intelligence-techniques-help-clinicians-assess-and-treat-patients-with-bone-fractures
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734426/musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-upper-and-lower-limb-prevalence-among-patients-in-eastern-province-saudi-arabia
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ali M Alshami
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of upper and lower limb musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders among adult patients referred to physical therapy. METHODS: Data were retrospectively analyzed from electronic health records of patients referred to physical therapy between April 2021 and April 2023. MSK disorders were categorized based on the affected body region (upper or lower limb). RESULTS: A total of 11,243 patients were referred to physical therapy, of whom 4,156 (37%) had MSK disorders...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734425/molecular-epidemiology-and-molecular-typing-methods-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-an-updated-review
#18
REVIEW
Razique Anwer
The aim of this study was to go through the molecular methods used for typing of carbapenem-resistant Acientobacter baumannii (CRAB) isolates for investigating the molecular epidemiology all over the world. Multiple typing techniques are required to understand the source and nature of outbreaks caused by Acientobacter baumannii ( A. baumannii ) and acquired resistance to antimicrobials. Nowadays, there is gradual shift from traditional typing methods to modern molecular methods to study molecular epidemiology and infection control...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38734423/investigation-of-hematologic-findings-related-to-brucellosis-in-anatolian-region
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Mehmet Çelik, Yusuf Arslan, Ertuğrul Topcu, Mustafa Serhat Şahinoğlu, Deniz Altındağ, Esra Gürbüz, Ebru Atalay, Sümeyye Kışlak Demircan, Salih Emre, Yasemin Kırık, Pınar Yürük Atasoy, Deniz Özer, Davut İpek, Ebru Doğan, Seval Bilgiç Atlı, Evrim Gülderen Kuşçu, Sevil Alkan, Yeliz Çiçek, Esra Yüksekkaya, Özlem Aldemir, Ahmet Şahin, Fatma Yekta Ürkmez, Sevda Özdemir Al, Riyad Boran, Serpil Oğuz Mızrakçı, Emine Kübra Dindar Demiray, Mehmet Reşat Ceylan, Hamza Erdoğdu, Süda Tekin
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of hematologic findings and the relationship between hemogram parameters and brucellosis stages in patients. METHODS: This multi-center study included patients older than 16 years of age who were followed up with a diagnosis of brucellosis. Patients' results, including white blood cell, hemoglobin, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, mean platelet volume, platelet and eosinophil counts were analyzed at the initial diagnosis...
May 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38657995/prevalence-of-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-among-medical-students-in-the-eastern-province-of-saudi-arabia
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatimah A Alsafar, Ali J Alsaad, Walaa A Albukhaytan
OBJECTIVES: To determine and compare the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms among male and female medical students in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia and evaluate the effect of ADHD on the academic performance of the affected medical students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study measured the prevalence of adult ADHD symptoms among medical students in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. A total of 354 Saudi medical students from King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, and Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia, participated in a self-reported questionnaire...
April 2024: Saudi Medical Journal
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