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Journals Canadian Dental Association Jo...

Canadian Dental Association Journal

https://read.qxmd.com/read/37562040/the-use-of-medically-required-dental-services-by-youth-with-intellectual-developmental-disabilities-in-british-columbia-canada
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sandra Name Marquis, Kimberlyn M McGrail, Yona Lunsky, Jennifer Baumbusch
INTRODUCTION: The literature indicates that youth with intellectual/developmental disabilities (IDD), such as Down syndrome or autism, have poor oral health. A number of factors influence their oral health, including the use of medically required dental treatments. METHODS: This paper describes the first use of population-level administrative health data to examine the use of medically required dental services by youth with IDD compared with youth without IDD in Canada...
July 2023: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37562039/british-columbia-dentists-perceptions-and-practices-regarding-hpv-vaccinations-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael T L Coyne, Dip Perio, HsingChi von Bergmann, Denise Laronde, Mario A A Brondani
INTRODUCTION: Human papillomavirus (HPV), as the most common form of sexually transmitted infection, has been implicated in almost one-third of oropharyngeal cancers. One way to prevent HPV infections is through vaccination. This study aimed to investigate whether dentists in British Columbia (BC) were willing to discuss, refer and administer the vaccine in a dental practice setting. METHODS: Our cross-sectional study used a survey consisting of 14 questions pertaining to demographics, scope of practice, barriers to discussing the HPV vaccine and willingness to engage in HPV vaccination...
July 2023: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37562037/the-prevalence-of-patient-aggression-toward-dental-students-at-a-canadian-university-teaching-clinic
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alison Looper, Shahrokh Esfandiari
BACKGROUND: Studies show concerning rates of occupational violence against oral health care workers, but few studies of this nature have been conducted on dental students in university clinics. METHODS: We surveyed 3rd-, 4th- and 5th-year dental students in the 2020-2021 academic year at the dental teaching clinic of the University of Montreal, using a 17-item self-report questionnaire exploring 4 types of aggression: physical, verbal, reputational and sexual. RESULTS: Of 239 students, 45 (19%) responded to the online questionnaire, and 28 (62% of respondents) reported some form of aggression in the previous year...
June 2023: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37562038/factors-modulating-fallow-period-of-aerosol-generating-dental-procedures-in-a-clinical-setting
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amanda B Longo, Elyse Rier, Colleen Porter, Gregory Wohl, Peter C Fritz
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in amended regulations and guidelines governing the practice of dentistry and dental hygiene to ensure the protection of both patients and clinicians from transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. These guidelines include changes in personal protective equipment and, under some guidelines, the institution of a fallow period after any aerosol-generating procedure (AGP). This study aimed to investigate the effect of both ventilation and 4-handed dentistry in clinical practice with patients undergoing supportive periodontal therapy (SPT) by air polishing, ultrasonic and hand instrumentation in a closed operatory...
May 2023: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37098279/management-of-the-hypertensive-dental-patient
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rickson Valtellini, Aviv Ouanounou
Hypertension is a serious chronic illness that affects more than a third of the world's population. The high prevalence of hypertension coupled with its lack of initial clinical symptoms can make managing a hypertensive patient in a dental setting difficult. The dentist's role in managing hypertensive patients encompasses more than simple treatment modifications. Because of the frequency of dental checkups, dentists play an integral role in the detection of elevated blood pressure and appropriate subsequent referral...
March 2023: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37098278/quantifying-fluoridation-exposure-over-time-in-alberta-canada-challenges-and-implications-for-dental-public-health-surveillance
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Katrina Fundytus, Salima Thawer, Lindsay McLaren
BACKGROUND: Community water fluoridation is one component of a multifactorial approach to preventing dental caries. Yet, fluoridation monitoring in Canada has historically been fragmented, and recent national estimates give little indication of trends at the provincial or municipal levels. We aimed to quantify fluoridation exposure trends in Alberta from 1950 to 2018 at both the population and municipal levels. Insights have implications for dental public health surveillance. METHODS: Drawing from various public sources, we compiled a list of all Alberta municipalities, noting type of municipality and annual population count from 1950 to 2018...
March 2023: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37098280/dialogue-with-key-stakeholders-on-digital-technology-for-oral-health-meeting-report
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Camille Inquimbert, Pascaline Kengne Talla, Elham Emami, Nicolas Giraudeau
On September 7, 2022, the University of Montpellier in France hosted a meeting with digital oral health technology developers, Chief Dental Officers, policy makers, the World Health Organization, the International Telecommunication Union, and academia on digital oral health technologies.
February 2023: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37098277/exploring-students-views-of-portfolio-assignments-to-foster-self-reflection-in-preclinical-dental-education
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zuzanna Apel, Jory Longworth, Randolph Wimmer, Usama Nassar, Arnaldo Perez
OBJECTIVES: Portfolios, collected evidence of students' learning and achievement, have been widely used in health profession education for learning and assessment purposes. However, little has been documented on their use to foster self-reflection in preclinical dental education. This exploratory study assessed students' views of portfolio assignments to foster self-reflection in preclinical operative dentistry courses. METHODS: Participants were first- (Y1) and second-year (Y2) undergraduate dental students who completed a preclinical operative course in the College of Dentistry at the University of Saskatchewan...
December 2022: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37098276/demographic-and-clinicopathologic-distribution-of-oral-cavity-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-in-alberta-canada-a-comparative-analysis
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seema Ganatra, Salima Sawani, Parvaneh Badri, Mohammadreza Pakseresht, Maryam Amin
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine demographic profiles, tumour characteristics and treatment factors related to oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer (OCC and OPC) and comparatively analyze these cancers in the adult population of Alberta, Canada, over 12 years. METHODS: Demographic, tumour characteristics and treatment data regarding OCC and OPC incidence in Alberta residents ≥18 years in 2005-2017 were extracted from the Alberta Cancer Registry database...
December 2022: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36322636/the-use-of-general-anesthesia-for-pediatric-dentistry-in-saskatchewan-a-retrospective-study
#10
REVIEW
Keith Da Silva, Amrita Lionel, Jennifer M O'Brien, Kristi D Wright, Mateen Raazi
INTRODUCTION: The rate of general anesthesia (GA) use for pediatric dental treatment in Saskatchewan is among the highest in Canada. Although the prevalence of and risk factors for early childhood caries (ECC) has been reviewed nationally, few studies have focused on Saskatchewan. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of and predictive factors for dental treatment under GA in Saskatchewan. METHODS: This retrospective review focused on pediatric patients who required dental treatment under GA in Saskatchewan between 2015 and 2018...
September 2022: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36322635/bell-s-palsy-etiology-management-and-dental-implications
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arsalan Danesh, Aviv Ouanounou
Bell's palsy is the most common mononeuropathy that causes acute unilateral facial paralysis or paresis. The condition peaks within 72 h and may be associated with numerous signs and symptoms, including post-auricular pain, drooping of the eyelid, loss of taste sensation and decreased lacrimation. Although the etiology of the condition is unknown, inflammation, viral infection, ischemia and anatomy of the facial nerve have all been implicated in the pathophysiology of the disease. Diagnosis and determination of etiology are significant in the early management of this condition...
August 2022: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36322634/use-of-unsafe-teething-remedies-a-survey
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Farah Abdulsatar, Michael R Miller, Sepideh Taheri
OBJECTIVE: Various teething remedies have been widely marketed to caregivers. Unsafe remedies, including teething necklaces and topical anesthetics, have been implicated in adverse events, such as suffocation injuries and death. However, little is known about the extent of their use. Our primary objective was to assess the prevalence of teething remedy use among caregivers. A secondary objective was to determine whether the use of unsafe teething remedies is related to socioeconomic status (SES) or maternal education...
August 2022: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/36322633/patient-characteristics-associated-with-the-development-of-oral-lichen-planus-in-two-provinces-in-canada
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shiri Iskander, Firoozeh Samim
OBJECTIVES: To understand the risk factors that may be associated with the development of oral lichen planus (OLP) and its progression. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted retrospective chart reviews of adult patients with OLP who presented to oral medicine and oral pathology clinics in 2 provinces between September 2016 and January 2020. Data regarding age, sex, disease duration, sites of involvement, comorbidities, medications, allergies, smoking, alcohol use, treatment and follow up were collected...
July 2022: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35881061/covid-19-related-school-closures-and-caries-risk-in-canadian-children
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruby Bhutani, Shatha Jaber, Sharat Chandra Pani
BACKGROUND: Despite increased efforts to improve the health of those with temporomandibular disorder (TMD), the focus remains on medical knowledge rather than patients' opinions and needs regarding quality of treatment and pain management. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify what TMD patients want their dentists to know and do. METHODS: Open-ended questions were used to understand the perspectives of 6 TMD patients. Two researchers examined the transcripts using interpretive phenomenological analysis...
June 2022: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35881060/advice-for-dentists-from-temporomandibular-disorder-patients-a-phenomenological-study
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wafaa Safour, Richard Hovey
BACKGROUND: Despite increased efforts to improve the health of those with temporomandibular disorder (TMD), the focus remains on medical knowledge rather than patients' opinions and needs regarding quality of treatment and pain management. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify what TMD patients want their dentists to know and do. METHODS: Open-ended questions were used to understand the perspectives of 6 TMD patients. Two researchers examined the transcripts using interpretive phenomenological analysis...
March 2022: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35881059/clinical-management-of-interproximal-and-occlusal-caries-in-children-and-adolescents-by-canadian-dentists-a-survey
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anne-Marie Moreau, Sarah-Ève Dumais Pelletier, Caroline Nguyen Ngoc, Pierre H Rompré, Duy-Dat Vu
PURPOSE: Early restorative interventions may have important implications in young patients, and the International Caries Classification and Management System strongly recommends non-surgical strategies in the management of dental caries. We aimed to assess management of interproximal and occlusal caries in children and adolescents (≤18 years of age) by Canadian dentists. METHODS: An electronic survey was created and sent to members of Canadian provincial regulatory dental bodies...
March 2022: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35881058/developing-a-classification-system-for-prioritizing-pediatric-dental-patients-needing-treatment-under-general-anesthesia
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Benjamin Hughes, Elizabeth Berry, John Unkel, Judy Reinhartz, Dennis Reinhartz
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore a classification system for children requiring full-mouth dental rehabilitation (FMDR) in the operating room (OR) and its association with adverse events. METHODS: Patients treated at a pediatric dental residency clinic and determined to need FMDR in the OR were classified on initial examination, based on the extent of caries, pain and the presence of a dental abscess. On the treatment date, parents were given a questionnaire concerning adverse events that occurred while waiting for treatment...
January 2022: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/35881057/does-vaping-increase-the-risk-of-covid-19-transmission-and-make-individuals-who-vape-susceptible-to-infection-and-prone-to-severe-illness-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Sonica Singhal, Celina Degano, Erin Berenbaum, Sue Keller-Olaman
The predominant mode of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 virus and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is aerosols, and e-cigarettes/vaping products are a source of aerosols. There is a public health concern that the use of these products may increase the risk of COVID-19 transmission, susceptibility to COVID-19 and severity of the disease. Based on a review of existing literature, we found emerging evidence that suggests that people who vape are at higher risk of COVID-19, and, because of compromised lung function, their susceptibility to the disease and the severity of outcomes is increased...
January 2022: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34905478/evaluation-of-the-online-learning-experience-of-dalhousie-dentistry-and-dental-hygiene-students-during-covid-19-pandemic-outbreak
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamed Gebril, Martha Smith Brillant, Michael Glogauer, Sachin Seth
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: On 11 March 2020, the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic, and universities transitioned to online learning. The objective of this study was to evaluate the experience of students with the online education program offered during the initial phase of the pandemic. METHODS: In April 2020, an anonymous online survey was distributed to 248 undergraduate dental and dental hygiene students in Dalhousie University's faculty of dentistry...
November 2021: Canadian Dental Association Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/34905477/comparison-of-adjusted-fluoride-concentrations-between-water-treatment-facilities-and-endpoints-in-alberta-canada
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Silvia Gianoni-Capenakas, Jessica Popadynetz, John Younger, Theron White, Pamela Hodgkinson, Steven Patterson, Camila Pachêco-Pereira, Rafael Figueiredo
OBJECTIVES: This investigation aimed to determine whether fluoride concentration in water at the user endpoint remains the same as at the adjusted source, i.e., water treatment facilities. METHODS: Daycares in Alberta, Canada, were used as the endpoint to measure fluoride concentration. They were randomly selected from a list of 400 licensed daycares provided by the Ministry of Children's Services. All water samples collected from the daycares were sent to the accredited Alberta Centre for Toxicology (ACFT) for analysis within 7 days of collection...
October 2021: Canadian Dental Association Journal
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