journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613510/evidence-based-potential-of-generative-artificial-intelligence-large-language-models-in-orthodontics-a-comparative-study-of-chatgpt-google-bard-and-microsoft-bing
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Miltiadis A Makrygiannakis, Kostis Giannakopoulos, Eleftherios G Kaklamanos
BACKGROUND: The increasing utilization of large language models (LLMs) in Generative Artificial Intelligence across various medical and dental fields, and specifically orthodontics, raises questions about their accuracy. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess and compare the answers offered by four LLMs: Google's Bard, OpenAI's ChatGPT-3.5, and ChatGPT-4, and Microsoft's Bing, in response to clinically relevant questions within the field of orthodontics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten open-type clinical orthodontics-related questions were posed to the LLMs...
April 13, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38895901/can-artificial-intelligence-driven-cephalometric-analysis-replace-manual-tracing-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Julie Hendrickx, Rellyca Sola Gracea, Michiel Vanheers, Nicolas Winderickx, Flavia Preda, Sohaib Shujaat, Reinhilde Jacobs
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the accuracy and efficiency of artificial intelligence (AI)-driven automated landmark detection for cephalometric analysis on two-dimensional (2D) lateral cephalograms and three-dimensional (3D) cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) images. SEARCH METHODS: An electronic search was conducted in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and grey literature with search timeline extending up to January 2024...
August 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38884540/surface-alterations-and-compound-release-from-aligner-attachments-in-vitro
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anna Iliadi, Sevasti-Kiriaki Zervou, Despina Koletsi, Marc Schätzle, Anastasia Hiskia, Theodore Eliades, George Eliades
AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the alterations in morphology, roughness, and composition of the surfaces of a conventional and a flowable composite attachment engaged with aligners, and to evaluate the release of resin monomers and their derivatives in an aqueous environment. METHODS: Zirconia tooth-arch frames (n = 20) and corresponding thermoformed PET-G aligners with bonded attachments comprising two composite materials (universal-C and flowable-F) were fabricated...
August 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38860748/orthodontic-and-orthopedic-management-of-dentofacial-deformity-from-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-systematic-literature-review
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rotolo Rossana Rotolo, Akila Aiyar, Letizia Perillo, Thomas Klit Pedersen, Peter Stoustrup
BACKGROUND: An update on the knowledge regarding the orthopedic/orthodontic role in treating JIA-related dentofacial deformities is relevant. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to assess the level of evidence regarding the management of dentofacial deformity from juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) with orthodontics and/or dentofacial orthopedics. SEARCH METHODS: The following databases were searched without time or language restrictions up to 31 January 2024 (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, Web of Science, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature)...
August 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38819172/the-minimal-important-difference-in-orthodontic-treatment-duration-a-survey-across-adult-patients
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Samer Mheissen, Despina Koletsi, Aya Bassam Joria, Haris Khan, Fahad Alharbi, Vasiliki Koretsi, Zubair Hassan Awaisi, Rehan Qamar, Hassan Saeed, Yaser Ali Alrefaiy, Theodore Eliades, Gordon Guyatt
BACKGROUND: The minimal important difference (MID) is defined as the smallest difference that the patient perceives as important. Furthermore, the smallest worthwhile effect (SWE) is the important change measured with the benefit-harm trade-off method. The aim of this study was to evaluate the MID in orthodontic treatment duration to inform the decision regarding seeking procedures to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement and reduce treatment duration. METHODS: We constructed a survey eliciting views of the MID from adult participants from four countries undergoing orthodontic treatment...
June 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38808562/posterior-crossbite-corrections-in-the-early-mixed-dentition-with-quad-helix-or-rapid-maxillary-expander-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Stina Hansson, Naimi Johansson, Rune Lindsten, Sofia Petrén, Farhan Bazargani
BACKGROUND: Unilateral posterior crossbite is a common malocclusion, and early treatment is recommended to enable normal growth. There are several possibilities regarding choice of appliances used for correcting this malocclusion; however, when treatment is financed by public funds the decision needs to be based not only on the effects but also on the effect in relation to the costs. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis comparing quad helix (QH) and rapid maxillary expanders (RME; hyrax-type) in children in the early mixed dentition...
June 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38764143/correlation-of-sex-hormone-levels-with-orthodontic-tooth-movement-in-the-maxilla-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Małgorzata Peruga, Joanna Lis
BACKGROUND: Sex hormones secreted during the menstrual cycle and the application of orthodontic forces to teeth can affect the metabolism of periodontal ligaments. This study aimed to determine whether there are any differences in orthodontic tooth displacement during the menstrual cycle and when using hormonal contraceptives and whether the amount of female sex hormones influences the efficiency of tooth displacement. METHODS: A total of 120 women aged between 20 and 30 years with Angle Class II requiring transpalatal arch (TPA) to derotate teeth 16 and 26 were included in this study...
June 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38763515/reducing-the-quality-of-our-evidence-base-by-publishing-at-any-cost
#8
EDITORIAL
Theodore Eliades, Rolf G Behrents, Steven J Lindauer, David P Rice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38733349/comparison-of-treatment-effects-between-clear-aligners-and-fixed-appliances-in-patients-treated-with-miniscrew-assisted-molar-distalization
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yunlei Wang, Shunquan Zhou, Jie Zheng, Lin Yan, Peter Ngan, Fang Hua, Hong He
OBJECTIVES: The biomechanics in achieving molar distalization may differ between fixed appliances and clear aligners in the control of tooth movement. The objective of this study was to compare the treatment effects between clear aligners (CA) and fixed appliances (FA) in patients treated with miniscrew-assisted molar distalization. METHODS: The sample consisted of 46 subjects with mild-to-moderate crowding. A total of 22 patients treated with clear aligners (age, 25...
June 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38700388/accuracy-and-reliability-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-orthodontic-diagnosis-and-treatment-planning-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sukeshana Srivastav, Rubens Spin-Neto, Akila Aiyar, Peter Bangsgaard Stoustrup
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a non-ionizing imaging technique. Using MRI in dentistry may potentially lower the general radiation dose of the examined population, provided MRI can replace various radiation-based images. Furthermore, novel MRI imaging modalities for three-dimensional and two-dimensional cephalometrics have recently been developed for orthodontic diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy and reliability of MRI in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning...
June 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38666743/efficacy-of-clear-aligner-wear-protocols-in-orthodontic-tooth-movement-a-systematic-review
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
J Monisha, Elbe Peter
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Different expedited aligner wear protocols are currently in practice. This review was undertaken to systematically appraise the available evidence on the comparative efficacy of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) across the different wear protocols. SEARCH METHODS: Two assessors conducted comprehensive searches of electronic databases, including MEDLINE (via PubMed), Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar, Directory of Open Access Journals, Cochrane Library, OpenGrey, and Clinical Trial Registry, till 18 February 2024...
June 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38656537/evaluation-of-the-aesthetics-and-clinical-findings-in-patients-with-missing-maxillary-lateral-incisors-treated-with-a-10-year-interval
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cecilia Hedmo, Rune Lindsten, Eva Josefsson
INTRODUCTION: The most common treatment approaches for patients missing maxillary lateral incisors are implant replacement (IT) and orthodontic space closure (SC). Treatment techniques change and improve over time, and it is of interest to know if improvements differ between the methods. AIM: To compare the aesthetic outcome and other clinical findings in patients with one or two missing maxillary lateral incisors who were treated with a 10-year difference in time, with either orthodontic space closure or implant replacement...
June 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38619306/european-journal-of-orthodontics-editor-s-report-2023
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Theodore Eliades, Rolf G Behrents, Steven J Lindauer, David P Rice
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38526866/do-patients-with-different-craniofacial-patterns-have-differences-in-upper-airway-volume-a-systematic-review-with-network-meta-analysis
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Charlotte Altheer, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Gregory S Antonarakis, Alexandra K Papadopoulou
BACKGROUND: Craniofacial skeletal discrepancies have been associated with upper airway dimensions. OBJECTIVE: To identify differences in upper airway volume across different sagittal and vertical skeletal patterns. SEARCH METHODS: Unrestricted literature searches in eight databases/registers for human studies until May 2023. SELECTION CRITERIA: Cross-sectional studies measuring upper airway volumes using three-dimensional imaging in healthy patients of different sagittal (Class I, Class II, and Class III) or vertical (normodivergent, hypodivergent, and hyperdivergent) craniofacial morphology...
April 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38506731/evaluation-of-mandibular-growth-in-a-prepubertal-class-i-and-class-ii-population-a-longitudinal-analysis
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lucia Pozzan, Denis Guerra, Giulia Ulian, Giorgia Checchin, Roberto Di Lenarda, Luca Contardo
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify the presence, timing, and magnitude of a prepubertal mandibular growth spurt in a Class I and Class II population. METHODS: From the Burlington and Iowa Growth study of the AAOF Craniofacial Growth Legacy Collection, 83 Class I subjects (37 females and 46 males) and 32 Class II subjects (18 males and 14 females) were identified, as having at least seven consecutive annual lateral cephalograms taken from 5 to 11 years of age...
April 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38488436/environmental-sustainability-of-post-orthodontic-dental-retainers-a-comparative-life-cycle-assessment-of-hawley-and-essix-retainers
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Timothy You Da Tan, Brett Duane, Ahmed Hussein, Anna Samsonova, Gwenola Sizun, Loujin Shakerdi, Roqaya Taqi, Samuel Wolfram, Nazanin Ziaeefard, Darius Sagheri
BACKGROUND: Environmental sustainability has been brought into the limelight due to the global climate crisis. This crisis is driven by human activities and even the healthcare sector is no exception. Within dentistry, orthodontics is a large global market; hence, the use of post-orthodontic retainers has a significant environmental footprint. The aim of this study was to determine the environmental sustainability of post-orthodontic retention using Hawley and Essix retainers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comparative life-cycle assessment (LCA) was carried out to compare the environmental impact of both retainers...
April 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38452222/enhancing-systematic-reviews-in-orthodontics-a-comparative-examination-of-gpt-3-5-and-gpt-4-for-generating-pico-based-queries-with-tailored-prompts-and-configurations
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gizem Boztaş Demir, Yağızalp Süküt, Gökhan Serhat Duran, Kübra Gülnur Topsakal, Serkan Görgülü
OBJECTIVES: The rapid advancement of Large Language Models (LLMs) has prompted an exploration of their efficacy in generating PICO-based (Patient, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome) queries, especially in the field of orthodontics. This study aimed to assess the usability of Large Language Models (LLMs), in aiding systematic review processes, with a specific focus on comparing the performance of ChatGPT 3.5 and ChatGPT 4 using a specialized prompt tailored for orthodontics. MATERIALS/METHODS: Five databases were perused to curate a sample of 77 systematic reviews and meta-analyses published between 2016 and 2021...
April 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38441489/correction-to-dentoskeletal-effects-of-mini-screw-assisted-non-surgical-palatal-expansion-in-adults-using-a-modified-force-controlled-polycyclic-protocol-a-single-centre-retrospective-study
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38394353/stability-survival-patient-satisfaction-and-cost-minimization-of-cad-cam-versus-conventional-multistranded-fixed-retainers-in-orthodontic-patients-a-2-year-follow-up-of-a-two-centre-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Helen Pullisaar, Paolo M Cattaneo, Arwa Gera, Monika Sankiewicz, Małgorzata Bilińska, Vaska Vandevska-Radunovic, Marie A Cornelis
BACKGROUND: CAD/CAM (computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing) fixed retainers (FRs) as an alternative to multistranded FRs to maintain orthodontic treatment outcome. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to compare CAD/CAM versus conventional multistranded FRs in terms of stability until 2 years. Secondary outcomes were failure rates, patient satisfaction, and cost-minimization. TRIAL DESIGN: 2-arm parallel, two-centre randomized controlled trial...
April 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38387465/distribution-of-initial-caries-lesions-in-relation-to-fixed-orthodontic-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Claudia Salerno, Maria Grazia Cagetti, Silvia Cirio, Marcella Esteves-Oliveira, Richard J Wierichs, Dimitrios Kloukos, Guglielmo Campus
BACKGROUND: Initial caries lesion (ICLs) adjacent to orthodontic brackets are the most common side effect of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. The reported prevalence is uncertain and varies considerably across studies, from 27% to 97%. OBJECTIVES: This paper was designed to evaluate and synthesize the available evidence on the prevalence and incidence rates of ICLs in relation to orthodontic treatment. Selection criteria: The review (Prospero protocol CRD42023412952) included randomized and non-randomized clinical trials of interventions, cohort studies, and cross-sectional studies, published after 1990 on the prevalence or incidence of ICLs during or after orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances...
April 1, 2024: European Journal of Orthodontics
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