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Pediatric Dentistry

Emily A Suiter, Daranee Tantbirojn, Lydia E Watson, Hamid Yazdi, Antheunis Versluis
Purpose: Polymerization shrinkage stress is determined by shrinkage as well as elastic modulus. Elastic modulus develops during polymerization. This study evaluated how elastic modulus affects shrinkage stresses in a primary molar for three types of restorative materials. Methods: Elastic modulus of resin composite, compomers, and resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) were determined using four-point bending of rectangular beams at 10 minutes, 24 hours, and after one to four weeks storage in water (n equals 10)...
September 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Geovanna de Castro Morais Machado, Arjen Van Wijk, Geert van der Heijden, Luciane Rezende Costa
Purpose: Little is known about psychological factors associated with children's behavior during dental sedation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between parental dental anxiety, coping style, pain catastrophizing (an exaggerated negative response to pain), and children's behavior during dental treatment under moderate sedation. Methods: Participants included 110 pairs consisting of mothers, fathers, or grandmothers and healthy children (60 boys, 50 girls; mean age equals 47.0 months, range equals 20 to 81 months) with a history of disruptive behavior during dental treatment...
September 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Pınar Kınay Taran, Mustafa Sarp Kaya, Meltem Bakkal, Şerife Özalp
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between parenting style and parental preferences for behavior management techniques in a Turkish population. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted for a three-month period among the parents and children who applied for treatment in a university clinic. Parenting style was determined using the parenting style dimension questionnaire, and parental dental anxiety (PDA) was rated with the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale. Behavior management technique (BMT) preferences were rated by the parents after a videotape presentation...
September 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Erica A Brecher, Martha Ann Keels, Al M Best, Rocio B Quiñonez, Michael W Roberts
Purpose: Assess how pediatric dentists (PD) and general practitioners (GP) manage after-hours pediatric dental emergencies according to perceived urgency. Methods: A survey was e-mailed to PD and GP in North Carolina. Participants responded to management of 18 cases (primary and permanent dentition) according to perceived urgency. Repeated-measures logistic regression was used to analyze factors influencing perception of clinical scenarios. Results: Response rates for PD and GP were 45.5% and 36.3%, respectively...
September 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Becky Olacke, Travis Nelson, Elise Sarvas, JoAnna M Scott
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the use of a dosing scalar for association with the success of procedural sedation in pediatric dentistry. Methods: This cross-sectional, retrospective study assessed healthy two- to 12-year-olds who received an elixir of midazolam (0.3 mg/kg), meperidine (1.5 mg/kg), and hydroxyzine (1.0 mg/kg). The scaled body weight (SBW) for each patient was determined using the 50th percentile weight-for-age from the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth chart...
September 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
A Jeffrey Wood, Geraldine Gerges Gaid
Purpose: The purposes of this paper were to: (1) assess the current status of the pediatric dentistry academic workforce; (2) compare current findings with a similar survey completed in 2006; and (3) explore factors influencing the faculty workforce in pediatric dentistry. Methods: In 2016, 144 pediatric dentistry faculty members completed a web-based survey regarding workforce issues. Questions were asked regarding: (1) faculty demographics; (2) academic job history; (3) academic career longevity and possible change motivators; and (4) private practice participation...
September 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Pınar Kınay Taran, Mustafa Sarp Kaya
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the periodontal health and clinical success of restoring primary molars with a prefabricated stainless steel crown (SSC) or zirconia crown (ZC). Methods: Six- to nine-year-olds with at least two decayed primary molars were included. Teeth were restored with SSCs and ZCs. Intact contralateral primary molars were evaluated as controls. A simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), and clinical success criteria for the crowns were evaluated during follow-up...
September 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Dae-Woo Lee, Jae-Gon Kim, Yeon-Mi Yang
Purpose: Previous studies provide mixed and inconclusive evidence for an effect of parenting style on children's dental anxiety and behavior. The purpose of this study was to analyze the association between parenting style and children's dental anxiety and behavior and assess the methodological quality of published literature. Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for articles published up to November 1, 2017. The children's dental anxiety score and behavior score were the primary outcomes...
September 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
S M Hashim Nainar
Adverse events during dental care for children inevitably happen, despite precautionary procedures. Remedial measures have primarily focused upon affected children and their parents/caregivers. The purpose of this paper was to summarize the effects of adverse events upon practitioners involved in the incident who have been termed second victims. Affected practitioners may suffer negative emotions impinging upon their professional performance as well as deleterious personal health consequences, including substance abuse and depression/suicidal ideation...
September 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
S M Hashim Nainar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Aksrapak Puwanawiroj, Chutima Trairatvorakul, Ananda P Dasanayake, Prim Auychai
Purpose: The study objectives were to investigate the effect of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) on the microtensile bond strength between glass ionomer cement and carious primary dentin and evaluate the mode of restoration failure. Methods: Forty carious primary molars were sectioned in half through the middle of the carious lesion and randomly allocated to test and control groups. The test specimens were treated with 38 percent SDF, and the control, deionized water. The samples were stored in artificial saliva for 14 days at 37 degrees Celsius, and the dentin surfaces were conditioned and restored with Fuji IX GP Extra...
July 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Jennifer L Cully, Molly Doyle, Sarat Thikkurissy
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to understand familial reasons for attending an alternative hours dental clinic and assess accompanying adult and patient satisfaction with expanded hours. Methods: A questionnaire was developed and administered to patients aged 14 years and older and their accompanying adult while attending either a recare or treatment appointment in the adolescent evening clinic (AEC). Questions included inquiries about demographics, and individual questions were directed to the accompanying adult and patient...
July 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Robert T Christensen, Henry W Fields, John R Christensen, F Michael Beck, Paul S Casamassimo, Dennis J McTigue
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare changes in the lower dental midline position after premature unilateral loss of a primary mandibular canine with dental midline position after normal primary mandibular canine exfoliation. Methods: Dental casts were identified from growth studies at the University of Iowa and the University of Toronto. Two groups of dental casts were identified: (1) premature unilateral loss; and (2) normal asymmetric exfoliation of a single primary mandibular canine. The first set of casts displaying unilateral primary canine loss (time one) and the second set of casts displaying full permanent dentition (time two) were collected...
July 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Azza Tagelsir, Jeffrey A Dean, George J Eckert, Esperanza A Martinez-Mier
Purpose: The purpose of this survey-based study was to target U.S. pediatric dentists in the Midwest region to determine their knowledge, perceptions, and clinical management strategies of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH). Methods: After obtaining appropriate authorizations, all pediatric dentists identified by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry's 2016 to 2017 membership directory in the 12 Midwest states were invited to take part in the study. The questionnaire, adopted from previous studies, incorporated information of the participants' demographics and educational/clinical backgrounds and MIH-focused questions...
July 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Chieh Ting Chang, Gary R Badger, Bhavini Acharya, Allen F Gaw, Michelle S Barratt, Brett T Chiquet
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine how ethnicity influences parental acceptability of behavior management techniques (BMTs) used during dental treatment of children. This is the first known study to compare ethnic differences in acceptance levels of the BMTs. Methods: Parental acceptance of 10 BMTs (tell-show-do, voice control, non-verbal communication, positive reinforcement, distraction, parental presence/absence, nitrous oxide, protective stabilization, sedation, and general anesthesia) was rated using a visual analogue scale (VAS) after watching vignettes of each technique...
July 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Paulo Nelson-Filho, Denise Belúcio Ruviére, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz, Francisco Wanderley Garcia de Paula-Silva, Raquel Assed Bezerra da Silva, Marília Pacífico Lucisano, Léa Assed Bezerra da Silva
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the Gram-negative pathogens identified in the root canals of primary teeth with irreversible inflammatory pulpitis and in teeth showing apical periodontitis. Methods: Samples were collected from 123 root canals of primary teeth from three- to seven-year-old patients. Root canals were assigned to either group one (irreversible inflammatory pulpitis; <small>n</small> equals 63) or group two (pulp necrosis and apical periodontitis; n equals 60). Total number of cells of selected Gram-negative microorganisms was determined by the checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization technique...
July 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Kevin J Donly, Issa Sasa, Claudia Isabel Contreras, Maria Jose Cervantes Mendez
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical success of a new primary zirconia molar crown compared with stainless steel crowns (SSCs). Methods: This randomized, controlled clinical trial was designed as a split-mouth study. Fifty three- to seven-year-old children were recruited to provide a total of 50 pairs of teeth requiring primary molar crowns, with each participant receiving a SSC and zirconia crown. Restorations were evaluated at six-month, 12-month, and 24-month recall appointments examining the following criteria: gingival health; estimate of extent the crown was high in occlusion; surface roughness; staining on crown surface; wear of opposing arch tooth; color match; anatomic form; marginal integrity; marginal discoloration; proximal contact area; secondary caries at crown margin; and parent/guardian satisfaction with crown appearance...
July 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Ari Kupietzky, Anna Fuks
The AAPD has stated that the clinical practice of pediatric dentistry has to be driven by science and evidence-based dentistry (EBD). However, our specialty must recognize the need for both EBD and age proven clinical experience. An amalgam of art and science is required, each respecting the other's important contribution and recognizing that neither alone is as good as the whole. Being a Keeper of the Meaning means handing on the values of the past to the future. The foundations of patient care are composed of both EBD and past clinical experience...
July 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Paul S Casamassimo, Charles S Czerepak, Barry Jacobson, John R Liu, Jade Miller, Paul Reggiardo, Leola Royston, John S Rutkauskas, Leila Younger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
Mudrika Chhabra, Ann L Greenwell
PURPOSE: The fracture of rubber dam clamps after repeated clinical uses can result in ingestion/aspiration of the fragments. This pilot study was aimed at examining whether the tensile strength of a rubber dam clamp changes significantly following the stresses of repeated clinical use and steam sterilizations. METHODS: One-hundred new stainless-steel rubber dam clamps were subjected to repeated steam sterilization and placement on a wooden dowel periodically, simulating clinical use...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
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