Fubao Zhu, Zhengyuan Gao, Chen Zhao, Hanlei Zhu, Jiaofen Nan, Yanhui Tian, Yong Dong, Jingfeng Jiang, Xiaohong Feng, Neng Dai, Weihua Zhou
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging allows direct visualization of the coronary vessel wall and is suitable for assessing atherosclerosis and the degree of stenosis. Accurate segmentation and lumen and median-adventitia (MA) measurements from IVUS are essential for such a successful clinical evaluation. However, current automated segmentation by commercial software relies on manual corrections, which is time-consuming and user-dependent. We aim to develop a deep learning-based method using an encoder-decoder deep architecture to automatically and accurately extract both lumen and MA border...
July 21, 2022: Ultrasonic Imaging
Yang Liu, Yufeng Zhang, Bingbing He, Zhiyao Li, Xun Lang, Hong Liang, Jianhua Chen
The homodyned K distribution (HK) can generally describe the ultrasound backscatter envelope statistics distribution with parameters that have specific physical meaning. However, creating robust and reliable HK parameter estimates remains a crucial concern. The maximum likelihood estimator (MLE) usually yields a small variance and bias in parameter estimation. Thus, two recent studies have attempted to use MLE for parameter estimation of HK distribution. However, some of the statements in these studies are not fully justified and they may hinder the application of parameter estimation of HK distribution based on MLE...
June 8, 2022: Ultrasonic Imaging
Kun Wang, Zhiyao Li, Yufeng Zhang
Designing a technique with higher speckle noise suppressing capability, better edge preserving performance, and lower time complexity is a research objective for the common carotid artery (CCA) ultrasound despeckling. Total variation based techniques have been widely used in the image denoising and have good performance in preserving the edges in the images. However, the total variation based filters can produce the staircase artifacts. To address this issue, second-order total variation based techniques have been proposed for the image denoising...
June 8, 2022: Ultrasonic Imaging
Yasufumi Asao, Kenichi Nagae, Koichi Miyasaka, Hiroyuki Sekiguchi, Sadakazu Aiso, Shigeaki Watanabe, Marika Sato, Shinae Kizaka-Kondoh, Yukari Nakajima, Kazuo Kishi, Takayuki Yagi
Photoacoustic (PA) technology can be used for non-invasive imaging of blood vessels. In this paper, we report on our prototype PA imaging system with a newly designed ultrasound sensor and its visualization performance of microvascular in animal. We fabricated an experimental system for animals using a high-frequency sensor. The system has two modes: still image mode by wide scanning and moving image mode by small rotation of sensor array. Optical test target, euthanized mice and rats, and live mice were used as objects...
May 13, 2022: Ultrasonic Imaging
Hua Yan, Yuankun Wei, Yinggang Zhou, Yifan Wang
Acoustic tomography (AT) is one of a few non-contact measurement techniques that can present information about the temperature distribution. Its successful application greatly depends on the performance of the reconstruction algorithm. In this paper, a temperature distribution reconstruction method based on compressed sensing (CS) is proposed. Firstly, a measurement matrix of an AT system in a CS framework is established. Secondly, a sparse basis is selected based on the mutual coherence between the measurement matrix and sparse basis...
May 7, 2022: Ultrasonic Imaging
Yingni Wang, Wenbin Chen, Tianhong Tang, Wenquan Xie, Yong Jiang, Huabin Zhang, Xiaobo Zhou, Kehong Yuan
Echocardiography plays an important role in the clinical diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiac function assessment by echocardiography is a crucial process in daily cardiology. However, cardiac segmentation in echocardiography is a challenging task due to shadows and speckle noise. The traditional manual segmentation method is a time-consuming process and limited by inter-observer variability. In this paper, we present a fast and accurate echocardiographic automatic segmentation framework based on Convolutional neural networks (CNN)...
May 2022: Ultrasonic Imaging
Chen Jiang, Chengcheng Liu, Yiqiang Zhan, Dean Ta
Fast and efficient imaging techniques are important for real-time ultrasound imaging. The delay and sum (DAS) beamformer is the most widely-used strategy in focused ultrasound imaging (FUI) modality. However, calculating the time delays and coherently summing the amplitude response in DAS is computationally expensive and generally require a high-performance processor to realize real-time processing. In this study, an efficient spectrum beamformer, namely full-matrix capture (FMC)-stolt, is proposed in FUI system with a linear phased array...
May 2022: Ultrasonic Imaging
Jignesh Chowdary, Pratheepan Yogarajah, Priyanka Chaurasia, Velmathi Guruviah
Breast cancer is one of the most fatal diseases leading to the death of several women across the world. But early diagnosis of breast cancer can help to reduce the mortality rate. So an efficient multi-task learning approach is proposed in this work for the automatic segmentation and classification of breast tumors from ultrasound images. The proposed learning approach consists of an encoder, decoder, and bridge blocks for segmentation and a dense branch for the classification of tumors. For efficient classification, multi-scale features from different levels of the network are used...
February 7, 2022: Ultrasonic Imaging
Aleksandra Wilczewska, Szymon Cygan, Jakub Żmigrodzki
Although the two dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography has gained a strong position among medical diagnostic techniques in cardiology, it still requires further developments to improve its repeatability and reliability. Few works have attempted to incorporate the left ventricle segmentation results in the process of displacements and strain estimation to improve its performance. We proposed the use of mask information as an additional penalty in the elastic image registration based displacements estimation...
January 16, 2022: Ultrasonic Imaging
Vahid Ashkani Chenarlogh, Mostafa Ghelich Oghli, Ali Shabanzadeh, Nasim Sirjani, Ardavan Akhavan, Isaac Shiri, Hossein Arabi, Morteza Sanei Taheri, Mohammad Kazem Tarzamni
U-Net based algorithms, due to their complex computations, include limitations when they are used in clinical devices. In this paper, we addressed this problem through a novel U-Net based architecture that called fast and accurate U-Net for medical image segmentation task. The proposed fast and accurate U-Net model contains four tuned 2D-convolutional, 2D-transposed convolutional, and batch normalization layers as its main layers. There are four blocks in the encoder-decoder path. The results of our proposed architecture were evaluated using a prepared dataset for head circumference and abdominal circumference segmentation tasks, and a public dataset (HC18-Grand challenge dataset) for fetal head circumference measurement...
January 6, 2022: Ultrasonic Imaging
Jianing Xi, Jiangang Chen, Zhao Wang, Dean Ta, Bing Lu, Xuedong Deng, Xuelong Li, Qinghua Huang
Large scale early scanning of fetuses via ultrasound imaging is widely used to alleviate the morbidity or mortality caused by congenital anomalies in fetal hearts and lungs. To reduce the intensive cost during manual recognition of organ regions, many automatic segmentation methods have been proposed. However, the existing methods still encounter multi-scale problem at a larger range of receptive fields of organs in images, resolution problem of segmentation mask, and interference problem of task-irrelevant features, obscuring the attainment of accurate segmentations...
November 2021: Ultrasonic Imaging
Jose Carlos Nunes-Tamashiro, Jamil Natour, Daniele Freitas Pereira, Flavia S Machado, Rogerio D Takahashi, Rita Nely Vilar Furtado
To compare joint ultrasound measurements between the sexes in healthy volunteers. A cross-sectional study compared the joint ultrasound measurements between the sexes in healthy volunteers. Quantitative (synovial hypertrophy and perpendicular measurement in the largest synovial recess) and semiquantitative (synovial hypertrophy, power Doppler, and bone erosion; score 0-3) ultrasound measurements were performed. Forty-six articular recesses were evaluated and compared between group 1 (100 females) and group 2 (60 males) who were matched by age and BMI...
November 2021: Ultrasonic Imaging
Aylin Tahmasebi, Enze Qu, Alexander Sevrukov, Ji-Bin Liu, Shuo Wang, Andrej Lyshchik, Joshua Yu, John R Eisenbrey
The purpose of this study was to evaluate an artificial intelligence (AI) system for the classification of axillary lymph nodes on ultrasound compared to radiologists. Ultrasound images of 317 axillary lymph nodes from patients referred for ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration or core needle biopsy and corresponding pathology findings were collected. Lymph nodes were classified into benign and malignant groups with histopathological result serving as the reference. Google Cloud AutoML Vision (Mountain View, CA) was used for AI image classification...
November 2021: Ultrasonic Imaging
Nikita Rathi, Saugata Sinha, Bhargava Chinni, Vikram Dogra, Navalgund Rao
Frequency domain analysis of radio frequency signal is performed to differentiate between different tissue categories in terms of spectral parameters. However, due to complex relationship between the absorber size and spectral parameters, they cannot be used for quantitative tissue characterization. In an earlier study, we showed that using linear relationship between absorber size and two new spectral parameters namely number of lobes and average lobe width, absorber size can be successfully recovered from photoacoustic signal generated by single absorber...
October 29, 2021: Ultrasonic Imaging
Scott Anjewierden, Oussama M Wazni, D Geoffrey Vince, Mohamed Kanj, Walid Saliba, Russell J Fedewa
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a common treatment of atrial fibrillation. However, current treatment is associated with a greater than 20% recurrence rate, in part due to inadequate monitoring of tissue viability during ablation. Spectral parameters, in particular cyclic variation of integrated backscatter (CVIB), have shown promise as early indicators of myocardial recovery from ischemia. Our aim was to demonstrate the use of spectral parameters to differentiate atrial myocardium before and after radiofrequency ablation...
September 13, 2021: Ultrasonic Imaging
Tommaso Vincenzo Bartolotta, Alessia Angela Maria Orlando, Maria Ilenia Schillaci, Luigi Spatafora, Mariangela Di Marco, Domenica Matranga, Alberto Firenze, Alessandra Cirino, Raffaele Ienzi
To compare microvascular flow imaging (MVFI) to conventional Color-Doppler (CDI) and Power-Doppler (PDI) imaging in the detection of vascularity of Focal Breast Lesions (FBLs). A total of 180 solid FBLs (size: 3.5-45.2 mm) detected in 180 women (age: 21-87 years) were evaluated by means of CDI, PDI, and MVFI. Two blinded reviewers categorized lesion vascularity in absent or present, and vascularity pattern as (a) internal; (b) vessels in rim; (c) combined. The presence of a "penetrating vessel" was assessed separately...
September 2021: Ultrasonic Imaging
Agata Wijata, Jacek Andrzejewski, Bartłomiej Pyciński
Needle visualization in the ultrasound image is essential to successfully perform the ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy. Automatic needle detection can significantly reduce the procedure time, false-negative rate, and highly improve the diagnosis. In this paper, we present a CNN-based, fully automatic method for detection of core needle in 2D ultrasound images. Adaptive moment estimation optimizer is proposed as CNN architecture. Radon transform is applied to locate the needle. The network's model was trained and tested on the total of 619 2D images from 91 cases of breast cancer...
September 2021: Ultrasonic Imaging
Rehman Ali
Investigations into Fourier beamforming for medical ultrasound imaging have largely been limited to plane-wave and single-element transmissions. The main aim of this work is to generalize Fourier beamforming to enable synthetic aperture imaging with arbitrary transmit sequences. When applied to focused transmit beams, the proposed approach yields a full-waveform-based alternative to virtual-source synthetic aperture, which has implications for both coherence imaging and sound speed estimation. When compared to virtual-source synthetic aperture and retrospective encoding for conventional ultrasound sequences (REFoCUS), the proposed imaging technique shows an 8...
July 8, 2021: Ultrasonic Imaging
Rebeca Mirón Mombiela, Jelena Vucetic, Paloma Monllor, Jenny S Cárdenas-Herrán, Paloma Taltavull de La Paz, Consuelo Borrás
To determine the relationship between muscle echo intensity (EI) and fractal dimension (FD), and the diagnostic performance of both ultrasound parameters for the identification of frailty phenotype. A retrospective interpretation of ultrasound scans from a previous cohort (November 2014-February 2015) was performed. The sample included healthy participants <60 years old, and participants ≥60 divided into robust, pre-frail, and frail groups according to Fried frailty criteria. A region of interest of the rectus femoris from the ultrasound scan was segmented, and histogram function was applied to obtain EI...
July 8, 2021: Ultrasonic Imaging
Chang-Lin Hu, Guo-Zua Wu, Chih-Chi Chang, Meng-Lin Li
Portable ultrasound has been extensively used for diagnostic applications in health monitoring, emergency rooms, and ambulances. However, these handheld ultrasound systems may suffer from heat and battery issues attributed to the large power consumption of the transmitter. Additionally, the largest portion of the direct current (DC) power consumption can be attributed to the amplifier in the digital-to-analog converter (DAC) of the transmitter and to the analog-to-digital converter (ADC) of the receiver. Therefore, the number of transmit/receive channels in a portable ultrasound instrument is one of the crucial design factors regarding heat and battery related issues...
July 2021: Ultrasonic Imaging
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