Deepak K Jha, Vikas Janu, Suryanarayanan Bhaskar, Jaskaran Singh Gosal, Surajit Ghatak
Skull base dural reflections are complex, and along with various ligaments joining sutures of the skull base, are related to most important vessels like internal carotid arteries (ICA), vertebral arteries, jugular veins, cavernous sinus, and cranial nerves which make surgical approaches difficult and need thorough knowledge and anatomy for a safe dissection and satisfactory patient outcomes. Cadaver dissection is much more important for the training of skull base anatomy in comparison to any other subspecialty of neurosurgery; however, such facilities are not available at most of the training institutes, more so in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
May 5, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Kang U Kim, Jung-Jae Kim, Keun Young Park, Yong Bae Kim, Hyun Jin Han
Endoscopic assistance for aneurysm clipping and its possible benefits have been suggested in previous studies, but its clinical significance has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to present the efficacy of endoscopy-assisted clipping in reducing post-clipping cerebral infarction (PCI) and clinical outcomes via a historical comparison of patients in our institution from January 2020 to March 2022. A total of 348 patients were included, 189 of whom underwent endoscope-assisted clipping. The overall incidence of PCI was 10...
May 5, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Shihan Lin, Yongyu Li, Chunyan Lei, Xinlian Zhou, Xiaoyan Zhu, Xinglong Yang, Chun Chen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the clinical features, treatment, and clinical outcome of patients with tandem occlusion and isolated intracranial occlusion through endovascular treatment (EVT). METHODS: Patients with acute cerebral infarction who received EVT in two stroke centers were retrospectively included. According to MRI or CTA results, the patients were divided into tandem occlusion group or isolated intracranial occlusion group. The baseline data, etiological classification, treatment, post-stroke complications, image features, and clinical outcome were compared...
May 4, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Fernando Cotrim Gomes, Anna Laura Lima Larcipretti, Gabriela Nager, Caroline Serafim Dagostin, Ofonime Chantal Udoma-Udofa, Julia Pereira Muniz Pontes, Jéssica Sales de Oliveira, Justine Hellen Cavalcanti de Souza, Matheus de Andrade Bannach
Robotic assistance has improved electrode implantation precision in stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) for refractory epilepsy patients. We sought to assess the relative safety of the robotic-assisted (RA) procedure compared to the traditional hand-guided one. A systematic search on PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane was performed for studies directly comparing robot-assisted vs. manually guided SEEG to treat refractory epilepsy. The primary outcomes included target point error (TPE), entry point error (EPE), time of implantation of each electrode, operative time, postoperative intracranial hemorrhage, infection, and neurologic deficit...
May 3, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Fredrick J Joseph, Hanne E R Vanluchene, David Bervini
BACKGROUND: With the increasing complexity and decreasing exposure to intracranial aneurysm surgery, training and maintenance of the surgical skills have become challenging. This review elaborated on simulation training for intracranial aneurysm clipping. METHODS: A systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines to identify studies on aneurysm clipping training using models and simulators. The primary outcome was the identification of the predominant modes of the simulation process, models, and training methods associated with a microsurgical learning curve...
May 3, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Yun-Lu Wang, Xi-Yong Li, Lun Liu, Song-Feng Li, Peng-Fei Han, Xiao-Dong Li
This meta-analysis compared the efficacy of oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) and minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases. A computer search for the published literature on OLIF and MIS-TLIF for the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases in the PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and other databases was performed, from which 522 related articles were retrieved and 13 were finally included. Two reviewers independently extracted data from the included studies and analyzed them using RevMan 5...
April 29, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Patrik Järvelin, Henri Pekonen, Timo Koivisto, Juhana Frösen
Treatment for arteriovenous malformations of the brain (bAVMs) aims to achieve complete removal or occlusion of the lesion in order to eradicate the risk of rupture and subsequent morbidity associated with these lesions. Despite initially successful treatment, bAVMs may carry a risk of recurrence especially in younger patients. We studied the rate of recurrence of surgically treated bAVMs at Kuopio University Hospital (KUH) in 1981-2021. The study population was collected retrospectively from KUH databases and presented a cohort of 135 surgically treated bAVMs with complete occlusion of the lesion...
April 29, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Liang Wu, Xufei Guo, Yunwei Ou, Xiaofan Yu, Bingcheng Zhu, Cheng Yang, Weiming Liu
The purpose of this study was to compare neuroendoscopy-assisted burr-hole evacuation with conventional burr-hole evacuation in the treatment of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), and to evaluate the curative effect of neuroendoscopy. This study follows PRISMA guidelines and uses the keywords "chronic subdural hematoma," "neuroendoscopies," "neuroendoscopy," "endoscopy," "endoscopic neurosurgery," and "neuroendoscopic surgery" to conduct an electronic search of online databases, including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library...
April 28, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Alan Villavicencio, Hash Brown Taha, Sigita Burneikiene
Intrathecal morphine (ITM) has been widely effective in improving postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing a multitude of surgeries, including lumbar spine fusion. A major limitation of ITM administration is the increase in the incidence of respiratory depression in a dose-dependent manner. One way to bypass this is to use a more potent opioid with a shorter half-life, such as fentanyl. This is a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent one- or two-level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusions...
April 27, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Pavlina Lenga, Gelo Gülec, Karl Kiening, Andreas W Unterberg, Basem Ishak
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) with pyogenic vertebral osteomyelitis (PVO) is a rare illness with a steadily increasing incidence. However, comparative analyses of young and older patients with SEA are lacking. We aimed to compare the clinical course of patients aged 18-64 years, 65-79 years, and ≥ 80 years undergoing surgery for SEA. Clinical and imaging data were retrospectively collected from the institutional database between September 2005 and December 2021. Ninety-nine patients aged 18-64 years, 45 patients aged 65-79 years, and 32 patients ≥ 80 years were enrolled...
April 26, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Vadim A Byvaltsev, Victoria Yu Goloborodko, Andrei A Kalinin, Valerii V Shepelev, Yurii Ya Pestryakov, K Daniel Riew
The objective of the study is to improve the results of patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery who are at high risk for anesthesia and/or surgical complications. Two independent groups were compared: the study group (SG, n = 40) (standardized neuroanesthetic protocol with multimodal analgesia) and the control group (CG, n = 40) (intravenous anesthesia based on propofol and fentanyl). The data were collected using prospective observation of early and long-term results of lumbar fusion...
April 24, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Jialing He, Yu Zhang, Tiangui Li, Haidong Deng, Peng Wang, Weelic Chong, Yang Hai, Lvlin Chen, Chao You, Lu Jia, Yezhong Wang, Fang Fang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the prognostic value of blood-based biomarkers and their combinations, in particular the glucose-albumin ratio (GAR), in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS: A retrospective observational study on 2481 patients from one hospital was conducted and validated with 602 patients from another. We assessed 15 biomarkers and focused on GAR to elucidate its prognostic and predictive value for outcomes in both cohorts...
April 19, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Florian Ebel, Stephan Schön, Neha Sharma, Raphael Guzman, Luigi Mariani, Florian M Thieringer, Jehuda Soleman
Various cranioplasty techniques exist for the reconstruction of cranial bone defects. Patient-specific implants can be produced in-house using a recently developed 3D printer-assisted cranioplasty technique. However, the resulting cosmetic outcomes from the patient's perspective are underreported. With our case series, we aim to present the clinical outcome, morbidity rate, patient-reported cosmetic results, and cost-effectiveness of patient-specific3D printer-assisted cranioplasty technique. This is a consecutive retrospective case series of adult patients undergoing cranioplasty using the patient-specific 3D printer-assisted technique...
April 19, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Siddhant Kumarapuram, Omar Elmogazy, Pooneh Mokhtari, Ira Goldstein, Ali Tayebi Meybodi
Overlapping surgery (OS) is a common practice in neurosurgery that has recently come under scrutiny. This study includes a systematic review and meta-analysis on articles evaluating the effects of OS on patient outcomes. PubMed and Scopus were searched for studies that analyzed outcome differences between overlapping and non-overlapping neurosurgical procedures. Study characteristics were extracted, and random-effects meta-analyses were performed to analyze the primary outcome (mortality) and secondary outcomes (complications, 30-day readmissions, 30-day operating room returns, home discharge, blood loss, and length of stay)...
April 19, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Qiang Meng, Yong Liu, Yutao Ren, Hao Wu, Jiale Zhang, Huanfa Li, Shan Dong, Jiangpeng Jing, Xiaofang Liu, Changwang Du, Hua Zhang
The predictors of seizure outcomes after resective surgery for focal epilepsy, for an update on the features of good and poor outcomes, are investigated. A retrospective study of patients with focal epilepsy undergoing resective surgery from March 2011 to April 2019 was performed. There were 3 groups according to the seizure outcomes: seizure freedom, seizure improvement, and no improvement. Predictors of seizure outcomes were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Of all 833 patients, 561 (67...
April 18, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Marcus Vinícius Carneiro Torres de Paula, Bernardo Duarte Chamon Ribeiro, Marina Mendes Melo, Pedro Victor Vidal de Freitas, Felix Hendrik Pahl, Matheus Fernandes de Oliveira, José Marcus Rotta
Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a frequent neurosurgical disease which mainly affects elderly patients. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has been hypothesized as an oral agent to avoid CSDH progression and/or recurrence. We performed an evaluation to determine whether the postoperative use of TXA reduces recurrence rate. A prospective, randomized, and controlled trial. Patients with unilateral or bilateral chronic subdural hematoma undergoing surgical treatment by burr-hole were randomized as to whether or not to use TXA in the postoperative period...
April 18, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Xueping Wang, Pengna Han, Qiang Wang, Chen Xie, Jun Chen
Posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) accounts for approximately 20% of structural epilepsy, and surgical intervention may be a potential treatment option for these patients. Therefore, the purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the effectiveness of surgical interventions for the management of PTE. Four electronic databases (Pubmed, Embase, Scopus and Cochrane library) were searched to identify studies on surgical management of PTE. Seizures reduction rate were analyzed quantitatively in a meta-analysis. Fourteen studies involving 430 PTE patients were selected for analysis, out of which 12 reported on resective surgery (RS), 2 on vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), and 2 of the 12 RS studies reported that 14 patients underwent VNS...
April 18, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Erin McCormack, Aimee Aysenne, Juan J Cardona, Arada Chaiyamoon, Cuong J Bui, Aaron S Dumont, R Shane Tubbs
Patients are at risk of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) during manipulation for endotracheal intubation. The aim of this cadaveric study was to quantify this relationship. Five fresh frozen adult cadaveric heads were used. The internal carotid artery (ICA) and internal jugular vein (IJV) were dissected bilaterally. All vessels were occluded on the right side. To mimic central venous pressures, the left IJV was cannulated and filled with water to maintain a pressure of approximately 7 cm H2 O. The ICA cannula was attached to an oscillating water pump...
April 17, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Syuntaro Takasu, Fumiaki Kanamori, Norikazu Hatano, Yukio Seki, Ryuta Saito
Revascularization surgery for young children with moyamoya disease (MMD) is challenging. Although indirect revascularization is preferred because of the technical difficulty in direct anastomosis, higher risks of postoperative infarction remain a problem. We aimed to investigate the effect of superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass on postoperative outcomes during the acute postoperative period in young children ≤ 5 years old with MMD. This retrospective study included consecutive young children with MMD who underwent surgical revascularization of the anterior cerebral circulation...
April 17, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Umut Tan Sevgi, Gökberk Erol, Yücel Doğruel, Osman Fikret Sönmez, Richard Shane Tubbs, Abuzer Güngor
The use of artificial intelligence in neurosurgical education has been growing in recent times. ChatGPT, a free and easily accessible language model, has been gaining popularity as an alternative education method. It is necessary to explore the potential of this program in neurosurgery education and to evaluate its reliability. This study aimed to show the reliability of ChatGPT by asking various questions to the chat engine, how it can contribute to neurosurgery education by preparing case reports or questions, and its contributions when writing academic articles...
April 14, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
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