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Saudi Medical Journal

Yong Han Kim
[No Abstract Available].
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Irfan A Majid, Rashad H AlKashgari, Abdulaziz A AlYahya, Fazeena K Alikutty, Syed M Rahman
OBJECTIVES: To develop and establish research guidelines of international standards that matches appropriate cross-cultural and religious considerations of the region. METHODS: We followed the guidelines given by the American College of Cardiology Foundation and American Heart Association, Inc., Washington DC, USA task force on practice to develop research guidelines of international standards for our institution. In October 2015 the task team (of a private higher education institution in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) qualitatively analyzed the national codes and guidelines using 19 ethical protections stated in the other universally accepted international guidelines...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Abdulkader M Albasri
OBJECTIVES: To determine the histopathological pattern of lung cancers in Madinah, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This retrospective histopathology-based study was conducted at the Department of Pathology, King Fahad Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia and comprised cases of lung cancers for 11 years  between January 2006 and December 2017. The data was obtained from histopathologic reports and evaluated for age, gender, site of tumor, and histopathological patterns with grade...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Jin-Ling Tian, Bang-Ping Cui
Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney (MESTK) is a rare tumor composed of epithelium and interstitium. In radiological imaging, the masses are cystic and solid, and it is difficult to distinguish MESTK from renal cystic lesions. A final diagnosis of MESTK depends on pathology. We report this rare case of MESTK that was diagnosed in a 21-year-old woman. 18F-labeled fluoro-2-deoxy glucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computerized tomography (CT) and contrast-enhanced computerized tomography features of MESTK are presented, and could potentially provide useful information for the differential diagnoses of cystic renal neoplasms and preoperative staging of the tumor...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Serap K Tunc, Nazli Z Yayli, Ahmet C Talmac, Erkan Feslihan, Damla Akbal
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of diode and erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) lasers in second-stage implant surgery applications. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that was carried out on patients who received implant treatment at the Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Periodontology, Van Yuzuncu Yil University, Van, Turkey between January 2017 and January 2018. Implants of the patients in the first group (n=20) were exposed with 940 nm Ga-Al-As diode laser while the implants of the second group (n=20) were uncovered with 2780 nm Er,Cr:YSGG laser in the second-stage surgery...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Anmar M Nassir, Abdulaziz Baazeem, Hesham Saada, Mohamed A Elkoushy, Hattan Badr, Mawaddah Bahuwyrith, Haitham A Melebari, Jomanah Nasser, Raed A Azhar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the general knowledge among primary health care (PHC) physicians regarding the management of common urological problems in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This is an observational prospective study, where a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to practicing PHC physicians in the western region of Saudi Arabia on January 2017. The questionnaire consisted of 21-item questions, inquiring about demographics and general urological knowledge and skills...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Memduha Aydın, Bilge C Ilhan, Rukiye Tekdemir, Yusuf Çokünlü, Vefa Erbasan, Kürşat Altınbaş
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between suicide attempts and demographic-clinical variables and to assess the methods used in suicide attempts by comparing schizophrenia patients with and without suicide attempts. METHODS: A retrospective study with a total of 223 schizophrenia patients aged 18-65 years that were admitted to the Department of Psychiatry, Selcuk University and the Beyhekim Psychiatric Clinic Konya Training and Research Hospital, Konya, Turkey, between January 2014 and January 2018...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Zahir T Fadel, Emily Burke, Nadim Joukhadar, Osama A Samargandi, Michael Bezuhly
OBJECTIVES: To explore weather seasonal variation in Necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTI) in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada could be attributed to changes in environmental factors of temperature and humidity specifically. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of NSTIs between 2001 and 2015. Regional temperature and humidity data were obtained from the Environment Canada Agency, Halifax, Canada. Chi-square was used for categorical variables and continuous data was used for correlation analyses...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Mehmet O Ozhan, Mehmet B Eskin, Bulent Atik, Mehmet A Suzer, Ceyda O Capalar
OBJECTIVES:   To evaluate whether using laryngeal mask airway (LMA) made a difference in terms of airway security, hemodynamic changes, complications, and recovery times compared to tracheal intubation during the procedure in patients undergoing general anesthesia for endovascular treatments  of unruptured cerebrovascular aneurysms. METHODS: The electronic medical records database, patient files, and anesthesia charts were examined between May 2008 and September 2016 to identify patients with the following inclusion criteria: 1) aged 18-70 years; 2) American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification I-III; 3) diagnosis of unruptured CVA; 4) Glasgow coma scale of 15 without neurological deficit; and 5) underwent elective EVT under general anesthesia...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Mawiah H Alshebromi, Sultan H Alsaigh, Majed A Aldhubayb
OBJECTIVES: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) in predicting acute appendicitis in relation to histopathology reports at King Fahad Specialist Hospital in Buraidah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A retrospective cohort study included 500 medical records of patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis upon admission to King Fahad Specialist Hospital, Buraidah, Saudi Arabia, between January 2015 and January 2017.  Results: Of the 200 patients, 187 (93...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Faisal A Al-Saif, Mosaed K Aldekhayel, Faisal Al-Alem, Mazen M Hassanain, Rafif E Mattar, Abdulsalam Alsharabi
OBJECTIVES: To compare King Saud University Medical City experience in laparoscopic liver resection with our previously established database for open resections. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted at King Saud University Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. All adult patients who underwent liver resection from 2006 to 2017 were included. Patients who had their procedure converted to open were excluded. RESULTS: Among the 111 liver resections included, 22 (19...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Wedad Al-Madani, Anwar E Ahmed, Haitham Arabi, Sumaiah Al Khodairy, Nashmia Al Mutairi, Abdul Rahman Jazieh
To assess whether the utility of cervical cancer screening could be improved by combining multiple factors in addition to the pap test. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 300 symptomatic women who were suspected to have cervical cancer and referred for biopsy examination at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between February 2017 and December 2017. Results: A high risk of cervical cancer in Saudi women was associated with 4 risk factors: family history (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 4.216; 95% confidence intervals [CI], 1...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Maria Arafah, Shoukat A Arain, Emad M Said Raddaoui, Asma Tulba, Fatimah H Alkhawaja, Ahlam Al Shedoukhy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the molecular subtypes of Mammary Paget's disease (MPD) and the associated breast carcinomas. METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out at King Khalid University Hospital and King Faisal Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data from MPD patient cases from January 2010 to June 2016 were reviewed. The molecular subtypes were determined based on estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) expression with immunohistochemical staining...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Abdulkader M Albasri, Mohammed A Elkablawy, Irfan A Ansari, Ahmed S Alhujaily, Amal A Khalil
OBJECTIVES:   To evaluate p63 expression pattern in Saudi colorectal cancer (CRC) patients and correlate that with clinicopathological parameters and its role in carcinogenesis and prognosis. METHODS: Archival tumor samples were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for p63 expression in 324 consecutive Saudi patients diagnosed with CRC between January 2006 and December 2017 at the Pathology Department of a tertiary care Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: P63 over-expression was absent in normal mucosa, while 12...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Zuhair S Natto, Doaa S AlGhamdi
OBJECTIVES: To assess the quality of the meta-analyses (MAs) and systematic reviews (SRs) in Saudi journals indexed in PubMed using 2 scales: A MeaSurement tool to assess systematic reviews (AMSTAR) and the overview quality assessment questionnaire (OQAQ). METHODS: This study focused on SRs/MAs published in 8 Saudi journals. We investigated, screened and extracted the data, which included recording the main topic of each SRs/MAs and the date of publication. Furthermore, we assessed the quality of each included SRs/MAs using the AMSTAR and the OQAQ...
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Giath Gazal
[No Abstract Available].
May 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
Mirjana Kostić, Vladimir Bedeković, Biserka Bastijančić-Kokić, Tomislav Lauc
OBJECTIVES: To re-draw attention to the unnecessary prescribing of antibiotics. METHODS: We monitored nasopharyngeal colonization by 3 potentially pathogenic bacteria, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Haemophilus influenzae type b in 81 children between the ages of 6 and 7 years who attended the same primary school. The children's health status was also monitored, without using antimicrobial treatment for healthy/asymptomatic carriers. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected on 6 occasions during autumn months, from mid-September to mid-December 2016...
April 2019: Saudi Medical Journal
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